Corazon CojuangcoAquino (1933-)First Pres. of the Republic of the Philippines(1986-1992) PhilippinesBackground information on the Philippines: 80% of its people live below poverty line. 75% of its land is owned by 2% of the people. Under Marcos government for 20 years -- dictatorship. Half a million women prostitute themselves. Feminist consciousness, for example, Gabriella, an organization which holds a progressive platform which fights against sexual aggression, discrimination, and oppression. Catholicism is main religion. Women are expected to be involved in nurturing tasks like education and service, while men are supposed to be leaders in politics.Biography:Corazon Aquino became actively involved with politics, asher husband, Benigno, was a popular critic of the Marcos dictatorship in the Philippines. Marcos imprisoned Benigno for his oppositional work, and had agreed to free him if they left the Philippines. Benigno only agreed when he needed critical heart surgery, which would be done in Boston. However, Benigno
decided to return to Manila to run for the presidential electionof 1984, but he was shot in the head when he got out of planein Manila in 1983. Corazon Aquino had hoped that the partywould find someone else to run against Marcos, so that shewould not have to be considered. She agreed to run if she hada million signatures on petitions requesting her to run, and soshe did.Marcos, thinking that he still had the Filipino people behindhim, called for a snap election in 1986. It was then that Corybecame the unified oppositions candidate for presidency. Sheofficially lost those elections to Marcos, but people believedthat Marcos rigged the elections, and due to his masscorruption, he lost the support of the U.S. and the people. OnFebruary 25, 1986, both Aquino and Marcos wereinaugurated as President by their respective supporters,leading to the "Peoples Revolution" and the eventually thedownfall of Marcos, making Cory the 1st president of theRepublic of the Philippines and also the first woman presidentof the Philippines.Aquino was portrayed in the media as just an ordinaryhousewife who was challenging a 20-year dictator forpresidency, but this was never true. As she had been tutoredin politics from an early age, was college educated, was partof a wealthy political family, and had a husband with politicalinstinct and ambition. She came to power as a "clean-upmom," trying to move her country out of social and financialturmoil, and she also wanted to keep her husbands politicalvision alive. She appeared shy and a silent student and wife,but she is also seen as eventually growing into role as aleader.Although many saw her weakness and delay, Aquino did notwaiver from her decision that the most important legacy ofher presidency would be her presidential leadership style, asshe was always more concerned with process over policy. InMarch 1986, she proclaimed a provisional Constitution andsoon after appointed a commission to write a newConstitution. This document was ratified by a landslidepopular vote in February 1987. She served for one term thatlasted six years as defined by the new Constitution, as shedecided not to seek re-election.She has received many honorary degrees and she has receivedWoman of the Year, Time magazine, the Eleanor Roosevelt
Human Rights Award, the United Nations Silver Medal, theCanadian International Prize for Freedom, and theInternational Leadership Living Legacy Award from theWomen?s International Center.There was however no change in the social and economiccircumstances under Aquinos government. It is important torealize that her government was pressured by huge popularexpectations, as the people prior to her had been living undermartial law for 14 years. She saw herself as a transitionpresident, from going to dictatorship to democracy, as shebelieved the Philippines would take at least 10 years torecover after Marcos Regime. It is also important tounderstand, that what could have impacted her ability tocreate change was the fact that she had to survive 6 coups andno one was loyal to her.As far as her impact on the lives of women both generallyspeaking and politically in the Philippines, Aquinoaccomplished a lot for women in terms of being the firstwoman president of the Philippines, but she did not dealspecifically with womens issues. Many of her proclaimedpolicy priorities, addressing poverty, would have had apositive impact on women, as the majority of thoseimpoverished are women. Also, two women ran after her forpresident. Although these women did not win, the fact thatthey even ran, illustrates that in some regards CorazonAquino is partially responsible for "breaking the glassceiling" in the PhilippinesUltimately, Corazon Aquino should be remembered for herunwavering commitment to democracy.President of the Republic of the Philippines since February 25, 1986, CorazonCojuangco Aquino, has experienced praise and faced adversity with courage anddirectness.Two and one half years after her husbands assassination on August 21, 1983, thispolitically inexperienced homemaker and mother of four daughters and one son, tookthe reins of one of the worlds most volatile nations. What is even more impressive, shehas maintained her power and fortitude despite several attempts to take away herleadership.
Cory Aquino received her education at the Assumption Convent in the Philippines,Ravenhill Academy in Philadelphia, Notre Dame Convent School in New York, Collegeof Mount Saint Vincent in New York and Far Eastern University in the Philippines.Her honorary degrees include Doctor of Humane Letters, College of Mount SaintVincent (NY), Ateneo de Manila University and Xavier University (Philippines), Doctor ofLaws from University of the Philippines, and Honoris Causa, Boston University,Fordham University, Waseda University (Tokyo), Eastern University and University ofSanto Tomas (Manila), as well as Doctor of Humanities, Stonehill College inMassachusetts.President Aquinos awards and distinctions are numerous, some include: Woman of theYear, Time magazine, the Eleanor Roosevelt Human Rights Award, the United NationsSilver Medal, and the Canadian International Prize for Freedom.It is with great pride that Womens International Center honors the perseverance anddedication of Corazon Aquino with the International Leadership Living Legacy Award.Cory Aquino: One Courageous LeaderWhen news broke out that former President Cory C. Aquino was battling the dreaded colon cancer, it joltedeveryone about their own vulnerability and shocked many that the woman in yellow is suffering at a time whenthis country needed more noble leaders and a moral mother.She has lived a very remarkable life and has sacrificed many things to served this country more than any leaderafter her term. For Cory, courage is the highest virtue.Cory never turned her back on a good fight and always faced danger with courage. For instance, when therebel soldiers were closing in on her Arlegui residence during the 1989 coup attempt and death stared at her inthe eye, Cory refused to leave the Palace. Instead, she turned over her most valuable possessions, includingNinoy’s prison diaries, to her trusted Appointments Secretary Margie Juico. Cory then asked Secretary Juico toleave the Palace because it was getting dangerous and to look after her own children. Cory would survive thattrial, and many more after.Even as she is suffering from her current illness, Cory is still thinking about the welfare of others and finds itdifficult to think that she might be an inconvenience to others. This is what Cory was, is and forever to all
democratic Filipinos. An icon that is other-centered, focused on the welfare of the country, its people and herfamily.To the younger generation who cannot appreciate the efforts of Cory, this description about her life written byMr. Cesar R. Bacani in a pamphlet that was published by the Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation aptlydescribed her life:To the world, she is the widow in yellow who toppled a dictatorship in a stirring show of People Power in1986. To her native Philippines, she is the courageous president who saw off a series of coups d’etat andsingle-mindedly restored the institutions of democracy. But to herself, Corazon C. Aquino is a plain housewifewho, in all conscience, could not refuse her country’s call to service when her husband, former senatorBenigno Ninoy Aquino Jr., was assassinated in 1983. She continues to serve after her term of office ended in1992 through her work with nongovernmental organizations. "What is important is that we believe in theAlmighty and that we try to do whatever we can to help ease some of the sufferings of our people," she says. "Ialways tell my children: I don’t know how many good years I still have left, but whatever I can do at this time,I really want to be able to continue not only for the cause of democracy, but also to help in bringing about abetter Filipino. For the rest of my life, I will be doing whatever I can to improve things."Please don’t get this blog writer wrong. This is not an obituary nor hinting at one. This post is a tribute to aleader who has given a lot for this country, before, during and after her presidency. Actually, she should havenot done anything more, but she knows that she could still be the morale force after her retirement.To those who want to express their concern and support for Cory Aquino, this blog would like to invite you tovisit a site dedicated to her: Cory Aquino - A Call To Prayer.Corazon Aquino spearheaded the enactment of a new Philippine Constitution and several significant legalreforms, including a new agrarian reform law. While her allies maintained a majority in both houses ofCongress, she faced considerable opposition from communist insurgency and right-wing soldiers whoinstituted several coup attempts against her government. Her government also dealt with several majornatural disasters that struck the Philippines, as well as a severe power crisis that hampered the Philippineeconomy.Corazon AquinoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino in 1986 11th President of the Philippines 2nd President of the Fourth Republic 1st President of the Fifth Republic In office February 25, 1986 – June 30, 1992Prime Salvador LaurelMinisterVice Salvador LaurelPresidentPreceded by Ferdinand MarcosSucceeded Fidel V. Ramosby Personal details
Born Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco January 26, 1933 Paniqui, Tarlac, PhilippinesDied August 1, 2009 (aged 76) Makati, Metro Manila, PhilippinesResting Manila Memorial Park, Parañaque,Metroplace Manila, PhilippinesPolitical Liberal Partyparty UNIDO PDP-LabanSpouse(s) Benigno S. Aquino, Jr. (1954-1983)Relations Maria Elena Aquino-Cruz (eldest daughter) Aurora Corazon Aquino-Abellada (second daughter) Benigno S. Aquino III (only son) Victoria Elisa Aquino-Dee (third daughter) Kristina Bernadette Aquino(youngest daughter)Alma mater St. Scholasticas College, College of Mount Saint Vincent, New York Far Eastern UniversityProfession HousewifeReligion Roman CatholicismSignature
Maria Corazon Sumulong "Cory" Cojuangco-Aquino (January 25, 1933 – August1, 2009) was a Filipino politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines,the first woman to hold that office, and the first female president in Asia. She led the1986 People Power Revolution, which toppled Ferdinand Marcos and restoreddemocracy in the Philippines. She was named "Woman of the Year" in 1986by Time magazine.A self-proclaimed "plain housewife", Aquino was married to Senator BenignoAquino, Jr., the staunchest critic of then President Ferdinand Marcos. After herhusbands assassination on August 21, 1983, upon returning to the Philippines afterfour years in exile in the United States, Corazon Aquino emerged as the leader of theopposition against the Marcos administration. In late 1985, when President Marcoscalled for a snap election, Aquino ran for president with former senator SalvadorLaurel as her vice-presidential running mate. After the elections were held onFebruary 7, 1986, and the Batasang Pambansa proclaimed Marcos the winner in theelections, she called for massive civil disobedience protests, declaring herself ashaving been cheated and as the real winner in the elections. Filipinos enthusiasticallyheeded her call and rallied behind her. These events eventually led to the ousting ofMarcos and the installation of Aquino as President of the Philippines on February 25,1986 through the "People Power Revolution".As President, Aquino oversaw the promulgation of a new constitution, which limitedthe powers of the presidency and established a bicameral legislature. Heradministration gave strong emphasis and concern for civil liberties and human rights,and peace talks with communist insurgents and Muslim secessionists. Aquinoseconomic policies centered on bringing back economic health and confidence andfocused on creating a market-oriented and socially responsible economy. Aquinosadministration also faced a series of coup attempts and destructive natural calamitiesand disasters until the end of her term in 1992.Succeeded by Fidel V. Ramos as President in 1992, Aquino returned to private lifealthough she remained active in the public eye, often voicing her views and opinionson the pressing political issues. In 2008, Aquino was diagnosed with colon cancerfrom which she died on August 1, 2009. Her son Benigno Aquino III was electedpresident and was sworn in on June 30, 2010.