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Developing European mineral policies - Report from EIP - Tom Niemi, GTK
 

Developing European mineral policies - Report from EIP - Tom Niemi, GTK

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Developing European mineral policies - Report from EIP

Developing European mineral policies - Report from EIP
Tom Niemi, GTK

Mining On Top: Helsinki
16-17 September 2013 | Helsinki

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    Developing European mineral policies - Report from EIP - Tom Niemi, GTK Developing European mineral policies - Report from EIP - Tom Niemi, GTK Presentation Transcript

    • Ab Marsuppium Oy “Outstanding services for Mining, Metals & Energy industries” Developing European mineral policies - Report from EIP RMG Helsinki Summit 2013 Tom Niemi Chairman Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) IntierraRMG Ab Marsuppium Oy
    • 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 2000 2000 2001 2001 2002 2002 2003 2003 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 2007 2007 2008 2008 2009 2010 2010 2011 2011 2012 2012 2013 Nickel USD/t 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Gold USD/oz 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 2000 2000 2001 2001 2002 2002 2003 2004 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2010 2011 2012 2012 2013 Copper USD/t 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 Nov08 Feb09 May09 Aug09 Nov09 Feb10 May10 Aug10 Nov10 Feb11 May11 Aug11 Nov11 Feb12 May12 Aug12 Nov12 Feb13 May13 Iron Ore TSI 62 % Fe USD/t Source: Raw Materials Data, 2013
    • Source: ICSG, Raw Materials Group 2011 Indonesia Pakistan Philippines Switzerland Thailand Zambia 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 1 10 100 1000 10000 Urbanisation Population (m) Series13 China India USA Germany Sth Korea Japan Brazil Chile Russia UK Malaysia World Population million Urbanisation Copper use and urbanisation China India World Pekka A. Nurmil 16.8.2013
    • European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials
    • ENTR G3 The Context A matter of survival in a globalised world • European Raw Materials Strategy • Innovation Union • Innovation required for the entire value chain of raw materials – industrial approach => European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials COM(2012) 82 final - 29 February 2012
    • ENTR G3 Objectives • Reduce import dependency • Push Europe to the forefront in raw materials sectors • Provide alternatives in supply • Mitigate negative environmental impacts
    • ENTR G3 2020 targets • Up to 10 innovative pilot actions, e.g. demonstration pilot plants → exploration, mining, processing, collecting and recycling • Substitutes for at least 3 applications of critical raw materials • Network of Research, Education and Training Centres on sustainable raw materials management • EU standardised instruments for the survey of resources/reserves and 3-D geological map • dynamic modelling of trends: link demand and supply with reserves and complete LCA • Pro-active strategy of EU at bilateral and multilateral level
    • ENTR G3 Key components • Technology-focused policy areas • R&D and Innovation coordination • Technology for primary/secondary production • Substitution • Non Technology policy areas • Improving framework conditions • Waste management excellence • Knowledge, skills and Raw. Mat. flows • International cooperation • EU international cooperation strategy • Technology, Governance, H&S&E, Education, Investments
    • Pekka A. Nurmil 16.8.2013
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials EIP Raw Mat will bring together EU Member States and other stakeholders (companies, NGOs, researchers, etc.) to promote innovation along the entire value chain of raw materials. This includes: Exploration: to promote coordination and integration among the EU's Geological Surveys. Extraction: to extract more deeply, in remoter areas and under harsher conditions, and to ensure Europe retains the skills needed to do so. Processing: to develop new technologies for efficient water management, energy consumption and recycling. Recycling: to introduce new cost-effective and environmentally-sound recycling techniques and best practices regarding the collection and treatment of waste. Substitution: to find alternative materials for certain applications, or to replace those applications with an alternative technology not dependent on key raw materials.
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy Broad list of involved parties
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy What has happened since initiation of EIP Raw Mat ? Proposal for a European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials 29.2.2012 • 1st Sherpa Meeting 23 January 2013 • 1st High Level Steering Group 12 February 2013 • 5 Work Groups meet regularly in January – June 2013 • Draft Strategic Implementation Plan May 2013 • Final draft SIP 23 July 2013 • High Level Steering Group to adopt SIP 25 September 2013 …followed by adoption by EC including funding
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy Strategic Implementation Plan (draft 23.7.2013) EU economy highly dependent on imports of ores and metals Self-sufficient on construction minerals Self-sufficient on wood based raw materials, but bio-based products needed Totally dependent in imports of natural rubber Knowledge on raw materials heterogeneous in EU EU mineral potential is under explored Mineral policies unclear Permitting procedures lengthy Public mistrust in mining Trans-European Transport Network needs to be developed Complex raw materials ask for innovation in processing and refining Recycling of raw materials inside EU Coordinate R&D in EU (institutions and industry) International co-operation
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy Sweden-Finland meeting in Kiruna July 2013 Joint Sweden-Finland-Poland proposals to the SIP: Promote EU mineral policy and exploration Deep exploration (land based) in focus Develop technology  competitiveness International policy & regulation “demonstrators” needed CRM list to be updated continuously Raw material logistics to be added (SO2 directive 2015)
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy “Outstanding services for Mining, Metals & Energy industries” The Future is in Fennoscandia
    • Major new mines 2012– Expansion/reopening of old mines Nurmi & Eilu Novem Pekka A. Nurmil 16.8.2013 Mining Boom in Fennoscandia
    • Elias Ekdahl July 2013 Ranking on the Potential Mining Regions 2013 Source: Frazer Institute Mining Company Survey 2013 17
    • Finland’s Mining in the Nutshell Pekka A. Nurmil 16.8.2013 Metals Industrial minerals Kittilä gold Kevitsa nickel Pahtavaara gold Raahe gold Kemi chrome Hitura nickel Pyhäsalmi Copper-zinc TalvivaaraNickel-zinc Jokisivu gold Parainen calcite Ilomantsi gold Lappeenranta calcite Orivesi gold Lahnaslampi talc Kylylahti copper Polvijärvi talc Lohja calcite Siilinjärvi phosphorus • 52 mines (12 metal, 17 carbonate rocks and 14 industrial minerals) • Mine investments 2008-2011 1.3 Bill. € • Estimated investments until 2020 over 3 Bill. € • Estimated turnover 2.5 Bill. € and employeers 5000 in 2015 • Finland is one of the leading mining technology providers (Metso, Outotec, Sandvik, Normet) Data: ETLA 2011 Annual ore output (Mt) < 0.1 0.1 - 0.5 0.5 - 1.0 1.0 - 10 > 10
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy CRM –list , History & potential in Finland REE Economic Importance SupplyRisk History & Projects Suhanko Pt & Pd Project Major producer Past major producer
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy “Outstanding services for Mining, Metals & Energy industries” Our mineral potential is good Pekka A. Nurmil 16.8.2013
    • Co Au Sb Indium Volframi Grafite Be Ta Mo Te Magnesite Rare earth metals Nb Platinum metals V Mn Fe Cr Ni S Zn Production Planned production Future production Critical Very important Ag Carbonate rocks Talc Quartz Feldspar Important Others Mica Wollastonite Granites and schists Industrial rocks Precious minerals Aggregates Soapstone U Li Ti Baryte Clay minerals Th Sn PDiamonds EU classification 2010: ? ? ?? ?? GTK aims to study wide range of commodities for long-term needs Sc Cu Pekka A. Nurmil 16.8.2013
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy “Outstanding services for Mining, Metals & Energy industries” Cleantech is our future Pekka A. Nurmil 16.8.2013
    • ● Sustainable production (closed material cycle, eco-efficiency, recycling) ● Optimizing material, energy and water efficiencies ● Minimizing environmental and community loading ● Re-use of the mine site after closure GTK Universities Mining companies GTK Junior companies Mining companies Junior companies Mining companies GTK Mintec Mining companies Technology operators Contractors Mining companies Consultants GTK TUKES, ELY TUKES, AVI, ELY TUKES, ELY TUKES, ELY TUKES, ELY Green Mining Promoting Sustainable Mining Industry 23Elias Ekdahl July 2013
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy “Outstanding services for Mining, Metals & Energy industries” Let’s go deeper 24Elias Ekdahl July 2013
    • Future mining is underground mining Underground Open pit 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 Source: Chris Cross, Rio Tinto  Need for new exploration techniques  Need for new mining technology  Global need for geoscientists 25Elias Ekdahl July 2013
    • Airborne Geophysics (EM) Airborne Geophysics (TEM) Titan 24 - IP Seismic SoundingDrilling Mapping Several kilometers ~400 m <50 m We need new technology in exploration 26Elias Ekdahl July 2013 400 m 50 m
    • 27Elias Ekdahl July 2013 • Future is in 3D Metallogeny • More geological research • More geophysical monitoring • More drilling capacity • More world class orebodies
    • Sakatti - world class discovery (Ni-Co-PGE) 28Elias Ekdahl July 2013 Source: AA Sakatti Mining Oy ”New Pechenga”
    • Line 2 Line 3 Line 1 Line 4 Seismic lines Contractor Spetzgeofizika Deep reflection seismics in Finland FIRE-project 2001-2005 29Elias Ekdahl July 2013
    • N Outokumpu Ore Belt 5 km 0 km Contractor Nedra Outokumpu High resolution seismic data indicates that we have only scratched the surface 30Elias Ekdahl July 2013
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy “Outstanding services for Mining, Metals & Energy industries” Our Nordic disadvantage 31Elias Ekdahl July 2013
    • 22.8.2013 2015 sea transport costs will dramatically increase
    • Ab Marsuppium Oy Public acceptance of mining Simultaneously with the High Level Steering Groupin “kick-off” meeting the Swedish newspaper Dagens Industri published an article “Sustainability needs mines” The article was published by: Minister for Enterprise Annie Löf Minister for the Environment Lena Ek LKAB CEO Lars-Eric Aaro Atlas Copco CEO Ronnie Leten Södra tf CEO Gunilla Saltin
    • 34Elias Ekdahl July 2013 Raw materials of the Arctic Region … … means a provision for better future Thank You !