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Terrorist Funding
 

Terrorist Funding

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This is a class presentation on the various sources of funding used for terrorist activities by international terrorist organizations.

This is a class presentation on the various sources of funding used for terrorist activities by international terrorist organizations.

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  • Impressive presentation on ’Terrorist Funding'. You’ve shown your credibility on presentation with this slideshow. This one deserves thumbs up. I’m John, owner of www.freeringtones.ws/ . Hope to see more quality slides from you.

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  • Outstanding demonstration. Really clear along with useful
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Terrorist Funding Terrorist Funding Presentation Transcript

  • The business of terror
    • How do we differentiate between terrorist and criminal activity?
    • Convergence of crime and business
    • Continuing business enterprises
  • Terrorism ,a sub-species of crime?
    • Why do terrorists require money?
    • Crime as a force in globalization
    • Or
    • Globalization as a force in crime
  • A working definition
    •  “ Terrorism is actual or threatened violence intended to indirectly coerce a primary target(typically a government or a people) to accept a demanded outcome through the fomenting of intense fear or anxiety”
  • Features of a terror organization
    • Pan- nation activity sphere
    • Not receive or require nation sponsorship
    • Self financed
    • Highly goal oriented ,tech savvy
    • Infiltration of banking channels
    • No fastidiousness regd activity
  • How are terrorist organizations funded?
    • State funding
    • Business funding
    • Banking channels
    • Drug trade
    • Arms trade
    • Diamond trade
    • Criminal activity –kidnapping,looting,protection money,smuggling
    • Charity and donation
    • Legitimate and illegitimate business
  • Money laundering
    • Need to change the form of money
    • Need to conceal the origin and ownership of the money
    • Need to control the money
  • Stages of money laundering
    • Placement
    • Layering
    • Integration
  • How is money laundered?
    • Money transferred
    • Shell corporation created
    • Funds deposited in name of dummy corp.
    • Money transferred to international clean bank
    • Corp borrows money for use
    • 46% of all money laundered in USA
    • 18% -destination USA
    • Daily $1000 bn exchanged in currency mkt of London
  • Shadow economy
    • Germany-16.9% of GDP
    • France-10.9% of GDP
    • Italy-18.2%
    • U.K.-10.6%
    • USA worlds biggest market for drugs- $100 billion annually
    • 80% of all the drugs are foreign in origin
    • Thus $ 80 bn is sought to be laundered in USA annually
  • Methods
    • Starburst
    • Boomerang
    • Shell companies
    • Casinos
    • Trade
    • Charity money
    • Internet
  • Al Qaeda
    • Wealth over $5 billion
    • Annual budget between$20-50 million
    • Origins of the money
    • 1)drugs 30-35%
    • 2)Donations20-30%
    • 3)classic criminal activity-10-15%
    • 4)unknown 30-35%
    • US dollars
    • Narcotics as currency
  • OFCs
    • Business discretion
    • Weak money laundering laws
    • Communications
    • US dollar
    • Independent Govt
    • international banks have offices
    • Businesses can be formed readily
  •