TIC TAC Project. Creativity as a driver of Human Development

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TIC TAC is a Development Cooperation project of the University of Girona (Spain) focused on helping two elementary schools in Catalonia. These two schools, in the cities of Girona and Salt have very …

TIC TAC is a Development Cooperation project of the University of Girona (Spain) focused on helping two elementary schools in Catalonia. These two schools, in the cities of Girona and Salt have very high immigration rates (greater than 85%), and are in danger of becoming “ghetto schools”. Currently, these two schools regularly visit our spaces in the Science and Technology Park of University of Girona, where they actively participate in several workshops and activities designed by our team. In a very significant part of these activities children use Scratch to learn to express themselves creatively through technology, and then as they progress, they participate in workshops on LEGO robots, underwater robots, rescue robots, astronomy and technological gymkhanas in the city.

For us, this initiative has evolved from an outreach project to a research project, where we study and measure how these technologies help develop creative thinking and critical thinking. Right now we're starting to get our first results. In the session at the Scratch Conference next July, we would like to present these first results, with particular emphasis on the Scratch workshops we are carrying out in three groups of fifth graders of the two selected schools.

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  • 1. TIC TAC Project. Creativity as a driver of Human Development Eduard Muntaner-Perich, Jordi FreixenetScratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media
  • 2. Who we areTIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 3. Girona - South India - Girona 2005-2006Shanti Bhavan, IndiaICT-Volunteer http://www.shantibhavanonline.org TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 4. Girona - South India - Girona 2009-2010 2005-2006 Shanti Bhavan: Robotics + ScratchShanti Bhavan, India Development Volunteer Cooperation UdG “Creativity as a driver of Human Development” TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 5. Girona - South India - Girona 2012-2013 Shanti Bhavan + another school 2009-2010 2005-2006 Shanti Bhavan: Robotics + ScratchShanti Bhavan, Telefónica Found. India TIC TAC Project Girona and Salt (Spain) Development Volunteer Cooperation UdG UdiGital.edu TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 6. TIC TAC Project• Same idea: Creativity as a driver of Human Development• 2 Public schools in disadvantaged areas of Girona and Salt - Dalmau Carles (Girona) and Veïnat (Salt): 3 groups (60 students)• Concept: Magnet School - To make attending them an attractive choice - To increase the diversity of the student population within them• First phase: each fifth-grade class visits us once every two weeks TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 7. Organization of the sessionsHands-on workshop Creativitycapsule + TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 8. Program: session 0 Visiting the schoolsTIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 9. Program: session 1 Creativity capsule: theIntroduction to Scratch importance of observation TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 10. Program: session 2 Creative thinking testCreating games byusing their own faces Creativity capsule: story-board TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 11. Program: session 3 Creativity capsule:Introduction to LEGO how to see thingsWeDo + Scratch from different perspectives TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 12. Program: session 4 Champions LeagueLEGO WeDo + Scratch Creativity capsule: how to record videos and interviews TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 13. Program: session 5 Introduction to LEGO MindstormsTIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 14. Program: session 6LEGO Mindstorms: Creativity capsule: how following paths to create contours and scale TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 15. Program: session 7LEGO Mindstorms: drawing Creativity capsule: lines importance of lines in art TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 16. Program: session 8 Astronomy: calculating the Visiting the CIRS:rotation period of the Sun Underwater Robotics Research Center TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 17. Program: session 9Legends of Girona: Augmented Reality and Geopositioning TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 18. Program: session 10Scratch: Programming simulations TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 19. Program: session 11 Visiting the schools again and 2nd Creative Thinking TestTIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 20. Program: session 12 Forum Impulsa: Scratch workshopTIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 21. Evaluation: Creative Thinking Test- Adapted from Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (1962)- Figural test (thinking with pictures)- Verbal test (thinking with words)- Extra question: mathematical reasoning TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 22. Evaluation: Creative Thinking Test- Each test has 43 points to be evaluated (0, 0.5, 1)- We are evaluating characteristics like originality, flexibility,elaboration, emotional expressiveness, fantasy, etc.- 43 points x 2 tests x 60 students x 4 evaluators = 20,640 points TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 23. Preliminary resultsTest results:Scores (Test 1):Mean (Average): 19.71143Standard deviation: 6.23297Scores (Test 2):Mean (Average): 18.55714Standard deviation: 4.7832Reliability of the test• Linear Correlation Coefficient between evaluators: Min: 0.532, Max: 0.936, Average: 0.729• Linear Correlation Coefficient between the 2 tests: Average: 0.325 TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 24. Conclusions- More than 30 workshops completed- 2 Creative Thinking Tests given- Very good level of satisfaction of participants (students andaccompanying teachers)- The project has had a good impact: Carme Auguet School, Forum Impulsa… TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 25. Conclusions- The combination of hands-on workshops and creativity capsules seems towork very well.- We detected an interest of teachers for training. So next semester we willinclude teacher training activities.- We need at least an extra year of workshops and some other tests in order toobtain conclusive results. TIC TAC Project - Scratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media Lab
  • 26. TIC TAC Project Eduard Muntaner-Perich emuntane@eia.udg.edu Jordi Freixenet: jordi.freixenet@udg.edu Project website: http://udigital.udg.eduScratch Conference 2012 – MIT Media