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Municipal Open Access Networks
 

Municipal Open Access Networks

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Provides and overview and value of municipal open-access broadband networks.

Provides and overview and value of municipal open-access broadband networks.
(c) Inphotonics Research

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  • Is it because of national price? Perhaps, but most people do not relate to things on a global scale. They think more locally.
  • …It’s about being local.People want to know how broadband will help them, their friends, and their community.Broadband services create economic vitality…
  • …attracting new businesses, retaining businesses, improving depressed business and residential districts, increasing competitiveness, improving worker training, and increasing individual income.As manufacturing and agricultural opportunities are reduced small and home businesses evolve based on broadband.This isn’t anecedotal evidence. It is based on a survey by the International Economic Development Council from officials nationwide on how broadband impacted their economic vitality.90% stated National Broadband Plan goals of 4 mbit/s were not enough.Over 55% stated that 100-120 Mbit/s was enough for economic growth.
  • So what does it mean to me? People want to know what they are going to get out of it personally. They can relate to the economic and social benefits, but they want to know what is the direct effect to them.Open-access broadband brings price reductions and choices of services through competition.
  • Numbers in thousands of households.First bar is 10+ Mbit/sMap shows percentage of households meeting NBP goal.
  • By now you are probably wondering where I am going with this talk. I already covered the “Why” question so now it is time to define municipal broadband and why communities should be involved. Next I will cover the stakeholders and participants before providing an overview of how it is delivered. I will finish up with why we don’t see more communities doing it and the impediments to its adoption before taking questions.
  • Governments should not be involved in what has been the domain of private enterprise. Why should taxpayers foot the bill for these networks? First of all we are not asking for taxpayers to pay for the network or governments to get into the telecommunications business.
  • Figures based on Verizon FiOS (FTTH)
  • Government includes public safety, research institutions, libraries, etc.
  • Partitioning means different physical networks for government and private carriers
  • Unlike the incumbents (PMO), we leverage your ability for long-term funding to cover all homes and businesses with a broadband network.Unlike the wireless service providers, we will not have a bandwidth bottleneck.Unlike satellite service providers, we can provide carrier-class business services and high-quality voice and Internet services.

Municipal Open Access Networks Municipal Open Access Networks Presentation Transcript

  • Opportunity & Choice for Broadband Networks
    Open Access Broadband Infrastructure for 21st Century Vitality
  • WHY?
    Why should we care about municipal open-access broadband networks?
    2
    3/10/2011
  • OECD Broadband Subscriptions Per Capita
    3
    3/10/2011
  • Broadband Quality Score
    4
    3/10/2011
  • It’s About Being Local
    Broadband services create economic vitality
    5
    3/10/2011
  • Broadband Services Create Economic Vitality
    6
    3/10/2011
  • Additional Local Benefits
    Education
    Health Care
    Energy Conservation
    Public Safety
    Government Services
    7
    3/10/2011
  • What Does It Mean to Me?
    Price
    Choice
    Competition
    8
    3/10/2011
  • Broadband Availability in U.S.
    Percentage of households that meet goals of National Broadband Plan
    Over 14 million people do not have access to at least one provider that meets National Broadband Plan
    Number of households that are considered underserved
    9
    Credit: FCC @ broadband.gov
    3/10/2011
  • Why Don’t People Have Broadband?
    • Cost – 36% cite a reason pertaining to this:
    15% specifically point to monthly fee for service
    10% say they cannot afford a computer
    9% activation fee/reluctance to enter into long-term contract
    • Digital literacy – 22% of non-adopters:
    12% say lack of comfort with computers
    10% cite hazards of online life (e.g., worries of “bad things that can happen” online)
    • Relevance – 19% of non-adopters:
    Content with current dial-up service/don’t need more speed (5%)
    Believe internet is a waste of time (5%)
    Nothing they want to see online (4%)
    Don’t use internet much (4%)
    3/10/2011
    10
  • Topics
    Why Municipal Broadband?
    What Is Municipal Broadband?
    Who Is It For?
    How Is It Delivered?
    Why Isn’t It Taking Off?
    11
    3/10/2011
  • What Is Municipal Open-Access Broadband?
    Municipal=Last Mile Network
    Open-Access=Equal Access for Any Service Provider
    Broadband100 Mbit/s
    12
    3/10/2011
  • Network Anatomy
    Layer Coverage
    L7

    L4
    Advanced Correlation &
    Analysis
    L3
    Voice &
    Video Ops
    or MSC/BSC
    L2
    L1
    Transport
    Network
    Metro /
    Access
    Metro /
    Access
    CO
    Partner
    Carrier
    13
    3/10/2011
  • Let The Carriers Build It!
    Last-mile networks are the most expensive portion of the network to deploy
    Single purpose last-mile networks are not as economical as multi-tenant networks
    Incumbent service providers are not driving broadband penetration in underserved and un-served markets
    Lack of competition
    Lack of choice
    Growth stagnates
    Service providers understand the concept of divorcing the network from the service
    Network  Service
    Profitability is not achieved in time-frame suitable for public companies
    There is not a one size fits all approach
    National Broadband Plan is guideline only
    Building infrastructure is a local issue
    14
    3/10/2011
  • Cost of Last Mile Access
    $850 per home passed
    $2,125 cost-to-pass per subscriber
    $3,225 total investment per subscriber
    15
    3/10/2011
  • Network vs. Services
    ManagementLevel
    Business & Operation Support Systems Billing Provisioning Maintenance Operations
    Services Voice (VoIP) Data (Internet, LAN, MAN, & LAN) Video (IP-TV, RFoG) Mobility
    Service/Application Level
    Infrastructure & Transport Fiber & Ducts Optical (WDM, PON, Optical Ethernet) Wireless (LTE, GSM, CDMA, Pt-Pt Microwave) Redundant Paths for High Availability
    Transport Level
    16
    3/10/2011
  • Who Is The Network For?
    Stakeholders
    Government
    Education
    Health Care
    Business
    Community
    Service Providers
    Business Providers
    Residential Providers
    Mobility Providers
    Incumbent Providers
    17
    3/10/2011
  • Business Service Providers
    AT&T Business
    Cogent Communications
    Covad Communications
    Cox Communications
    Front Range Internet (FRII)
    Global Crossing
    Integra Telecom
    IP5280
    Level 3 Communications
    PAETEC
    Qwest Business
    Reliance Globalcomm
    TDS Telecom
    tw Telecom
    Verizon Business
    Virtela
    XO Communications
    Zayo Enterprise Services
    18
    3/10/2011
  • Residential Service Providers
    These are non-incumbent service providers that offer a combination of voice, video, data, and wireless services in other communities.
    AT&T
    AT&T Wireless
    Front Range Internet (FRII)
    Fuzecore
    IDT
    Liberty Media
    Mstar
    Prime Time Communications
    Sage Telecom
    Sprint
    TDS Telecom
    T-Mobile
    Verizon Wireless
    Virtela
    Vonage
    19
    3/10/2011
  • Personal Applications
    Voice communications/telephony
    Teleconferencing
    Video Calling
    Instant Messaging/Status
    Geolocation
    Social Networking
    Gaming
    Blogging
    Personal Web Sites
    Shopping
    Reading
    Music: Listening & Purchasing
    Music Composition & Recording
    Mobility in Applications
    Broadcast Video
    Time-Shifted Video
    Video on Demand/Movies
    Live Events
    Photo & Video Sharing
    E-Mail
    Podcasting/Video Casting
    Banking, Investing & Personal Finances
    Hobbies
    Travel Planning
    Healthcare
    Energy Management
    Security
    Education
    20
    3/10/2011
  • High Bandwidth Personal Applications
    Massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG)
    High Definition Video on Demand
    Energy Management
    Security
    21
    3/10/2011
  • Business Applications
    Voice Communications/telephony
    Voice Conferencing
    Video Conferencing/Telepresence
    Webinars
    E-Mail
    IM/Status
    Financial Transactions
    Business-to-Business Transactions
    Marketing
    Social Media
    Investor Relations
    Surveys
    Data Storage & Retention
    Government Compliance
    Customer Relationship Management
    Manufacturing Resource Planning
    2D & 3D Modeling/Supercomputing
    Security
    Telemedicine
    Product Development/Design
    Multi-location Communications
    Design Transfer to Manufacturing
    B2B & B2C Sales
    Customer Support/Call Center
    Literature Distribution
    Claims Adjustment
    2D & 3D Modeling
    Animation
    Video Distribution
    Travel Planning
    Expense Reporting
    Public Relations
    22
    3/10/2011
  • High Bandwidth Business Applications
    Video Conferencing/Telepresence
    Climate & Geo-modeling
    Telemedicine
    Video Production & Animation
    Design Transfer to Manufacturing
    Equities & Commodities Trading
    23
    3/10/2011
  • Fit the Network to the Community’s Needs
    Fiber, Wavelength, Bandwidth, or all
    Wireline vs. Wireless
    Partitioning
    PON or Active Ethernet
    24
    3/10/2011
  • 3/10/2011
    25
    IP / PPPoE / Ethernet
    QoS
    QoS
    HDSL
    ADSL, G.shdsl, EFM Long reach
    ADSL2+, VDSL, EFM Short reach
    GPON
    OLT
    Direct Fiber
    Wireless /
    Satellite
    Edge
    Core
    User
    Access
    ACCESS
    IP
    Appli-
    cations
    Ethernet/ MPLS
    Ethernet Non-Blocking (Engineered)
    Ethernet
    Ethernet
    CPE /
    Home
    Gateway
    BRAS /
    PE
    QoS at Layer 3
    Ethernet Access
    • Once access pipe size is determined, QoS can be controlled at each end
    • Eliminate QoS complexity in the access
    • Offer a standard interface
    • Reduce complexity
    • Reduce cost
    • Easier service adaptation
    • Allow multiple vendors
    Copper
    Fiber
    Wireless
    “Plug and Play” Ethernet Network
  • 26
    TDM PON Architecture and Technologies
    3/10/2011
    ONT
    ONT
    ONT
    20 km Maximum Reach
    20 km ONU differential range
    OLT
    Max 32 way split (may be cascaded)
    • Typically: 622 Mbps/155 Mbps (down/up)
    • ATM-based transport
    LU #1
    BPON
    TXR
    B-PON
    Fiber
    LU #N, N ≤32
    ITU-T G.983.x
    Splitter
    Max 64 way split (constrained by PMD attenuation limits)
    • Typically: 2488/1244 Mbps
    • GFP-like transports (Ethernet, and/or TDM)
    LU #1
    GPON
    TXR
    G-PON
    Fiber
    LU #N, N ≤64
    Splitter
    ITU-T G.984.x
    • 1250 Mbps/1250 Mbps (~850 Mbps effective payload rate)
    • Ethernet-based transport
    Max 32 way split (16-way specified in standard)
    LU #1
    EPON
    TXR
    Fiber
    E-PON
    LU #N, N ≤32
    LU #N, N ≤32
    Splitter
    1000BASE-PX20 per IEEE 802.3ah
    Network optical transceiver (TXR) shared by “N” subscribers
    *OLT implementations may not necessarily support all PON technologies indicated
  • Example of WDM-PON
    3/10/2011
    27
    Hybrid WDM-PON example
    Wavelength Splitter
    ONT
    (Fixed Optics)
    TDMA
    Power Splitter
    Access Node
    ONT
    Bitrate 1
    Dedicated l1 pair
    SNI
    Feeder Fiber
    OLT
    Fixed* or adaptable optics
    1 to N ls on Single Fiber
    ONT
    Bitrate 2
    Dedicated l2 pair
    ONT
    (Fixed Optics)
    TDMA
    Wavelength selection here
    Power Splitter
    * “Fixed” optics might be a cost reduced version of convention DWDM long-haul optics NOTE: Most believe adaptable optics will be required for a practical WDM-PON system
    ColorlessONTs: Transmitter and receiver front-end filter characteristics are wavelength adaptable
  • Intelligent Network Build-Out
    Sophisticated planning tool to model network expansion based on existing facilities, anchor tenants, and interested customers
    Model new facilities in minutes with fiber and wireless transport
    Quote tail circuits in hours instead of days
    28
    3/10/2011
  • Business Model—Public/Private Partnership
    Assist local entity to plan, build, operate, and sell capacity on open-access, last-mile, fiber-based broadband networks owned by municipality
    • Most small cities do not have the expertise to complete such a project
    • A single community does not offer economies of scale to attract business and residential service providers
    Municipality
    Network Operator
    Finances the project
    Owns title to infrastructure
    Access to right-of-ways
    Sets codes and ordinances based on best practices
    Sets pricing for non-discriminatory access to infrastructure
    Interconnection at point-of-presence (POP) for service providers
    All franchise agreements still valid
    Local entity contracts to Network Operator to intelligently build-out and manage last-mile infrastructure
    Planning and construction
    Best practices
    Pricing & billing for city
    Order management
    Service activation
    Monitoring & maintenance
    Operator acts as agent for entity to lease/sell last-mile access to residential and business service providers
    29
    3/10/2011
  • Impediments
    Financial
    Legal
    Incumbents
    Taxpayers
    30
    3/10/2011
  • Competition
    Incumbent service providers: telephone and cable companies (PMO)
    Wireless service providers: Verizon Wireless, AT&T Wireless, Sprint, T-Mobile USA
    Satellite service providers: DISH/EchoStar, DirectTV, HughesNet, WildBlue
    3/10/2011
    31
  • The Future of Open-Access Muni Networks
    Choice
    Economical
    Societal Benefits
    Economic Vitality
    3/10/2011
    32
    A proven business model that will increase broadband penetration in un-served and underserved areas.
  • 3/10/2011
    33