• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Social Construction And Doctors And Patients
 

Social Construction And Doctors And Patients

on

  • 1,966 views

interactionist perspective on health

interactionist perspective on health

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,966
Views on SlideShare
1,964
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0

2 Embeds 2

https://www.itslearning.com 1
http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Social Construction And Doctors And Patients Social Construction And Doctors And Patients Presentation Transcript

    • Social Construction and Doctors and Patients Interactionist perspectives
    • Interactionism
      • As we have discussed the Interactionist perspective is quite different from Marxism and functionalism
      • It is concerned with how people make sense and give meaning to things in their social world
      • Interactionism looks at how we perceive ourselves and how others perceive us
      • It examines how our identity is shaped socially
    • Stigma – Erving Goffman 1963
      • Goffman believed that our identity is something social
      • We have to constantly present ourselves publicly and our ‘selves’ are continuously being scrutinised by ourselves and others
      • We try to project a socially desirable ‘front’
      • We want to be accepted and liked so we must present a good image of ourselves to ‘fit in’
      • We constantly ‘manage’ the impression others have of us
    • Stigma
      • A stigma is something that can damage you socially
      • A stigma can be something that is physical (such as the girl born without a nose)
      • Or something about you which is not immediately obvious, such as; the fact that you have had a mental illness.
      • Goffman identifies the following types of stigma
        • Abominations of the body
          • Disability, deformity etc
        • Blemishes of character
          • A criminal conviction, a slanderous slur, mental illness
        • Tribal Stigmata
          • Religion, race and ethnicity
    • Stigma
      • Societal Reaction
        • People react differently to people who present with some form of stigma
          • People may not speak to the person with the stigma
        • The stigmatised are discredited or devalued
          • They could suffer violence, social exclusion, less rights than other people
          • They can be seen as less than human
          • They can be held responsible for having the stigma (HIV/AIDS)
        • People with a stigma manage the information people have about their discrediting characteristic
          • Wearing make up to cover a scar from a burn
          • Hiding the fact you have an illness (like AIDS & HIV)
    • Read the article on stigma and HIV/AIDS
      • What is stigma often related to?
      • Who has been seen as blameless or innocent?
      • Why do people sometimes avoid healthcare professionals?
      • What percentage of people thought that people living with AIDS should be separated from mainstream society?
      • Write a short passage about the findings of the surveys listed in the article
        • What evidence is there of social construction?
        • What evidence is there to support the claim that people living with HIV/AIDS are stigmatised?
        • What sort of societal reaction can people get if they are living with HIV/AIDS?
        • How might Goffman view the findings of the surveys?
    • Mortification of the Self
      • In another key text ‘Asylums’ 1962
      • Here Goffman examines the effects on the self when people are confined to an institution
        • Prisons
        • Mental hospitals
      • Here people have to undergo a change of identity
        • This is a mortification of self
          • They are no longer the people they were before they entered the institution, they are now something that is defined by that institution
            • An inmate
        • Their lives are characterised by a routine not of their making
        • They are not in control of their lives
        • Their lives are run in such a way as to minimise disruption to the institution
    • Disabling Professions
      • Ivan Illich (1976)
      • Very critical about how our lives have been over structured by modern society
      • He argues that the medical profession have taken over our lives
      • We have been ‘disabled’ by the medical profession
      • Iatrogenesis
        • Illness or disease caused by the medical profession
            • Clinical
              • Ill health through being in hospital (think MRSA)
            • Social
              • Medical profession makes us morbidly obsess about our health when really there is nothing that can be done to ultimately prevent us from dying eventually
            • Cultural
              • Too many medical professionals holding too much power over individuals
              • Traditional ways of caring for people are lost
      • Our ability to look after and care for ourselves is taken away by the medicalisation of life
      • We are unable to cope with the possibility of our own death