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Global hr forum2008-seungsoon_im-high-level r&d human resources development programs in korea
 

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Global hr forum2008-seungsoon_im-high-level r&d human resources development programs in korea Global hr forum2008-seungsoon_im-high-level r&d human resources development programs in korea Presentation Transcript

  • High-level R&D human resources development programs in korea Global HR Forum 2008 Regional Conference in Dubai April 21~22, 2008 Page1/40 Professor SeungSoon Im
  • Outline of this Presentation Hanyang Univ. Economic Changes in Korea Development of scientific technology Education of high-level human resources Future policy for scientific technology Conclusion - Government policy Page2/40 2 1 3 4 5
  • Hanyang Univ. Economic Changes in Korea Page3/40 1
  • Lack of natural sources Strong educational tradition National character Establishment of national economic foundation based on advanced scientific technology Improved quality of life Long-term nationwide establishment of technological infrastructure Page4/40 Hanyang Univ. Korean Industry : Turning limitations into Innovation
  • Import : raw material + capital goods = 89.2% Imports Fuel, Raw materials Exports Chemical, mechanical, electric & electronic products Creation of value-added products by manufacturing industry (Foundation of Korean economy) Page5/40 Hanyang Univ. Foundation of Korean economy
  • ■ The fastest growing by a creative entrepreneurship and endless renovation without precedent in the world 1970 1955 1987 1997 Present The new community movement An opening of the Gyeongbu expressway The 1 st 5-year economic Development plan IMF 2 nd -oil shock 1 st -oil shock Low oil price, low interest, the exchange rate of the dollar Joining the OECD Inauguration day of president Lee Source : Samsung Economic research Institute“Renewed discussion of korean enterprise growth for 50years” Page6/40 Hanyang Univ. The period change for Korean company Samsung, Lotte Hyundai motor LG,POSCO SK,KT,GS,Hanwha Samsung, Hyosung Hyundai, Ssangyoung LG, KIA Hanwha, Lotte Samsung, Taihan Hyundai, Ssangyoung Gold star, Hanjin Daewoo, Hyosung Samsung Samyang Taihan Dongyang The principle enterprise Communication, Electronic, Automobile, Finance Electronic (Semiconductor) Automobile Construction, Steel, Refined Oil, Trade&Textile Timber mill Cement The important business 1998~Present 1988~1997 1971~1987 1955~1970
  • ☞ Starting of the economic development (1960’s), Joining the newly industrializing countries (in the late 1970’s) ☞ A continuous effort with passion to enter in advanced countries (from the late 1980’s~to the middle 1990’s) ☞ The attainment of an income level 10,000$ per person (1995) ☞ Joining of the 29 th nation of a member of OECD (1996) ■ Rrapid growth of Korean economy as great economic power from war-ruins to 11 th GDP in the world (2004) Page7/40 Hanyang Univ. Korean economy will grow to a great economic power GDP (GDP per person) 1961 2004 Export scale $2,900m ($82) $680,100m ($14,162) $40m $253,800m Import scale $ 320m $224,500m Investment scale $250m $203,000m 235times 6,345 times 812times WR 11th WR 12th 701 times WR 13th
  • ■ Growth of the scale in production, sales, and the number of company and employee. ☞ 7.5 and 10 times increase of the number of manufacturing industry company and employee, respectively. ☞ 10,000 and 8,400 times increase of production and average sales of top 100 companies on the 1965, respectively. Number of company 15,000 113,000 7.5 times 1960 2003 Number of employee 275,000 2,740,000 10 times 1955 2003 Manufacturing Industry production $61.5 million $678 billion 11,000 times 1960 2003 Ave. sales of top 100 company $790,000 $ 6.6 billion 8,400 times 1965 2003 Page8/40 Hanyang Univ. Enlargement of Industry
  • ■ Leading to fast growth in ship, automobile, steel, and high-tech semiconductor industries. ☞ Grown to world’s top class quality in technologies, brands, and qualities as getting out of price competition. ☞ Keeping on international competitive power via constant technological innovation. 12,000 CG/T Ship construction Automobile production 8,320,000 CG/T 18,000 pcs 3,470,000 pcs Steel construction 1.03 mil. tons 48 mil. tons 1972 2004 1962 2004 1973 2004 World No.6 World No.1 World No.5 DRAM market share 31% 2004 World No.1
    • 1996: world 1 st 1G DRAM
    • 2003: World market share
    • No.1 of flash memory
    • 2004: Development of
    • 667MHz mobile CPU, 8Gb
    • NAND flash/80um, and 2Gb
    • DDR2
    Page9/40
    • The induction
    • of construction
    • method [FINEX]
    • - cost reduction
    • of 15~20%
    • The induction
    • of skid lauching system
    • - Cycling time reduction
    • of 15~20%
    • Supply of highest standard
    • ship design engineer.
    Hanyang Univ. Growth in key industries
  • Hanyang Univ. Development of Scientific technology - Government Policy Page10/40 3
  • The Planning of Korea Economic Development and Education of High-quality human resources Page11/40 Hanyang Univ. A five year plan for economic development 1 step (1962~1966) 2 step (1967~1971) (construction infrastructure of development of scientific technology) 3 step (1972~1976) 4 step (1977~1981) (great increment of student number limit in colleges for the industrialization) A transition period (1982~1994) (revitalization of researches in colleges, strengthening education in graduate schools) An innovation period (1995~ Present) (nourishment of human resources in scientific technology & supporting business for widely using them) Organization & Policy ► Established 1 st five-year plan for development of human resources (60’s) ► Establishment of the ministry of Science & technology (67’s) ► Established 3 rd five-year plan for development of human resources (72-76’s) ► A prospect of supply & demand of long term HR(77~81’s) ► Confirmation of long term plan for development Sci. & Tech for 2000’s (86’s) ► Decision for G7 project by general Scientific investigation council (91’s) ► Establishment general countermea-sure for use of HR of high-tech & Science (98’s) Education ► The establishment of Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) (66’s) ►The establishment of Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) (71’s) ► Introduction of military service exceptions for KAIST (73’s) ► Introduction system of a military officer with master’s degree (81’s) ► The establishment of Pohang Institute of Technology (86’s) ► The establishment of Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST) (93’s) ► Specialization in colleges of science & engineering of 5 colleges.(95’s) ► Establishment of graduate school of Korean information & communication (98’s) ► Confirmation of Business of BK21 (99’s)
  • The Planning of Korea Economic Development and Education of High-quality human resources Page12/40 Hanyang Univ. A five year plan for economic development 1 step (1962~1966) 2 step (1967~1971) (construction infrastructure of development of scientific technology) 3 step (1972~1976) 4 step (1977~1981) (great increment of student number limit in colleges for the industrialization) A transition period (1982~1994) (revitalization of researches in colleges, strengthening education in graduate schools) An innovation period (1995~ Present) (nourishment of human resources in scientific technology & supporting business for widely using them) Research ► The establishment of Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) (66’s) ► Outset of enticement Korean scientific engineer in foreign country with government budget (68’s) ► Begin the institute complex of Seoul research & development (71’s) ► Establishment Korean nuclear energy Institute (73’s) ► Establishment Institute of Ocean development (75’s) ► Promotion of superior research center in each college (ERC,SRC) (90’s) ► Exceed 100 private Research Institute (91’s) ►Completion of facilities of Daeduck researching Institute complex (92’s) ► The program special -ized in performative humanities (94-98) ► The establishment of Korean science & technology academy (98’s) ► The priority project of a undergraduate school (94-98’s) Industry ► The expansion of energy industry (coal, electric energy) ► The expansion of basic industry (road, harbor, rail road and etc.) ► Foodstuff self-sufficiency ► Light industry (Fiber, Textile) ► Heavy industry (Steel, Petrochem.) ► The proclaim law of educating technical service (73’s) ► High-tech industry (semiconductor, electronics industry) ► The rapid development of Heavy industry (Steel, Shipbuilding and automobile industry) ► Focus on the nanotechnology industry ► The organization of supporting industrial technology of college (98’s)
  • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) M.S 16,979 (’75~’06) 47.23% 36.66% 11.50% 2.91% 1.48% 0.22% Advanced Studies Industry Research Education Government Other B.S 7,931 (’89~’06) Ph. D. 6,382 (’78~’06) (As of July 1, 2006) Page13/40 Hanyang Univ. Graduates’s Carrer Direction Advanced Studies Industry Research Education Government Other 67.82% 0.54% 30.90% 0.52% 0.14% 0.08% 32.00% 50.72% 0.09% Industry Research Education Government Other 15.95% 1.24%
  • Page14/40 Hanyang Univ. Status of total R&D Expenditure Trend of R&D expenditure and the ratio of R&D to GDP 0.2 1.4 10.5 42.7 211 1,155 3,210 9,440 13,848 16,110 17,325 19,068 22,185 24,155 27,345 0.37 (Unit : A millon dollar, %) 0.42 0.56 1.41 1.72 2.37 2.39 2.59 2.53 2.63 2.85 2.98 3.23 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.5 2.0 3.0 Total R&D Expenditure Ratio of R&D to GDP
  • Total R&D expenditure ratio Korea : U.S.A=1:13, Korea : Japan=1:6, Korea : Germany=1:3 Korea : France=1:2, Korea : U.K=1:1.4 Page15/40 Hanyang Univ. Status of total R&D Expenditure The transition of Total R&D expenditure index 3.23 2.39 2.37 1.41 0.42 0.20 R&D / GDP (%) 24 : 76 25 : 75 19 : 81 64 : 36 71 : 29 97 : 3 Government vs Private (%) 27,345 13,848 9,440 1,155 42.7 1.4 Total R&D expenditure (US, million dollar) 2006 2000 1995 1985 1975 1964
  • 138,438 129,767 134,568 159,973 178,937 189,888 198,171 209,979 234,702 256,598 Total researcher (person) 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.9 6.1 6.2 6.6 6.7 7.6 8.3 Total researcher per 1,000 labour force (Full Time Equivalent) (Unit : person) Page16/40 Hanyang Univ. R&D Personnel Trend of number of researchers
  • Note) The above data resulted from selecting and analysing top-listed companies on the basis of the number of researchers and doctorial researchers (Unit : %) Page17/40 Hanyang Univ. Concentration Rate of R&D Activities in Top Companies concentration rate of researchers and doctorial researchers (2004~2006) Concentration of researcher Concentration of doctorial researcher 2004 2005 2006 2004 2005 2006 TOP 5 29.9 30.6 30.2 36.7 38.1 37.8 TOP 10 33.7 34.8 34.3 44.5 46.1 45.0 TOP 20 38.8 39.7 38.3 51.4 52.2 50.5
  • Source : OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, 2007/02 (Unit : person, US dollar) Page18/40 Hanyang Univ. R&D Personnel The number of researchers in major countries Researchers (FTE) Researchers per 1,000 labour Force (FTE) Researchers per 10,000 Population (FTE) Expenditure per Researcher (US dollar) Korea (2006) 199,990 8.3 41.4 143,102 U.S.A (2005) 1,394,682 9.3 47.0 232,644 Japan (2005) 704,949 10.6 55.2 214,582 Germany (2006) 279,800 6.7 34.0 261,079 France (2005) 204,484 7.4 32.6 222,947 U.K (2005) 180,450 6.1 30.0 219,291 Finland (2006) 40,411 15.1 76.7 178,846 China (2006) 1,223,756 1.6 9.3 30,777
  • Doctor Master Bachelor The others (Unit : person) Pub. Research Institutes Universities Companies Total 8,083 (13.5%) 6,887 (8.3%) 1,579 (1.6%) 222 (1.9%) 40,256 (67.1%) 22,878 (27.4%) 1,835 (1.8%) 954 (8.1%) 11,674 (19.5%) 53,615 (64.3%) 98,008 (96.6%) 10,607 (90.0%) 60,013 (100.0%) 83,380 (100.0%) 101,422 (100.0%) 11,783 (100.0%) Page19/40 Hanyang Univ. Number of Researchers categorized by academic degrees Distribution of researchers by academic achievement (2006)
  • (Unit : %) Source : OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, 2007/02 Page20/40 Hanyang Univ. R&D expenditure by national and private sector in major countries Section Korea (2006) USA (2006) Japan (2005) Germany (2006) France (2006) UK (2005) China (2006) Pub. Research 12.8 15.4 10.2 13.9 18.5 12.8 19.7 Universities 10.0 14.3 13.4 16.5 18.1 25.6 9.2 Companies 77.2 70.3 76.4 69.6 63.4 61.6 71.1
  • Source) OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, 2007/02 The base year for the number of researchers per 1,000 labour force : U.S.A and France Germany (2005) Ratio of expenditure to GDP (%) 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 China (2006) Total researcher per 1,000 labour Force (FTE, persons) Ireland (2006) - 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 U.K (2005) Korea (2000) Germany (2006) Average of OECD (2005) France (2006) Taiwan (2006) Singapore (2005) U.S.A (2006) Korea (2006) Japan (2005) Finland (2006) Page21/40 Hanyang Univ. Synthetic Analysis of R&D R&D expenditure and number of researchers in major countries
  • Page22/40 Hanyang Univ. Allocation of resources for scientific and engineering discipline Agriculture, Forestry, marine product 7.1%(5,697) Mathematics 0.3%(273) Physics 1.7%(1,354) Chemistry 1.6%(1,255) Life Science 5.5%(4,457) Earth Science 0.7%(597) Mechanical Eng. 9.9%(7,923) Material 4.6%(3,670) Chemistry progress 1.6%(1,252) Electricity, Electronic 9.7%(7,805) Information 7.0%(5,644) Communication 5.2%(4,208) Health, medical service 6.6%(5,324) Environment 3.6% (2,909) Energy sources 3.8% (3,053) Nuclear energy 4.3% (3,468) Construction and Transportation 4.2% (3,375) The Universe, Aviation, Astronomy, The sea 8.2% (6,625) ETC. 9.3% (7,489) The science renovation, The policy of scientific technique 5.0% (4,014)
  • Hanyang Univ. Education of high-level human resources Page23/40 3
  • Trend in student’s choice of majors in engineering and science Page24/40 Hanyang Univ. Education of heavy chemical industry human resources Education of IT industry human resources 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 Computer, information technology Electricity, electronic Eng. Metal, mechanical Eng. Chemistry shipbuilding, Marine Eng.
  • Page25/40 Hanyang Univ. Status of science & technology researcher The status of producing of bachelor, master and doctor B.S of Natural science B.S of Engineering M.S, and Doctor of Natural science M.S, and Doctor of Engineering
  • Hanyang Univ. SRC places emphasis on creative basic research to ensure exploration of basic theory and knowledge that may lead to outstanding papers and the development of advanced technologies. ERC is engaged mainly in basic engineering research with the potential for industrial advancement, while encouraging interdisciplinary collaborations between industry and academia and enhancing the international competitiveness of Korea's industries.
    • Annual Grant : Direct expenses for research are supported within the annual budget of US $1 million (support scale varies according to appraisal implemented every 3 years)
    • Duration of Support : up to 9 years. Appraisals are done every 3 years to determine if support should be given for the next 3 years.
    Page29/43
    • To cultivate leading scientists group to the world-class level
    • To facilitate cooperation between industry and academia
    • To establish research-oriented universities
    Page26/40 Science Research Center (SRC) / Engineering Research Center (ERC) Program overview Extend of Funding Program expectation
  • Hanyang Univ. Page27/40 Science Research Center (SRC) / Engineering Research Center (ERC) No. of centers selected
  • The education of human resources in Science research center (SRC) & Engineering research center (ERC) Source : Korea Science and engineering foundation (2002) [The report of basic science research results in 2001, P60] Year Person Hanyang Univ. Page28/40
  • “ BrainKorea(BK)21 is a project that produces 'next generation leaders with creativity' by supporting students in Master's or PhD degree course and post-graduate researchers." http://bnc.krf.or.kr/home/eng/bk21/aboutbk21.jsp Hanyang Univ. http://bnc.krf.or.kr/home/eng/bk21/aboutbk21.jsp Page29/40   
    • To nurture world class graduate schools and to foster excellent researchers, BrainKorea21 is a high-quality human resource nurturing program designed to aid the candidates for the master course, PhD and advanced-level researchers.
    Brain Korea 21 (BK21) Brain Kore 21 Why Brain Kore 21   
    • Based on the achievements of the 1st phase, the 2nd phase of BK21 will further facilitate the introduction and establishment of systems for research-oriented universities.
    • BK 21 recognizes the necessity to develop Korea's human resources in key areas, such as core and original technologies, as well as new growth engines, which will drive economic growth in the future.
    • BK 21 provides financial support to graduate students, the next generation scholars with creativity.
  • Hanyang Univ. Page30/40 Brain Korea 21 (BK21) Vision ► Enhancing regional Graduate schools ’ research Capabilities through the Promotion of specialization ► Focused development of Regional R&D human Resources clusters ► Establishing infrastruc- Ture for researchoriented universities ► Building a customer- Oriented human resources Development system by Strengthening industry- Academia cooperation STRONGER KOREA WITH ENHANCED HUMAN CAPITAL Human & Knowledge-led Growth stragegies DEVELOPING QUALIFIED HUMAN RESOURCES “ Developing world-class research – oriented universities specialized in specific fields ” ► Nurturing top-class Experts in technologies With great potential for Growth in the future ► Stably and steadily Producting next genera- Tion scholars in basic Science,humanities, and Social science Developing world-class Expert groups Upgrading university Education and research infrastructure Developing reginal Graduate schools that will Lead regional innovation
  • (SCI) Hanyang Univ. Page31/40 Current Status of Scientific Research of Korea 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 No. of articles 7,852 9,684 11,150 12,316 14,733 15,705 18,635 19,279 23,048 Increase (%) 21.7 23.3 15.1 10.5 19.6 6.6 18.7 3.5 19.5 Global Portion (%) 0.96 1.13 1.27 1.39 1.61 1.71 1.85 1.96 2.02 World Ranking 18 16 16 16 15 14 14 14 14 Articles Published Overseas
  • (U.S.A., Registration) Current Status of Scientific Research of Korea Hanyang Univ. Page32/40 1990 1993 1995 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 No. of Patent 224 765 1,166 3,267 3,568 3,331 3,546 3,755 4,198 4,590 World Ranking 17 11 8 6 7 8 8 7 5 4 International Patent (United States)
  • [Unit : dollar]
    • MOC : The ministry of Knowledge Economy, • NURI : New University for Regional Innovation
    • MOE : The ministry of Education, Science and Technology
    • TLO : Technology Licensing Office research center
    • RTTC : Regional Technology Transfer Center
    Page33/40 Hanyang Univ. Linking Education and Research with Industrial Development Projects Government Budget (2007) Benefitee Details Universities MKE MEST 44 million $ (MKE 220) General(8unit) Industrial(5unit) Cluster the universities near industrial areas and support technology, facilities and human resource development. TLO Support MKE MEST 3 million $ 3 million $ TLO -Select top TLOs and support RTTC BK21 (Phase II) MEST 30 thousand dollar Universities -Support research-oriented universities -Develop university-corporate affiliated curriculum NURI MEST 30 thousand dollar Local universities -Support education and human resources development program to meet local needs Local Human Resources Development MKE 3 thousand Dollar University-corporate affiliations -Breed human capital through university-corporate affiliated curriculum to meet the needs of local industries
  • Hanyang Univ. Future policy for scientific Technology Page34/40 4
  • Fundamental principles Realization of world-class country based on science & technology Global approach to scientific & technological resources Page35/40 Hanyang Univ. Scientific technology policy for the future Government -> Incorporation of both private & govn’t sectors Organizational Hierarchy Imitative transfer -> Creation of merit-based original technology Technology Selection Supply-oriented investment -> Demand/outcome-based investment Management Independent individual ->collaborative network Implementation Closed-end system -> Open system Infrastructure
  • Hanyang Univ. Conclusion Page36/40 5
  • The kernel of a business competitiveness in the 21th century National competitiveness ► Technical expertise ► Research human resources A creative research human resources A challengeable research human resources Specialized generalist University : The portion of 10 percent on total R&D expenditure The portion of 67 percent on total doctor-grade R&D researchers Need to increase gradually the portion of R&D expenditure for university Page37/40 Hanyang Univ. Conclusion
  • Enterprise : The portion of 74 percent on total R&D expenditure The portion of 59 percent on total R&D researcher The portion of 6 percent on total doctor-grade R&D researchers Need to create a policy to induce the entry of high-quality human resources in enterprise.
    • Requiring improvement on better outcome in spite of comparably
    • high budget on R&D in Korea.
    • Requiring demand-oriented policy to solidify of national R&D business.
    • Requiring, in universities, revitalization of demand-oriented basic study
    • and connection to highly rated human resources.
    • To reason doctorial researchers concentration on university :
    • The difference between satisfaction and compensation system in research activities of linking education and research institute
    • The stability of an occupation
    • The discrepancy between social ladder and compensation system
    Page38/40 Hanyang Univ. Conclusion
  • وينبغي ان يكون تعليم سياسة بعيد النظر 교육 백년지 대계 敎育 百年之大計 Education should be a farsighted policy!! Page39/40
  • Thank you for your attentions!!! Page40/40