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Milindthatte on FRA
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Milindthatte on FRA

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Gist of a study in MP, MH, and GJ tribal villages on scenario after Forest Rights Act (FRA) 2006, focussing on forests and livelihood security

Gist of a study in MP, MH, and GJ tribal villages on scenario after Forest Rights Act (FRA) 2006, focussing on forests and livelihood security

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  • 1. Forests, people, and livelihood (A study on post-FRA scenario) by MilindThatte 1contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 2. Contents  Background  Survey  Findings  Issues 2contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 3. Background  FRA – a revolutionary step towards decentralised governance of forests  My involvement at grass-root level  See http://vayamindia.wordpress.com  Perceptions of urban friends (environmentalists) and attitude of the Government administration  Need for understanding the impact of FRA  Need to orient the people towards decentralised governance and inclusive development 3contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 4. Survey  Objective: ◦ to find out the awareness and perceptions of forest- dwelling people about the Forest Rights Act and about forest ◦ to understand people’s perceptions about the availability of forest produce and livelihood options  Sample ◦ 10 villages in MP (Khandwa & Burhanpur) ◦ 10 villages in Gujarat (Dangs) ◦ 11 villages in Maharashtra (Nandurbar)  Tools ◦ Semi-structured interviews & FGD ◦ Secondary information from EPW, NSSO, Census etc. 4contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 5. Findings – I about the implementation of FRA  How did people know about the Act?  Who helped in filing individual claims?  Who helped in filing community claims?  What does revenue department think of FRA?   5contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 6. Who helped in filing claims? Individual claims Support in filing individual claims Number of villages GJ MP MH Gramsevak (GP secretary) 0 3 0 GP members 2 0 0 FRC members 3 4 9 NGO 2 0 2 Political party 0 1 0 Forest Department 2 2 0 Tribal department 1 0 0 Total villages 10 10 11 Community claims Support in filing community claims Number of villages GJ MP MH Gramsevak (GP secretary) 0 3 0 GP members 1 0 0 FRC members 3 0 0 NGO 2 0 1 Political party 0 0 0 FD 0 0 0 Tribal department 0 0 0 Total 6 3 1 6contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 7. Neglect of community rights Gujarat MP Maharashtra Number of villages filing individual claims 9 10 11 Number of villages filing community claims 6 3 1 Types of community claims Gujarat MP Maharashtra Number of claims for public utilities 14 4 4 Number of claims for Nistar (use of NTFP) 10 1 0 Number of claims for IPR on biodiversity 1 0 0 7contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 8. Findings – II about availability of forest resources Firewood availability GJ MP MH High 6 1 1 Medium 2 4 2 Low 2 5 3 Very low 0 0 5 Total 10 10 11  Firewood – alarmingly low  Timber extinct...  Fodder low in 6 villages  Findings about Chironji, Mahua, Bamboo Timber availability GJ MP MH High 2 0 Medium 0 1 2 Low 3 0 1 Very low 0 4 3 Extinct 0 3 5 8 contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 9. Findings – III about livelihood security Water for farming GJ MP MH Villages with 50% or more HH having irrigation 0 0 0 Villages with 30 to 49% HH having irrigation 0 3 0 Villages with 15 to 29% HH having irrigation 2 5 1 Villages with less than 15% HH having irrigation 4 2 5 Villages with no HH having irrigation 4 0 5 Total villages 10 10 11 Work provided by NREGA (or other Govt schemes) GJ MP MH Villages with 50 or more days of work (per HH per year) 1 3 0 Villages with 15 to 49 days of work (per HH per year) 3 4 2 Villages with less than 15 days of work (per HH per year) 3 1 0 Villages with no work 3 2 9 Total villages 10 10 11 9contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 10. Issues  Little capacity building of village institutions  Chaos between Revenue and Forest departments  Heavy bias for individual claims  Neglect of community rights  Resource governance – a long way to go  Instability will continue = extremism may thrive 10contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 11. Recommendations 1. Training to revenue department i. on legal history of forest lands ii. on concept and application of “community property” 2. GP secretaries need a manual on how to register community rights 3. Government should take a drive for community rights, Sangathans cannot reach every village 4. NREGA works must vigorously follow – in order to improve land, water, and forests 5. Village forests – as buffers to protect core 11contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com
  • 12. Recommendations 6. Strategies of re-forestation must consider people’s perceptions about scarcity of particular goods 7. It is unfair to ask 75-year old documentary proof from non-ST forest dwellers 8. Gramsabhas’ capactiy building is necessary and people must be trusted by the Democracy 12contact author at milindthatte@gmail.com | Read: http://forestsandpeople.wordpress.com

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