Hiv.Aids 5th Grade 11.15.07


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  • Hiv.Aids 5th Grade 11.15.07

    1. 1. HIV/AIDS 5 th Grade Central Bucks School District Click here for teacher notes.
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Open your student booklet to page 1, read “What Do You Know About AIDS?” and then complete the self-test. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>What the terms AIDS and HIV mean </li></ul><ul><li>What causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>How HIV is spread </li></ul><ul><li>What HIV does to the body </li></ul><ul><li>Who can get HIV </li></ul><ul><li>How HIV can be avoided </li></ul>We will learn:
    4. 4. What Does AIDS mean ? <ul><li>A cquired – Gotten </li></ul><ul><li>I mmune – Resistance to disease </li></ul><ul><li>D eficiency – Shortage </li></ul><ul><li>S yndrome – a combination of symptoms of symptoms </li></ul>
    5. 5. What Does HIV mean? <ul><li>H uman – A person </li></ul><ul><li>I mmunodeficiency - Not enough protection from disease </li></ul><ul><li>V irus - Infectious disease </li></ul>
    6. 6. AIDS is a disease that a person gets from someone else. The body of a person who has AIDS is no longer immune to, or safe from, attacking germs. Why are they no longer immune? The AIDS patient’s body is deficient or lacking something that helps the body fight off other diseases. In time, the person infected with the AIDS virus shows certain symptoms, or signs, of diseases that result from a lack of immune protection.
    7. 7. AIDS in North America, Asia, and Africa (1980-2000) <ul><li>After looking at the next 3 map slides, answer the these questions True or False : </li></ul><ul><li>North America is the area where reported cases of HIV are decreasing . </li></ul><ul><li>Asia is the area where reported cases of HIV are increasing . </li></ul>
    8. 8. Slide #1
    9. 9. Slide #2
    10. 10. Slide #3
    11. 11. AIDS in North America, Asia, and Africa (1980-2000) <ul><li>True or False : </li></ul><ul><li>North America is the area where reported cases of HIV are decreasing . </li></ul><ul><li>Asia is the area where reported cases of HIV are increasing . </li></ul>
    12. 12. Questions and Activities <ul><li>Answers the questions on page 3 and 4 in your booklet. </li></ul><ul><li>is the virus that causes by attacking the body’s immune system. It breaks down the immune system, making infected people vulnerable to fatal infections. </li></ul>HIV AIDS
    13. 13. How is HIV spread? <ul><li>AIDS is a life threatening disease. While anyone can acquire AIDS, the virus is more likely to be contracted by people who: </li></ul><ul><li>engage in sexual activities </li></ul><ul><li>share intravenous drug needles </li></ul><ul><li>are born to an infected mother </li></ul>
    14. 14. Which Diseases Do Viruses Cause? <ul><li>Viruses cause most colds. Viruses are germs that cause disease. Viruses are very tiny. A powerful microscope is needed see them with the human eye. </li></ul><ul><li>About 200 different viruses can cause what we call &quot;colds.&quot; Other viruses cause flu, chicken pox, polio, measles, mumps, and other diseases. A different virus causes each disease. </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>You can catch a cold, the flu, and many other diseases just by being around someone who has the disease. You can also catch the viruses that cause those diseases by touching tissues, dishes, or silverware that an infected person has just used. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Can Diseases Caused by Viruses Be Cured? <ul><li>Most diseases caused by viruses last only a few days or weeks. The body is able to fight off or destroy the virus that causes the disease. Even if you have a very bad cold, a doctor can give you medicine that will help you feel more comfortable. The medicine can help ease the symptoms of the cold until the cold goes away. </li></ul><ul><li>However, there is no medicine that PREVENTS colds or destroys the viruses that cause them. After years of study, scientists still have not found a cure for the common cold. </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>There are also no cures for mumps, measles, smallpox, whooping cough, or polio. But years ago, scientists discovered ways to prevent people form getting those diseases - vaccines . </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccines are a treatment that can prevent polio, measles, mumps, and certain other diseases caused by viruses. Most school systems in the United States require that children be vaccinated before starting school. That’s the main reason you seldom hear about epidemics of polio, mumps, measles, and whooping cough. </li></ul>
    18. 18. How Does the AIDS Virus Spread? <ul><li>Doctors say people get the AIDS virus mainly in these ways: </li></ul><ul><li>by having sex with someone who is infected with the AIDS virus </li></ul><ul><li>by sharing needles with an intravenous (IV) drug user who has the AIDS virus </li></ul>
    19. 19. IV drug users are people who use needles to inject illegal drugs, such as heroin or cocaine, directly into their blood. Many drug users don’t sterilize , or clean, the needles they use. They often share those needles with others. Some of these drug users have the AIDS virus. When a dirty needle is shared, blood from the infected drug user mixes with blood from the user not already infected and the virus can pass from one user to another.
    20. 20. Other Ways to Spread AIDS <ul><li>A mother with HIV can pass the virus to her baby before or during birth. </li></ul><ul><li>A small number of people have become infected with the AIDS virus as a result of receiving donated blood or blood products that contained the virus. Now, all donated blood is tested for HIV before it is given to another person. Health experts say the risk of becoming infected with the AIDS virus through donated blood has been greatly lessened. </li></ul>
    21. 21. The AIDS Virus Does Not Spread by… <ul><li>The AIDS virus does not live long in the air, as many other viruses do. Scientists say that no one has ever gotten HIV just by: </li></ul><ul><li>touching objects used by a person who is </li></ul><ul><li>infected </li></ul><ul><li>hugging, kissing, or being around someone </li></ul><ul><li>who has the virus. </li></ul>
    22. 22. NO Vaccine, NO Cure <ul><li>No vaccine prevents AIDS. No medicine cures AIDS. And once HIV enters a person’s body, it stays there. The body is not able to stop, fight off, or destroy the AIDS virus. </li></ul>Next: Answer the questions on page 10 in your packet.
    23. 23. How does HIV affect a person’s immune system? <ul><li>A healthy person is exposed </li></ul><ul><li>HIV enters the bloodstream. (It will stay there forever.) </li></ul><ul><li>The person remains healthy. (They may not even know that they have been infected and unknowingly pass the virus on to others.) </li></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>An infected person may remain a carrier for 10 years or more. </li></ul><ul><li>The person’s immune system fights back. White blood cells attack but cannot kill or contain the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV continues to grow and multiply. </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>HIV destroys the white blood cells. As more and more of these cells are destroyed the body’s immune system is severely damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>The victim’s body is no longer able to fight off germs. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, an “opportunistic disease”, such as pneumonia, enters the body. </li></ul><ul><li>The person becomes critically ill. </li></ul>
    26. 26. HIV/AIDS Time Line Over time, the infected person’s immune system breaks down Death This breaking down process may take anywhere from a few weeks to more than ten years. A person becomes infected with HIV .
    27. 27. Answer This! ____________ is an infection caused by a germ that rarely causes disease/death for a person with a normal immune system. Because the HIV virus has made the person’s immune system so weak, they are not able to fight off this “opportunistic disease” and they die. Pneumonia
    28. 28. Who Gets AIDS? <ul><li>Having sex increases a person’s chance of getting HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>Drug addicts who have shared dirty needles when shooting drugs into their blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Babies who are born infected with the AIDS virus. </li></ul>MOST LEAST
    29. 29. Age Groups <ul><li>The greatest number of people with AIDS are from 30 to 39 years old . Since a person can be infected with the AIDS virus and show no signs of illness for ten years or longer, those people might have become infected when they were teenagers or young adults. </li></ul>
    30. 30. <ul><li>Answer questions on page 13 using this graph </li></ul>
    31. 31. Do Teens Get AIDS? <ul><li>Read the information on page 12 in your packet. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the questions on the top of page 13 in your packet. </li></ul>
    32. 32. How Do You Keep from Getting the AIDS Virus? <ul><li>Don’t do drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t have sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Never share anything that has someone else’s blood on it. That includes pins or other objects used to pierce ears; needles used for tattooing; and knives, razor blades, or any other tools used to become a blood brother or sister. </li></ul>
    33. 33. HIV is NOT spread by… <ul><li>Day-to-day contact with people who are infected with the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaking hands or kissing a person who has the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Being sneezed on by someone who has the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Making contact with another person’s tears or sweat. </li></ul><ul><li>Handling food, clothing, erasers, pens, or other personal objects used by a person who has the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Being bitten by an insect. </li></ul>
    34. 34. <ul><li>Insects, furniture, air, and water DON’T spread the AIDS virus. Only people spread the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV can be spread to a person only by another person and only in certain ways. </li></ul>Next: Answer the questions on page 14 and 15 of your packet. Remember…….
    35. 36. Answers to questions are HIV and AIDS. Before revealing answers, allow students to answer based on pictures Before revealing answers, discuss questions.
    36. 37. Before revealing answers, allow students to answer based on pictures Before revealing answers, allow students to answer based on pictures Before revealing answers, allow students to answer based on pictures
    37. 38. Before revealing answers, discuss questions.