Mina Badiei: GS31016Yap Seong Fook: GS 25926Robert Anthony:GS 25880
The meaning in dictionaryThe word innovation comes from the Latin root innovatus, which means "to renew or change."Innovation generally refers to the creation of better or more effective products, processes, technologies, or ideas that are accepted by environment.
“A new idea, method or device”“A Change that creates a new dimension of performance”“Creativity with a job to do”“Creating value by implementing new ideas”“Anything that provides a new perceived benefit to a customer or employee”
The starting point for innovation is the generation of creative ideas but innovation is the process of taking those ideas to usefulness.KNOWLEDGE PERSUATION DECISION ACCEPT IMPLEMENTATION REJECT CONFIRMATION
The distinction between "invention" and "innovation" :Invention is the creation of a new idea or concept, but innovation is turning that new concept into commercial success or widespread use.
freedom to explore and try new things.mind to inquire, Ask questions, talk, exchange, disagree and agree.tolerance to failure, recognizing the not succeeding in a project is part and puzzle of a journey to innovation.
- portfolio assessment- collaborative learning- flexible learning programs- using multi-media/video to develop students’ perceptions of learning- formative assessment projects- using mind-mapping to promote understanding
To cope withTo improve The demands curriculum student of external Competition change or other learning agencies reorganization Challenging requirements Access to of both pupil Changes in the technological and teacher to step in the student intake facilities world of professionalism
Producing interesting, To meet theTo respond to the successful lessons expectations ofneeds of students. inspires and superior. motivates students. Learning must be The world is In response to designed to equip changing and peer students for the pedagogy must encouragement. world they will reflect that. inhabit.
Use education and the Improve results – skills of all staff to open particularly in failing up possibilities in schools students’ minds and increase their self-belief Respond to theRespond to a changing expectations of their world students and parents.
Ideas Creative thinking generationChampioning Sharing & & roll out refining Reflecting Implementing on a & evaluating small-scale trial
WiderEnvironment Education System Other schools own school
The nature and operation ofIncreasingly Local the institution and its sub- policy circumstances units (faculties, schools, departments) The attitudes and To obtain the Interest and support of colleagues, cooperation commitment person in authority of colleagues. shown by superior. The real or perceived conflict between the requirements of research and of teaching and learning.
Recognises the need for change and hasencouragement or support from theperson in authority.Colleagues and people in authority showan interest in disseminating the outcomesof innovation.Resources are available.
Low esteem of teaching and learning, comparedwith research.Lack of recognition and interest by colleaguesand people in authority.Institutional or other policies and action plans layingdown firm directions that prohibit individual initiative.Excessively bureaucratic procedures for approval,support and resources.Quality assessment procedures or otherprocedures that inhibit risk-taking.
Diffusion of Innovationa)Original Theoristsi-Gabriel Tarde (1903) S-shaped curve for diffusion processesii-Ryan and Gross (1943): adopter categories Innovators Early adopters Early/Late Majorities Laggards..VideosDiffusion of Innovations Theory Project.mp4
iii-Katz (1957) : media opinion leaders opinion followersiv-Everett M. Rogers Diffusion of Innovations (1962-95) the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system
Stages of adoption:
◦ Awareness - the individual is exposed to the innovation but lacks complete information about it◦ Interest - the individual becomes interested in the new idea and seeks additional information about it◦ Evaluation - individual mentally applies the innovation to his present and anticipated future situation, and then decides whether or not to try it◦ Trial - the individual makes full use of the innovation◦ Adoption - the individual decides to continue the full use of the innovation
Innovation characteristicsObservability The degree to which the results of an innovation are visible to potential adoptersRelative Advantage The degree to which the innovation is perceived to be superior to current practiceCompatibility The degree to which the innovation is perceived to be consistent with socio-cultural values, previous ideas, and/or perceived needsTrialability The degree to which the innovation can be experienced on a limited basisComplexity The degree to which an innovation is difficult to use or understand
Nor Aziah Alias & Ahmad Marzuki Zainuddin , (2005) Innovation for Better Teaching and Learning: Adopting the Learning Management System Hannan, A. & Silver, H. (2000) Innovating in Higher Education: teaching, learning and institutional cultures. Buckingham: Open University Press. Kim Smith. (2009) INNOVATION IN PUBLIC EDUCATION: PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES Rogers,E.(2003).Diffusion of Innovation (5th Ed.),New York: Free press