How far behind is the us
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How far behind is the us



This is my CIT49900 Final presentation

This is my CIT49900 Final presentation



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How far behind is the us Presentation Transcript

  • 1. How far behind is the US? IT Infrastructure in the US vs. Dubai
    Milton Plummer| CIT 49900
  • 2. Why Do a Comparison between US and Dubai?
    Why Do a Comparison between US and Dubai?
    US has a large population without access to broadband
    Dubai has a very aggressive infrastructure deployment
    Understand the gaps for the US in the world community
    Understanding the differences in infrastructure between the US and Dubai will help determine the benefits of the US potentially encouraging investment, both government and commercial, in order to be competitive in the world market.
  • 3. Research Goals
    Amount of population in rural and urban areas for each country
    Infrastructure development in rural and urban areas for each country
    What are some of the significant initiatives each country is seeking
    Government sponsored initiatives
    Private/Commercial initiatives
    What are the obstacles facing either country in pursuing set initiatives
    Geographic limitations
    Resource limitation
    What are the pros and cons of deploying these initiatives
    What possibilities do each have for success
    Policies in place to aid/hinder initiatives
    Educational requirements
    Workforce availability
    Available funding (focused on Government initiatives)
    How do the two countries compare overall
  • 4. Infrastructure development
    Dubai’s Population Demographics
    Approximately 1,646,000 people
    Approximately 19,723 people in rural areas
    98.8% Reside in urban areas
    US Population Demographics
    Approximately 285,230,516 people (2000 census)
    Approximately 59,274,456 people in rural areas
    79.2% Reside in urban areas
  • 5. Infrastructure development – cont.
    • Dubai’s rural population too small to consider
    • 6. 1/5 of US population live in rural areas
    • 7. A study done by Edward J. Malecki in 2003 discovered that:
    • 8. 92% of the US population does have access to the internet
    • 9. Includes dial up subscriber potential
    • 10. Only the larger cities in rural communities have toll free dialing
    • 11. Extended internet use would be costly
    • 12. 7.9% of rural communities don’t have access to any ISP
    • 13. Not available in adjacent counties
  • Planned initiatives
    US initiatives
    FCC announced pursuit of 2-4MB floor speed for all US citizens
    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act allocated 7 billion dollars for telecom infrastructure
    2002 Farm Bill has the following initiatives:
    Infrastructure Program - provides financial assistance to businesses deploying infrastructure in rural areas
    Distance Learning and Telemedicine - provides grants and loans to educational and heath based centers for infrastructure
    Broadband Loan Program - intended to fund 2 billion in broadband development in rural communities.
    Community Connect - grant and investment program intended to bring broadband to rural communities.
    Google Fiber for Community Project
    ultra high-speed broadband networks in a small number of trial locations across the United States
  • 14. Planned initiatives – cont.
    Dubai initiatives
    Emirates Telecommunications Corporation(Etisalat) deployed a number of initiatives:
    • Free Internet training – Etisalat offers Abu Dhabi and Dubai free internet training to all UAE nationals.
    • 15. Thuraya Satellite System – is a large scale satellite program which will be accessible via handheld, vehicular and fixed terminals. It was deployed in 2000.
    • 16. Fiber Optic Cable - Emirates Telecommunications and Marine Services FZE (E-Marine) launched FLAG, the world's longest operating submarine cable system, linking Europe, Asia and the Far East.
    e-Government Initiative
    collect all of Dubai’s government offered services into one portal for all of the users that interact with the government
  • 17. Obstacles preventing development
    Possible city congestion due to construction
    Lack of labor resources due to low unemployment (1.1%)
    Large population and area requires large investment
    City congestion minimal for rural areas
    Dense forests, mountains, and large bodies of water
    Mountainous regions could impeded wireless deployments
    Training labor for mass deployment
    Lack of investment to sustain ongoing efforts
  • 18. Overall Comparison
    Rural vs. Urban populations and percentage of homes with internet access
  • 19. Overall Comparison - cont
  • 20. Overall Comparison - cont
  • 21. Overall Comparison - cont
    The benefits of deployed, current infrastructure for both countries are as follows:
    Increased productivity for organizations
    Increased competitive ability in the global market
    Encouragement for new investors
    Educational improvements
    Medical care improvements
    Some of the downfalls for these initiatives for both countries are as follows:
    Large expenditures for any deployment/upgrades (primarily US)
    Constant expenditures for maintenance
    Potential educational costs (US only)
  • 22. Probability for Success
    Lack of funding (7 billion out of 350 billion required)
    Lack of education consideration
    Unlikely to succeed with current conditions
    Most initiatives already achieved (started in 2000)
    Sufficient funding based on economy
    Only 1 primary provider (Etisalat)
  • 23. Probability for Success - cont
    Comparing Dubai to US primary points:
    Initiate adoption date
    Population and Area
  • 24. Conclusions
    Initial assumption was Dubai would be a good country to benchmark gaps for US
    Dubai’s unique population distribution and area make it a difficult benchmark for US and most countries
  • 25. Questions?