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Pakistan Education Plan

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    • 1. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION 7 th November, 2008
    • 2.
      • PART - I
      • Constitution of Pakistan
      • Organization & Functions
      • PART – II
      • Education Scenario
      • Financing
      • Education Policy
      • Other Programmes
      Contents
    • 3. Constitution of Pakistan
    • 4. Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b “ The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period”
      • Concurrent Legislative List:
        • Curriculum, syllabus, planning, policy, centres of excellence, standard of education & Islamic education
    • 5. Functions and Organizations
    • 6. Major Functions of Ministry of Education Under Rules of Business 1973
      • National policies, plans and programmes in education. Development of curricula and textbooks.
      • International aspects of education.
      • External examinations. Equivalence of degrees and diplomas.
      • Education in the Capital, Federally Administered Areas and AJ&K.
      • Financial assistance to educationists and men of letters.
      • National libraries.
      • Boy Scouts and Girl Guides.
      • Welfare of Pakistani students abroad and foreign students in Pakistan.
      Continue…
    • 7.
      • International exchange of students and teachers.
      • Foreign studies and training. International assistance.
      • Administration of Selective Federal educational institutions.
      Act No. X of 1976 provides for Federal supervision of curricula, textbooks and maintenance of standards of education.
    • 8. Millennium Development Goals (2001) 1. Ensuring that by 2015 all children, particularly girls , children in difficult circumstances and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to and complete free and compulsory primary education of good quality 2. Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2005, and achieving gender equality in education by 2015, with a focus on ensuring girls’ full and equal access to and achievement in basic education of good quality
    • 9. Ministry of Education Minister Secretary Director Monitoring Cell JEA Curriculum Wing JEA Projects Wing JEA Training Wing JEA Policy & Planning Wing Additional Secretary (PMU) PESR Legend: PMU : Project Monitoring Unit PESR : President’s Education Sector Reforms Sr. JS : Senior Joint Secretary JEA : Joint Educational Adviser Sr. J.S. Admn. Wing Sanctioned Strength Total number of Officers 115 Total number of staff 336 Minister of State
    • 10. Admn Wing Atique Ur Rehman Senior Joint Secretary DS (Admn) Shabbir Ahmed DS General Admn (GA) & Awards Askari Mehdi Abidi SO Admn-I Muhammad Khalid Qamar SO Admn-II Support Staff Muhammad Amir Administrative Officer Protocol & Council Muhammad Iqbal SO Awards & Coord Fozia Naseem SO GA-I Naseem Ahmed Khan SO GA-II PNCU, PBSA, PGGA Rana M. Yousaf SO Admn-III Federal Board & IBCC Nazir Ahmad (SRO) DS Finance & Accounts Asif Mehmood SO Cash & Disbursement Hameed Niazi SO Finance & Accounts Ch. M. Anwar Accounts Officer IC/Audit Shafiq-ul-Islam FBISE: Federal Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education IBCC: Inter Board Committee of Chairmen CCO: Central Copyright Office
    • 11. Functions of Administration Wing
      • Recruitment / appointments / promotions / transfers / grant of leave and pension to employees of main Ministry.
      • Rules and regulations for appointments, promotions, transfers etc. in main Ministry.
      • Maintenance of CR dossiers / ICP Charts / declaration of assets of officers of Ministry.
      • Disciplinary cases, Courts and Wafaqi Mohtasib cases.
      • Administrative and financial matters of Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education and Pakistan National Commission for UNESCO, Inter Board Committee of Chairmen, Islamabad.
      • Administrative matters / budget of Education Division.
      • Processing of release of funds and reconciliation of expenditure.
      Continue…
    • 12. Functions of Administration Wing
      • Public Accounts Committee, Departmental Accounts Committee, Audit observations and Internal Audits.
      • Business relating to the Parliament / Cabinet and other organs of State.
      • Follow-up of President’s and Prime Minister’s Directives.
      • Inter-Ministerial and Intra-Ministerial Coordination.
      • Redressal of public grievances relating to Ministry and its organizations.
      • Matters pertaining to Pakistan Boys Scouts Association and Pakistan Girls Guides Association.
      • Presidential Awards i.e. Izaz-i-Kamal, Izaz-i-Fazeelat and Izaz-i-Sabqat etc.
    • 13. Sanctioned Strength/Vacancies (Officers) 04 10 14 BS-19 Deputy Educational Adviser 7. - 03 03 BS-19 Joint Director (M&E Cell) 8. 03 02 05 BS-18 Deputy Director (M&E Cell) 9. 10 23 33 BS-18 Assistant Educational Adviser 10. 02 03 05 BS-18 Senior Research Officer 11. 01 08 09 BS-17/18 Section Officer 12. 04 06 10 BS-17 Education Officer 13. 01 02 03 BS-17 Research Officer 14. - 01 01 BS-17 Accounts Officer 15. 01 - 01 BS-17 Admn. Officer 16. - 03 03 BS-17 Private Secretary 17. 03 13 16 BS-16 Supdt(3)./AAO(1)/ABO(1)ARO(2)/H.Supdt.(1)/ Supervisor Monitoring (4)/Supdt.M&E(4) 18. 31 84 115 Total: - 03 03 BS-19 Deputy Secretary 6. 01 01 - - - Vacant - 01 BS-20 Director (M&E Cell) 5. 04 05 BS-20 Joint Educational Adviser 4. 01 01 BS-21 Senior Joint Secretary 3. 01 01 BS-21 Addl. Secretary (PMU) 2. 01 01 BS-22 Secretary 1. Filled Sanctioned BPS Designation S.No.
    • 14. Sanctioned Strength / Vacancies (Staff) 8 328 336 Total: - 07 07 BS-01 Sanitary Worker 18. - 01 01 BS-01 Mali 17. - 04 04 BS-01 Chowkidar 16. - 05 05 BS-01 Farash 15. 02 92 94 BS-01 Naib Qasid 14. - 03 03 BS-02 Qasid 13. - 09 09 BS-02 Daftry 12. - 01 01 BS-03 Senior Book Binder 11. - 02 02 BS-04 Library/Resource Centre Attendants 10. 01 17 18 BS-04 Driver/DR 9. - 04 04 BS-05 LDC 8. - 19 19 BS-07 UDC 7. - 01 01 BS-10 Library Assistant 6. 01 01 02 BS-11 Accounts Assistant 5. 02 67 69 BS-11 Assistant 4. 02 62 64 BS-12 Steno typist 3. - 04 04 BS-15 Asstt. Incharge 2. - 29 29 BS-15 Stenographer 1. Vacant Filled Sanctioned BPS Designation S. No.
    • 15. JEA Dr. S. Fayyaz Ahmad DEA Development Planning (Vacant) DEA Project Formulation & PSDP Sector (Vacant) DEA Education Policy Mr. T.M. Qureshi AEA/EO Coordination, AEPAM Mr. Javed AEA/EO Elementary, Secondary and College Education Projects/PC-I Preparation Muzaffar A. Zia (AEA) AEA/EO Science, Technical & Vocational Edu. Projects & PC-I Preparation Mr. Javed AEA / RA Policy Formulation Mr. Qaiser Munir AEA/EO Policy Implementation & Evaluation Program Officer EFA, Quality Edu. & Other Projects & PC-I Mr. Ajmal Khan (SO) AEA/EO Bilateral Mr. Farooque Aizm Abro AEA/EO Multilateral (Vacant) AEA/EO (Vacant) Mr. Shah Khalid (Web Master) Mr. Adeel Naik (Multimedia Developer) DEA Foreign Aid Mr. Habib-ur-Rehman AEA/EO Annual Dev. Programme (ADP) & Budget Utilization Zahid Ahmad (SRO) Policy & Planning Wing National Education Assessment System (NEAS) (Prof. S. Kamaluddin) CIDA Debt Swap Mr. Fida Hussain Khokhar German Debt Swap Mr. Arshad Malik
    • 16. Functions of Policy & Planning Wing
      • Formulation of National Policies, Plans and Programs.
      • Process all development schemes (DDWP, CDWP, ECNEC).
      • Organize Inter-Provincial Education Secretaries/Ministers' meetings.
      • Prepare and monitor implementation of PSDP, Medium Term Plan (MTP) and Perspective Plan (PP).
      • Coordinate release of funds with Finance Div., Planning & Development Div. and AGPR.
      • Monitoring and evaluating education sector expenditures.
      • Assist and coordinate with Provincial Education, Finance and Planning Departments and District Governments to develop education sector plans.
      • Collection of statistics.
      Continue…
    • 17. Functions of Policy & Planning Wing
      • Surveys and research studies.
      • Laison with development partners, within government and foreign donors and institutions.
      • Negotiate external economic assistance.
      • Prepare reports for media, budget speech, Economic Survey, year book etc.
      • Disseminate government policies, plans, and programs among all development partners and stakeholders.
      • Develop and Maintain Ministry’s website.
      • Oversee functioning of Academy for Educational Planning and Management.
    • 18. Curriculum Wing JEA Arif Majeed DEA (Languages, Religious & Social Studies) Syed Tajmal Hussain Shah Urdu Language Section Syed Tajmal Hussain English Language Section (Vacant) Religious Studies Section (Vacant) Social Studies Section M. Nasir Khan (AEA) DEA Basic Sciences Dr. Tariq Mehmood Basic Science-I Munawwardin Awan AEA Basic Science-II M. Zulfiqar Jatoi AEA Basic Science-III M. Hanan Kakar AEA Basic Science-IV M. Hanif SRO DEA Social Sciences & Learned Institutions Mulazim Hussain Mujahid Social Sciences Section Riaz Hussain Malik AEA History Section Ahmad Gul Learned Institutions Section Anwar Hussan AEA Cash & Administration Of CW Altaf Hussain RO DEA (Emerging Trends) Aurangzeb Rehman On NIPA Training Commerce (Vacant) Home Economics Section Javed Saleem AEA Emerging Trends Section (Vacant)
    • 19. Functions of Curriculum Wing Curriculum Wing has been empowered through Federal Supervision of Curricula, Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act, 1976:
      • To prepare or cause to be prepared [1] schemes of studies, [2] curricula, [3] manuscripts of textbooks and [4] schedules or strategy for their introduction in accordance with the education policy .
      • To approve manuscripts of textbooks produced by other agencies before they are prescribed.
      • To direct any person or agency to delete, amend or withdraw any portion, or the whole, of the curriculum, textbook or reference material .
    • 20. Projects Wing PD: Project Director PO: Project Officer PM: Project Manager MDA: Mid Decade Assessment EO: Education Officer ECE: Early Childhood Education PC: Project Coordinator ARO: Assistant Research Officer NPC: National Project Coordinator JEA Projects Wing M. AKRAM CHAUDHRY Mr. Abdur Rashid DEA Dr. Muhammad Saleem DEA - II Mr. Shahid Muqim Khan DEA - III Sahibzada Naeem Rasool Project Director Madrassa Reform Project Mrs. Robina Abbasi Project Staff Mr. A.D. Bhanbhro EO Cadet Colleges Mr. Zaheer Iqbal AEA Polytech Instiute FDE Khalid Munir Khokhar ARO (Coord.) Dr. Muhammad Hanif Project Coordinator MRP Mr. Safdar Abbas A.O. Mr. Jawad Malik Liaison Officer Sajjad Haider Research Officer Functional Literacy Dr. M. Hanif Project Coordinator Adult Literacy ECE / MDA Project Staff Project Staff
    • 21. Functions of Projects Wing
      • Monitoring of projects.
      • Collaboration between FIUs & PIUs.
      • Interact with donor agencies/partners/stakeholders .
      • Evaluation of projects.
      • Management and release of project funds.
      • Implementation of various projects (GoP and foreign funded).
    • 22. Training Wing JEA Training Wing Zaeem Ahmed Ch. DEA Centres of Excellence & National Educational Institutions (Abdul Badshah) DEA NISTE, Libraries & Fed. College of Edu. (Pervez Iqbal) DEA FDE & Private Institutions Vacant AEA Centers of Excellence & Pakistan Chairs Abroad (Safir uddin) AEA Area Study Centers & Cultural Exchange (Jamil Hashmi) RO National Institutes (Raja Irshad) AEA Fed. College of Education, NSAC, NISTE, Coord Muhammad Aslam Malik AEA/EO Edu. & Science Societies, Libraries, PAS Vacant AEA F.G. Schools & Colleges (Yasmeen Haq) National Cellege of Arts & Sh. Zaid Sultan Islamic Centre Dawood Engg. College AEA Private Institutions & National Edu. Foundation (NEF) (Saeed Ahmed Mahar) EO Model Schools/ Colleges (Mrs. Raheela Farheen) Sindh Madrasa- Tul-Islam Technical Panel on Teacher Education (TPTE) (Saeed Ahmed Mahar) AEA Higher Education (Muhammad Ismail) DEA Scholarships (Said Ghulam) AEA Foreign Scholarships- (Fazle-Rehman) AEA Foreign Scholarships-II (Javed Saleem) AEA Own Scholarships (Muhammad Tariq) AEA NCTVET CPSC, NMST, PIW
    • 23. Functions of Training Wing
      • Teacher Training and Education-In-service and Pre-service
      • Training Programmes in collaboration with donors agencies.
      • Science Olympiads and fairs in collaboration with Intel and universities etc.
      • Foreign and local scholarships.
      • International Cooperation and Cultural Exchange Programs.
      • Coordination / NOC to foreign students for admission in Pakistan on self finance.
      • Management of educational institutions in ICT.
      • Administrative, financial and legal matters of following institutions:
        • National Institute of Science and Technical Education, Islamabad
        • Federal Directorate of Education, Islamabad
        • Federal College of Education, Islamabad
        • Polytechnic Institute for Women, Islamabad
      Continue…
    • 24.
        • National Education Foundation, Islamabad
        • National Museum of Science and Technical Education, Lahore
        • Colombo Plan Staff College, Manila, Philippine
        • Technical Panel on Teacher Education, Islamabad
        • Dawood College of Engineering and Technology, Karachi
        • National College of Arts, Lahore
        • Sindh Madressah-tul-Islam, Karachi
        • Department of Libraries
      Functions of Training Wing
    • 25. Monitoring & Evaluation Cell Deputy Director (BS-18) Maj (R) Abdul Waheed Khan DIRECTOR (BS-20) (Acting Director) Atique Ur Rehman Deputy Director–1 (BS-18) Mr. Anis Sharif Joint Director (BS-19) Project Wing Joint Director (BS-19) Training Wing Deputy Director (BS-18) Vacant Joint Director (BS-19) Policy & Planning/Curriculum Wing Lt. Col (R) M. Shakeel Abbasi Deputy Director–2 (BS-18) Vacant Deputy Director (BS-18) Vacant
    • 26. Functions of Monitoring & Evaluation Cell
      • To monitor induction of modern education in Madaris and the working of NGO’s.
      • To improve working of various organizations by suggesting measures based on performance.
      • To identify areas in which performance has been unsatisfactory, alongwith suggestions for improvement.
      • Keep Secretary / Minister informed on proper observance and implementation of procedures in various departments, particularly financial discipline.
      • Monitor and prevent losses due to fraud, misappropriation, pilferage, misuse and theft.
      • Keep Secretary / Minister informed of any activities prejudicial to the public interest and state of discipline and morale of students and employees.
    • 27. Deputy Educational Adviser (Monitoring, Evaluation & Coordination) Monitoring Expert 7 Monitors One of each ESR thrust area Assistant IT Expert 7 Evaluators One for each ESR thrust area Project Monitoring Unit Coordination Expert IT Expert (Database, Programming, Networking) Financial Expert (Budget, Finance, Accounts) Evaluation Expert Additional Secretary (PMU) Shahid Ahmad
    • 28. Functions of PMU
      • PMU will closely oversee all stages and aspects of planning, resource mobilization, monitoring and coordination of all development projects including ESR Programme at Federal, Provincial and District level.
      • Main Functions of PMU
      • Ensure timely release of funds to line departments.
      • Evolve Monitoring mechanism to gauge the out-puts/out-comes of development Projects.
      • To collect quarterly monitoring reports containing physical as well as financial achievements.
      • To ensure optimum and efficient utilization of the budget.
      • To evaluate achievement of programme objectives and targets.
      • To suggest and supervise remedial measures to improve effectiveness and efficiency of the programme.
    • 29. Attached Departments
      • Federal Directorate of Education, Islamabad.
      • Department of Libraries, Islamabad.
      Autonomous Bodies
      • Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Islamabad.
      • National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
      • National Education Foundation, Islamabad.
      • Urdu Dictionary Board, Lahore.
      • National College of Arts, Lahore.
    • 30. Subordinate Offices
      • Academy of Educational Planning and Management, Islamabad.
      • National Institute of Science and Technical Education, Islamabad.
      • Federal College of Education, Islamabad.
      • Govt. Polytechnic Institute for Women, Islamabad.
      • Pakistan Academy of Letters, Islamabad.
      • Inter-Board Committee of Chairmen, Islamabad.
      • Sindh Madrassa-tul-Islam, Karachi.
      • Dawood College of Engineering and Technology, Karachi.
      • Pakistan National Commission for UNESCO, Islamabad.
      • Urdu Science Board, Lahore.
      • National Museum of Science and Technology, Lahore.
      • National Educational Equipment Centre, Lahore.
      • Technical Panel on Teachers Education, Islamabad.
      • National Education Assessment System, Islamabad.
    • 31. Pakistan Chairs Abroad
      • Quaid-e-Azam Distinguished Professorship at Columbia University, USA.
      • Quaid-e-Azam Studies Chair, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
      • Quaid-e-Azam Fellowship, Cambridge University, UK.
      • Allama Iqbal Fellowship, Cambridge University, UK.
      • Allama Iqbal Fellowship, Humboldt University, Germany.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies at Kazakh Albai Khan University of International Relations and World Languages, Almaty, Kazakhistan.
      Continue…
    • 32.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies, Ankara University, Turkey.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies, Tehran University, Iran.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies, Tribhuvan University, Katmandu, Nepal.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies at Jordan University, Amman.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies at Peking University, Beijing, China.
      • Chair in Urdu and Pakistan Studies at Bapist University, Hong Kong.
      • Allama Iqbal Research chair in Urdu and Arabic, King Saudi University, Saudi Arabia.
      Pakistan Chairs Abroad
    • 33.
      • Central Asia, University of Peshawar, Peshawar.
      • South Asia, University of the Punjab, Lahore.
      • Far East and South East Asia, University of Sindh.
      • Europe, University of Karachi, Karachi.
      • Middle East and Arab Countries, University of Balochistan, Quetta.
      • Africa, North and South America, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad.
      Area Study Centres For: Pakistan Study Centres at Universities of Punjab, Sindh, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta & Q. A. University Shaikh Zayed Islamic Centres, University of Punjab, Karachi & Peshawar.
    • 34.
      • Psychology – Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad.
      • Mineralogy – University of Balochistan, Quetta.
      • Analytical Chemistry – University of Sindh, Jamshoro.
      • Water Resources Engineering – University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore.
      • Arts & Design – Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro.
      • Marine Biology – University of Karachi, Karachi.
      • History and Culture – Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad.
      • Molecular Biology – University of the Punjab, Lahore.
      • Gender Studies – Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad.
      • Geology – University of Peshawar, Peshawar.
      • Physical Chemistry – University of Peshawar, Peshawar.
      • Solid State Physics – University of the Punjab, Lahore.
      Centres of Excellence
    • 35. PART – II EDUCATION SCENARIO
    • 36. Human Development Index Source: Human Development Reports, 2005-06 & 2007-08, UNDP 142 140 136 133 128 100 99 94 2007 2006 2005 136 139 135 134 127 96 93 99 137 Bangladesh 138 Nepal 98 Maldives Ranking (out of 177 countries) Country 134 135 126 93 96 Bhutan Iran Pakistan India Sri Lanka
    • 37. Sources: Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement (PSLM) Survey 2006-07 58% 47% 42% 55% Literacy Rates Pakistan: 55% Male: 67% Female: 42% “ The ability of a person who can read a newspaper and write a simple letter in any language” Literacy Definition (As in 1998 Census) 67% 48% 67% 42% 22% 58% 28% 67%
    • 38. Educational Institutions by Level Source: National Education Census 2006, GoP Level Total Public Private Pre-primary 1,081 287 794 Mosque school 14,123 14,035 88 Primary 122,349 105,526 16,823 Middle 38,449 14,334 24,115 Secondary 25,090 10,550 14,540 British System 281 11 270 NFBE 4,831 2,008 2,823 Inter & Degree Colleges 1,882 1,025 857 Universities 116 59 57 Technical/ Professional 1257 426 831 Vocational 3,059 916 2,143 Deeni Madaris 12,153 354 11,799 Others 3,120 2,241 879 TOTAL 227,791 151,772 (67%) 76,019 (33%)
    • 39. Institutions by Medium of Instruction Source: National Education Census 2006, GoP Type # of Institutions Urdu English Sindhi Others Total 227,791 148065 (65%) 22779 (10%) 34168 (15%) 22779 (10%) Public 151,744 103,186 (68%) 3,035 (2%) 33,384 (22%) 12,139 (8%) Private 76,047 43,347 (57%) 21,293 (28%) 1,521 (2%) 9,886 (13%)
    • 40. No. of Institutions, Enrolment, Teaching Staff Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006 192 128 123 23 306 1,781 7,442 2,742 12,737 Non-Functional 42,837 0.9 7,268 AJK 15,196 0.4 3,977 Northern Area 22,079 0.6 5,145 FATA 19,387 0.4 1,189 ICT 50,893 1.1 10,986 Balochistan 198,893 5.2 37,761 NWFP 290,749 6.6 51,006 Sindh 716,768 18.3 110,459 Punjab 1,356,802 33.5 227,791 Pakistan Teaching Staff Enrolment (Million) Educational Institutions Covered Area
    • 41. Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006 Enrolment -2005 (Million) Province/Area Total Male Female Rural Urban Pakistan 33.379 18.981 57% 14.398 43% 19.159 57% 14.219 43% Punjab 18.298 9.795 54% 8.503 46% 10.374 57% 7.924 43% Sindh 6.552 3.844 59% 2.707 41% 2.551 39% 4.001 61% NWFP 5.206 3.322 64% 1.884 36% 3.936 76% 1.270 24% Balochistan 1.110 0.713 64% 0.396 36% 0.662 60% 0.447 40% ICT 0.390 0.208 53% 0.181 47% 0.090 23% 0.300 77% FATA 0.605 0.440 73% 0.165 27% 0.605 100% - Northern Area 0.354 0.190 54% 0.164 46% 0.288 81% 0.066 19% AJK 0.859 0.464 54% 0.395 46% 0.650 76% 0.209 24%
    • 42. Deeni Madaris (Enrolment and Teaching Staff) Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006 2,216 46,429 491 77 568 AJK 3,160 88,540 1,154 39 1,193 FANA 481 14,162 92 43 135 FATA 657 10,557 62 15 77 ICT 2,891 65,597 670 99 769 Balochistan 12,058 336,983 2,568 275 2,843 NWFP 11,951 312,693 1,816 119 1,935 Sindh 24,977 674,281 5,300 159 5,459 Punjab 58,391 1,549,242 12,153 826 12,979 Pakistan Teaching Staff Enrolment No. for which Data Collected No. of Refusals No. Covered Area
    • 43. Drop-out Rates Class 11-12 Class 9-10 Class 6- 8 Class 1-5 0.076 1.311 3.074 12.480 Enrolment 1999-2000 Dropouts 1999-2000 Dropouts 2004-05 0.708 1.479 3.323 14.829 30.14% 22.41% 24.5% 53.0% 0.023 0.294 0.753 6.614 15.7% 15.68% 15.9% 31.3% 0.111 0.232 0.528 4.641 Total: 16.941 Million Total: 7.684 Million Total: 5.512 Million Total: 20.339 Million Total children eligible for enrolment (5-16): 44.340 million Children who did not enroll (5-16): 24.001 million Enrolment 2004-05 Class 11-12 Class 9-10 Class 6- 8 Class 1-5 Source: 1. National Institute of Population Studies, 2004-05, 2. NEMIS, M/o Education.
    • 44. PAKISTAN Missing Facilities Source: National Education Census (NEC), 2006 Total schools upto Middle level 160,798 No Boundary Wall No Drinking Water No Electricity No Toilet No Building 53,481 (33%) 46,766 (29%) 81,633 (50%) 9,776 (6%) 57,216 (35%)
    • 45. Public Schools in Union Councils 111 (100%) 175 (89%) 567 (100%) 911 (91%) 1,046 (94%) 3,243 (94%) 6,053 (94%) No. of Union Council without Girls Higher Sec. School 111 (100%) 178 (91%) 567 (100%) 816 (82%) 993 (90%) 3,215 (93%) 5,880 (91%) No. of Union Councils without Boys Higher Sec. School 87 (78%) 45 (23%) 374 (66%) 619 (62%) 780 (70%) 2,014 (58%) 3,919 (61%) No. of Union Councils without Girls High School 32 (29%) 111 FANA 20 (10%) 225 (40%) 247 (25%) 386 (35%) 1,170 (34%) 2,080 (32%) No. of Union Councils without Boys High School 196 567 998 1,108 3,446 6,438 Number of Union Councils AJK Baloch. NWFP Sindh Punjab Pakistan
    • 46. Computer and Science Labs in High Schools 21,153 670 2,723 4,608 13,152 Total number of high schools 1,476 (7%) 86 (13%) 247 (9%) --- 1,143 (9%) Without Science Teachers 3,226 (15%) 356 (53%) 511 (19%) 832 (18%) 1,527 (12%) Without Science labs 7,124 (34%) 476 (71%) 1,256 (46%) 1,362 (29%) 4,030 (31%) Without Computer Labs Total Pakistan Baloch. NWFP Sindh Punjab
    • 47. Financing
    • 48. Recurring Budget of Ministry of Education (Rs. in thousand) 3,338,537 3,009,181 Total Ministry of Education 18,775,606 1,800,248 676,922 15,766,425 532,011 2007-2008 15,766,425 30-HEC 19,104,962 Total 2,058,105 Pay & allowances of teaching personnel in Federal Schools & Colleges. 32-Federal Government Education Institutions in the Capital and Federal Areas 734,204 Autonomous Bodies, Pakistan Schools & Chairs Abroad, Private Educational institutions, National Educational Institutions, Sub-Ordinate Offices, etc. (Mostly pay and allowances). 31-Education 546,228 Main Secretariat, M&E Cell, Curriculum, Education Policy, Attached Depts, International Organizations ISESCO, UNESCO, etc. (Mostly pay and allowances) 29-Education Division 2008-2009 Description Demand
    • 49. Development Budget of Ministry of Education Rs. 36 million Releases in the 1 st quarter (July – September 2008) Rs. 6200 million Total budget 90 Approved 97 Total number of projects
    • 50. Financing (Rs. billion) * % of GDP including Private sector budget. Source: Demands for grants, Budget books of Govt. of Punjab, Sindh, NWFP, Balochistan & AJ&K. Federal Ministries/Divisions, District Governments. Year Recurring Development Total % of GDP Private Sector % of GDP* 2000-01 69.5 6.4 75.9 1.82% 16.8 2.22% 2001-02 70.4 8.5 78.9 1.79% 22.0 2.28% 2002-03 79.5 10.4 89.9 1.86% 26.3 2.41% 2003-04 94.3 30.0 124.3 2.20% 31.1 2.75% 2004-05 106.6 33.3 139.9 2.13% 36.0 2.67% 2005-06 128.9 41.9 170.8 2.21% 40.7 2.74% 2006-07 160.0 56.6 216.6 2.48% 45.5 2.96% 2007-08 191.0 65.0 256.0 2.44%
    • 51. (Public Sector) Education Expenditure as Percentage of GDP
    • 52. EDUCATION BUDGET AS % AGE OF GDP (2005-06): SOUTH ASIA Source: EFA Global Monitoring Report 2008 2.21 (05-06) 2.44(07-08) Pakistan 3.4 Nepal 7.5 Maldives 2.4 Bangladesh 3.8 India 4.7 Iran Percentage Country
    • 53. Education budget as % age of total Government budget Source: Pakistan Economic Survey 2007-08 and Financing of Education in the Public Sector MoE, January 2008. 11.5 2007-08 Year %age 2000-01 11.7 2001-02 11.2 2002-03 10.0 2003-04 13.2 2004-05 12.5 2005-06 12.2 2006-07 12.9
    • 54. Education Policy
    • 55. Challenges
      • Weakened Governance
        • Fragmentation
        • Lack of Clarity in Inter-Tier Relationships
      • Poor Quality of Teachers & Managers
      • Quality of curriculum, textbooks & exams
      • Low level of literacy
      • Out of school children
      • Dropouts
      • Public Private Partnership
      • In-adequate financing
      • Gender Equity
      • Poor monitoring & evaluation
      • Imbalance in primary, middle & secondary schools
      • Inconvenient school location
    • 56. SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY
      • Universal and Free Primary and Secondary Education
      • Promotion of Equity
      • Minimum National Standards
      • Relevance to Labour Market
      • Sector Planning
      • Financial allocation of 7% of GDP by 2018
      • Encourage Private sector
      • Link Allocations to Definition of Free Education
      • Improve Planning, Management and Implementation Capacity
      • Donor Harmonisation
      • Overcoming Fragmented Governance
      Continue…
    • 57.
      • Bridging the Public Private Divide
      • Improved Examination System
      • Introduction of Early Childhood Education (3-5 years) & inclusive education.
      • Achieve the MDG goals.
      • All Primary schools shall be upgraded to Middle level
      • Well developed plan for expanding school facilities.
      • High priority to reducing drop out rates
      • Improved school environment
      • Career Counselling at higher secondary level
      • Develop national literacy curriculum
      • Enhance qualifications for employment as teachers
      Continue…
    • 58.
      • Pre-service & in-service teacher training
      • Accreditation and certification of teachers
      • Merit based teacher recruitment, professional development, promotions & postings
      • Curriculum development
      • Competitive publishing of textbooks and learning materials
      • District Education Boards to be established for managing schools
      • Separate management & academic cadres
    • 59.
      • i. Highlights of New Scheme of Studies:
      • ‘ Islamiat’ as an integrated subject in Classes I-II. Full-fledged subject from Classes III to XII. ‘Ethics’ for non-Muslim s.
      • Advanced ‘Islamic Studies’ in Classes IX-XII as an elective subject.
      • General Science compulsory from Classes IV-VIII.
      • Pakistan Studies compulsory upto Class-X. Advance Pakistan Studies as Elective for Classes XI & XII.
      1. Policy Reforms Undertaken Continue…
    • 60.
      • Highlights of New Scheme of Studies
      • e. History, Geography compulsory in Classes VI-VIII. Includes history of sub-continent upto 1947. Post 1947 in Pak Studies.
      • Computer Literacy compulsory for Classes VI-VIII. ‘Computer Science’ elective subject in Classes IX-X and a Group in Class XI-XII.
      • g. Choice of Arabic / Other Languages, Drawing, Technology, Home Economics, Agriculture in Classes VI to VIII.
      • h. Medical Technology Group (6 subjects) in Classes XI & XII.
    • 61.
      • ii. Review of Curriculum:
      • Curriculum being updated in view of new Scheme of Studies, challenges of modern world and job market.
      • Curriculum for 24 core subjects notified. Implementation from 2009. Total subjects 81.
    • 62.
      • iii. New Textbook Policy:
      • Main features are:
        • improved quality of education through quality textbooks at affordable prices,
        • competitive publishing of textbooks by public & private publishers,
        • textbook boards will become facilitating & regulating authorities. Will approve textbooks.
        • controversial material (cultural, religious, ethnic) shall not be included in textbooks.
    • 63.
        • to improve quality of education at elementary level.
        • to develop capacity in education assessment.
        • to measure learning achievements of students in grades IV and VIII.
        • Based on test results, education system being rehashed.
      iv. National Education Assessment System (NEAS)
    • 64.
      • v. Examination System:
      • Centralized Examination System.
      • Question papers will have 3 parts:
        • 20% objective.
        • 50% short answers.
        • iii. 30% descriptive answers.
        • Choice reduced to 33%.
        • Papers based on curriculum, not textbooks.
        • Teachers being trained to prepare children for new pattern.
      c. Grace marks reduced from 11 to 3 in max of 2 subjects.
    • 65. vi. Access to Education
      • Free education and textbooks up to secondary level .
      • To promote girls' education, future primary schools to be co-education with female teachers only.
      • Stipends to girl students at Middle level.
    • 66. vii. Governance Reforms
      • Inter-Provincial Education Ministers' (IPEM) Conference, for uniformity at national level.
      • Colleges & Technical education schools withdrawn from Districts and placed under Provinces.
      • Introduction of Prep (ECE) Class.
      • Regulatory Authority for private educational institutions in Islamabad.
      • Uniform academic session from 2009.
      Continue…
    • 67.
      • f. All schools Bilingual. English and Urdu compulsory from Class-1 onwards.
      • g. English as medium of instruction for Science, Math and Computer Science. Islamiat, Pak Studies in Urdu in all schools.
    • 68. Other Programmes
    • 69. 1. Enrolment Campaign in ICT
      • To ensure 100% enrollment of Out of School Children.
      • Enrolment campaign launched on July 30, 2008
      • Base Line Survey completed in 04 Rural Sectors & total out of school children are 5590.
    • 70. Basic Statistics about ICT
      • Population (2007) 1.27 Million (Projected)*
      • Literacy Rate : 72.38 %
      • Net Enrollment Rate : 84% (Primary)
      • Total no of institutions: 410
      • ICT has been divided into FIVE Educational Sectors
      • Urban: Islamabad City
      • Rural: Nilore Bhara Kau Tarnol Sihala
      • There are 12 union councils and total of 132 villages
      • * Calculated on the basis of 1998 Census @ Annul growth rate of 5.19%
    • 71. Actions Taken
      • Mass Awareness Campaign
      • Mobilization of Communities, Notables & NGOs
      • Banners / Posters / Leaflets
      • Motivation of Head Teachers and Teachers
      • Utilization of Mosques / Imams
      • Facilitation in Admissions
      • Involvement of PTAs
      • Door to Door Campaign by “Enrollment Campaign Committees“
      • Awareness Camps.
    • 72. Facilities to Out of School Children
        • Free Education
        • Text Books
        • Notebooks / Stationary
        • School Bags
        • Uniforms
        • Relaxation in Admission Documentation
        • Appointment of Counselors
        • UNESCO support for 3,000 students for provision of Uniforms, Shoes, Bags, Stationary items
    • 73. Enrollment Comparison Total Enrollment in FGEIs (KG-College Level) : 210,144
    • 74. 2. Major Interventions by FDE (2002-08)
      • 141 Computer Labs set up.
      • Work in progress on 119 more Comp. Labs., 145 Science Labs.
      • Up-gradation of 59 schools.
      • 33 new schools & 1 degree college (women) established.
    • 75. 3. Provision of Missing Facilities under PESR 862 925 Total 75 75 ICT 7 69 69 FANA (2 distts) 6 62 68 AJK (2 distts) 5 17 38 FATA (2 agencies) 4 30 66 Balochistan (3 distts) 3 249 249 NWFP (4 distts) 2 360 360 Sindh (5 distts) 1 Schools Completed Total Schools Planned (2007-08) Province / Area
    • 76. 4. CIDA Debt Swap: Capacity Building of Teachers & Training Institutions * Head Teachers & Teachers ** B.Ed & Diploma N.A N.A 122 125 NISTE 62 150 196 550 FCE 52 150 0 1,378 AJK 87 150 0 1,760 FATA 93 150 298 944 FANA Achievement Target Achievement Target Scholarships** In-service Trg* Province / Area
    • 77. CIDA Debt Swap: Capacity Building of Teachers & Training Institutions * Head Teachers & Teachers ** B.Ed & Diploma 47 150 0 3,807 Balochistan 0 75 17,827 23,120 NWFP 850 850 6,000 6,048 Sindh 0 1,887 102 27,798 Punjab Achievement Target Achievement Target Scholarships** In-service Trg* Province / Area
    • 78. GERMAN DEBT SWAP Two projects are being executed under German Debt Swap I & II at a total combined cost of Rs. 2276.57 million by ECNEC on 4-08-2005. TARGET AREAS Punjab To improve the overall learning environment at middle & middle portion of high & higher secondary schools level by providing material and library books. NWFP
      • To improve the existing infrastructure at middle and middle portion of high schools for better learning through better school environment.
      • Provide additional classrooms in existing middle school and middle portion of high schools.
      • Provision of basic facilities such as water supply, boundary walls and group latrines.
      48 months 100% 683.756 928.568 German Debt Swap-II for education in NWFP 36 months 100% 581.286 1248.002 Punjab school library project German Debt Swap-I Duration Utilization of released funds Funds released upto 22-08-08 Cost (Million) Project
    • 79. 5. Scholarships to FATA Students
      • Provision of Quality Education for 200 Tribal students (classes 8-12) in settled areas under PSDP.
      • (Cost Rs. 102.5 million)
      • 197 students admitted in Cadet Colleges / Public Schools
      6. Quality Education Opportunities for Students of FATA & Balochistan
      • Approved cost: Rs. 481 million
      • Provides for 132 scholarships each year for students from Balochistan (60%) & FATA (40%) as follows:
      132 Total 12 Private Institutions 3 92 Polytechnics / Commercial Institutions 2 28 Public Schools / Cadet Colleges 1
    • 80. 7. Other Projects (Rs. million) 5400.0 Ed-Links (Teachers Professional Development; Student Learning & Achievement; Governance). Sindh, Balochistan, Islamabad, FATA -- USAID 6. 554.0 Establishment of Govt. Polytechnic Institute at Pishin, Qilla Saifullah, Turbat and Gilgit NA. 5. 7000.0 Establishment & Operation of Basic Education Community schools. All Pakistan including AJK, FATA and FANA. 4. S.No. Title of Projects Cost 1. Establishment of 18 cadet colleges i.e 13 approved namely: Ghotki, Okara, Zhob, Panjgur, Pasrur, Choa Saiden Shah, Jaffarabad, Mianwali, Noshki, Kohlu, Chilas, Swabi, Muzaffarabad and 5 unapproved namely: Charsadda, Chitral, Lakki Marwat, Swat and Multan 5093.1 2. Establishment of Gwadar Institute of Technology Gwadar, Balochistan. 198.2 3. Establishment of Federal Government College of Home Economics at Islamabad. 498.0
    • 81. Thank you