1. role-project.eu Psychology-informed Design of Responsive Open (Personal) Learning M. Kravcik Environments R. Klamma JTEL Chania, May 2011 Summer School May 2011 Slide 1 Milos Kravcik, Ralf Klamma Chair for Information Systems and Databases, RWTH Aachen University, GermanyLehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
2. Workshop Historyrole-project.eu JTEL Summer School, May 2010, Ohrid, FYROM RWTH Aachen, July 2010, Aachen, M. Kravcik R. Klamma Germany JTEL ROLE Developer Camp, August Summer School May 2011 2010, EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland Slide 2 Evaluation and paper writing Paper presentation, ICALT, July 2011, Athens, Georgia/USALehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
3. Overview Theoretical Backgroundrole-project.eu Human cognitive biases Principles of choice architecture ROLE learning process model M. Kravcik R. Klamma Requirements of ROLE Widget Store JTEL Summer School May 2011 Slide 3 User Tutorial Developer Tutorial Learning scenario  Widget spaces ROLE Widget Store usage  XMPP real-time communication Conceptual ROLE/PLE design & collaboration WS usage & PLE creation  Inter widget communication Widget store requirements  Widget deployment Presentation  Publication in Widget StoreLehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke Discussion  Widget ranking
4. Motivation Illusions:role-project.eu • Optical M. Kravcik • Cognitive R. Klamma JTEL Summer School May 2011 Slide 4Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Ariely, Dan. Predictably Irrational Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
5. 2 Kinds of Thinking Automatic system (AS): Reflective system (RS)role-project.eu – gut reaction: – conscious thought: • intuitive, rapid, instinctive • rational, deliberate, • associated with the oldest self-conscious M. Kravcik R. Klamma parts of the brain JTEL Summer School May 2011 Slide 5Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
6. Heuristics and Biases Humans predictably err – this knowledge can berole-project.eu harnessed to help them Heuristics & biases emerge from the interplay between M. Kravcik AS & RS R. Klamma Categories of biases: JTEL Summer School Bounded rationality our rationality is delimited May 2011 Slide 6 Self-control our rationality and temptation may be in conflict Social influences we are influenced by the behavior of other peopleLehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke Sunstein, Thaler (2008). Nudge.
7. Uneasy Choices • self-control issues arise when choices androle-project.eu Delayed effects their consequences are separated in time • many problems in life are difficult and there M. Kravcik Difficulty is no technology to help R. Klamma • some decisions are rare, therefore there is JTEL Infrequency a lack of practice Summer School May 2011 Slide 7 • learning requires immediate and clear Poor feedback feedback after each try • ambiguous relation between a choice and Unclear impact its consequenceLehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke Sunstein, Thaler (2008). Nudge.
8. Choice Architecture • they are very powerful, as usually a lot of people end up Default options with itrole-project.eu Expect error • a well designed system is as forgiving as possible M. Kravcik R. Klamma • it is the best way how to improve the performance of Give feedback humans JTEL Summer School Understand mappings • options should be comprehensible May 2011 Slide 8 from choice to welfare Structure complex • Elimination by aspects: eliminate the unsuitable alternatives choices • Collaborative filtering: use the judgements of similar people • put the right incentives on the right people – Who uses? Incentives Who chooses? Who pays? Who profits?Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Sunstein, Thaler (2008). Nudge. Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
9. Proposed Solution Libertarian paternalism:role-project.eu preserves liberty and tries to influence choices in a way that will make choosers better off, as judged by themselves • This influence can be realized via suitable M. Kravcik R. Klamma alerts or nudges JTEL • A nudge should alert people’s behavior Summer School May 2011 in a predictable way and at the same time it Slide 9 should be easy and cheap to avoid The golden rule of libertarian paternalism: offer nudges that are most likely to help and least likely to inflict harmLehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke Sunstein, Thaler (2008). Nudge.
10. Personal Learning Environment (PLE) PLE describes the tools, communities, and services that constituterole-project.eu the individual educational platforms learners use to direct their own learning and pursue educational goals LMS – course-centric vs. PLE – learner-centric: M. Kravcik R. Klamma • Extension of individual research • Students in charge of their learning process • self-direction, responsibility JTEL Summer School • Promotes authentic learning (incorporating expert feedback) May 2011 Slide 10 • Student’s scholarly work + own critical reflection + the work and voice of others • Web 2.0 influence on educational process • customizable portals/dashboards, iGoogle, My Yahoo! • Learning is a collaborative exercise in collection, orchestration, remixing, & integration of data into knowledge building • Emphasis on metacognition in learningLehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
11. ROLE Self-Regulated Learning Process Modelrole-project.eu M. Kravcik R. Klamma JTEL Summer School May 2011 Slide 11Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
12. Personal Learning Environmentrole-project.eu M. Kravcik R. Klamma JTEL Summer School May 2011 Slide 12Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) PLE from ROLE: http://youtu.be/Vyk_m0FrRG4 Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
13. ROLE Widget Storerole-project.eu M. Kravcik R. Klamma JTEL Summer School May 2011 Slide 13Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke http://widgetstore.role-demo.de/
14. ROLE Widget Storerole-project.eu M. Kravcik R. Klamma JTEL Summer School May 2011 Slide 14Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke http://widgetstore.role-demo.de/
15. Issues for the User Workshoprole-project.eu How can I use the Widget Store to configure my PLE? M. Kravcik How can I use my PLE and the Widget Store to share my R. Klamma learning experiences? JTEL What is currently missing in the Widget Store concerning Summer School May 2011 our choice architecture? Slide 15 What is currently missing in the Widget Store concerning the ROLE learning model?Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
16. ROLE Enchantment Contest Win a gadget worth 500 EUR for yourrole-project.eu self-developed learning widget!!! M. Kravcik ROLE is awarding the most innovative learning widget in R. Klamma the ROLE Widget Store every 2 months There will be 12 contests until the end of 2012 JTEL Summer School May 2011 Slide 16 First contest will start on June 1st, 2011 Call for widgets will be available on www.role-project.eu Visit the developer workshop this afternoon for more informationLehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
17. ROLE References Project Website • http://www.role-project.eu/role-project.eu M. Kravcik LinkedIn Group • http://www.linkedin.com/e/gis/1590487 R. Klamma JTEL Twitter • http://twitter.com/ROLEproject #roleproject Summer School May 2011 Slide 17 Alliance Program • http://www.role-project.eu/AllianceProgram Showcase • http://role-showcase.eu PlatformLehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
18. User Workshop Overview Language learning http://youtu.be/Vyk_m0FrRG4 scenario (10 min)role-project.eu ROLE Widget Store http://widgetstore.role-demo.de http://igoogle.com usage (15 min) M. Kravcik R. Klamma Conceptual ROLE/PLE Paper/pen group work design (30 min) JTEL Summer School May 2011 PLE creation & WS http://igoogle.com Slide 18 requirements (30 min) Presentation (25 min) Discussion (10 min)Lehrstuhl Informatik 5(Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke