Lecture 4--Research Questions I
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Lecture 4--Research Questions I






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Lecture 4--Research Questions I Lecture 4--Research Questions I Presentation Transcript

  • #4 Location In The Research Process Formulating Research Questions Previous Research Craft Knowledge Appropriate Design Appropriate Sampling Decisions Ensure Research Ethics Data Collection & Management Data Analysis Interpretation Dissemination Ongoing Research
  • Research Goals “What are my goals for this study?”
    • Exploratory Research
    • conducted to provide a beginning familiarity with a subject, rarely provides conclusive answers
    • Nomothetic Research
    • conducted to understand general phenomena partially
    • Ideographic Research
    • conducted to achieve an in depth, understanding of very few subjects
    • Descriptive Research
    • researcher observes then carefully describes observations. Has different meaning depending on whether a quantitative vs. qualitative description
    • Correlational Research
    • conducted to add knowledge about relationships between variables
    • Explanatory Research
    • conducted to answer “why” certain phenomena is observed
  • Question 1
    • The local Juvenile Court Administrator wants to know if minority youth are disproportionally over represented at the detention center.
    • What type of research, descriptive, correlational, or explanatory, does this goal lead to?
    • Does the goal lead to a nomothetic or ideographic study?
  • Developing Research Questions
    • Broad research topics need to be narrowed down into usable research questions that are useful to address a practical social work problem.
    • Guiding criteria include:
    • Personal Interest
    • Information needs of the agency
    • Feasibility
    • Relevance for guiding practice
  • Attributes of Research Questions
    • Narrow and worded as a question (Does the “Scared Straight program lead to less recidivism among juvenile offenders?”)
    • Specific
    • Can be answered by observable evidence
    • Does it address a practical problem in social welfare (the “so what” test)
    • Must have more than one acceptable answer
  • Review Existing Resources
    • Instrumentation innovations
    • Design innovations
    • Analysis innovations
    • Existing knowledge
      • Academic literature
      • Government monographs
      • Needs assessments and surveys
  • Methodology
    • “ How will I construct my study to appropriately answer my research question?”
      • Research question
      • Identify and define the variables
    • Balance attaining the highest possible level of knowledge with the resources available
  • Questions vs. Hypotheses
    • Research Questions
      • Define your research goals in the form of a question (narrow, specific, and can be answered by observable evidence)
      • Clearly identify the type of research knowledge being sought
      • “ so what?” test
    • Hypotheses
      • Describe the specific analyses that you will use
      • In the form of a statement
  • Question 2
    • Spokane Mental Health wants to know if youth who are diagnosed with conduct disorder had previous CPS referrals at a rate that is higher than those who are not.
    • State your research problem in the form of a research question.
    • State at least one hypothesis that can be tested to answer the research question.