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Crime White Paper Crime White Paper Document Transcript

  • State of Policing in Mumbai WHITE PAPER STATE OF POLICING IN MUMBAI (April 2008 to March 2012) December 2012 Supported by FORD FOUNDATION 1
  • State of Policing in Mumbai Table of Content Sr. No. Title Page No. I Foreword 4 II Overall Status of the City 5 III Area-wise Status of Mumbai 18 III. 1 North Mumbai 18 III. 2 North West Mumbai 20 III. 3 North East Mumbai 22 III. 4 North Central Mumbai 24 III. 5 South Central Mumbai 26 III. 6 South Mumbai 28 Appendix 1– Survey Methodology 30 Table 1 Table 1: How secure do people feel in Mumbai 5 2 Table 2: Occurrences of Crime in Mumbai City 6 Table 3: Cases Investigated for the year -2011(includes cases from 12Police Zones 3 7 and the Port Zone) 4 Table 4: Trial Cases for the year – 2011(includes 12 Police Zones and Port Zone) 9 Table 5: Designation wise number of Police Personnel sanctioned and working (as of 5 11 July 2012) Table 6: Designation wise number of Police Personnel difference between working 6 12 forces in year 2012 to 2011 7 Table 7: Police Personnel details based on Areas of Mumbai (92 Police Station) 13 8 Table 8: Police Personnel details based on Department (as on 31st July 2012) 13 Table 9: Police Personnel details based on Supervisory level officer (as on 31st July 9 14 2012) 10 Table 10: Specific Crime highest occurrences area wise 15 2
  • State of Policing in Mumbai 11 Table 11: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues area-wise 16 12 Table 12: Property of stolen and recovered in the year 2011 17 13 Table 13: Specific Crime highest occurrences (North Mumbai) 18 14 Table 14: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (North Mumbai) 18 15 Table 15: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (North Mumbai) 19 16 Table 16: Specific Crime highest occurrences (North West Mumbai) 20 17 Table 17: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (North West Mumbai) 20 18 Table 18: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (North West Mumbai) 21 19 Table 19: Specific Crime highest occurrences (Nor North East Mumbai) 22 20 Table 20: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (North East Mumbai) 22 21 Table 21: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (North East Mumbai) 23 22 Table 22: Specific Crime highest occurrences (North Central Mumbai) 24 23 Table 23: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (North Central Mumbai) 24 24 Table 24: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (North Central Mumbai) 25 25 Table 25: Specific Crime highest occurrences (South Central Mumbai) 26 26 Table 26: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (South Central Mumbai) 26 27 Table 27: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (South Central Mumbai) 27 28 Table 28: Specific Crime highest occurrences (South Mumbai) 28 29 Table 29: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (South Mumbai) 28 30 Table 30: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (South Mumbai) 29 3
  • State of Policing in MumbaiI. Foreword Indias police are governed by archaic and colonial police laws harking back to 1861. There has been almost 30 years of debate on policing and reform in India, with commission after commission submitting reports and recommendations to governments. Each report has gone unimplemented. At the end of 2006, there was a shift in the reform process, with a Supreme Court decision that required Indian governments to ensure police accountability and the release of a draft Model Police Act by a national Police Act Drafting Committee. Our latest White Paper on the state of crime raises several crucial issues that need to be debated and deliberated upon to bring about significant policy changes to prevent the ever deteriorating law and order situation in the city of Mumbai. Our papers are full of news about grisly crimes committed against senior citizens. Well, punishment is the biggest deterrent to serious crimes. And in our democratic processes, punishment is solely dependent upon framing of charges, investigation, trial and then conviction. This is where the state and the police need a serious rethink. As our data shows, while law and order situation has remained more or less at the same level for the past couple of years, investigation, solving of crime, trial and conviction for heinous crimes still leave a lot to be desired. The general trend over the last four years is that crime rate has more or less stabilised in the city at the current level. However, certain specific crimes such as Rape, Molestation, Accidents and Vehicle Stolen are growing consistently. In fact road accidents have almost doubling over the past few years. Of the total 71,425 cases filed in Mumbai during 2011-12, 18% (a total of 12,762) cases are related to serious offences. Of this only 45% (a total of 5,772) cases were sent for trial. The rest are pending investigation. And those that went for trial, only 10 per cent got a conviction worth its crime. It is indeed shocking to learn that of the (1,61,528) cases gone into trial, the acquittal rate was a shocking 83 per cent! This clearly means that Mumbai Police needs to augment its investigative prowess. For, strong investigation alone would send cases to trial stages; build watertight prosecution cases and higher conviction. One of the remedial measures could be to separate investigation of crime from regular law and order duties. Let the investigation wing in each police station not be bogged down by bandobast and nakabandi duties. According to experts, this does not even require a legislative intervention. Even the Office of the Police Commissioner or the Home Minister of the state has the power to introduce this much-needed change in the policing policy of the city, and perhaps the state as well. Of course this will call for several other reforms like better training facilities, improvement in quality of police personnel by having a higher educational qualifications at entry level and many other reforms as directed by the Supreme Court. But most of all, this White Paper should be a clarion call for the state to wake up and seriously consider an overhaul of its archaic policing policies that have made over 34% of Mumbaikars feel unsafe, as our survey indicates. NITAI MEHTA, Founder Trustee, Praja Foundation 4
  • State of Policing in MumbaiII. Overall Status of the City Table 1: How secure do people feel in Mumbai Percentage of Respondents1 who feel unsafe in Mumbai How secure do the How secure do the people feel about people feel while women, children and travelling from one How secure do the senior citizens are in place to another Area 2of Mumbai people feel in Mumbai ones locality within the city North Mumbai 32.9% 32.0% 35.5% North West Mumbai 29.5% 36.0% 35.2% North East Mumbai 30.1% 33.0% 34.5% North Central Mumbai 31.3% 35.0% 37.1% South Central Mumbai 32.4% 35.0% 35.6% South Mumbai 29.7% 36.0% 37.9% Inference: As one can see that across the city the feeling of insecurity is equal. Of those surveyed overall 34% feel unsafe. Residents of North Mumbai, North Central Mumbai and South Central Mumbai perceive that the city as most unsafe. 1 Data based on Household survey of 15,191 respondents across the city of Mumbai. Kindly refer to appendix one for more details on the survey methodology. 2 North Mumbai includes: Borivali, Dahisar, Malad West; North West Mumbai includes: Jogeshwari, Goregaon, Andheri; North East Mumbai includes: Mulund, Ghatkopar, Shivaji Nagar; North Central Mumbai includes: VileParle, Kurla, Bandra; South Central Mumbai includes: Chembur, Sion, Koliwada, Mahim; and South Mumbai includes: Worli, Byculla, Colaba, Malabar Hill. 5
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 2: Occurrences of Crime in Mumbai City % Increase % Increase % Increase 2008-09 to 2009-10 to 2010-11 to Specific Crime 2008-093 2009-10 2009-10 2010-11 2010-11 2011-12 2011-12Murder 211 240 14% 240 0 220 -8%Rape 193 171 -11% 180 5% 207 15%Molestation 413 384 -7% 483 26% 552 14%Riot 280 384 37% 385 0% 365 -5%House Breaking(Day/Night) 2731 3047 12% 3386 11% 2813 -17%Chain Snatching 1575 1712 9% 2134 25% 1775 -17%Thefts4 6378 6697 5% 6495 -3% 6271 -3%Accident/FatalAccidents 1437 2080 45% 2583 24% 2867 11%Vehicles Stolen 4245 4436 4% 4339 -2% 4833 11%Inference:The above data represent occurrence of crime in Mumbai from April 2008 to March 2012.The general trend over the last four years is that crime rate has more or less stabilised in the city at thecurrent level. While, certain nature of crime such as Rape, Molestation, Accidents and Vehicle Stolen isgrowing consistently and this is major concern. This also reflects in the survey when 39.4% of thecitizens perceive that they are unsafe.3The period taken into account is a financial year e.g. April 2008 to March 2009 and so on.4Theft including Theft by Servant/Locked Place/Theft at opens Place/Theft from motor vehicle/Vehicle Parts/Mobile 6
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 3: Cases Investigated for the year -2011(includes cases from 12Police Zones and the Port Zone) Cases Investigated for the year -20115 Final Classified Cases sent- Pending Cases Not reports sent Pending final as up inInvestigation Reported in investigated/ (Statement Investigation (Statement) 2011(Charge from 2010 2011 Refused A) as of Dec’11 B/C6 sheet) Part I - I.PC. Act. CLASS - I SERIOUS OFFENCES (Case including rioting unlawful assembly, offences relating to coin, stamps, currency etc.)1269 1072 0 13 112 1024 1192 CLASS - II SERIOUS OFFENCES (Case including Murder, Rape, Grievous Hurt, Kidnapping, Abduction etc.)5625 7137 0 87 656 5772 6247 CLASS - III SERIOUS OFFENCES (Case including Robbery, Killing poisoning or maiming any animal, Extortion, Dacoity etc.)3554 3139 0 204 1400 1592 3497CLASS - IV (Case including Hurt or endangering life, Criminal Intimidation, Wrongful restraint and confinement)1380 1276 0 13 310 717 1616CLASS-V MINOR OFFNCES (Case including Criminal Breach of Trust, Stolen Property, Cheating, Breaking Closed receptacle etc.)15696 13224 0 948 6936 4969 16067 CLASS - VI OTHER OFFENCES (Public nuisance, Insult the modesty of a woman etc.)460 430 0 1 22 398 469 OTHER I.P.C.4365 3048 1 43 436 2401 4532 304-B and 498-A (Dowry deaths, Harassments to married women etc.)317 361 1 2 6 319 350 PART - II Cognizable offences under local & special Laws (Arms Act., Indian Railway Act., Gambling Act., Prevention of Corruption Act. etc.)4803 4269 1 2 42 3588 5439 Total37469 33956 3 1313 9920 20780 394095 Annual Administrative Reports pertain to calendar year for the period from January to December.6 After a FIR is registered and investigation completed either in the case a charge sheet is filled and the case is sent to thecourts for trials (Cases Sent-up) or the case is classified as Statement A (mentioned above as ‘Final Reports Sent’ meaningcases in which charge sheet was not filled but investigation completed. In colloquial police vocabulary Statement A is alsoknown as ‘Case True but not Detected’) or the case is classified as B/C (meaning Cases declared false or mistake of fact orlaw). 7
  • State of Policing in MumbaiNote: Statement A mentioned in the table 3 as ‘Final Reports Sent’ means cases in which charge sheet was not filled but investigation completed. In colloquial police vocabulary Statement A is also known as ‘Case True but not Detected’. Statement B/C means cases declared false or mistake of fact or law.Inference:A total of 71,425 cases were investigated in the calendar year 2011.Of which investigation was completed in32,016 cases. Of this 32,016 cases,31% of the (a total of 9,920) cases were found to be true but were notdetected; and 65% (a total 20,780) cases were sent up for trials.While, investigation in 55% of the (a total of 39,409) cases registered in 2011 or that may have been registeredprior to 2011 is yet pending completion of investigation.Of the total (71,425) cases, 18% (a total of 12,762) cases are related to Class II (Serious Offences).Of the aboveclassification of crime, Class II (Serious Offences) is the most crucial:A total of 12,762 cases were investigated in the calendar year 2011.Of which investigation was completed on6,515 cases in 2011.Of this 6,515 cases, 10% of the (a total of 656) cases were found to be true but were notdetected; and 87% (a total 5,772) cases were sent up for trials.While, investigation in 49% of the (a total of 12,762) cases registered in 2011 or that may have been registeredprior to 2011 is yet pending completion of investigation i.e. in 6,247 cases. 8
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 4: Trial Cases for the year – 2011(includes 12 Police Zones and Port Zone) Trial Cases for the year – 20117Pending Trial Cases sent-up Pending Trial as Compounded Withdrawn Acquitted Convicted from 2010 in 2011 of Dec’11 Part I - I.PC. Act.CLASS - I SERIOUS OFFENCES en (Case including rioting unlawful assembly, offences relating to coin, stamps,currency etc.)5546 1024 14 1 173 22 6360 CLASS - II SERIOUS OFFENCES (Case including Murder, Rape, Grievous Hurt, Kidnapping, Abduction etc.)39105 5769 305 82 2553 335 41599 CLASS - III SERIOUS OFFENCES (Case including Robbery, Killing poisoning or maiming any animal, Extortion, Dacoity etc.)8657 1585 7 13 412 262 9548CLASS - IV (Case including Hurt or endangering life, Criminal Intimidation, Wrongful restraint and confinement)6540 715 23 22 719 40 6451CLASS-V MINOR OFFNCES (Case including Criminal Breach of Trust, Stolen Property, Cheating, Breaking Closed receptacle etc.)28940 4959 61 33 1145 662 31998 CLASS - VI OTHER OFFENCES (Public nuisance, Insult the modesty of a woman etc.)1477 398 7 55 71 36 1706 OTHER I.P.C.21750 2405 319 30 1701 210 21895 304-B and 498-A (Dowry deaths, Harassments to married women etc.)2081 319 31 3 218 8 2140 PART - II Cognizable offences under local & special Laws (Arms Act., Indian Railway Act., Gambling Act., Prevention of Corruption Act. etc.)26707 3551 108 396 1712 507 27535 Total140803 20725 875 635 8704 2082 1492327Annual Administrative Reports pertain to calendar year for the period of January to December 2011. 9
  • State of Policing in MumbaiInference:A total of 161,528 cases were tried in the courts in the calendar year 2011. Of which trial was completed in 8%(a total of 12,296) cases and judgement was given. Of this 12,296 cases in which judgement was given,17% ofthe (a total of 2,082) cases were convicted (here the judgement for the case is considered and not forindividual persons who are accused e.g. if there are three accused in the particular case and only one getsconvicted then the entire case is treated as convicted, only when all three are acquitted then only the case isconsidered as acquitted for the above statistics); while the rest i.e. 83% (a total of 10,214) cases wereacquitted.While, 92% of the (a total of 1,49,232) cases sent for trials in 2011 or prior to 2011 are yet pendingjudgements.Of the total (161,528) cases, 28% (a total of 44,874) cases are related to Class II (Serious Offences).Of theabove classification of crime, Class II (Serious Offences) is the most crucial:A total of 44,874 cases were tried in the courts in the calendar year 2011.Of which trial was completed in 7%(a total of 3,275) cases and judgement was given. Of this3,275 cases in which judgement was given, only 10%of the (a total of 335) cases were convicted; while the rest i.e. 90%(a total of 3,275) cases were acquitted.While, 93% of the (a total of 41,599) cases sent for trials in 2011 or prior to 2011 are yet pending judgements. 10
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 5: Designation wise number of Police Personnel sanctioned and working (as of July 2012) Actual Difference Difference b/w Sr. Designation Sanctioned Working b/w sanctioned No. sanctioned and working and working in % 1 Commissioner of Police (C.P.) 1 1 0 0 Joint Commissioner of Police (Jt. 2 C.P.) 4 4 0 0 Additional Commissioner of Police 3 (Addl. C.P.) 11 11 0 0 Deputy Commissioner of Police 4 (D.C.P.) 39 30 -9 -23% Assistant Commissioner of Police 5 (A.C.P.) 130 95 -35 -27% 6 Police Inspector (P.I.) 978 911 -67 -7% 7 Assistant Police Inspector (A.P.I.) 1002 787 -215 -21% 8 Police Sub - Inspector (P.S.I.) 3125 1243 -1882 -60% Assistant Police Sub-Inspector 9 (A.S.I) 3001 2675 -326 -11% 10 Head Constable (H.C.) 7067 6874 -193 -3% 11 Police Naik (P.N.) 6809 6721 -88 -1% 12 Police Constable (P.C.) 19234 14646 -4588 -24% Total Police Force 41401 33998 -7403 -18%Inferences:The above data represents designation-wise number of police personnel sanctioned, (actually) working anddifference between sanction and working.What is most alarming is the gap in the number of sanctioned & working Police Sub - Inspector (PSI) andsanctioned & working Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP).The gap for PSI is 60%, while for ACP is 27%. 11
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 6: Designation wise number of Police Personnel difference between working forces in year 2012 to2011 Difference between Working Working Sr. No. Designation Sanctioned working in 2012 in 2011 forces in 2012 & 2011 1 Commissioner of Police (C.P.) 1 1 1 0 2 Joint Commissioner of Police (Jt. C.P.) 4 4 4 0 Additional Commissioner of Police 3 11 11 10 1 (Addl. C.P.) 4 Deputy Commissioner of Police (D.C.P.) 39 30 33 -3 Assistant Commissioner of Police 5 130 95 120 -25 (A.C.P.) 6 Police Inspector (P.I.) 978 911 928 -17 7 Assistant Police Inspector (A.P.I.) 1002 787 674 113 8 Police Sub - Inspector (P.S.I.) 3125 1243 1491 -248 9 Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (A.S.I) 3001 2675 2726 -51 10 Head Constable (H.C.) 7067 6874 6626 248 11 Police Naik (P.N.) 6809 6721 6720 1 12 Police Constable (P.C.) 19234 14646 14083 563 Total Police Force 41401 33998 33416 582Inferences:The data shows that currently Mumbai has sanctioned 41,401 police personnel however only 33,998 policepersonnel are working (difference of 7,403), a gap of 18%.The number of PSIs available in 2011 has decreased from 1491 to 1243 in 2012, a decrease of 248 officers;while at the API level there is an increase of 113 officers; at the constabulary level, the number of policeconstables has increased by 563 officers; also the Head Constable count has increased by 248 officers. Overallthere is an increase in the police force of 582 officers.It may be inferred from the above data that although there seems to be an increase of 582 officers, the highshortfall remains and particularly at the more critical PSI level. The increases or decreases internally at thedesignation level suggest that promotions which may have been not given earlier were approved and given inthe above period (in 2012). 12
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 7: Police Personnel details based on Areas of Mumbai (92 Police Station) % Difference % difference Difference difference Police between between No. of Police between betweenSr. Area of Personnel Sanctioned Sanctioned Police Personnel Sanctioned and SanctionedNo. Mumbai Working and and Station Sanctioned and Working (July’12) Working Working Working (Nov’11) (July’12) (Nov’11) (July’12) 1 North Mumbai 13 2793 2472 -321 -11% -198 -7% North West 2 14 2988 2540 -448 -15% -230 -8% Mumbai North East 3 11 2431 2213 -218 -9% -139 -6% Mumbai North Central 4 13 2905 2436 -469 -16% -436 -15% Mumbai South Central 5 15 3249 3029 -220 -7% -312 -10% Mumbai 6 South Mumbai 26 7024 5352 -1672 -24% -1650 -23% Total 92 21390 18042 -3348 -16% -2965 -14%Table 8: Police Personnel details based on Department (as on 31st July 2012) % Difference % difference Difference difference Police between between Police between betweenSr. Personnel Sanctioned Sanctioned Department Personnel Sanctioned and SanctionedNo. Working and and Sanctioned and Working (July ’12) Working Working Working (Nov’11) (July ’12) (Nov’11) (July ’12) 1 Special Branch (I - CID) 952 814 -138 -14% -108 -11% Special Branch (II - 2 320 295 -25 -8% -117 -37% Passport) 3 Crime Branch 1525 1253 -272 -18% -256 -17% 4 Protection and Security 1478 1442 -36 -2% -55 -4% 5 Armed Police 11308 8251 -3057 -27% -2634 -23% 6 Anti-Terrorist Squad 171 186 15 9% 25 15% 7 Wireless Section 447 346 -101 -23% -93 -21% 8 Traffic 3353 3101 -252 -8% -1633 -49% 9 Control Room 272 127 -145 -53% -132 -49% Total 19826 15815 -4011 -20% -5003 -25% 13
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 9: Police Personnel details based on Supervisory level officer (as on 31st July 2012) % Difference % difference Difference difference Police between Police between between between Supervisory level Personnel Sanctioned Personnel Sanctioned Sanctioned and Sanctioned officer Working and Sanctioned and Working and Working Working (July’12) Working (July’12) (July’12) (Nov’11) (Nov’11)C.P., Jt. C.P., Addl. C.P., 185 141 -44 -24% -17 -9%D.C.P. and A.C.P.Inferences:The above data represent details of Police personnel within different areas of Mumbai in the police stationssituated over there, at various Departments of Police and composition of the Supervisory Level Officers. Thedata includes number of police personnel sanctioned, (actually) working and the difference betweensanctioned and working.We have a shortage of 3348 officers in the 92 police stations (excluding the cyber police station), a gap of 16%.Control Room is short by 145 officers (again a gap of 53%) and the police force in the Armed Police is shortstaffed by 3057 officers (gap of 27%).The shortage in the Traffic Police has come down from 49% in 2011 to 8% in 2012 – this is a welcome step asthis can have significant impact on the increasing number of accidents in the city. However, the shortage in theControl Room is still very high at 49%, this department is particularly critical as the emergency number (100) ishandled by officers in this department. Also the increase in shortage at the supervisory level officers to 24%,mainly because of decrease in the number of ACPs (please refer tables 5 & 6), is not a good sign. 14
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 10: Specific Crime highest occurrences area wise Crime 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Area8 of Occurr Area of Occurr Area of Occurr Area of Occur Mumbai ence Mumbai ence Mumbai ence Mumbai renceMurder SM 43 SM 47 SCM 60 SCM 45Rape NCM 43 SCM 33 SM 40 NCM 41Riot NCM 72 NCM 77 NCM 85 SCM, SM 73House Breaking NCM 552 NCM 618 NCM 694 NCM 565(Day/Night)Chain Snatching NM 388 NCM 387 NCM 526 SCM 399Thefts SM 1,491 SM 1441 NWM 1359 SM 1398Accident / Fatal NCM 333 NCM 543 NCM 654 NCM 567AccidentVehicles Stolen NCM 914 NCM 944 NCM 900 NCM 991Inferences:The above data represents year-wise highest occurrences of specific crime in a particular area of Mumbai fromApril 2008 to March 2012.The registered Rape, House Breaking, Accident and Vehicles Stolen cases have been the highest in NorthCentral Mumbai region; while, Murder, Riot and Chain Snatching is highest by South Central Mumbai in theyear 2011-12.Overall, North Central Mumbai has highest occurrences of crime in the year 2011-12 (6,736 cases).It can be observed that across the years and across the specific crimes mentioned in the above table, NorthCentral Mumbai has had the highest number of registered crime.8 SM – South Mumbai (Worli, Byculla,Colaba, Malabar Hill), SCM – South Central Mumbai (Chembur, SionKoliwada,Mahim), NCM – North Central Mumbai (Vile Parle,Kurla,Bandra)NWM – North West Mumbai (Jogeshwari, Goregaon,Andheri),NM – North Mumbai (Borivali, Dahisar, Malad West), NEM – North East Mumbai (Mulund, Ghatkopar, ShivajiNagar) 15
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 11: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues area-wise Total Total No. of occurrence of questions Sr.No. Area of Mumbai Police MLAs crime from asked in Stations April 2011 to Crime March 2012 Gopal Shetty, Vinod Ghosalkar, Pravin Darekar,1 North Mumbai 13 349 4803 Ramesh Thakur, Yogesh Sagar, Aslam Shaikh Ravindra Waikar, Rajhans2 North West Mumbai 14 Singh, Subhash Desai, Baldev 239 5325 Khosa, Ashok Jadhav Sardar Tara Singh, Mangesh Sangle, Shishir Shinde,3 North East Mumbai 11 440 4310 Ramchandra Kadam, Prakash Maheta, Abu Azmi Krishnakumar Hegde, Milind Kamble, Prakash Sawant,4 North Central Mumbai 13 65 6736 Baba Sidikki, Kripashankar Singh Nawab Malik, Chandrakant Handore, Jagannath Shetty,5 South Central Mumbai 15 93 5788 Kalidas Kolambkar, Nitin Sardesai Bala Nandgaonkar, Madhukar Chavan, Mangal6 South Mumbai 26 329 6368 Prabhat Lodha, Amin Patel, Annie ShekharNote: 1) Questions Asked by MLAs only during the following sessions have been included: Monsoon 2011,Winter 2011 and Budget 20122) Sachin Ahir, Varsha Gaikwad, Arif Naseem Khan and Suresh Shetty are ministers hence there are noquestions asked by themInferences:The above data represents questions asked by MLAs on crime and police personnel/infrastructure.North Central Mumbai has highest occurrences of crime (6,736 cases); while the MLAs representing thisarea have asked the lowest no. of (65) questions on crime from April 2011 to March 2012.MLAs from North East Mumbai have asked the highest no. of questions (440) and occurrences of crime inthese areas also the lowest (4,310cases) from April 2011 to March 2012. 16
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 12: Property recovered and stolen in the year 2011 % of cases in which % of value No. of No. of Cases Property Amount of Amount of of property cases in in which was Sr. Property Property recovered Offences which Property recovered No. Stolen recovered to value of property was to cases in (in Lakh) (in Lakh) property was stolen recovered which stolen Property was stolen 1 Theft 15,745 5,338 34% 26,608 6,056 23% 2 Dacoity 30 26 87% 256 107 42% Robbery 441 358 81% 919 361 39% Criminal Breach 3 485 218 45% 23,848 1,281 5% of Trust Criminal Breach of Trust by public servant 4 4 2 50% 53 0 0 or by a banker, merchant or agent Possession of 5 stolen property 23 23 100% 10 10 100% 124 - XXII -1951 Criminal Miss- 6 975 344 35% 21,258 300 1% appropriation TOTAL 17,703 6,309 36% 72,952 8,115 11%Inference:The above table shows the details of property that was stolen and recovered according to the nature of crimei.e. by theft, dacoity, etc. This is the first time that Praja has collected this data and we intend to track it everyyear to understand the trend particularly in recovery of the property. One of the trends that emerge from theabove table is of the ‘Criminal Breach of Trust’ and ‘Criminal Miss- appropriation’ includes 62% of the totalvalue of the property stolen and has the least recovery rate i.e. 5% and 1% respectively. 17
  • State of Policing in MumbaiIII. Area-wise Status of Mumbai III. 1.North Mumbai Table 13: Specific Crime highest occurrences (North Mumbai) Specific Crime 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Murder 32 38 31 39 Rape 28 26 27 37 Riot 38 43 40 38 House Breaking (Day/Night) 377 414 446 406 Chain Snatching 388 299 316 282 Vehicles Stolen 662 657 553 777 Inferences: There is a continuous increase throughout and is more alarming in cases of Murder (39), Rape (37) and Vehicles Stolen (777) in year April 2011 to March 2012. Table 14: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (North Mumbai) Actual Difference Sr. No. Rank Sanctioned Working Difference in % 1 Police Inspector (P.I.) 65 65 0 0% 2 Assistant Police Inspector (A.P.I.) 86 72 -14 -16% 3 Police Sub - Inspector (P.S.I.) 251 121 -130 -52% 4 Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (A.S.I) 237 185 -52 -22% 5 Head Constable (H.C.) 520 540 20 4% 6 Police Naik (P.N.) 569 613 44 8% 7 Police Constable (P.C.) 1065 876 -189 -18% Total 2793 2472 -321 -11% Inferences: The data shows that Police Sub - Inspector (PSI) strength is short by 130 officers (gap of 52%) and the police force in the Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (ASI) is short staffed by 52 officers (gap of 22%). 18
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 15: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (North Mumbai)Sr. Question asked on crime Gopal Vinod Pravin Ramesh Yogesh AslamNo. issues Shetty Ghosalkar Darekar Thakur Sagar Shaikh Total1 Murder 6 9 4 1 1 212 Rape 03 Rioting 3 2 54 House Breaking 05 Chain Snatching 1 2 36 Theft 1 17 Accident 6 8 5 3 2 248 Crime Against Child 2 1 6 3 2 2 169 Crime Against Women 4 4 6 2 4 2010 Scams/Corruption 1 3 5 1 1 2 1311 Terrorism related 2 3 5 1 5 1612 Drugs 1 6 1 813 Extortion/Kidnapping/Threat 1 1 214 Human Rights 1 115 Suicide 0 Wrong Conduct/Action by16 Police 8 3 2 1317 Other Crime related 21 44 50 13 25 11 16418 Police and Establishment 5 12 15 2 4 4 42Total 35 92 117 34 49 22 349Inferences:The above table shows that total question asked in North Mumbai region by the 6 MLAs on the issues of Crimeis 349 in last three sessions (Monsoon’11, Winter’11 and Budget’12). The maximum question asked is byPravin Darekar that is 117.The issue raised most is ‘Police and Establishment’; 42 questions were asked on it.We can see that Accident, Murder and Crime against Women are few major concern of the North Mumbairegion MLAs.Not a single question was asked on Chain snatching, Rape, House Breaking and Suicide by the MLAs. 19
  • State of Policing in Mumbai III. 2. North West MumbaiTable 16: Specific Crime highest occurrences (North West Mumbai)Specific Crime 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012Murder 30 35 30 28Rape 27 32 35 31Riot 34 49 82 43House Breaking (Day/Night) 534 499 553 447Chain Snatching 259 295 283 211Vehicles Stolen 903 743 734 736Table 17: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (North West Mumbai) Actual DifferenceSr. No. Rank Sanctioned Working Difference in % 1 Police Inspector (P.I.) 70 71 1 1% 2 Assistant Police Inspector (A.P.I.) 89 68 -21 -24% 3 Police Sub - Inspector (P.S.I.) 258 132 -126 -49% 4 Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (A.S.I) 254 204 -50 -20% 5 Head Constable (H.C.) 557 601 44 8% 6 Police Naik (P.N.) 608 600 -8 -1% 7 Police Constable (P.C.) 1152 864 -288 -25% Total 2988 2540 -448 -15%Inferences:The data shows that Police Sub - Inspector (PSI) strength is short by 126 officers (gap of 49%) and the policeforce in the Police Constable (PC) is short staffed by 288 officers (gap of 25%). 20
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 18: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (North West Mumbai)Sr. Ravindra Rajhans Subhash Baldev AshokNo. Question asked on crime issues Waikar Singh Desai Khosa Jadhav Total1 Murder 4 7 112 Rape 03 Rioting 3 3 64 House Breaking 05 Chain Snatching 1 16 Theft 1 17 Accident 6 8 1 158 Crime Against Child 1 1 29 Crime Against Women 6 1 4 2 1310 Scams/Corruption 4 1 3 811 Terrorism related 5 5 1012 Drugs 2 1 313 Extortion/Kidnapping/Threat 1 114 Human Rights 015 Suicide 1 116 Wrong Conduct/Action by Police 5 9 1 1517 Other Crime related 56 6 49 4 11518 Police and Establishment 19 16 2 37Total 115 7 104 0 13 239Inferences:The Above table shows that total question asked in North West Mumbai region by the 5 MLAs on the issues ofCrime is 239 in last three sessions (Monsoon’11, Winter’11 and Budget’12).Baldev Khosa has not asked asingle question on crime issue in the last three sessions. The maximum question asked is by Ravindra Waikarthat is 115. The issue raised most is ‘Police and Establishment’; 37 questions were asked on it. We can see thatAccident, Crime against Women and Wrong Conduct/Action by Police are few major concern of the NorthWest Mumbai region MLAs. 21
  • State of Policing in Mumbai III. 3. North East MumbaiTable 19: Specific Crime highest occurrences (North East Mumbai)Specific Crime 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012Murder 28 36 43 29Rape 27 20 25 22Riot 41 76 67 69House Breaking (Day/Night) 307 370 467 379Chain Snatching 131 214 301 216Vehicles Stolen 465 523 561 588Table 20: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (North East Mumbai) Actual DifferenceSr. No. Rank Sanctioned Working Difference in % 1 Police Inspector (P.I.) 55 54 -1 -2% 2 Assistant Police Inspector (A.P.I.) 70 68 -2 -3% 3 Police Sub - Inspector (P.S.I.) 216 110 -106 -49% 4 Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (A.S.I) 212 177 -35 -17% 5 Head Constable (H.C.) 456 483 27 6% 6 Police Naik (P.N.) 490 492 2 0% 7 Police Constable (P.C.) 932 829 -103 -11% Total 2431 2213 -218 -9%Inferences:The data shows that Police Sub - Inspector (PSI) strength is short by 106 officers (gap of 49%) and the policeforce in the Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (ASI) is short staffed by 35 officers (gap of 17%). 22
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 21: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (North East Mumbai) Sardar RamchSr. Question asked on crime Tara Mangesh Shishir andra Prakash AbuNo. issues Singh Sangle Shinde Kadam Maheta Azmi Total1 Murder 3 10 5 7 252 Rape 03 Rioting 2 2 2 64 House Breaking 1 1 1 35 Chain Snatching 1 1 1 36 Theft 2 27 Accident 5 15 7 7 348 Crime Against Child 2 6 2 4 1 159 Crime Against Women 7 10 3 8 1 2910 Scams/Corruption 1 23 4 3 1 3211 Terrorism related 8 8 3 2 1 1 2312 Drugs 3 5 3 2 1313 Extortion/Kidnapping/Threat 1 2 314 Human Rights 1 115 Suicide 1 1 2 Wrong Conduct/Action by16 Police 2 4 3 4 2 1517 Other Crime related 26 72 31 35 11 8 18318 Police and Establishment 4 23 11 11 2 51Total 63 182 80 87 14 14 440Inferences:The Above table shows that total question asked in North East Mumbai region by the 6 MLAs on the issues ofCrime is 440 in last three sessions (Monsoon’11, Winter’11 and Budget’12). The maximum question asked isby Mangesh Sangle that is 182. The issue raised most is ‘Police and Establishment’; 51 questions were askedon it. We can see that Accident, Scams/Corruption and Crime against Women are few major concerns of theNorth East Region MLAs. 23
  • State of Policing in Mumbai III. 4. North Central MumbaiTable 22: Specific Crime highest occurrences (North Central Mumbai)Specific Crime 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012Murder 38 38 44 39Rape 43 32 28 41Riot 72 77 85 69House Breaking (Day/Night) 552 618 694 565Chain Snatching 270 387 526 360Vehicles Stolen 914 944 900 991Table 23: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (North Central Mumbai) Actual DifferenceSr. No. Rank Sanctioned Working Difference in % 1 Police Inspector (P.I.) 65 65 0 0 2 Assistant Police Inspector (A.P.I.) 88 71 -17 -19% 3 Police Sub - Inspector (P.S.I.) 257 148 -109 -42% 4 Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (A.S.I) 242 186 -56 -23% 5 Head Constable (H.C.) 554 499 -55 -10% 6 Police Naik (P.N.) 589 515 -74 -13% 7 Police Constable (P.C.) 1110 952 -158 -14% Total 2905 2436 -469 -16%Inferences:The data shows that Police Sub - Inspector (PSI) strength is short by 109 officers (gap of 42%) and the policeforce in the Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (ASI) is short staffed by 56 officers (gap of 23%). 24
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 24: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (North Central Mumbai) Krishna Sr. kumar Milind Prakash Baba Kripashankar No. Question asked on crime issues Hegde Kamble Sawant Sidikki Singh Total 1 Murder 1 1 2 2 Rape 0 3 Rioting 1 1 4 House Breaking 0 5 Chain Snatching 1 1 6 Theft 0 7 Accident 2 3 1 6 8 Crime Against Child 2 2 9 Crime Against Women 2 3 5 10 Scams/Corruption 1 1 1 3 11 Terrorism related 1 1 12 Drugs 1 1 13 Extortion/Kidnapping/Threat 0 14 Human Rights 0 15 Suicide 0 16 Wrong Conduct/Action by Police 2 2 17 Other Crime related 3 22 2 27 18 Police and Establishment 1 10 2 1 14 Total 10 0 47 6 2 65Inferences:The Above table shows that total question asked in North Central Mumbai region by the 5 MLAs on the issuesof Crime is 65 in last three sessions (Monsoon’11, Winter’11 and Budget’12). Milind Kamble has not asked asingle question and Kripashankar Singh has asked only two questions on crime issue in the last three sessions.The maximum question asked is by Prakash Sawant that is 47. The issue raised most is ‘Police andEstablishment’; 14 questions were asked on it.By far it can be said with even a cursory look at the crime data, that North Central Mumbai is the hotbed ofcriminal activities with the maximum cases of crime in the year 2011-12 (6,736 cases) and MLAs of this regionhave asked lowest (65) questions on crime issues from April 2011 to March 2012.Rape, House Breaking, Accident and Vehicles Stolen cases have been the highest registered in North CentralMumbai region and MLAs from this region have not asked a single question on Rape, House Breaking andVehicles Stolen in the last three sessions. 25
  • State of Policing in Mumbai III. 5. South Central MumbaiTable 25: Specific Crime highest occurrences (South Central Mumbai)Specific Crime 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012Murder 40 46 60 45Rape 35 33 25 37Riot 34 65 58 73House Breaking (Day/Night) 417 576 640 478Chain Snatching 267 337 474 399Vehicles Stolen 541 715 707 791Inferences:There is a continuous increase throughout and is more alarming in cases of Riot (73) and Vehicles Stolen (791)in year April 2011 to March 2012.Table 26: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (South Central Mumbai) Actual DifferenceSr. No. Rank Sanctioned Working Difference in % 1 Police Inspector (P.I.) 75 75 0 0 2 Assistant Police Inspector (A.P.I.) 107 66 -41 -38% 3 Police Sub - Inspector (P.S.I.) 280 165 -115 -41% 4 Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (A.S.I) 265 247 -18 -7% 5 Head Constable (H.C.) 559 637 78 14% 6 Police Naik (P.N.) 707 620 -87 -12% 7 Police Constable (P.C.) 1256 1219 -37 -3% Total 3249 3029 -220 -7%Inferences:The data shows that Police Sub - Inspector (PSI) strength is short by 115 officers (gap of 41%) and the policeforce in the Assistant Police Inspector (API) is short staffed by 41 officers (gap of 38%). 26
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 27: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (South Central Mumbai)Sr. Question asked on crime Nawab Chandrakant Jagannath Kalidas Nitinno. issues Malik Handore Shetty Kolambkar Sardesai Total1 Murder 1 1 4 62 Rape 03 Rioting 1 14 House Breaking 05 Chain Snatching 1 2 36 Theft 07 Accident 1 3 5 98 Crime Against Child 1 2 1 2 69 Crime Against Women 1 2 2 510 Scams/Corruption 1 1 2 411 Terrorism related 2 212 Drugs 013 Extortion/Kidnapping/Threat 1 114 Human Rights 1 115 Suicide 1 1 Wrong Conduct/Action by16 Police 017 Other Crime related 10 4 22 3618 Police and Establishment 4 2 12 18Total 1 1 21 15 55 93Inferences:The Above table shows that total question asked in South Central Mumbai region by the 5 MLAs on the issuesof Crime is 93 in last three sessions (Monsoon’11, Winter’11 and Budget’12). Nawab Malik and ChandrakantHandore have asked only one question on crime issue in the last three sessions. The maximum question askedis by Nitin Sardesai that is 55.The issue raised most is ‘Police and Establishment’; 18 questions were asked onit. 27
  • State of Policing in Mumbai III. 6. South MumbaiTable 28: Specific Crime highest occurrences (South Mumbai)Specific Crime 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012Murder 43 47 32 40Rape 33 28 40 39Riot 61 74 53 73House Breaking (Day/Night) 544 570 586 538Chain Snatching 260 180 234 307Vehicles Stolen 760 854 884 950Inferences:There is a continuous increase throughout and is more alarming in cases of Murder (40), Riot (73), ChainSnatching (307) and Vehicles Stolen (950) in year April 2011 to March 2012.Table 29: Rank wise strength of Police personnel (South Mumbai) Actual DifferenceSr. No. Rank Sanctioned Working Difference in % 1 Police Inspector (P.I.) 130 131 1 1% 2 Assistant Police Inspector (A.P.I.) 174 118 -56 -32% 3 Police Sub - Inspector (P.S.I.) 594 285 -309 -52% 4 Assistant Police Sub-Inspector (A.S.I) 545 473 -72 -13% 5 Head Constable (H.C.) 1299 1053 -246 -19% 6 Police Naik (P.N.) 1499 1073 -426 -28% 7 Police Constable (P.C.) 2783 2219 -564 -20% Total 7024 5352 -1672 -24%Inferences:The data shows that Police Sub - Inspector (PSI) strength is short by 309 officers (gap of 52%) and the policeforce in the Assistant Police Inspector (API) is short staffed by 56 officers (gap of 32%). 28
  • State of Policing in MumbaiTable 30: Questions asked by MLAs on Crime issues (South Mumbai)Sr. Mangalno Bala Madhukar Prabhat Amin Annie. Question asked on crime issues Nandgaonkar Chavan Lodha Patel Shekhar Total1 Murder 9 1 3 3 162 Rape 1 1 23 Rioting 2 24 House Breaking 1 15 Chain Snatching 1 1 1 36 Theft 3 1 47 Accident 15 3 4 4 268 Crime Against Child 9 3 4 169 Crime Against Women 9 3 3 3 1810 Scams/Corruption 24 4 2811 Terrorism related 10 8 1812 Drugs 6 2 813 Extortion/Kidnapping/Threat 1 114 Human Rights 015 Suicide 2 216 Wrong Conduct/Action by Police 10 2 2 1417 Other Crime related 83 9 16 16 2 12618 Police and Establishment 27 2 5 8 2 44Total 210 24 44 47 4 329Inferences:The Above table shows that total question asked in South Mumbai region by the 5 MLAs on the issues ofCrime is 329 in last three sessions (Monsoon’11, Winter’11 and Budget’12). The maximum question asked isby Bala Nandgaonkar that is 210. The issue raised most is ‘Police and Establishment’, 44 questions were askedon it. We can see that Accident, Scams/Corruption and Crime against women are few major concerns of theSouth Mumbai Region MLAs.South Mumbai has Second highest occurrences of crime (6,368 cases). MLAs of this region have asked (329)questions on crime from April 2011 to March 2012. While there have been highest 1398 cases of theft and Riot73 cases registered in this region during 2011-12. 29
  • State of Policing in Mumbai Appendix 1– Survey MethodologyPraja Foundation had commissioned the household survey to Hansa Research and the survey methodologyfollowed is as below: In order to meet the desired objectives of the study, we represented the city by covering a sample from each of its 227 wards. Target Group for the study was :  Both Males & Females  18 years and above  Belonging to that particular ward. Sample quotas were set for representing gender and age groups on the basis of their split available through Indian Readership Study (Large scale baseline study conducted nationally by Media Research Users Council (MRUC) & Hansa Research group) for Mumbai Municipal Corporation Region. The required information was collected through face to face interviews with the help of structured questionnaire. In order to meet the respondent within a ward, following sampling process was followed:  4 – 5 prominent areas in the ward were identified as the starting point  In each starting point about 12 – 15 individuals were selected randomly and the questionnaire was administered with them. Once the survey was completed, sample composition of age & gender was corrected to match the population profile using the baseline data from IRS. This helped us to make the survey findings more representatives in nature and ensured complete coverage. The total study sample was 15,191. 30