HNFE 2014 Spring 2015

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  • Parts 1a and 1b
  • Parts 1c and 1d
  • Part 2
  • Parts 3a and 3b
  • Part 4
  • HNFE 2014 Spring 2015

    1. 1. HNFE 2014: ORIENTATION TO SCHOLARLY RESEARCH & RESOURCES Rebecca Miller millerrk@vt.edu OR hnfelibrarian@vt.edu 540-231-9669 February 2015
    2. 2. “RESEARCH”  Involves identifying and locating sources that provide factual information or personal/expert opinion on a research question  A necessary component of all research projects/questions/methods at some point  What IS the library, and why is it still relevant?
    3. 3. NEWMAN LIBRARY  Physically, Newman Library houses most of the research materials at VT  Other branches include Vet Med and Art + Architecture  Aside from books, journals, and reference help, you will find:  Comm Lab  Electronic equipment (laptops, iPads, etc.)  Language Resource Lab  Writing Center
    4. 4. NEWMAN LIBRARY SERVICES  Circulation  Check out books, DVDs, journals, equipment and more!  Use your Hokie Passport to do this  Request It! service  “Reserve” books are also found here  Reference & research help  Librarians. We’re here to help.  Visit the 2nd floor reference desk  Interlibrary Loan  Desktop Delivery  Order a book that the library does not own…it’s FREE to you!
    5. 5. ABOUT YOUR PID  Your personal identification number that lets the library system know you are a member of the VT community  Must have it to:  Sign up for an Interlibrary Loan account  Access databases from off campus  Access electronic journals from off campus  Access electronic books from off campus  Renew your books online  Check your record online  Reserve a book if someone else has it checked out
    6. 6.  Start at the University Library’s website; it is a portal to all databases, books, journal articles, and other resources http://www.lib.vt.edu  Next, you may want to visit the HNFE Subject Guide for ideas on where to begin research STARTING RESEARCH
    7. 7. RESEARCH QUESTION KEYWORD SEARCH Is melatonin treatment effective for children with insomnia? “melatonin treatment” AND children AND insomnia
    8. 8. BUILDING SEARCHES Use our Search Strategy Builder: http://www.lib.vt.edu/help/portal/search-strategy- builder.html Use PubMed’s Search Builder: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/advanced/
    9. 9. INFORMATION FORMATS  Books  Addison  Summon  Journal articles  Summon  Databases Where to search?
    10. 10. SUMMON  The “library search engine”
    11. 11. PERIODICAL LITERATURE  While books represent the best way to gain a basic understanding (background) of your chosen topic, periodical literature will let you gain an understanding of the current conversation revolving around your topic.  What is a periodical? And how do you search for related periodical articles?  Think magazines, newspapers, journals…
    12. 12. DATABASES  Definition: Generally, a large, computer-based file of organized information. In library terms, such a file, devoted to a specific subject and organized for information search and retrieval. For example, PubMed is a database of sources, such as journal articles, for the study of medical-related material. May also be called an “index.”
    13. 13. DATABASES…  Most likely, you will be using a database to look for a periodical article much like you would use the online catalog to look for a book  The information is organized in the same way  Databases will let you search for individual articles, which the catalog will not let you do  How do you decide which databases to use?
    14. 14. SELECTING A DATABASE  Currently, at VT, we subscribe to nearly 1,000 databases  Search for a specific database using the “Databases” tab on the homepage OR  Use a related Subject Guide as your starting point, and view recommended databases
    15. 15. DATABASE DEMONSTRATION  PubMed  Visit through the library website  Make sure you’re logged in to Off Campus Sign In to view the Get VText icon  The most comprehensive medical database  Some full text articles, some bibliographic articles  Limits: dates, publication types, subjects  Web of Science  Visit through the library website  If off campus, must log in to view this database  Completely bibliographic database
    16. 16. USING KEYWORDS IN PUBMED
    17. 17. LIMITING YOUR SEARCH IN PUBMED
    18. 18. FINDING FULL TEXT  Often, databases will offer the “full text” of an article—the complete article  Sometimes, it will not: you may need to be able to track down the article from its citation or through options in the database  Look for the Get VText icon in the database you are searching (make sure you are logged in through Off Campus Sign In)  Or, use the citation to track down the article through Addison (or Interlibrary Loan)
    19. 19. A WORD ON PEER REVIEW  What is peer review?  Also known as “scholarly” or “refereed” (as opposed to “popular”)  An editorial process in which experts from a particular discipline scrutinize articles before they are published by a journal  Why is it helpful to us, as researchers?  We can trust that the information presented in a peer- reviewed article or journal is authoritative  You WANT to use peer-reviewed journals in your research So, how can you tell if an article is from a peer-reviewed journal?
    20. 20. DETERMINING PEER REVIEW  The journal’s website—they will tell you if it’s peer reviewed  Ulrich’s Periodical Directory  Using “limiting” options in a database that allows you to search specifically for peer-reviewed articles  Understanding the principles behind scholarly work, and recognizing them…
    21. 21. RESOURCE EVALUATION, IN GENERAL  Consider:  Currency—when was the book/article/website published?  Audience—who is this information intended for? Why?  Authority—who is the author? What are his/her credentials?  Publisher/sponsoring body—is this an academic press? A hate group? Do they have a bias/agenda?  Organization—is the book/article organized well? Is the grammar correct? Are there footnotes, endnotes, and a bibliography?  Coverage—is the topic treated with depth? Does the book/article contribute to the existing body of knowledge?
    22. 22. A WORD ON CITATIONS  There are many different styles of citations, but they all have the same components  When conducting research, it will be necessary to understand citations:  You will need to create citations when you attribute your sources in papers/projects you create  You will need to understand how to find the original resource from the citations given in databases or other bibliographies
    23. 23. CREATING APA CITATIONS Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ • Find more information on the library website:
    24. 24. READING & USING CITATIONS  Citations can provide you with an “address” for tracking down additional articles  How could we find the full article for the following citation? Hellström, P. M. (2013, November). Obesity research in adolescence: moving object--hard to target. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. pp. 1147-1148.
    25. 25. USING CITATIONS TO FIND ARTICLES  2 easy options:  Use Summon to search for the article title  Search our journal finder for the journal title (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition) and see if we subscribe to it
    26. 26. REVIEW  Library services  Starting research  Locating research resources  Determining peer review  Finding full text  Good evaluation criteria  APA citations  Your questions…
    27. 27. Thank you! Contact me if you have any lingering questions: Rebecca Miller hnfelibrarian@vt.edu 5004 Newman Library 540-231-9669

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