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  • 1. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 1 Glaciers
  • 2. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Where the rivers originate… total river basin area: Above 5 M. Sq. Km The Water Tower/ Reservoir of Asia
  • 3. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Image©: EDD MORE THAN 46,000 GLACIERS
  • 4. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Major Tibetan Rivers: 4 Drichu (Yangtse) Machu (Yellow) Zachu (Mekong) Gyalmo Ngulchu (Salween), Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra), Singhe Khabab (Indus) Langchen Khabab – Sutlej Bhumchu – Arun Lhodrak Sharchu – Manas Macha Khabab – Karnali - Ganga
  • 5. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Glacial Retreat on the TIBETAN PLATEAU (NASA, 2010). .... 20 percent of Tibetan glaciers have retreated in the past 40 years and if the current trend continues, more than 60 percent of the existing glaciers could be gone in the next 40 years 5
  • 6. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 6 Climate Warming: Drying the head regions of Major Rivers Eastern Tibet: Head Region of the Machu (Yellow River)
  • 7. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 7 ICIMOD: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
  • 8. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Drichu- Yangtse MAP©: EDD 8
  • 9. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Mt. Thangla 9 Drichu/ Yangtse Tibet & China
  • 10. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Machu –Yellow River MAP©: EDD 10
  • 11. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Machu/ Yellow River Amdo Bayanhari Mt. Tibet, Inner Mongolia & China 11
  • 12. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Zachu -Mekong MAP©: EDD 12
  • 13. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 China, Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia & Vietnam 13 ZACHU/ MEKONG RIVER Supports 70 million people from Tibet to Vietnam.
  • 14. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Gyalmo Ngulchu -Salween MAP©: EDD 14
  • 15. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 15 Tibet China Burma Thailand Gyalmo Ngulchu (Salween River)
  • 16. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Yarlung Tsangpo - Brahmaputra MAP©: EDD 16
  • 17. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Yarlung Tsangpo/ Brahmaputra Tibet, India & Bangladesh 17
  • 18. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Singe Khabab -Indus MAP©: EDD 18
  • 19. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Indus in Pakistan TIBET INDIA Pakistan
  • 20. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Exploiting Water Resources Images©: EDD 20 More than 5.6 million km2
  • 21. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Ngari (Ali) Dam ‘or’ Indus Dam 21 6400 KW & cost > 425 MillionYuan
  • 22. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Ngari (Ali) Dam ‘or’ Indus Dam Source: Google Earth 22
  • 23. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Yamdrok Tso Project Work began on 1991 and complete in 2000 It costs 600 million Yuan It is not recorded how many people have benefited from the power generated from this project
  • 24. (Tibetan Plateau ‘s Environment ) 2013 Yamdrok Yumtso Hydropower Plant

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