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Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
Educational Sociology
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Educational Sociology

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the imformal system and the "hidden curriculum"

the imformal system and the "hidden curriculum"

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  • Through the celebrations of this holiday, students learn the values of courage, truth and justice. It is a day of volunteering to help the others.
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    • 1. The Informal System and the “Hidden Curriculum” 085 蔡泽吟 叶水清 梁婷
    • 2. OUTLINE The Educational “Climate” and School Effectiveness Reproduction theory The social control function of the hidden curriculum The Open Systems Approach and the Informal System
    • 3. The Open Systems Approach and the Informal System
    • 4. Informal system of school
      • Unplanned experience that happen apart from or as a result of the formal, planned curriculum of schools
    • 5. Informal system of school
      • Microlevel : coping strategies of individual students and teachers;
      • Macrolevel : structure and culture of schools
    • 6. input organization output feedback Internal system Structure: hierarchy, rules, regulations Roles: administratiors, teachers, students Informal system: hidden curriculum, climate, power relations, unanticipated consequences
    • 7. Hidden curriculum
      • Definition —
      • “ implicit demands that are found……”
      • “ some of the outcomes or by-products of schools or of non-school settings, particularly those states which are learned but not openly intended.”
      p.259 By Snyder From: Wikipedia
    • 8. Syllabus for Course 101
      • Instructor : Names
      • Text : Names
      • Course topic : Listed
      • Requirements :
      • Readings
      • ……
      • Bibliography
      • Hidden curriculum
      What should I call the instructor? Read it or not? What to learn? Interested or not?
      • Visible curriculum
      What do I really have to do to get by? Am I really supposed to use this?
    • 9.
      • Synonyms
      • unwritten / unstudied / tacit / latent / unnoticed / paracurriculum
      • P260
    • 10. Reproduction theory The social control function of the hidden curriculum
    • 11. Reproduction theory
      • According to conflict theory, hidden curriculum reproduces the social class of students.
      • hidden curriculum serves to maintain the status quo, specifically the dominant culture and prevailing socioeconomic hierarchy
    • 12. How to reproduce the social class?
    • 13. How to reproduce the social class?
      • Different school experiences
      • hidden curriculum teach students the routines for getting along in school and the larger society
      • hidden curriculum contains a social and economic agenda
      • give elites more freedom and opportunity;
      • train non-elites to accept their lots as obedient, punctual workers (p260)
    • 14. How to reproduce the social class?
      • Different behavioral expectations
      • Schools serving more affluent students create environments vastly different from that of schools serving poor students
      • Students try to find the approved responses among the mixed message
      • e.g. report card- --conveying the messages how students are expected to behave
    • 15. Report card
      • traditional school report cards contained a section for teachers to record individual comments about the student's work and behavior.
      • “ puts forth good effort; completes work on time; shows respect of others; follows classroom and school rules; talks at appropriate time; expresses ideas clearly; participates in class discussions; …”
    • 16. THE EDUCATIONAL “CLIMATE” AND SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS
    • 17. The Definition of “Climate” “ Climate refers to a general social condition that characterizes a group, organization, or community, such as the general opinion in a community” ( Brookover, Erickson, and McEvoy, 1996)
    • 18. THE EDUCATIONAL “CLIMATE” AND SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS
      • The Value Climate
      • The School Climate and Effective Schools
      • School culture
      • School learning climate
      • Classroom Learning Climate
      • Classroom codes: interaction in the classroom
      • Student Friendship and Interaction Patterns in the Classroom
      • Seating arrangements and physical conditions in classrooms and schools
      • Size of school and classroom
      • Architecture of schools
    • 19. What is “The Value Climate”? Each major research project concerned with the value climate has include slightly different research questions, variables, methods, and settings, resulting in conclusions that are often diverse and even contradictory.
    • 20. So how does “Value Climate” form?
    • 21. Schools teach more than reading, writing, and arithmetic. Both the formal and informal organization include lessons in values and morals. (Philip Jackson 1993)
    • 22. Moral education came in other forms, such as: Rituals and ceremonies in schools Some moral messages were not taught, but absorbed as part of the educational environment. And so on…
    • 23. Holiday celebrations such as Martin Luther King Day.
    • 24. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! 

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