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Stages Of Group Development

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FOR POWERPOINT PRESENTATION …

FOR POWERPOINT PRESENTATION
Stage 1: FORMING
• GROUP MEMBERS LOOK TO THE LEADER FOR DIRECTION.
• MEMBERS HAVE A DESIRE FOR ACCEPTANCE BY THE GROUP AND FITTING IN.
• MEMBERS ARE SIZING EACH OTHER UP – CHECKING OUT PERSONALITIES AND TALENTS OF OTHER MEMBERS.
• MEMBERS FOCUS THEIR DISCUSSION ON THE TASK AT HAND, NOT WORRYING ABOUT RELATIONSHIPS.
• FEELINGS GOING THROUGH MEMBERS INCLUDE INSECURITY, NERVOUSNESS. THEY ARE ASKING THEMSELVES “Do I belong?”, “Will I be accepted by the group?”
Stage 2: Storming
• THIS STAGE IS CHARACTERIZED BY TENSION, COMPETITION, AND CONFLICT AMONG GROUP MEMBERS.
• QUESTIONS ARISE ABOUT WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR WHAT AND WHAT THE RULES ARE.
• SOME MEMBERS MAY REMAIN SILENT WHILE OTHERS ATTEMPT TO DOMINATE.
• SOME MEMBERS QUESTION AUTHORITY AND COMPETENCY OF THE GROUP LEADER
• THE GROUP LEADER HAS TO RAISE THE CONFLICT ISSUE AND DEAL WITH IT.
Stage 3: Norming
• LEADERSHIP IS SHARED AND CLIQUES DISSOLVED.
• CONFLICTS ARE RESOLVED AND THERE IS A STRONGER SENSE OF BELONGING TO THE GROUP.
• CREATIVITY IS HIGH.
• PEOPLE KNOW WHERE THEY FIT IN AND WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM.
Stage 4: Performing
• NOW THE GROUP IS IN HIGH GEAR AND HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE. THE NEED FOR GROUP APPROVAL IS PAST.
• GROUP MEMBERS CAN NOW FOCUS ON THE TASK AND CARE FOR OTHER MEMBERS OF THE GROUP.
• GROUP IDENTITY IS COMPLETE, GROUP MORALE IS HIGH, AND GROUP LOYALTY IS INTENSE.
Stage 5: RE-FORMING
• THIS STAGE OCCURS WHEN THE TASKS ARE COMPLETED AND THERE NO LONGER IS A NEED FOR THE GROUP TO EXIST.
• THIS STAGE INCLUDES RECOGNITION FOR PARTICIPATION (AWARDS) AND AN OPPORTUNITY FOR GROUP MEMBERS TO SAY GOOD BYE. (CLOSURE)
• WITH THE DISSOLVING OF THE GROUP, NEW LEADERS ARE NEEDED TO TAKE ON THE NEW TASKS, SO A NEW GROUP FORMS.

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Transcript

  • 1. STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT
    • Mr. TRAN MINH TAN, MSSW
    • Asian Social Instittute, 1518 Leon Guinto, Malate, Manila, Philippines
  • 2. STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT
    • FORMING
    • STORMING
    • NORMING
    • FERFORMING
    • RE-FORMING
  • 3. Stage 1: FORMING
    • GROUP MEMBERS LOOK TO THE LEADER FOR DIRECTION.
    • MEMBERS HAVE A DESIRE FOR ACCEPTANCE BY THE GROUP AND FITTING IN.
    • MEMBERS ARE SIZING EACH OTHER UP – CHECKING OUT PERSONALITIES AND TALENTS OF OTHER MEMBERS.
  • 4.
    • MEMBERS FOCUS THEIR DISCUSSION ON THE TASK AT HAND, NOT WORRYING ABOUT RELATIONSHIPS.
    • FEELINGS GOING THROUGH MEMBERS INCLUDE INSECURITY, NERVOUSNESS. THEY ARE ASKING THEMSELVES “Do I belong?”, “Will I be accepted by the group?”
  • 5. Stage 2: Storming
    • THIS STAGE IS CHARACTERIZED BY TENSION, COMPETITION, AND CONFLICT AMONG GROUP MEMBERS.
    • QUESTIONS ARISE ABOUT WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR WHAT AND WHAT THE RULES ARE.
  • 6.
    • SOME MEMBERS MAY REMAIN SILENT WHILE OTHERS ATTEMPT TO DOMINATE.
    • SOME MEMBERS QUESTION AUTHORITY AND COMPETENCY OF THE GROUP LEADER
    • THE GROUP LEADER HAS TO RAISE THE CONFLICT ISSUE AND DEAL WITH IT.
  • 7. Stage 3: Norming
    • LEADERSHIP IS SHARED AND CLIQUES DISSOLVED.
    • CONFLICTS ARE RESOLVED AND THERE IS A STRONGER SENSE OF BELONGING TO THE GROUP.
    • CREATIVITY IS HIGH.
    • PEOPLE KNOW WHERE THEY FIT IN AND WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM.
  • 8. Stage 4: Performing
    • NOW THE GROUP IS IN HIGH GEAR AND HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE. THE NEED FOR GROUP APPROVAL IS PAST.
    • GROUP MEMBERS CAN NOW FOCUS ON THE TASK AND CARE FOR OTHER MEMBERS OF THE GROUP.
    • GROUP IDENTITY IS COMPLETE, GROUP MORALE IS HIGH, AND GROUP LOYALTY IS INTENSE.
  • 9. Stage 5: RE-FORMING
    • THIS STAGE OCCURS WHEN THE TASKS ARE COMPLETED AND THERE NO LONGER IS A NEED FOR THE GROUP TO EXIST.
    • THIS STAGE INCLUDES RECOGNITION FOR PARTICIPATION (AWARDS) AND AN OPPORTUNITY FOR GROUP MEMBERS TO SAY GOOD BYE. (CLOSURE)
  • 10.
    • WITH THE DISSOLVING OF THE GROUP, NEW LEADERS ARE NEEDED TO TAKE ON THE NEW TASKS, SO A NEW GROUP FORMS.
  • 11. REFERENCES
    • Mendoza, Thelma Lee- “Social Work with Group” Philippines. Published by Mega-books Company. Copyright 1999.
    • Tuckman, B. Developmental Sequence in Small Groups. Psychological Bulletin, 63, 384-399.(1965).
    • Tuckman B, and Jesenm, M,. Stages of Small Group Development. Group and Organizational Studies, 2, 419-427. (1977)
  • 12. Maraming salamat Po