HNFE 2014 Spring 2014
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HNFE 2014 Spring 2014






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HNFE 2014 Spring 2014 HNFE 2014 Spring 2014 Presentation Transcript

  • HNFE 2014: ORIENTATION TO SCHOLARLY RESEARCH & RESOURCES Rebecca Miller OR 540-231-9669 February 2014
  • “LIBRARY RESEARCH”  Involves identifying and locating sources that provide factual information or personal/expert opinion on a research question  A necessary component of all research projects/questions/methods at some point  What IS the library, and why is it still relevant?
  • NEWMAN LIBRARY  Physically, Newman Library houses most of the research materials at VT   Other branches include Vet Med and Art + Architecture Aside from books, journals, and reference help, you will find: Comm Lab  Electronic equipment (laptops, iPads, etc.)  Language Resource Lab  Writing Center 
  • NEWMAN LIBRARY SERVICES  Circulation Check out books, DVDs, journals, equipment and more!  Use your Hokie Passport to do this  Request It! service  “Reserve” books are also found here   Reference & research help Librarians. We’re here to help.  Visit the 2nd floor reference desk   Interlibrary Loan Desktop Delivery  Order a book that the library does not own…it’s FREE to you! 
  • ABOUT YOUR PID  Your personal identification number that lets the library system know you are a member of the VT community  Must have it to:        Sign up for an Interlibrary Loan account Access databases from off campus Access electronic journals from off campus Access electronic books from off campus Renew your books online Check your record online Reserve a book if someone else has it checked out
  • STARTING RESEARCH Start at the University Library’s website; it is a portal to all databases, books, journal articles, and other resources  Next, you may want to visit the HNFE Subject Guide for ideas on where to begin research 
  • RESEARCH QUESTION KEYWORD SEARCH Is melatonin treatment effective for children with insomnia? “melatonin treatment” AND children AND insomnia
  • BUILDING SEARCHES Use our Search Strategy Builder: Use PubMed’s Search Builder:
  • INFORMATION FORMATS  Books Addison  Summon   Journal articles Summon  Databases  Where to search?
  • LOCATING A BOOK  When on a college campus, using the university’s library catalog is the BEST and FASTEST method for doing this  Here at VT, we have Addison, available at:
  • SUMMON  The “library search engine”
  • PERIODICAL LITERATURE  While books represent the best way to gain a basic understanding (background) of your chosen topic, periodical literature will let you gain an understanding of the current conversation revolving around your topic.  What is a periodical? And how do you search for related periodical articles?  Think magazines, newspapers, journals…
  • DATABASES  Definition: Generally, a large, computer-based file of organized information. In library terms, such a file, devoted to a specific subject and organized for information search and retrieval. For example, PubMed is a database of sources, such as journal articles, for the study of medical-related material. May also be called an “index.”
  • DATABASES… Most likely, you will be using a database to look for a periodical article much like you would use the online catalog to look for a book  The information is organized in the same way  Databases will let you search for individual articles, which the catalog will not let you do   How do you decide which databases to use?
  • SELECTING A DATABASE  Currently, at VT, we subscribe to nearly 1,000 databases  Search for a specific database using the “Databases” tab on the homepage OR  Use a related Subject Guide as your starting point, and view recommended databases
  • DATABASE DEMONSTRATION  PubMed       Visit through the library website Make sure you’re logged in to Off Campus Sign In to view the Get VText icon The most comprehensive medical database Some full text articles, some bibliographic articles Limits: dates, publication types, subjects Web of Science Visit through the library website  If off campus, must log in to view this database  Completely bibliographic database 
  • FINDING FULL TEXT Often, databases will offer the “full text” of an article—the complete article  Sometimes, it will not: you may need to be able to track down the article from its citation or through options in the database  Look for the Get VText icon in the database you are searching (make sure you are logged in through Off Campus Sign In)  Or, use the citation to track down the article through Addison (or Interlibrary Loan) 
  • A WORD ON PEER REVIEW  What is peer review? Also known as “scholarly” or “refereed” (as opposed to “popular”)  An editorial process in which experts from a particular discipline scrutinize articles before they are published by a journal   Why is it helpful to us, as researchers? We can trust that the information presented in a peerreviewed article or journal is authoritative  You WANT to use peer-reviewed journals in your research  So, how can you tell if an article is from a peer-reviewed journal?
  • DETERMINING PEER REVIEW  The journal’s website—they will tell you if it’s peer reviewed  Ulrich’s Periodical Directory  Using “limiting” options in a database that allows you to search specifically for peer-reviewed articles  Understanding the principles behind scholarly work, and recognizing them…
  • RESOURCE EVALUATION, IN GENERAL  Consider:       Currency—when was the book/article/website published? Audience—who is this information intended for? Why? Authority—who is the author? What are his/her credentials? Publisher/sponsoring body—is this an academic press? A hate group? Do they have a bias/agenda? Organization—is the book/article organized well? Is the grammar correct? Are there footnotes, endnotes, and a bibliography? Coverage—is the topic treated with depth? Does the book/article contribute to the existing body of knowledge?
  • A WORD ON CITATIONS There are many different styles of citations, but they all have the same components  When conducting research, it will be necessary to understand citations:  You will need to create citations when you attribute your sources in papers/projects you create  You will need to understand how to find the original resource from the citations given in databases or other bibliographies 
  • CREATING APA CITATIONS Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved from • Find more information on the library website:
  • READING & USING CITATIONS  Citations can provide you with an “address” for tracking down additional articles  How could we find the full article for the following citation? Hellström, P. M. (2013, November). Obesity research in adolescence: moving object--hard to target. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. pp. 1147-1148.
  • USING CITATIONS TO FIND ARTICLES  2 easy options: Use Summon to search for the article title  Search our journal finder for the journal title (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition) and see if we subscribe to it 
  • REVIEW Library services  Starting research  Locating books & periodicals  Determining peer review  Finding full text  Good evaluation criteria  APA citations  Your questions… 
  • Thank you! Contact me if you have any lingering questions: Rebecca Miller 5004 Newman Library 540-231-9669