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Chapter 5 interactive lecture Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The United States and International Affairs
  • 2. Study the political cartoon below and on the board. Answer the following questions in the lines below. List the key objects in the cartoon and describe what each represents. Identify the cartoon caption and/or title. Describe the action taking place in the cartoon. Explain the message of the cartoon.
  • 3. National Spirt and Destiny Military Reasons Economic Reasons
  • 4. National Spirt and Destiny Military Reasons Economic Reasons • wanted U.S. to control foreign regions and resources and to exercise greater control over international economic markets • One reason was more economic markets and greater potential for economic growth • More land and resources the less U.S. has to rely on imports • More land means more resources to
  • 5. • Felt needed to expand to remain secure • Alfred T. Mahan • Convincing case that U.S. must build a powerful navy if it wanted to be a world power and protect interest abroad National Spirt and Destiny Military Reasons Economic Reasons • wanted U.S. to control foreign regions and resources and to exercise greater control over international economic markets • One reason was more economic markets and greater potential for economic growth • More land and resources the less U.S. has to rely on imports • More land means more resources to
  • 6. • Felt needed to expand to remain secure • Alfred T. Mahan • Convincing case that U.S. must build a powerful navy if it wanted to be a world power and protect interest abroad National Spirt and Destiny Military Reasons Economic Reasons • wanted U.S. to control foreign regions and resources and to exercise greater control over international economic markets • One reason was more economic markets and greater potential for economic growth • More land and resources the less U.S. has to rely on imports • More land means more resources to • Frederick Jackson Turner • Expansion was essential to maintain the U.S. spirit and keep the nation strong
  • 7. Manifest Destiny “The White Man’s Burden”
  • 8. Manifest Destiny • Saw it was responsibility and destiny to spread democracy around the world • Many whites believed that U.S. should exercise control over “less fit” and “inferior” races and nations “The White Man’s Burden”
  • 9. Manifest Destiny • Saw it was responsibility and destiny to spread democracy around the world • Many whites believed that U.S. should exercise control over “less fit” and “inferior” races and nations “The White Man’s Burden” • Poem in response to U.S. conquest of the Philippines during the Spanish-American war • Whites believed a more obligation to “civilize” and “help lesser peoples”
  • 10. According to this cartoon, how has the US changed from 1798 to 1898? What is the role of Manifest Destiny in this cartoon?
  • 11. You will copy and answer the questions about each political cartoon on a sheet of paper.
  • 12. What does this assume about the nature of people outside of the US? What belief is this grounded in?
  • 13. Does the woman seem to like her new bonnet? What does this tell us about America at this time?
  • 14. Why is President Roosevelt dressed as a police officer?
  • 15. According to this cartoon, what impact will colonies have on the US?
  • 16. What is the message of this cartoon?
  • 17. Alaska Hawaii The Philippines Panama
  • 18. Alaska Seward’s Folly -Secretary of State William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia -People saw this as a mistake -Seward saw it as an economic potential with its land rich of resources Hawaii The Philippines Panama
  • 19. Alaska Seward’s Folly -Secretary of State William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia -People saw this as a mistake -Seward saw it as an economic potential with its land rich of resources Hawaii -Business started investing in sugar plantations in early 1800’s -Plantations owners gained economic control over island and struggled for power with Hawaiian monarchy -Plantation owners and U.S. overthrew Queen Liliuokalani -Hawaii annexed in 1898 The Philippines Panama
  • 20. Alaska Seward’s Folly -Secretary of State William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia -People saw this as a mistake -Seward saw it as an economic potential with its land rich of resources Hawaii -Business started investing in sugar plantations in early 1800’s -Plantations owners gained economic control over island and struggled for power with Hawaiian monarchy -Plantation owners and U.S. overthrew Queen Liliuokalani -Hawaii annexed in 1898 The Philippines -Gained from the Spanish-American war -U.S. citizen did not understand why U.S. wanted to own something on the other side of the world -Roosevelt and others saw as crucial for protecting U.S. economic interest in Southeast Asia -Emilio Aguinaldo held an uprising against the U.S. -Used guerilla warfare – strategy in which a weaker army or force strikes quickly and retreats before enemy retaliates -U.S. finally captured Aguinaldo after two years of fighting -Became independent nation in 1946 Panama
  • 21. Alaska Seward’s Folly -Secretary of State William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia -People saw this as a mistake -Seward saw it as an economic potential with its land rich of resources Hawaii -Business started investing in sugar plantations in early 1800’s -Plantations owners gained economic control over island and struggled for power with Hawaiian monarchy -Plantation owners and U.S. overthrew Queen Liliuokalani -Hawaii annexed in 1898 The Philippines -Gained from the Spanish-American war -U.S. citizen did not understand why U.S. wanted to own something on the other side of the world -Roosevelt and others saw as crucial for protecting U.S. economic interest in Southeast Asia -Emilio Aguinaldo held an uprising against the U.S. -Used guerilla warfare – strategy in which a weaker army or force strikes quickly and retreats before enemy retaliates -U.S. finally captured Aguinaldo after two years of fighting -Became independent nation in 1946 Panama -President William McKinley was assassinated in 1901 -Theodore Roosevelt became president -Roosevelt envisioned a canal across the isthmus of Panama -Connect Atlantic and Pacific ocean -Allow ships to travel without going around South America -Columbian president (Columbia had control over Panama) refused to sell the land -Panamanians revolted against the Colombians; U.S. support; Panama gained independence
  • 22. Important People Explanation • • • George Dewey • John Hay
  • 23. Important People Explanation • U.S. Commodore George Dewey went to the Philippines George Dewey • Spanish Colony • Destroyed the Spanish fleet; took over the Philippines • John Hay
  • 24. Important People Explanation • U.S. Commodore George Dewey went to the Philippines George Dewey • Spanish Colony • Destroyed the Spanish fleet; took over the Philippines • John Hay termed the war “a splendid little war” John Hay
  • 25. Cuba Yellow Journalism Rough Riders U.S.S. Maine Famous Battles
  • 26. Cuba -Cuba still owned by Spain -Cuban people rebelled against the Spanish -Spain sent 150,000 troops -Many Cubans got killed or died in concentration camps Yellow Journalism Rough Riders U.S.S. Maine Famous Battles
  • 27. Cuba -Cuba still owned by Spain -Cuban people rebelled against the Spanish -Spain sent 150,000 troops -Many Cubans got killed or died in concentration camps Yellow Journalism -Pressure started to mount for the U.S. intervene -Yellow Journalism – exaggerated and untrue reports about Cuba to sell papers -Served to ignite the emotions of the U.S. population Rough Riders U.S.S. Maine Famous Battles
  • 28. Cuba -Cuba still owned by Spain -Cuban people rebelled against the Spanish -Spain sent 150,000 troops -Many Cubans got killed or died in concentration camps Yellow Journalism -Pressure started to mount for the U.S. intervene -Yellow Journalism – exaggerated and untrue reports about Cuba to sell papers -Served to ignite the emotions of the U.S. population Rough Riders -Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt -When U.S. finally went to war, Roosevelt resigned his position -Became lieutenant colonel of the Rough Riders -A volunteer cavalry group of men U.S.S. Maine Famous Battles
  • 29. Cuba -Cuba still owned by Spain -Cuban people rebelled against the Spanish -Spain sent 150,000 troops -Many Cubans got killed or died in concentration camps Yellow Journalism -Pressure started to mount for the U.S. intervene -Yellow Journalism – exaggerated and untrue reports about Cuba to sell papers -Served to ignite the emotions of the U.S. population Rough Riders -Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt -When U.S. finally went to war, Roosevelt resigned his position -Became lieutenant colonel of the Rough Riders -A volunteer cavalry group of men U.S.S. Maine -A Splendid Little War -U.S.S. Maine exploded while in a Cuban harbor -Newspapers blamed Spain; U.S. citizens called for war -Declared war on Spain April 1898 Famous Battles
  • 30. Cuba -Cuba still owned by Spain -Cuban people rebelled against the Spanish -Spain sent 150,000 troops -Many Cubans got killed or died in concentration camps Yellow Journalism -Pressure started to mount for the U.S. intervene -Yellow Journalism – exaggerated and untrue reports about Cuba to sell papers -Served to ignite the emotions of the U.S. population Rough Riders -Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt -When U.S. finally went to war, Roosevelt resigned his position -Became lieutenant colonel of the Rough Riders -A volunteer cavalry group of men U.S.S. Maine -A Splendid Little War -U.S.S. Maine exploded while in a Cuban harbor -Newspapers blamed Spain; U.S. citizens called for war -Declared war on Spain April 1898 Famous Battles -Kettle and San Juan Hill -Roosevelt and the Rough Riders -Helped U.S. gain victory over Spain -U.S. won in three months
  • 31. After the War Treaty of Paris in 1898 Teller Amendment Plat Amendment U.S. gained control over Explanation
  • 32. After the War Explanation Treaty of Paris • Ended the war in 1898 Teller Amendment Plat Amendment U.S. gained control over
  • 33. After the War Explanation Treaty of Paris • Ended the war in 1898 Teller Amendment Plat Amendment U.S. gained control over • U.S. promised Cuban independence by not annexing the territory
  • 34. After the War Explanation Treaty of Paris • Ended the war in 1898 Teller Amendment Plat Amendment U.S. gained • U.S. promised Cuban independence by not annexing the territory • put limits on what the Cuban government could do • gave the U.S. two naval bases in Cuba • allowed for U.S. intervention whenever necessary
  • 35. After the War Explanation Treaty of Paris • Ended the war in 1898 Teller Amendment Plat Amendment U.S. gained • U.S. promised Cuban independence by not annexing the territory • put limits on what the Cuban government could do • gave the U.S. two naval bases in Cuba • allowed for U.S. intervention whenever necessary • Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam
  • 36. Roosevelt’s Corollary Big Stick Policy Dollar Diplomacy Missionary Diplomacy
  • 37. Roosevelt’s Corollary • expanded upon the Monroe Doctrine • U.S. would not allow European powers to colonize newly independent nations in Western Hemisphere • The U.S. had the right to intervene in the region if a nation had trouble paying its debts • Led to increase U.S. involvement in Caribbean and Latin America Big Stick Policy Dollar Diplomacy Missionary Diplomacy
  • 38. Roosevelt’s Corollary • expanded upon the Monroe Doctrine • U.S. would not allow European powers to colonize newly independent nations in Western Hemisphere • The U.S. had the right to intervene in the region if a nation had trouble paying its debts • Led to increase U.S. involvement in Caribbean and Latin America Big Stick Policy • “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far” – U.S. did not intend to threaten presence in regions but would not hesitate to protect its own interests Dollar Diplomacy Missionary Diplomacy
  • 39. Roosevelt’s Corollary • expanded upon the Monroe Doctrine • U.S. would not allow European powers to colonize newly independent nations in Western Hemisphere • The U.S. had the right to intervene in the region if a nation had trouble paying its debts • Led to increase U.S. involvement in Caribbean and Latin America Big Stick Policy • “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far” – U.S. did not intend to threaten presence in regions but would not hesitate to protect its own interests Dollar Diplomacy • Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy • U.S. could best maintain order in nations abroad by increasing foreign investments • Woodrow Wilson renounced dollar diplomacy Missionary Diplomacy
  • 40. Roosevelt’s Corollary • expanded upon the Monroe Doctrine • U.S. would not allow European powers to colonize newly independent nations in Western Hemisphere • The U.S. had the right to intervene in the region if a nation had trouble paying its debts • Led to increase U.S. involvement in Caribbean and Latin America Big Stick Policy • “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far” – U.S. did not intend to threaten presence in regions but would not hesitate to protect its own interests Dollar Diplomacy • Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy • U.S. could best maintain order in nations abroad by increasing foreign investments • Woodrow Wilson renounced dollar diplomacy Missionary Diplomacy • Woodrow Wilson renounced dollar diplomacy • Missionary Diplomacy – foreign policy that U.S. promotes democracy and moral progress in the world • Opposed imperialism
  • 41. Term/Eve Explanation nt U.S. Possessed Territories That Spanned The Pacific Ocean Trading With China Boxer Rebellion
  • 42. Term/Eve Explanation nt U.S. Possessed Territories That Spanned The Pacific Ocean Trading With China Boxer Rebellion • Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and Philippians • Protecting these territories became important
  • 43. Term/Eve Explanation nt U.S. Possessed Territories That Spanned The Pacific Ocean Trading With China Boxer Rebellion • Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and Philippians • Protecting these territories became important • Fearing European countries would try to gain control over China’s markets • U.S. insisted on open-door policy • Leave china open to the U.S. and other nations for trade
  • 44. Term/Eve Explanation nt U.S. Possessed Territories That Spanned The Pacific Ocean Trading With China • Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and Philippians • Protecting these territories became important • Fearing European countries would try to gain control over China’s markets • U.S. insisted on open-door policy • Leave china open to the U.S. and other nations for trade • Chinese nationalists wanted to end foreign influence in China • “Boxers” – nationalists who launched the Boxer