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  • the nature of violence in southern Thailand is primarily rooted in local grievances rather than radical Islamist ideologyOn one side of the conflict in southern Thailand is a Malay-Muslimcommunity that is disenchanted with state policies that pay little regard toMalay-Muslim identity, culture, and socio-economic grievances.  the 1960s resettlement of northeastern Thais and to Thai cultural and economic imperialism in Pattani, including allegations of police brutality, criminal activity, disrespect of Islam, the presence of culturally insensitive businesses such as bars, drug trafficking, and corruption.
  • Only 9.20% of Muslims have completed secondary education (including those who graduated from private Islamic schools), compared to 13.20% of Buddhists. Muslims also had reduced employment opportunities compared to their Buddhist neighbors. Jobs in the Thai public sector are difficult to obtain for those Muslim students who do not ever fully accept the Thai language or the Thai education system. Muslims in the border provinces generally have lower levels of educational attainment compared to their Buddhist neighbors. 69.80% of the Muslim population in the border provinces have only a primary school education, compared with 49.6% of Buddhists in the same provinces.

Wisp Ppt1 Wisp Ppt1 Presentation Transcript

  • WISP Assignment 2
    Thailand
    Done By:
    AmousKhoo
    Lee Ming Xi
    QudsiaJuwanda
    Low Yu Xiang
    Lincoln ting
  • Content Page
    Social Inequality in Thailand
    Prejudices that lead to discrimination of Thai Muslim
    Social, Economic, and political factors
    Compare Thailand – Singapore
    Solution addressed and Obstacles
    Conclusion
  • Social Inequality in Southern Thailand
  • Thailand government policy
    Governed by Thaksin as the prime minister
    Weak democratic institutions , the Muslim politicians and leaders remained silent in fear of repression.
    Places Buddhists in Patani in order to outnumber the Muslims to weaken them.
  • No Freedom and human rights
    Muslim have been beaten, killed or disappeared during police questioning and custody
    Soldiers and police have sometimes been indiscriminate when pursuing suspected insurgents resulting in civilian collateral damage.
  • Injustice and unfairness among the Thailand society and government
    There is not enough education opportunities given to the Muslim
    Reduced employment opportunities
  • Prejudices that lead to Discrimination
  • Minority
    Thai-Muslims are mostly found in the Southern Part of Thailand.
    Mainly in Pattaya, Yala, Narathiwat
    Thai Government, for years, neglected these provinces economically.
    Most That-Muslims speak in Malay.
    They insists on keeping their Muslim Heritage despite being told to change to hide their Muslim Identity.
  • Culture
    Thai Muslims are required to change their culture & language and identity but despite all that, they are still resentful.
    This added to much confusion which became to a violent attacks with police & military.
  • Education
    Thai Muslims education system not taken into consideration, compulsory national education system for all.
    No standardized education syllabus for Thai Muslims.
    Religious school teach Islam as Main Subject and Thai-Malay as Main Language.
    No subjects related to English, Mathematics, Social Sciences, Humanities.
    Parents do not compromise any other subjects not related to Islam.
    Students unable to compete with national level.
  • Education
    As a result, Thai Muslims grow up lacking education.
    Studies shown that 60% of Thai Muslims in 2003 are unable to get a job.
    This is due to different education level and poor ability to speak national language.
    As a results, Thai-Muslims joined Terrorist Organizations
  • Government
    Students with Islamic Certificates are not allowed or given much opportunities.
    They are rejected from leadership posts in State Bureaucracy.
    Thai officials attempted to get rid of Malay identity from this provinces.
    They feared that these people would not be loyal to the Thai State.
  • Government
    In order for the attempt to be a success, Officials labeled this people as “Thai-Muslims”.
    This itself show how much they were treated differently from other citizens.
    This also emphasize on the religion be in that Buddhism is practiced much more than Islam.
  • Social, political and economic factors
  • Social
    the nature of violence in southern Thailand is primarily rooted in local grievances rather than radical Islamist ideology
    Malay-Muslim community that is disenchanted with state policies that pay little regard to
    Malay-Muslim identity, culture, and socio-economic grievances.  
    the 1960s resettlement of northeastern Thais and to Thai cultural and economic imperialism in Pattani.
  • Political
    The insurgency is probably not caused by the lack of political representation among the Muslim population.
    By the late 1990s, Muslims were holding senior posts in Thai politics,
    Thaksin’s first government (2001–2005) also saw 14 Muslim MPs and several Muslim senators.
  • Muslims were able to voice their political grievances more openly and enjoy a much greater degree of religious freedom.
    Discontentment over the abuses led to the growing violence during 2004 and 2005. Muslim politicians and leaders remained silent in fear of losing their positon
    In the 2005 general election, all but one of the eleven Muslim MPs who stood for election were voted out of office.
  • Economic
    Only 9.20% of Muslims have completed secondary education compared to 13.20% of Buddhists.
    Muslims also had reduced employment opportunities compared to their Buddhist neighbors.
    Jobs in the Thai public sector are difficult to obtain for those Muslim students
    Muslims in the border provinces generally have lower levels of educational attainment compared to their Buddhist neighbors.
  • Only 1.70% of the Muslim population have a bachelor’s degree, while 9.70% of Buddhists hold undergraduate degrees.
    Government officials comprised only 2.4% of all working Muslims in the provinces, compared with 19.2% of all working Buddhists.
    Insurgent attacks on economic targets are further reducing employment opportunities for both Muslims and Buddhists in the provinces.
  • Compare Singapore & Thailand
  • Compare Singapore & Thailand
    Similarity: YES
    Who? Discrimination against the minority: Indians. Because we feel that, they are from a different culture with a different well-being.
  • Compare Singapore & Thailand
    This is similar to the case in Southern Thailand where the Thai-Muslims are discriminated.
  • Compare Singapore & Thailand
    Possible Solutions: Apart from the daily national anthem and national pledge, cultural exchange programs within our own people are able to foster better relations among the different races.
  • Solutions
  • Education
    Providing fair education opportunities for minority Thai-Muslims
    Focus on other subjects besides Thai-Melayu
    Inculcate positive thinking since young
  • Jobs
    Company should provide equal job opportunities for minority
    Government should make company sign an agreement to prohibit any kinds of discrimination on minorities.
  • Common Practices
    actions for the people to carry out together
    Promotes better cultural understanding among the dwellers.
    Includes taking pledge together in school (like in Singapore)
    common practice helps to foster national identity
    see themselves as one people
  • Culture and Religion
    Conducting activities to promote cultural exchange between different race/ religions.
    Gain better understanding of the cultures and customs of the minority
  • Government
    Exploring new systems of government
    Recruit more Thai-Muslims in the legislative
    Implement policies so that everyone is treated fairly
    Safeguarding the interests of the minority group
    Concerns and needs of the minority groups are made known to the government
  • Conclusion