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All About Education Boards

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All parents have a concern about which Board should they enroll their child in. To address this, GEMS Genesis International School (GGIS) organised a seminar where Sridhar Rajagopalan was the speaker. …

All parents have a concern about which Board should they enroll their child in. To address this, GEMS Genesis International School (GGIS) organised a seminar where Sridhar Rajagopalan was the speaker. He addressed the parents and explained that parents are better off choosing a good school and not focusing just on Boards.
The seminar answered numerous queries and parents were heartened to find answers to their issues.

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  • 1. Some years ago, we had organised a Maths quiz on Ramanujam’sbirthday for class 9-10 students. After it was over, a gentlemanapproached me..The quiz was really good – Iwant my son to participate too! I think this will help him do well in the Board Exams too, right? How can he prepare for it? Are there any books you recommend? Is there any special training or workshop for this? Oh! Actually he is only is class 1 now, but I am very keen he should start preparing!
  • 2. BackgroundAbout the Different BoardsComparative AnalysisSome RecommendationsQuestion – Answer Session
  • 3. Studied in Calcutta and Delhi in ICSE and CBSE Schools, thenIIT Madras and IIM AhmedabadOur school principal became chairman of CBSE…Co-founded Eklavya School and Eklavya Institute of TeacherEducation in 1996Co-founded Educational Initiatives in 2001 – to promote‘learning with understanding’Different studies which indirectly compared the performanceof different BoardsWork with about 1500 schools and 18 state governments onassessments and learningExamination Reform Committee Member, Gujarat Govt, 2010 sridhar@ei-india.com
  • 4. The school matters much more than the Board!Though there are differences between the Boards, these will tendto reduce in the years to comeExpect drastic changes in Education over the next 10 years.There will be 2 main drivers: Technology and PoliciesSkills will become more important than Marks – ‘Rote Learning’will not workAll-round development more important than marks aloneStress comes from lack of quality options, not ‘Board Exams’It is best if primary education can be in the mother tongueSupport your children – let them discover their strengths,do not overload them because you are anxious 
  • 5. Outside BOARD India IndiaCBSE 10000 150Gujarat Board 6000 0ICSE 2000 10?IGCSE 300 8700IB 97 3400
  • 6. Formed in 1962 by Government of India, the Board hasjurisdiction over all of IndiaAffiliates about 10,000 schools including about 150schools outside India.Conducts 10th (AISSE) and 12th (AISSCE) Board Exams. The 10thBoard Exam is now optional for schools that have 11th and 12thThe CBSE also conducts other tests like the Pre-Medical EntranceTest, JEE (Main), etc.All these schools are affiliated to the CBSE: Kendriya Vidyalayas,Navodaya Vidyalaya, Sainik Schools, many chains like DPS, DAV,Chinmaya (though they may have some other board schools)Board with the strongest all-India presence. Uses NCERTtextbooks (which are good).
  • 7. The CISCE was mooted in the 1950s to replace the British‘Senior Cambridge’ examinationIt is registered under the Societies Act and recognizedas an all-India Examination Board (like the CBSE)It is a private body unlike the CBSE / Gujarat Board andconducts Class 10 (ICSE) and Class 12 (ISC) examsSchools must be English medium – claims that its alumni(Arundhati Roy, Vikram Seth) have won many Pulitzer Prizes andother awardsA number of elite schools that were affiliated to the SeniorCambridge moved to the ICSEOverall its numbers are about 2000 schools today – it gives moreschools space and freedom (true, compared to the CBSE)
  • 8. Based in Geneva, SwitzerlandFormed in 19683513 schools in 144 countries – India 5th with 97 schools afterUSA, Canada, UK and AustraliaOffers 3 programmes Primary Years Programme (PYP) Middle Years Programme (MYP) IB Diploma Programme (IB)No 10th Board Exam – only in the 12thEmphasis on enquiry learning and original thinking, individual-focussed – rigorous in its own wayExpensive
  • 9. Part of UK based Cambridge InternationalExaminations (CIE)The IGCSE is part of Cambridge Secondary 2About 300 schools in India; over 9000 totally worldwideWas the most well-known International Board in India before theIB ‘caught on’Curriculum seen as not as enquiry-based and activity / learneroriented as the IBMany schools that offer IGCSE also offer an Indian Board5-6 schools in Ahmedabad offer IGCSE; about 35 schools inGujarat
  • 10. Formed and run by the Gujarat government’sEducation department.Conducts the class 10 and 12 examsSchools affiliated to it must be Gujarati or EnglishmediumRecognized by all Indian Universities, equivalencies available formost foreign universities alsoAmong the more progressive Boards in India today – in line withother wings of Gujarat government. Working on an ambitiousExamination Reform projectHowever, the government itself is aligning to the NCERTcurriculum and open to schools going for the central boards
  • 11. Boards like the NIOS (National Institute of Open Schooling) arealso available but are seen as lower quality options.All Boards are by and large recognised by colleges across thecountry and even the Indian boards are recognised by mostinternational college programmesFor example in Gujarat 5.052% of seats are reserved for CBSEand 0.661% for ICSE! (International Board students face issuesincluding due to the timings of their Board results)Transferring from 1 Board to another may require somedocumentation but is usually possible.Though subjects and offerings vary (mainly in terms of thenumber of subjects and languages) – core subjects are common.There are schools offering multiple Boards
  • 12. No.. Actually we cannot sayIt only means that the schools that perform the best have beenICSE schools..In general many elite schools have been ICSE-affiliated.We cannot say that the ICSE Board is the *cause* of the goodperformance.... though it could be 
  • 13. Marks – Up, Up and Away…!Why we chose the ICSE Board at Eklavya SchoolIGCSE vs ICSE – a discussion at Mallya Aditi School, BangaloreThe problem chain – boards – schools – parents - students
  • 14. CBSE uses NCERT books – which are better than most otherbooks available in IndiaMaths – Science focus in CBSE is good. Language focus in ICSEis good, higher than CBSE’sICSE has made Maths optional in class 10 – though most schoolsdo not give than option. Many feel Maths important till 10thCBSE – more dynamic and changes are happening, but muchmore interference from (the central) governmentCBSE’s move to make the 10th Board optional has not foundsupport from any other board!ICSE – not very dynamic – curriculum not changed for a while,textbooks not prescribed, some may see as advantageICSE has stagnated a bit after its secretary was forced to leavedue to infighting
  • 15. Gujarat Board Paper CBSE Paper IGCSE PaperSource: Examples are from Gujarat Board, CBSE and IGCSE Class 10 papers of 2009 20
  • 16. • What is the weight of the pituitary gland?• Who were the parents of Benito Mussolini?• How many members are there in the U.N.O.?• Describe the method of irrigation prevalent in India• Our highest import is from (Hong Kong, Italy, Kuwait)• Write a short note on the scope of Ethics.• Is Marxism relevant today? 2 marks• Approximately how many stars are there in the universe?
  • 17. 1. Repetition of identical (or very similar) questions from year to year (hence playing into the hands of coaching classes)2. Ambiguous phrasing of questions or questions phrased as ‘Write a note on…’ (both of which require students to pour out all they remember from the textbook on that topic)3. Inordinately lengthy (perhaps in an attempt to ‘cover’ all chapters of the textbook), hence allowing little time for actual thought, and discriminating against thoughtful reflection4. Designed to test a detailed knowledge of the textbook (including trivia and/or errors within it) rather than competencies and core concepts -NCF Position Paper on Examination Reforms, 2005
  • 18. The school matters much more than the Board!Though there are differences between the Boards, these will tendto reduce in the years to comeExpect drastic changes in Education over the next 10 years.There will be 2 main drivers: Technology and PoliciesSkills will become more important than Marks – ‘Rote Learning’will not workAll-round development more important than marks aloneStress comes from lack of quality options, not ‘Board Exams’It is best if primary education can be in the mother tongueSupport your children – let them discover their strengths,do not overload them because you are anxious 
  • 19. Thank You Visit our Facebook page www.facebook.com/theggisto get all the information discussed here. www.theggis.com www.blog.theggis.com