0
Forest and Wood Residues
in a Low Carbon Future




C. Scott Miller
Price BIOstock, Marketing Consultant
BIOstock Blog, Ed...
14+ million tons
                                            per year




Victoria, Australia



                      PBS...
The Price Companies Business Model

                       Suppliers receive:
                         – A fair price for...
Overview


 The carbon footprint challenge
 Lessons learned from the forest products
  industry
 New tools in our arsen...
USDA - Greenhouse Gas Impact 1990-2030




Temperature
                 USDA Climate Change Program Office May 2008 Report...
USDA - Greenhouse Gas Impact 1990-2030




Temperature                               Precipitation
                 USDA C...
BIOpower mandates - Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)

      How will regions meet federal RPS mandates?
               ...
U.S. Energy Consumption Timeline (1775-2000)

                                                                    ‘70s Oi...
The Carbon Cycle
Carbon footprint comparison

     Fossil Energy and Fuels


         Carbon
         positive



         +5




Fossil
fu...
Carbon footprint comparison

     Fossil Energy and Fuels
                              Less
                             ...
Carbon footprint comparison

     Fossil Energy and Fuels                       Renewable Energy
                         ...
Carbon footprint comparison

     Fossil Energy and Fuels                       Renewable Energy
                         ...
‘70’s “Cradle-to-grave” material value cycle



Wood Biomass         +$
& Grid Power




                                 ...
‘80’s “Cradle-to-cradle” bioenergy value cycle



                    +$
Wood Biomass



  Waste as
                      ...
New “Cradle-to-cradle” bioenergy value cycle

Flexible
Feedstock
- Wood
                             +$
- Energy crops
- R...
U.S. renewable energy growth




                               ACORE - Biomass Coordinating Council
EISA’s mandated growth by fuel - 2006 to 2022
                                              2022




                     ...
Feedstock sustainability: lifecycle GHG compared*

                    Palm                  Sugar
            Corn     Oi...
Feedstock sustainability: lifecycle GHG compared*

                        Palm                   Sugar
             Corn ...
Feedstock sustainability: lifecycle GHG compared*

                        Palm                           Agric.    Woody
...
Feedstock sustainability: lifecycle GHG compared*

                        Palm                           Agric.    Woody ...
Biofuel energy balance comparison




Sierra Club & Worldwatch Inst. - “Smart Choices for Biofuels”
Decentralized
resource “basins”

                    25 Miles

                    50 Miles

                    75 Miles
...
Decentralized biomass feedstock potential

        MSW
                     Wood
   Hybrid                                ...
Improving yield per acre


   Marginal land adaptability
   Shorter, perennial crop rotation -
    ideally at 5 years
 ...
Multiple Stresses of a Changing Climate




                  2003 National Assessment Synthesis Team, US Global Change Re...
Thinnings & salvage

                         6 of the 7 worst fire seasons


                    U.S. Forest Fires
      ...
Beetle kill deforestation
Hurricane disaster debris



Destruction demolition waste




                                             Katrina knockdo...
Raven Energy
Kamloops, BC




                                       Range Fuels
                                       So...
Biomass Supply Chain Opportunities

Challenges:        Solutions:
                   —   New species, Improved genetics
 ...
Example: $25/ton Biomass Delivered to Mill



                               $7
                            Stumpage

    ...
Stumpage Prices
The Regulatory “Blend Wall” Challenge
                                                   2022


                          ...
Georgia’s qualifying biomass



                              Before EISA RFS
                             23,000,000 acre...
Georgia’s qualifying biomass



                            Before EISA RFS
                           23,000,000 acres
  ...
California’s qualifying biomass



                                Before EISA RFS
                               19,000,0...
California’s qualifying biomass



                               Before EISA RFS
                              19,000,000...
Summary


 Bioenergy addresses carbon footprint challenge
 Forest products industry is a blueprint for
  developing inte...
Forest and Wood Residues
in a Low Carbon Future




C. Scott Miller
Price BIOstock, Marketing Consultant
BIOstock Blog, Ed...
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Price BIOstock 051409

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Forest and Wood Residues as Feedstock in a Low Carbon Future

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Transcript of "Price BIOstock 051409"

  1. 1. Forest and Wood Residues in a Low Carbon Future C. Scott Miller Price BIOstock, Marketing Consultant BIOstock Blog, Editor May, 2008
  2. 2. 14+ million tons per year Victoria, Australia PBS Headquarters Wood Chipping
  3. 3. The Price Companies Business Model  Suppliers receive: – A fair price for feedstock – A preferred delivery point  Client specifies: – Woodchip or other product – Site of the receiving/processing yard  Price provides: – Feedstock procurement and delivery – Design/construction of receiving yard – Management of preparation facility
  4. 4. Overview  The carbon footprint challenge  Lessons learned from the forest products industry  New tools in our arsenal  Biomass opportunities and challenges
  5. 5. USDA - Greenhouse Gas Impact 1990-2030 Temperature USDA Climate Change Program Office May 2008 Report based on IPCC, 2006
  6. 6. USDA - Greenhouse Gas Impact 1990-2030 Temperature Precipitation USDA Climate Change Program Office May 2008 Report based on IPCC, 2006
  7. 7. BIOpower mandates - Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) How will regions meet federal RPS mandates? State-by-state RPS ~10-20% Solar Bioenergy Wind PEW Center on Global Climate Change
  8. 8. U.S. Energy Consumption Timeline (1775-2000)  ‘70s Oil Civil War - Coal emerges Crisis  World War I&2 - Oil emerges Quad  Cold War - Nuclear emerges World BTU  War II 2 Oil Crises and Global Warming 40 - Renewables re-emerge World 30 War I 20 Civil War 10 0 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION
  9. 9. The Carbon Cycle
  10. 10. Carbon footprint comparison Fossil Energy and Fuels Carbon positive +5 Fossil fuels BIOpact Blog
  11. 11. Carbon footprint comparison Fossil Energy and Fuels Less Carbon Carbon positive positive +5 +4 Fossil Fossil Carbon fuels Fuels sequestration BIOpact Blog
  12. 12. Carbon footprint comparison Fossil Energy and Fuels Renewable Energy Less Carbon Carbon Carbon positive positive neutral +5 +4 0 Fossil Fossil Carbon Cleantech fuels Fuels sequestration solar, wind, & hydro BIOpact Blog
  13. 13. Carbon footprint comparison Fossil Energy and Fuels Renewable Energy Less Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon positive positive neutral negative +5 +4 0 -2 Fossil Fossil Carbon Cleantech BioEnergy fuels Fuels sequestration solar, wind, with carbon & hydro storage BIOpact Blog
  14. 14. ‘70’s “Cradle-to-grave” material value cycle Wood Biomass +$ & Grid Power Biomass Conversion Pulp & Paper Waste to Landfill
  15. 15. ‘80’s “Cradle-to-cradle” bioenergy value cycle +$ Wood Biomass Waste as Biomass an Energy Conversion Feedstock Parasitic Load - Black liquor Pulp & Paper - Sawdust - Wood residues - Bark
  16. 16. New “Cradle-to-cradle” bioenergy value cycle Flexible Feedstock - Wood +$ - Energy crops - Residues - MSW Biomass Waste as Parasitic Conversion an Energy Load Feedstock Pulp & Paper Biofuels Bioplastics Centralized Heat Power to Grid
  17. 17. U.S. renewable energy growth ACORE - Biomass Coordinating Council
  18. 18. EISA’s mandated growth by fuel - 2006 to 2022 2022 Corn Ethanol Cellulosic Biofuels 2012 2005 7.5B x 2012 BioDiesel Other Biofuels Green Car Congress
  19. 19. Feedstock sustainability: lifecycle GHG compared* Palm Sugar Corn Oil Soy Canola Cane Lifecycle Roughly 25-50% >75% GHG vs. equal less less Oil-based The Nature Conservancy
  20. 20. Feedstock sustainability: lifecycle GHG compared* Palm Sugar Corn Oil Soy Canola Cane Lifecycle Roughly 25-50% >75% GHG vs. equal less less Oil-based Water Fertilizer Pesticides Energy Resource Consumption Very High Low The Nature Conservancy
  21. 21. Feedstock sustainability: lifecycle GHG compared* Palm Agric. Woody Sugar Corn Oil Waste Biomass Soy Canola Cane Lifecycle Roughly 25-50% >75% >95% less to GHG vs. equal less less net sequestration* Oil-based Water Fertilizer Pesticides Energy *depends on methods & type Resource Consumption Very High Low The Nature Conservancy
  22. 22. Feedstock sustainability: lifecycle GHG compared* Palm Agric. Woody Switch Native Sugar Corn Oil Waste Biomass grass prairie Algae Soy Canola Cane Lifecycle Roughly 25-50% >75% >95% less to Net GHG vs. equal less less net sequestration* sequestration Oil-based Water Fertilizer Pesticides Energy *depends on methods & type Resource Consumption Very High Low The Nature Conservancy
  23. 23. Biofuel energy balance comparison Sierra Club & Worldwatch Inst. - “Smart Choices for Biofuels”
  24. 24. Decentralized resource “basins” 25 Miles 50 Miles 75 Miles Haul times
  25. 25. Decentralized biomass feedstock potential MSW Wood Hybrid Wood Hybrid Wood Hybrid Wood Wood Wood Hybrid Hybrid Wood MSW Wood MSW Hybrid MSW Wood MSW Hybrid Corn Corn Wood Hybrid MSW Wood MSW MSW Corn Corn Wood Corn MSW MSW Corn MSW MSW MSW MSW Corn MSW MSW Wood Wood Hybrid Wood MSW Corn Hybrid Wood Wood MSW Hybrid Wood MSW Wood Hybrid Wood MSW Hybrid MSW Wood Wood MSW Hybrid Wood MSW Wood Wood Hybrid Wood Wood MSW MSW MSW MSW MSW Hybrid Hybrid MSW MSW
  26. 26. Improving yield per acre  Marginal land adaptability  Shorter, perennial crop rotation - ideally at 5 years  More carbon sequestration  Better pest and fire resistance  Higher drought and climate tolerance  Streamline processability  New growing and harvesting techniques US DOE, 6/2006
  27. 27. Multiple Stresses of a Changing Climate 2003 National Assessment Synthesis Team, US Global Change Research Program
  28. 28. Thinnings & salvage 6 of the 7 worst fire seasons U.S. Forest Fires 1960-2007 Cone Fire - 2002 National Interagency Fire Center, 200
  29. 29. Beetle kill deforestation
  30. 30. Hurricane disaster debris Destruction demolition waste Katrina knockdown - 5,000,000 acres (Mount St. Helens - 130,000 acres) J.Q. Chambers et al., Science 318, 1107 (2007) Published by AAAS
  31. 31. Raven Energy Kamloops, BC Range Fuels Soperton, GA PB Headquarters Biorefinery Contracts
  32. 32. Biomass Supply Chain Opportunities Challenges: Solutions: — New species, Improved genetics  Yield — Shorter rotation — Marginal land  Harvesting — Utilize existing waste — Cost efficient one pass process  Transportation — Minimize hauling distances — Specialized rigs — Increase gross vehicle weight  Pre-processing — Good economic analysis — Flexibility as technology evolves  Sustainability — Develop BMP’s, outside attestation
  33. 33. Example: $25/ton Biomass Delivered to Mill $7 Stumpage $13 Processing $5 Freight
  34. 34. Stumpage Prices
  35. 35. The Regulatory “Blend Wall” Challenge 2022 Cellulosic Biofuels Corn Ethanol 10% Blend Wall BioDiesel Other Biofuels Green Car Congress
  36. 36. Georgia’s qualifying biomass Before EISA RFS 23,000,000 acres One dot = 5,000 acres Federal land USDA Forest Service - Forest Inventory and Analysis National Program
  37. 37. Georgia’s qualifying biomass Before EISA RFS 23,000,000 acres vs. 7,300,000 acres After RFS One dot = 5,000 acres Federal land USDA Forest Service - Forest Inventory and Analysis National Program
  38. 38. California’s qualifying biomass Before EISA RFS 19,000,000 acres One dot = 5,000 acres Federal land USDA Forest Service - Forest Inventory and Analysis National Program
  39. 39. California’s qualifying biomass Before EISA RFS 19,000,000 acres vs. 500,000 acres After RFS One dot = 5,000 acres Federal land USDA Forest Service - Forest Inventory and Analysis National Program
  40. 40. Summary  Bioenergy addresses carbon footprint challenge  Forest products industry is a blueprint for developing integrated biorefineries  Bioenergy infrastructure helps environment  Biomass opportunities and challenges require advocacy and public education
  41. 41. Forest and Wood Residues in a Low Carbon Future C. Scott Miller Price BIOstock, Marketing Consultant BIOstock Blog, Editor May, 2008
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