Opportunity & Choice for Broadband Networks<br />Open Access Broadband Infrastructure for 21st Century Vitality<br />
WHY?<br />Why should we care about municipal open-access broadband networks?<br />2<br />3/10/2011<br />
OECD Broadband Subscriptions Per Capita<br />3<br />3/10/2011<br />
Broadband Quality Score<br />4<br />3/10/2011<br />
It’s About Being Local<br />Broadband services create economic vitality<br />5<br />3/10/2011<br />
Broadband Services Create Economic Vitality<br />6<br />3/10/2011<br />
Additional Local Benefits<br />Education<br />Health Care<br />Energy Conservation<br />Public Safety<br />Government Serv...
What Does It Mean to Me?<br />Price<br />Choice<br />Competition<br />8<br />3/10/2011<br />
Broadband Availability in U.S.<br />Percentage of households that meet goals of National Broadband Plan<br />Over 14 milli...
Why Don’t People Have Broadband?<br /><ul><li>Cost – 36% cite a reason pertaining to this:</li></ul>15% specifically point...
Topics<br />Why Municipal Broadband?<br />What Is Municipal Broadband?<br />Who Is It For?<br />How Is It Delivered?<br />...
What Is Municipal Open-Access Broadband?<br />Municipal=Last Mile Network<br />Open-Access=Equal Access for Any Service Pr...
Network Anatomy<br />Layer Coverage<br />L7<br />…<br />L4<br />Advanced Correlation &<br />Analysis<br />L3<br />Voice &<...
Let The Carriers Build It!<br />Last-mile networks are the most expensive portion of the network to deploy<br />Single pur...
Cost of Last Mile Access<br />$850 per home passed<br />$2,125 cost-to-pass per subscriber<br />$3,225 total investment pe...
Network vs. Services<br />ManagementLevel<br />Business & Operation Support Systems Billing Provisioning Maintenance O...
Who Is The Network For?<br />Stakeholders<br />Government<br />Education<br />Health Care<br />Business<br />Community<br ...
Business Service Providers<br />AT&T Business<br />Cogent Communications<br />Covad Communications<br />Cox Communications...
Residential Service Providers<br />These are non-incumbent service providers that offer a combination of voice, video, dat...
Personal Applications<br />Voice communications/telephony<br />Teleconferencing<br />Video Calling<br />Instant Messaging/...
High Bandwidth Personal Applications<br />Massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG)<br />High Definition Vid...
Business Applications<br />Voice Communications/telephony<br />Voice Conferencing<br />Video Conferencing/Telepresence<br ...
High Bandwidth Business Applications<br />Video Conferencing/Telepresence<br />Climate & Geo-modeling<br />Telemedicine<br...
Fit the Network to the Community’s Needs<br />Fiber, Wavelength, Bandwidth, or all<br />Wireline vs. Wireless<br />Partiti...
3/10/2011<br />25<br />IP / PPPoE / Ethernet<br />QoS<br />QoS<br />HDSL<br />ADSL, G.shdsl, EFM Long reach<br />ADSL2+, V...
Eliminate QoS complexity in the access
Offer a standard interface
Reduce complexity
Reduce cost
Easier service adaptation
Allow multiple vendors</li></ul>Copper<br />Fiber<br />Wireless<br />“Plug and Play” Ethernet Network<br />
26<br />TDM PON Architecture and Technologies<br />3/10/2011<br />ONT<br />ONT<br />ONT<br />20 km Maximum Reach<br />20 k...
ATM-based transport</li></ul>LU #1<br />BPON<br />TXR<br />B-PON<br />Fiber<br />LU #N, N ≤32<br />ITU-T G.983.x<br />Spli...
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Municipal Open Access Networks

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Provides and overview and value of municipal open-access broadband networks.
(c) Inphotonics Research

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  • Is it because of national price? Perhaps, but most people do not relate to things on a global scale. They think more locally.
  • …It’s about being local.People want to know how broadband will help them, their friends, and their community.Broadband services create economic vitality…
  • …attracting new businesses, retaining businesses, improving depressed business and residential districts, increasing competitiveness, improving worker training, and increasing individual income.As manufacturing and agricultural opportunities are reduced small and home businesses evolve based on broadband.This isn’t anecedotal evidence. It is based on a survey by the International Economic Development Council from officials nationwide on how broadband impacted their economic vitality.90% stated National Broadband Plan goals of 4 mbit/s were not enough.Over 55% stated that 100-120 Mbit/s was enough for economic growth.
  • So what does it mean to me? People want to know what they are going to get out of it personally. They can relate to the economic and social benefits, but they want to know what is the direct effect to them.Open-access broadband brings price reductions and choices of services through competition.
  • Numbers in thousands of households.First bar is 10+ Mbit/sMap shows percentage of households meeting NBP goal.
  • By now you are probably wondering where I am going with this talk. I already covered the “Why” question so now it is time to define municipal broadband and why communities should be involved. Next I will cover the stakeholders and participants before providing an overview of how it is delivered. I will finish up with why we don’t see more communities doing it and the impediments to its adoption before taking questions.
  • Governments should not be involved in what has been the domain of private enterprise. Why should taxpayers foot the bill for these networks? First of all we are not asking for taxpayers to pay for the network or governments to get into the telecommunications business.
  • Figures based on Verizon FiOS (FTTH)
  • Government includes public safety, research institutions, libraries, etc.
  • Partitioning means different physical networks for government and private carriers
  • Unlike the incumbents (PMO), we leverage your ability for long-term funding to cover all homes and businesses with a broadband network.Unlike the wireless service providers, we will not have a bandwidth bottleneck.Unlike satellite service providers, we can provide carrier-class business services and high-quality voice and Internet services.
  • Municipal Open Access Networks

    1. 1. Opportunity & Choice for Broadband Networks<br />Open Access Broadband Infrastructure for 21st Century Vitality<br />
    2. 2. WHY?<br />Why should we care about municipal open-access broadband networks?<br />2<br />3/10/2011<br />
    3. 3. OECD Broadband Subscriptions Per Capita<br />3<br />3/10/2011<br />
    4. 4. Broadband Quality Score<br />4<br />3/10/2011<br />
    5. 5. It’s About Being Local<br />Broadband services create economic vitality<br />5<br />3/10/2011<br />
    6. 6. Broadband Services Create Economic Vitality<br />6<br />3/10/2011<br />
    7. 7. Additional Local Benefits<br />Education<br />Health Care<br />Energy Conservation<br />Public Safety<br />Government Services<br />7<br />3/10/2011<br />
    8. 8. What Does It Mean to Me?<br />Price<br />Choice<br />Competition<br />8<br />3/10/2011<br />
    9. 9. Broadband Availability in U.S.<br />Percentage of households that meet goals of National Broadband Plan<br />Over 14 million people do not have access to at least one provider that meets National Broadband Plan<br />Number of households that are considered underserved<br />9<br />Credit: FCC @ broadband.gov<br />3/10/2011<br />
    10. 10. Why Don’t People Have Broadband?<br /><ul><li>Cost – 36% cite a reason pertaining to this:</li></ul>15% specifically point to monthly fee for service<br />10% say they cannot afford a computer<br />9% activation fee/reluctance to enter into long-term contract<br /><ul><li>Digital literacy – 22% of non-adopters:</li></ul>12% say lack of comfort with computers<br />10% cite hazards of online life (e.g., worries of “bad things that can happen” online)<br /><ul><li>Relevance – 19% of non-adopters:</li></ul>Content with current dial-up service/don’t need more speed (5%)<br />Believe internet is a waste of time (5%)<br />Nothing they want to see online (4%)<br />Don’t use internet much (4%)<br />3/10/2011<br />10<br />
    11. 11. Topics<br />Why Municipal Broadband?<br />What Is Municipal Broadband?<br />Who Is It For?<br />How Is It Delivered?<br />Why Isn’t It Taking Off?<br />11<br />3/10/2011<br />
    12. 12. What Is Municipal Open-Access Broadband?<br />Municipal=Last Mile Network<br />Open-Access=Equal Access for Any Service Provider<br />Broadband100 Mbit/s<br />12<br />3/10/2011<br />
    13. 13. Network Anatomy<br />Layer Coverage<br />L7<br />…<br />L4<br />Advanced Correlation &<br />Analysis<br />L3<br />Voice &<br />Video Ops<br />or MSC/BSC<br />L2<br />L1<br />Transport<br />Network<br />Metro /<br />Access<br />Metro /<br />Access<br />CO<br />Partner<br />Carrier<br />13<br />3/10/2011<br />
    14. 14. Let The Carriers Build It!<br />Last-mile networks are the most expensive portion of the network to deploy<br />Single purpose last-mile networks are not as economical as multi-tenant networks<br />Incumbent service providers are not driving broadband penetration in underserved and un-served markets<br />Lack of competition<br />Lack of choice<br />Growth stagnates<br />Service providers understand the concept of divorcing the network from the service<br />Network  Service<br />Profitability is not achieved in time-frame suitable for public companies<br />There is not a one size fits all approach<br />National Broadband Plan is guideline only<br />Building infrastructure is a local issue<br />14<br />3/10/2011<br />
    15. 15. Cost of Last Mile Access<br />$850 per home passed<br />$2,125 cost-to-pass per subscriber<br />$3,225 total investment per subscriber<br />15<br />3/10/2011<br />
    16. 16. Network vs. Services<br />ManagementLevel<br />Business & Operation Support Systems Billing Provisioning Maintenance Operations<br />Services Voice (VoIP) Data (Internet, LAN, MAN, & LAN) Video (IP-TV, RFoG) Mobility<br />Service/Application Level<br />Infrastructure & Transport Fiber & Ducts Optical (WDM, PON, Optical Ethernet) Wireless (LTE, GSM, CDMA, Pt-Pt Microwave) Redundant Paths for High Availability<br />Transport Level<br />16<br />3/10/2011<br />
    17. 17. Who Is The Network For?<br />Stakeholders<br />Government<br />Education<br />Health Care<br />Business<br />Community<br />Service Providers<br />Business Providers<br />Residential Providers<br />Mobility Providers<br />Incumbent Providers<br />17<br />3/10/2011<br />
    18. 18. Business Service Providers<br />AT&T Business<br />Cogent Communications<br />Covad Communications<br />Cox Communications<br />Front Range Internet (FRII)<br />Global Crossing<br />Integra Telecom<br />IP5280<br />Level 3 Communications<br />PAETEC<br />Qwest Business<br />Reliance Globalcomm<br />TDS Telecom<br />tw Telecom<br />Verizon Business<br />Virtela<br />XO Communications<br />Zayo Enterprise Services<br />18<br />3/10/2011<br />
    19. 19. Residential Service Providers<br />These are non-incumbent service providers that offer a combination of voice, video, data, and wireless services in other communities.<br />AT&T<br />AT&T Wireless<br />Front Range Internet (FRII)<br />Fuzecore<br />IDT<br />Liberty Media<br />Mstar<br />Prime Time Communications<br />Sage Telecom<br />Sprint<br />TDS Telecom<br />T-Mobile<br />Verizon Wireless<br />Virtela<br />Vonage<br />19<br />3/10/2011<br />
    20. 20. Personal Applications<br />Voice communications/telephony<br />Teleconferencing<br />Video Calling<br />Instant Messaging/Status<br />Geolocation<br />Social Networking<br />Gaming<br />Blogging<br />Personal Web Sites<br />Shopping<br />Reading<br />Music: Listening & Purchasing<br />Music Composition & Recording<br />Mobility in Applications<br />Broadcast Video<br />Time-Shifted Video<br />Video on Demand/Movies<br />Live Events<br />Photo & Video Sharing<br />E-Mail<br />Podcasting/Video Casting<br />Banking, Investing & Personal Finances<br />Hobbies<br />Travel Planning<br />Healthcare<br />Energy Management<br />Security<br />Education<br />20<br />3/10/2011<br />
    21. 21. High Bandwidth Personal Applications<br />Massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG)<br />High Definition Video on Demand<br />Energy Management<br />Security<br />21<br />3/10/2011<br />
    22. 22. Business Applications<br />Voice Communications/telephony<br />Voice Conferencing<br />Video Conferencing/Telepresence<br />Webinars<br />E-Mail<br />IM/Status<br />Financial Transactions<br />Business-to-Business Transactions<br />Marketing<br />Social Media<br />Investor Relations<br />Surveys<br />Data Storage & Retention<br />Government Compliance<br />Customer Relationship Management<br />Manufacturing Resource Planning<br />2D & 3D Modeling/Supercomputing<br />Security<br />Telemedicine<br />Product Development/Design<br />Multi-location Communications<br />Design Transfer to Manufacturing<br />B2B & B2C Sales<br />Customer Support/Call Center<br />Literature Distribution<br />Claims Adjustment<br />2D & 3D Modeling<br />Animation<br />Video Distribution<br />Travel Planning<br />Expense Reporting<br />Public Relations<br />22<br />3/10/2011<br />
    23. 23. High Bandwidth Business Applications<br />Video Conferencing/Telepresence<br />Climate & Geo-modeling<br />Telemedicine<br />Video Production & Animation<br />Design Transfer to Manufacturing<br />Equities & Commodities Trading<br />23<br />3/10/2011<br />
    24. 24. Fit the Network to the Community’s Needs<br />Fiber, Wavelength, Bandwidth, or all<br />Wireline vs. Wireless<br />Partitioning<br />PON or Active Ethernet<br />24<br />3/10/2011<br />
    25. 25. 3/10/2011<br />25<br />IP / PPPoE / Ethernet<br />QoS<br />QoS<br />HDSL<br />ADSL, G.shdsl, EFM Long reach<br />ADSL2+, VDSL, EFM Short reach<br />GPON<br />OLT<br />Direct Fiber<br />Wireless /<br />Satellite<br />Edge<br />Core<br />User<br />Access<br />ACCESS<br />IP<br />Appli-<br />cations<br />Ethernet/ MPLS<br />Ethernet Non-Blocking (Engineered)<br />Ethernet<br />Ethernet<br />CPE /<br />Home<br />Gateway<br />BRAS / <br />PE<br />QoS at Layer 3<br />Ethernet Access<br /><ul><li>Once access pipe size is determined, QoS can be controlled at each end
    26. 26. Eliminate QoS complexity in the access
    27. 27. Offer a standard interface
    28. 28. Reduce complexity
    29. 29. Reduce cost
    30. 30. Easier service adaptation
    31. 31. Allow multiple vendors</li></ul>Copper<br />Fiber<br />Wireless<br />“Plug and Play” Ethernet Network<br />
    32. 32. 26<br />TDM PON Architecture and Technologies<br />3/10/2011<br />ONT<br />ONT<br />ONT<br />20 km Maximum Reach<br />20 km ONU differential range<br />OLT<br />Max 32 way split (may be cascaded)<br /><ul><li>Typically: 622 Mbps/155 Mbps (down/up)
    33. 33. ATM-based transport</li></ul>LU #1<br />BPON<br />TXR<br />B-PON<br />Fiber<br />LU #N, N ≤32<br />ITU-T G.983.x<br />Splitter<br />Max 64 way split (constrained by PMD attenuation limits)<br /><ul><li>Typically: 2488/1244 Mbps
    34. 34. GFP-like transports (Ethernet, and/or TDM)</li></ul>LU #1<br />GPON<br />TXR<br />G-PON<br />Fiber<br />LU #N, N ≤64<br />Splitter<br />ITU-T G.984.x<br /><ul><li>1250 Mbps/1250 Mbps (~850 Mbps effective payload rate)
    35. 35. Ethernet-based transport</li></ul>Max 32 way split (16-way specified in standard)<br />LU #1<br />EPON<br />TXR<br />Fiber<br />E-PON<br />LU #N, N ≤32<br />LU #N, N ≤32<br />Splitter<br />1000BASE-PX20 per IEEE 802.3ah<br />Network optical transceiver (TXR) shared by “N” subscribers<br />*OLT implementations may not necessarily support all PON technologies indicated<br />
    36. 36. Example of WDM-PON<br />3/10/2011<br />27<br />Hybrid WDM-PON example<br />Wavelength Splitter <br />ONT<br />(Fixed Optics)<br />TDMA<br />Power Splitter<br />Access Node<br />ONT<br />Bitrate 1<br />Dedicated l1 pair<br />SNI<br />Feeder Fiber<br />OLT<br />Fixed* or adaptable optics<br />1 to N ls on Single Fiber<br />ONT<br />Bitrate 2<br />Dedicated l2 pair<br />ONT<br />(Fixed Optics)<br />TDMA<br />Wavelength selection here<br />Power Splitter<br />* “Fixed” optics might be a cost reduced version of convention DWDM long-haul optics NOTE: Most believe adaptable optics will be required for a practical WDM-PON system<br />ColorlessONTs: Transmitter and receiver front-end filter characteristics are wavelength adaptable<br />
    37. 37. Intelligent Network Build-Out<br />Sophisticated planning tool to model network expansion based on existing facilities, anchor tenants, and interested customers<br />Model new facilities in minutes with fiber and wireless transport<br />Quote tail circuits in hours instead of days<br />28<br />3/10/2011<br />
    38. 38. Business Model—Public/Private Partnership<br />Assist local entity to plan, build, operate, and sell capacity on open-access, last-mile, fiber-based broadband networks owned by municipality<br /><ul><li>Most small cities do not have the expertise to complete such a project
    39. 39. A single community does not offer economies of scale to attract business and residential service providers</li></ul>Municipality<br />Network Operator<br />Finances the project<br />Owns title to infrastructure<br />Access to right-of-ways<br />Sets codes and ordinances based on best practices<br />Sets pricing for non-discriminatory access to infrastructure<br />Interconnection at point-of-presence (POP) for service providers<br />All franchise agreements still valid<br />Local entity contracts to Network Operator to intelligently build-out and manage last-mile infrastructure<br />Planning and construction<br />Best practices<br />Pricing & billing for city<br />Order management<br />Service activation<br />Monitoring & maintenance<br />Operator acts as agent for entity to lease/sell last-mile access to residential and business service providers<br />29<br />3/10/2011<br />
    40. 40. Impediments<br />Financial<br />Legal<br />Incumbents<br />Taxpayers<br />30<br />3/10/2011<br />
    41. 41. Competition<br />Incumbent service providers: telephone and cable companies (PMO)<br />Wireless service providers: Verizon Wireless, AT&T Wireless, Sprint, T-Mobile USA<br />Satellite service providers: DISH/EchoStar, DirectTV, HughesNet, WildBlue<br />3/10/2011<br />31<br />
    42. 42. The Future of Open-Access Muni Networks<br />Choice<br />Economical<br />Societal Benefits<br />Economic Vitality<br />3/10/2011<br />32<br />A proven business model that will increase broadband penetration in un-served and underserved areas.<br />
    43. 43. 3/10/2011<br />33<br />

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