Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 1
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 2
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 3
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 4
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 5
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 6
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 7
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 8
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 9
Learning
...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 10
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 11
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 12
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 13
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 14
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 15
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 16
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 17
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 18
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 19
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 20
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 21
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 22
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 23
Learning...
Lehrstuhl Informatik 5
(Information Systems)
Prof. Dr. M. Jarke
M. Kravcik
JTEL
Summer School
April 2014
Slide 24
Learning...
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Supporting Self-Regulated Learning by Personal Learning Environments

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Studies have shown that applying Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) and related meta-cognitive learning strategies is an efficient way how to increase the learning progress. However, this is quite challenging to be facilitated with learning technologies as such training requires an individualized approach and a right balance between the learner’s freedom and guidance. Personalisation and adaptive technologies have a high potential to support SRL and have been applied in Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) that can enable customization and guidance of various strength and at various levels. We present an approach and framework that integrates guidance and reflection support for SRL in PLEs. The ROLE project has elaborated an operational SRL model and implemented a system accordingly. Concrete examples following this design have been created and evaluated in various settings, involving both students and teachers. In the BOOST project we aim to elaborate this approach in order to support competence development and informal training in small companies.
The lecture introduces a brief theoretical background from various perspectives including education, psychology and neuroscience. Then technological solutions are proposed and case studies from several projects presented. Finally evaluation challenges will be discussed.

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Supporting Self-Regulated Learning by Personal Learning Environments

  1. 1. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 1 Learning Layers Supporting Self-Regulated Learning by Personal Learning Environments Milos Kravcik Advanced Community Information Systems (ACIS) RWTH Aachen University, Germany kravcik@dbis.rwth-aachen.de JTEL Summer School, Malta, April 29, 2014
  2. 2. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 2 Learning Layers Agenda Motivation: Effective & Efficient Learning Pedagogy: Self-Regulated Learning Technology: Personal Learning Environments Implementation: Case Studies Evaluation Issues Conclusion
  3. 3. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 3 Learning Layers Question 1 What is the most important thing you have learned in school?
  4. 4. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 4 Learning Layers Question 2 What is the most important thing you should have learned in school?
  5. 5. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 5 Learning Layers Motivation – Erwin Wagenhofer ALPHABET “What we learn shapes our stock of knowledge, but how we learn shapes our thinking.” http://youtu.be/b_-KrJseVUo http://www.alphabet-film.com/
  6. 6. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 6 Learning Layers Motivation – Noam Chomsky The Purpose of Education “Education is really aimed at helping students get to the point where they can learn on their own...” “It doesn't matter what we cover, it matters what you discover.” http://youtu.be/DdNAUJWJN08
  7. 7. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 7 Learning Layers Motivation – Richard Feynman The Pleasure of Finding Things Out http://youtu.be/Bgaw9qe7DEE
  8. 8. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 8 Learning Layers Motivation – Sir Ken Robinson Finding Your Element How to Discover Your Talents and Passions and Transform Your Life http://ideas.time.com/2013/05/30/ted-talk-legend- sir-ken-robinson-talks-to-time/ http://sirkenrobinson.com/?page_id=420 http://youtu.be/3TAqSBMZDY8
  9. 9. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 9 Learning Layers Our Education System
  10. 10. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 10 Learning Layers Self-Regulated Learning SRL: monitoring & managing of cognitive processes, control over emotions, motivations, behavior, learning environment (Nilson 2013) Application of SRL increases the effectiveness of education Issue: few students are self-directed learners
  11. 11. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 11 Learning Layers 2 Kinds of Thinking Automatic system (AS): – gut reaction: • intuitive, rapid, instinctive • associated with the oldest parts of the brain Reflective system (RS) – conscious thought: • rational, deliberate, self-conscious
  12. 12. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 12 Learning Layers Proposed Solution Libertarian paternalism: preserves liberty and tries to influence choices in a way that will make choosers better off, as judged by themselves • This influence can be realized via suitable alerts or nudges • A nudge should alert people’s behavior in a predictable way and at the same time it should be easy and cheap to avoid The golden rule of libertarian paternalism: offer nudges that are most likely to help and least likely to inflict harm Sunstein, Thaler (2008). Nudge.
  13. 13. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 13 Learning Layers ROLE Self-Regulated Learning Process Model based on Zimmermann Model [Zimmermann, 2002] Nussbaumer, ICWL 2012 learner profile information is defined and revised learner finds and selects learning resources learner works on selected learning resources plan learnreflect ideal learner can control the own learning process typical learners needs support and guidance learner reflects and reacts on strategies, achievements, and usefulness
  14. 14. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 14 Learning Layers Technological Support Challenge: how to facilitate SRL by technology? • individualized approach • right balance between freedom and guidance Aim: integrating guidance & reflection Proposed solution: Personal Learning Environment (PLE)
  15. 15. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 15 Learning Layers ROLE Cognitive Learning Strategies Nussbaumer, A., Dahrendorf, D., Schmitz, H. C., Kravčík, M., Berthold, M., & Albert, D. (2014). Recommender and guidance strategies for creating personal mashup learning environments. Computer Science and Information Systems, 11(1), 321-342.
  16. 16. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 16 Learning Layers ROLE Metacognitive Learning Strategies Nussbaumer, A., Dahrendorf, D., Schmitz, H. C., Kravčík, M., Berthold, M., & Albert, D. (2014). Recommender and guidance strategies for creating personal mashup learning environments. Computer Science and Information Systems, 11(1), 321-342.
  17. 17. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 17 Learning Layers ROLE SRL Ontology Ontology consists of learning strategies and techniques Approach based on [Mandl & Friedrich, 2006] Nussbaumer, ICWL 2012
  18. 18. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 18 Learning Layers LEARNING LAYERS Informal Workplace Learning Source: Petru Nicolaescu
  19. 19. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 19 Learning Layers BOOST SME Learning - Manager Area
  20. 20. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 20 Learning Layers BOOST SME Learning - Trainer Area
  21. 21. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 21 Learning Layers BOOST SME Learning - Employee Area
  22. 22. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 22 Learning Layers Evaluation Issues Short term • usability • workload • learning outcome Mid term • adoption of SRL Long term • adoption of SRL • usage (quantitative evaluation) Source: Dominik Renzel Source: Marcel Berthold
  23. 23. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 23 Learning Layers Conclusion SRL is crucial for cultivation of lifelong learning competences How to facilitate SRL by technology? • individualized approach • right balance between freedom and guidance Proposed solution: PLE • recommendations • reflection How to evaluate SRL (in informal settings)? • Community Learning Analytics (various roles)
  24. 24. Lehrstuhl Informatik 5 (Information Systems) Prof. Dr. M. Jarke M. Kravcik JTEL Summer School April 2014 Slide 24 Learning Layers References ROLE project: Responsive Open Learning Environments http://www.role-project.eu/ Learning Layers project: Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters http://learning-layers.eu/ BOOST project: Business perfOrmance imprOvement through individual employee Skills Training http://www.boost-project.eu/
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