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Global hr forum2008-mihail roco-converging science and technology-opportunities for global education and training


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Converging science and technology-opportunities for global education and training

Converging science and technology-opportunities for global education and training

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  • 1. Converging science and technology: opportunities for global education and training M.C. Roco National Science Foundation, National Nanotechnology Initiative Seoul, Korea, November 6, 2008
  • 2. Topics Integration of Nano – Bio – IT – Cognition (NBIC) and their global governance Challenges and opportunities for global transdisciplinary education and training: in support of- and facilitated by- NBIC Illustration of research and education programs M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 3. Converging New Technologies transforming tools (overview in 2000) The “Push” The “Pull” Information Technology Research Info NIH Roadmaps NSF Biocomplexity Cogno NBIC system Bio & resources ! (system approach, .) ! (brain-behavior,.) USDA Roadmaps ! (neurotech, .) ! (biotechnology, .) ! (cultural, .) Nano ! resources: W,E,F,M,E,C National Nanotechnology Initiative M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 4. Converging Technologies Idea Advancing an integrative approach for emerging S&E from the nanoscale, information and system levels (3 integrators) - with re-focus on people - new NBIC platforms for science and technology - co-evolution of new technologies and human potential Convergence is the process / approach to achieve reciprocal compatibility and synergism of different technologies, by integrated application of knowledge at all length (e.g. starting from atom, gene, neuron levels), time and complexity levels M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 5. Timely, broad opportunity 2000 - Material unity at the nanoscale and technology integration from the nanoscale, “Beyond the Renaissance ideal” - Powerful transforming tools (nano-bio-info-cogno, NBIC) and technology platforms developing at the confluence of disciplines, integrated from the nanoscale - Towards an “universal domain of exchange” for ideas, etc. - Improvement of human potential becomes possible - New social relations (adapting organizations and business) - New opportunities for innovation; Need for anticipatory and adaptive governance measures (‘Learning before doing’) M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 6. Converging technologies & Diverging architectures (>2020) i nes ac h s Size of structure nom ologie Gui an po bio-me . Evo ded as tential d ng After 2020 …. Hum cular arrier. (bit -) (neuron -) (atom -) (gene -) Rob lutionasembli 0.1 m Man nitive ased n u . b te ch Mo l in f o c Cog otics b ry MACRO 1 cm y na 1 mm New e Cognitive Tech. Modern Biology IT and Communication 0.1 mm Nanotechnology MICRO 10 μm To em o n 1 μm p s t ti do 0.1 μm Sy rea Utilization of w n c Nanoscale Laws NANO 10 nm Biological principles up Bo ttom Information technology 1 nm ts Larg er ne Knowledge of integration 0.1 nm 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040 2060 Converging S&E Reaching Converging technologies nano-world Diverging architectures M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 7. Fifth generation of nano products: Coevolution of Human Potential four volumes on convergence Coevolution of Human Potential 2003, 2006 and 2007 Springer; 2004 NYAS and Converging New Technologies and Converging New Technologies (Feb. 2003 and Feb. 2004 meetings) In: Annals of the New York, Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1013, 2004 Workshop, Dec. 2001 (M.C. Roco and C. Montemagno)2006 November November 2006 November 2006 November 2006 In Springer, 2003
  • 8. November 2006 NYAS December 2006 November 2006 November 2006
  • 9. Example R&D program: Vision for 2020: Regenerative medicine (2004-) Combine precision assembly of matter (nanotechnology), building blocks of living systems biotechnology), using spatio-temporal flow of information (IT), and cognitive sciences. Working group 6 Federal agencies (NIH, FDA, DOD, NASA, DOC, NSF; 1/2004) M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 10. International Context International interest after the NBIC report made public in 2002: in Japan, EU, Korea, Switzerland, France, Netherlands, others Ethical concerns: develop NBIC first in responsible organizations with capability to react; avoiding surprise (need global surveys) The largest public funding: in US (distributed); EU (program solicitations), Japan (center and program), Korea (program), China (priority area); all inspired or influenced by the NBIC report M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 11. Education Challenges in the governance of CT development TRANSFORMATIVE Earlier transdisciplinary, global education for NBIC; “breath and depth”; “T- shape”; “multi-discip.”, “platform” innovation; incl. system complexity VISIONARY Reverse pyramid of learning; Virtual reality; Networking; Cognitive technologies (sensors, brain-machine interface, brain to learning, ..) INCLUSIVE and COLLABORATIVE For diverse cultural and knowledge backgrounds; Interdisciplinary teams & projects; Increased role engineering; International & ind. collaboration RESPONSIBLE DEVELOPMENT Equitable access to public education; R&D ethics; Risk governance M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008 Reference: “Global Governance of Converging Technologies”, MC Roco, J. Nanoparticle Res., 2008, 10 11
  • 12. THE TRANSFORMATIVE CHALLENGE - Earlier transdisciplinary, global education for NBIC Fundamental understanding of NBIC: moving the foundation of learning to atoms, genes, bits and neurons From K-to-Gray: educating and training earlier NBIC to motivate S&E involvement: broader accessibility M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 13. Ex: Introducing earlier nanotechnology education (NSF: Nanoscale Science and Engineering Education) NT Graduate education (curriculum development) 2000 NT Undergraduate Education K – 16 2002 NT High school education (NSF/NSE) 2003 NT Elementary - K education (NSF/NSEE) 2004 -2005 (NSF/NSEE) M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 14. - Combining “depth with breadth” in NBIC education and research Another academic group Sphere of knowledge of an academic group Depth from advancing the frontier of knowledge Breadth from associating with counterparts in other disciplines “Get Deep Expertise” “Communicate” Similar Tools, Similar Materials Different Objectives A common tie Approach towards “T-shape” education (NBIC Report, 2002)
  • 15. - NBIC education to an ecology of innovation Connecting • Creativity: new ideas by NBIC "multidisciplinary" education and motivation • Invention: novel results by using the NBIC tools • Innovation: better commercialization when multiple opportunities via "NBIC platforms" Illustrations: IGERT program at NSF; secondary degrees M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 16. Innovation: wealth creation based on knowledge “Multi-discip.” “Platform” Innovation Commercialization Discovery N application domains M knowledge NBIC Opportunities areas (NBIC+) ~ MxN Fuzzy Front End Resources Existing Decision space Commercialization between opportunity Resources Existing discovery and product R&D development Resources The Valley of Death Level of Development Discovery for Commercialization FFE Development Commercialization M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008 INNOVATION opportunities of DevelopmentNBIC (~ M x N times) Level increase for
  • 17. - Include system complexity. Ex: Better understand structural tendencies of non-orderly appearing phenomena M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 18. THE VISIONARY CHALLENGE - “Reverse pyramid” of learning • Learning first unifying concepts of matter/ biology/ information systems, and then averaging techniques specific to each discipline • Sharing similar concepts in various disciplines and relevance areas: unifying concepts earlier in education M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 19. - Use of Virtual Reality (enabled by NBIC advances) Portable virtual reality for education and training • Learning tool • Working environment • Virtual laboratory experiments • Social and economic observatory • Computer and information tool • Advances in cognitive sciences Effective implementation expected after 2010 M.C. Roco and W.S. Bainbridge, Converging technologies for improving human performance, Springer, 2003; W.S. Bainbridge, Science 27 July 2007: vol. 317. no. 5837, pp. 472 – 476
  • 20. - Role of Networking and Virtual Communities • Networking made possible by IT and nano • Implications on research, education, and culture • Remote collaboration, work, and education – an fast growing approach • The language barrier; more undergraduate and graduate schools in a foreign language • Increased creativity and education exchanges M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 21. Ex: Telepresence & Telecollaboration Materials characterization laboratory adoption of Web-based TPM protocols between Univ. Illinois, ORNL, LBNL and NIST
  • 22. - Using cognitive technologies Illustrations • Connecting neurobiology to nanoelectronics • Brain - machine interfaces; mind controlled prosthesis • New sensorial capabilities using NBIC tools • Neuromorphic engineering • From brain research to education methods using NBIC tools M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 23. Ex: NSF’s Science of Learning Centers From brain research to education methods / Center for Excellence for Learning in Education, Science, and Technology (CELEST), Lead: Boston U. Center for Learning in Informal and Formal Environments (LIFE), Lead: U. of Washington Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center for Robust Learning (PSLC), Lead: Carnegie Mellon U. Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center (SILC), Lead: Temple University The Temporal Dynamics of Learning Center (TLC) Lead: University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Visual Language and Visual Learning Center (VL2) Lrad: Gallaudet University M.C. Roco, 11/06/2008
  • 24. Five possibilities for enhancing global education for converging science and technology 1. Establish global – transdisciplinary communication system (using cyber IT, informatics, virtual reality, etc.) facilitated by international organizations 2. Create and leverage international education converging technologies institutes, courses, networks, etc. 3. Leverage common resources and SI requirements 4. Earlier education using NBIC (from atom/ gene/ bit/ neuron) 5. Commitment to long-term, priority driven, global view using scenarios and anticipatory measures Reference: “Global Governance of Converging Technologies”, M Roco, J. Nanoparticle Research, 2008, 10
  • 25. Several earlier references (by M. Roco and co-authors) “Coherence and Divergence of Megatrends in S&E” , Proc. Swiss Academies, 2000; also J. Nanoparticle Research, 2002, Vol. 4, 9-19 “Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance” Springer/Kluwer in 2003 “Nanotechnology: Convergence with modern biology and medicine” Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2003, Vol. 14, 337-346 “Co-evolution of Human Potential and Converging Technologies” Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences, 2004 “Converging science and technology at the nanoscale: Reversing the pyramid of learning“, Nature Biotechnology, 2003, Vol. 21: 1247-1250 “ Nanotechnology–Unifying and transforming tools”, AIChE J., 2004, 50(5) “ Managing Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno Innovations”, Springer, Nov. 2006 “Progress in Convergence”, Annals of the NYAS, Dec. 2006