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  • 1. Drama By Derick Miller
  • 2. What Is Drama? A drama is a story enacted onstage for a live audience .
  • 3.
    • Origins of Drama
      • The word drama comes from the Greek verb dran, which means “to do.”
        • The earliest known plays . . .
          • were written around the fifth century B.C.
          • produced for festivals to honor Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility
  • 4. Dramatic Structure Like the plot of a story, the plot of a play involves characters who face a problem or conflict. Climax point of highest tension; action determines how the conflict will be resolved Resolution conflict is resolved; play ends Plot: Sequence of events that develop the drama Exposition characters and conflict are introduced
  • 5. Elements of Drama
  • 6. There are three types of Drama Elements.
    • Literary
    • Technical
    • Performance
  • 7. Literary Elements (What is needed to write a script or story?)
    • Script
    • Plot
    • Character
    • Story Organization
    • Setting
    • Dialogue
    • Monologue /soliloquy/aside
    • Conflict
  • 8. Technical Elements (What is needed to produce a play?)
    • Scenery
    • Costumes
    • Props
    • Sound and Music
    • Make-up
  • 9. Performance Elements (What do the actors do on stage to make a character come alive?)
    • Acting
    • Speaking
    • Non-verbal Expression
  • 10. But…what do all these words mean?
  • 11. All the elements of drama combine to make a good production. They are all important. Some demonstrate more of one element than others.
  • 12. Literary Elements
    • Script?
    • A script is the written words and directions of a play.
  • 13. Literary Elements
    • Plot?
    • The plot is the storyline or arrangement of action.
  • 14. Literary Elements
    • Character?
    • A character is a person portrayed in a drama.
  • 15. Literary Elements
    • Story Organization?
    • The story organization is how a story is told – the beginning, middle and end.
  • 16. Literary Elements
    • Setting?
    • The setting is where the action takes place.
  • 17. Literary Elements
    • Dialogue?
    • A dialogue is a spoken conversation between two characters.
  • 18. Literary Elements
    • Monologue?
    • A monologue is a long speech made by one person.
    • Soliloquy? A character alone on stage reveals private thoughts.
    • Aside? A character briefly expresses private thoughts to the audience that other characters on stage cannot hear.
  • 19. Literary Elements
    • Conflict?
    • The internal or external struggle between opposing forces, ideas, or interests that create dramatic tension.
  • 20. Technical Elements
    • Scenery?
    • The scenery is theatrical equipment such as curtains, backdrops, and platforms to communicate the environment. An example might be trees to show a forest environment.
  • 21. Technical Elements
    • Props?
    • Props are any article other than costumes or scenery used as part of a dramatic production. An example might be a table on the stage.
  • 22. Technical Elements
    • Sound and Music?
    • Sound is the effect an audience hears during a show, like the sound of rain. And music – well, you know what music is!
  • 23. Technical Elements
    • Make-up?
    • Make-up is the use of costumes, wigs and body paint to transform an actor into a character.
  • 24. Performance Elements
    • Acting?
    • Acting is how speaking and moving help to create characters.
  • 25. Performance Elements
    • Non-verbal Expression
    • Non-expression includes gestures, facial expressions, and movement.
  • 26. Performance Elements
    • Speaking
    • Speaking is vocal expression, projection, speaking style and diction.
  • 27. The ancient Greeks developed drama, making two basic types of play.
    • These two types are:
    • A Tragedy
    • A Comedy
  • 28. Tragedy A tragedy is a play that ends unhappily. right and wrong justice and injustice life and death
      • Most classic Greek tragedies deal with serious, universal themes such as
  • 29. The protagonist of most classical tragedies is a tragic hero. This hero
      • is noble and in many ways admirable
      • has a tragic flaw, a personal failing that leads to a tragic end
    rebelliousness jealousy pride Tragedy
  • 30. Comedy A comedy is a play that ends happily. The plot usually centers on a romantic conflict. boy meets girl boy loses girl boy wins girl
  • 31. Comedy The main characters in a comedy could be anyone: nobility servants townspeople
  • 32. Comedy
      • Comic complications always occur before the conflict is resolved .
      • In most cases, the play ends with a wedding.
  • 33.
    • A comedy ends happily after an amusing series of problem.
    • Tragedy stresses human greatness, but comedy emphasizes human faults and the weaknesses of society
  • 34. Thanks
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