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We measure economic health and progress too narrowly—focusing on the well-being of business (as reflected in the stock market) and economic output (as measured by GDP) but neglecting the well-being of people. Research shows that organizational and societal-level decisions have profound effects on human mental and physical health and mortality. The absence of health insurance in the U.S. kills about 45,000 people a year. Long working hours and shift work, income inequality, absence of control over the pace and content of one’s job, and layoffs have empirically documented and substantial health and mortality effects—for instance, one study estimates that being laid off increases the death rate by 44%. Just as companies are going “green” with respect to their environmental sustainability practices—increasing both measures of their impact on the environment and efforts to mitigate environmental damage—so they should go “green” with respect to human sustainability, measuring their effects on health and well-being and assiduously working to mitigate adverse impact. We ought to care about the well-being of people as much as we do about polar bears.