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Digital Badges in Education
Nikola Milikic
nikola.milikic@gmail.com
1
Outline
• Learner scenario
• Problems with educational landscape
• Defining a badge
• Badging process
• Examples of applyi...
Learner Scenario
• Sara, an 18-year-old web developer
3
What are the problems with formal diplomas?
(Discuss in groups in 5 minutes)
4
TASK 1
Problems with educational landscape
1. Diplomas present an incomplete picture
– Do not capture learning outside of classro...
What is a Badge?
• A Badge is a symbol or indicator of one’s
accomplishment, skill, quality or interest
• Examples like Bo...
Open Badges
• Open Badge is a digital reward which can be
stored inside a student's ‘digital backpack’
7
Open Badges
• Badges can be achieved by completing tasks and
goals
8Smithsonian quest badges, link: http://smithsonianques...
Badge Metadata
9
Potential roles of badges in education:
- Primary
- Secondary
- Higher formal education
- Vocational
- Online learning and...
Potential Roles in Education
Primary Secondary Higher Vocational Online
Certification for
extra curricular
experience
Ackn...
Potential Roles in Education
‘Signposting’ in the Learning Space - Badge
Pathways
12
Badging Process
13
Earners and Backpack
14
Displayers
15
Opportunities
16
Participants in a badging process
• Issuers - create badges, make them available to
earners and award them
• Earners - app...
BuzzMath
18
BuzzMath
• Content Knowledge Badges - view of student’s
progress and accomplishments
19
BuzzMath
• Process Knowledge Badges - acknowledge and
reward students for positive behaviors
20
BuzzMath
• Achievement Badges – small attainable goals for
students; intended to motivate the student
21
BuzzMath - Decimals Badge
22
Badge the UK
23
Pathways for Lifelong Learning
• Providence After School Alliance – PASA
24
Grading Soft Skills - GRASS
• Developing innovative pedagogical approaches
and ICT tools to support:
– to develop novel pe...
Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI)
• Developed by the Mozilla Foundation
• Used to issue, earn and display badges
• Applicat...
Platforms Supporting Badges
• Moodle
• Blackboard
• Mahara
• PebblePad
• OpenMooc
• Wordpress (BadgeOS)
27
Learner Scenario Revised
28
TASK 3
• Divide in groups of 4 members
• Find a use case for using badges in education
(e.g. classes you teach, attend etc...
Credits
• Mozilla Wiki, “Open Badges presentation
materials”
• Acclaim, “Open Badges for Higher Education”
30
Digital Badges in Education
Nikola Milikic
nikola.milikic@gmail.com
31
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Workshop - Open Badges in Education

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This workshop was given at the Tenth Joint European Summer School on Technology Enhanced Learning 2014 that took place at Malta from 27.04. - 02.05.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • Sara, an 18-year-old web developerStarted tinkering with websites when she was 13 for her and her friendsFamily is pushing her to go to college. If she completes her college degree, she would have a formal recognition of her skills and could apply for a job.But she finds classes unchallengingTaken a few open education courses through Peer to Peer University
  • Learning happens everywhere. For many years people have received recognition for their efforts and achievements. Sometimes they are given a certificate, medal, diploma, trophy or letter. However, it has always been hard to share this recognition to a wider audience. It was also hard to give these awards in a way that is easily shared and can scale to much larger groups. Yet it's often difficult to be recognized for skills and achievements that are gained outside of school.
  • In its most basic form, an Open Badge is a digital reward which can be stored inside a student's ‘digital backpack’.In late 2011, Mozilla, HASTAC and the MacArthur Foundation came together at the center of a broad community of collaborators to produce an open technical standard for any organization to create, issue, manage and verify digital badges. In March 2013, they released the first version of their Open Badge specification and the Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI) software that implements the standard.
  • The badges can be achieved by completing tasks and goals set by an issuer, such as a learning provider (awarding badges for achieving soft skills) or a website (for completing an online task), basically anyone who wants to keep a user motivated and interested. The issuer creates the criteria needed for the user to achieve the badge. This is embedded inside the badge in the form of metadata, along with who issued the badge, when it was issued and an expiry date if relevant.
  • Open Badge metadata includes:The defined outcomes required to earn the badge and the evidence earners provided to demonstrate their competenceThe qualifications of the learning provider, credential sponsor, or issuing organization and their trustworthinessThe relationship between the badge and larger programs, professional learning pathways, and/or larger skill setsVerification of the badge earner’s identity and relevant, secure, trusted communications about their qualifications, competencies and skills
  • Charting learning route. Badge pathways provide people with opportunities to make decisions based on personal agency, to define steps that may seem more like hops, and to think about ways to do things that aren’t sequential or even seemingly rational.
  • Process of issuing a badgeAn issuer makes a badge available to their community of earners on their website.
  • When awarded the badge, an earner sends it to their Backpack.Earners can share their badges through their Backpack and grant permission for a particular site to display that collection of badges.
  • Displayers pull badges out of the Backpack based on earner action and privacy settings.Badges are not siloed or limited to one site Each earner controls where their badges are displayed through the BackpackEach earner can create collections of badges and share with displayersEarners can also make badges public
  • The participants in a badging system are characterized using a few broad groups: Issuers - organization or individual who issues Open Badges to their community. The issuer is responsible for defining badges, making them available to earners andawarding them. Earners - someone who earns a badge (either by applying or being directly issued with it). The earner can use their Backpack to manage and share their badges.Displayers - a website, organization, or person who accesses publicly shared Open Badges and displays them for badge earners.
  • - Collaboration with Mozilla, the MacArthur Foundation, and HASTACHelping learners ‘find their way’ through the available learning activities (challenges), recognizing learners’ soft skills and motivating them to do more. There are over 55 available badges Learning activities, and thus all the badges, are aligned with the components of the Common Core State Standards
  • Supported by the Nominet TrustEstablishing a new means of recognizing and valuing skills and talents of young peopleRaise the value of authentic learningCollaboration between innovative charities, teachers, awarding bodies, education hackers and employersS2Rsilver:Tasks:Create a Sports Report which includes an interview Your report needs to be about sport and include an interview (audio or video)Featured Sports Report x 2 You must have 2 of your Sports Reports featured to the S2R Network.Promote your sports report Submit one of your sports reports which has received over 50 views and 5 likes.
  • The Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI) - which is being developed by the non-profit Mozilla Foundation and shaped by an international community of developers - can be used to issue, display and earn the digital awards.The Open Badges framework is designed to make badging flexible enough to represent the full range of learning and experience in online and offline life. This requires support for multiple, potentially significantly varied, badge issuers. Empowering earners to use their badges as legitimate credentials also requires support for sharing of badges across many display sites.Earners can share badges across such varied online environments as personal blogs and social networking channels, tying a variety of achievements to a single identity. It is critical for the infrastructure to be open, to give earners control over how they represent their own learning and experiences, to allow anyone to issue badges, and for each earner to be able to carry their badges with them throughout their online life.It is critical for the infrastructure to be open, to give earners control over how they represent their own learning and experiences, to allow anyone to issue badges, and for each earner to be able to carry their badges with them throughout their online life.
  • Discussion: Do you think employers would value more formal grade transcript or Sara’s portfolio?Sara already developed her skill set and has her website portfolio to demonstrate thatP2PU offers variety of badges in Webcraft coursesSara is issued JavaScript Expert, HTML5 PioneerandClean Code badgesShe posts a blog post about importance of accessibility in web development and received Accessibility Evangelist badge
  • Transcript of "Workshop - Open Badges in Education"

    1. 1. Digital Badges in Education Nikola Milikic nikola.milikic@gmail.com 1
    2. 2. Outline • Learner scenario • Problems with educational landscape • Defining a badge • Badging process • Examples of applying badges • Task for you 2
    3. 3. Learner Scenario • Sara, an 18-year-old web developer 3
    4. 4. What are the problems with formal diplomas? (Discuss in groups in 5 minutes) 4 TASK 1
    5. 5. Problems with educational landscape 1. Diplomas present an incomplete picture – Do not capture learning outside of classroom 2. Diplomas lack transparency and granularity – Program and course outcomes not granular and transparent 3. Connecting learning and career pathways – Slow response on market demands 5
    6. 6. What is a Badge? • A Badge is a symbol or indicator of one’s accomplishment, skill, quality or interest • Examples like Boy and Girl Scouts, Foursquare etc. 6
    7. 7. Open Badges • Open Badge is a digital reward which can be stored inside a student's ‘digital backpack’ 7
    8. 8. Open Badges • Badges can be achieved by completing tasks and goals 8Smithsonian quest badges, link: http://smithsonianquests.org/
    9. 9. Badge Metadata 9
    10. 10. Potential roles of badges in education: - Primary - Secondary - Higher formal education - Vocational - Online learning and MOOCs (5 minutes) 10 TASK 2
    11. 11. Potential Roles in Education Primary Secondary Higher Vocational Online Certification for extra curricular experience Acknowledging skills motivation motivation Visibility of a badge Map competences to task Specifying prerequisites for specific competence/co urse Uniform standards of information Self-regulation (indicator of a progress) Self-assessment 11 (filled based on Task 2 responses)
    12. 12. Potential Roles in Education ‘Signposting’ in the Learning Space - Badge Pathways 12
    13. 13. Badging Process 13
    14. 14. Earners and Backpack 14
    15. 15. Displayers 15
    16. 16. Opportunities 16
    17. 17. Participants in a badging process • Issuers - create badges, make them available to earners and award them • Earners - apply for badges and display them • Displayers - display badges earned by particular earners 17
    18. 18. BuzzMath 18
    19. 19. BuzzMath • Content Knowledge Badges - view of student’s progress and accomplishments 19
    20. 20. BuzzMath • Process Knowledge Badges - acknowledge and reward students for positive behaviors 20
    21. 21. BuzzMath • Achievement Badges – small attainable goals for students; intended to motivate the student 21
    22. 22. BuzzMath - Decimals Badge 22
    23. 23. Badge the UK 23
    24. 24. Pathways for Lifelong Learning • Providence After School Alliance – PASA 24
    25. 25. Grading Soft Skills - GRASS • Developing innovative pedagogical approaches and ICT tools to support: – to develop novel pedagogical approaches to support continuous development of learners' soft skills – to incorporate these approaches in daily practices, at multiple levels of education – to develop a rich, structured set of soft skills metrics Project website: http://grass.fon.bg.ac.rs/ 25
    26. 26. Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI) • Developed by the Mozilla Foundation • Used to issue, earn and display badges • Applications are able to share, stack, combine, and include badges issued by other applications. 26
    27. 27. Platforms Supporting Badges • Moodle • Blackboard • Mahara • PebblePad • OpenMooc • Wordpress (BadgeOS) 27
    28. 28. Learner Scenario Revised 28
    29. 29. TASK 3 • Divide in groups of 4 members • Find a use case for using badges in education (e.g. classes you teach, attend etc.) • Design 2-3 badges (15 min) • Present your badges (10 min) • Badge Canvas: http://bit.ly/digital-badge-canvas 29
    30. 30. Credits • Mozilla Wiki, “Open Badges presentation materials” • Acclaim, “Open Badges for Higher Education” 30
    31. 31. Digital Badges in Education Nikola Milikic nikola.milikic@gmail.com 31
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