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Lecture 3--Research Ethics
 

Lecture 3--Research Ethics

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    Lecture 3--Research Ethics Lecture 3--Research Ethics Presentation Transcript

    • #3 Location In The Research Process Formulating Research Questions Previous Research Craft Knowledge Appropriate Design Appropriate Sampling Decisions Ensure Research Ethics Data Collection & Management Data Analysis Interpretation Dissemination Ongoing Research
    • Elements of Ethical Treatment
      • Privacy
      • Voluntary
      • Full Information
      • Consent
    • Privacy
      • Information about research participants is private (Anonymity vs. Confidentiality)
      • Treat with same standards as clinical information
      • Data Storage and retrieval
        • Security
        • Anonymity
      • Data Reporting
        • Aggregated
        • Identifying Information
    • Question One
      • You are participating in a study about services satisfaction in a mental health clinic. A research staff member has hard copy files in their car, and their car is stolen.
      • How do you feel upon finding out your name was in those files? What are the ethical ramifications?
    • Voluntary
      • Participation is voluntary
        • Free of coercion
        • Free of undue influence
        • Free of duress
      • Withdrawal is free
        • At any time
        • For any reason
        • With no adverse consequences
      • Standing to decide
        • Capacity
        • Legal Standing
    • Question Two
      • You are a patient at a public health clinic, and you are also a TANF recipient. A research recruiter offers you $250 to participate in a research study. You agree to participate and quickly sign the informed consent form.
      • How voluntary is your participation?
    • Full Information
      • Purpose of research
        • Deception
        • Debriefing
      • Procedures
        • Time Expectations
        • Procedural Expectations
      • Risks
        • Psychological
        • Physical
        • Unanticipated Risks
      • Benefits
        • Realistic
        • For Self
        • For Greater Good
      • Alternatives
        • Resources available to non-participants
    • Consent
      • Informed Consent
        • Full Information
        • Voluntary
        • Privacy
      • Standing
        • Consent
        • Informed Assent- used with persons with diminished capacity (i.e. children), but still based on full information and is voluntary.
      • Consent is a Process
        • Between researcher and potential participant to facilitate decision making and define the relationship.
    • Question Three
      • You are an adolescent and your parents have given their informed consent for you to participate in a study of different teaching methods. The researcher introduces you to your new instructor and the instructor asks you to have a seat in the class.
      • How do you feel? What are the ethical ramifications of this situation?
    • Before Becoming Participants:
      • Clients
        • Voluntary
        • Involuntary
      • Patients
        • Duress
      • Citizens
        • Civil Rights
      • PEOPLE
        • Dignity
        • Inherent Worth
    • Researcher Behavior
      • Follow Ethical Protocols
        • Secure IRB Approval
        • Secure Informed Consent
        • Follow Approved Protocols
      • Accurate Reporting
        • Data Accuracy
        • Share Information Safely
      • Give credit where it is due
        • Based on substantial contribution
        • Make dissemination decisions a priority
    • What Is An IRB?
      • Institutional Review Board
        • Federally Mandated
        • Ensure Rights and ethical treatment of Research Participants
        • Composition
          • Researchers
          • Citizens
          • Representatives For Vulnerable Groups
        • Documentation
          • Research Protocols
          • Informed Consent
          • Approvals
      • Politics and Research
        • All research occurs in a political environment
        • Biases
          • Gender
          • Cultural
        • Lenses
          • Feminism
          • Socialism
          • Racism
        • Science is politically neutral, but scientists, as people, hold political views
        • Accepted scientific practices are a safeguard against intrusions of bias
        • Restricted inquiry
          • Fear
          • Misuse and/or distortion
          • Research funding is political and scientific
    • If Researchers Are Unethical…
      • Employment
        • Reprimand
        • Suspension / Termination
      • Debarment
        • Banned From Conducting Funded Research
          • For A Fixed Time Period (e.g.; 3 Years)
          • Must Disclose Debarment Forever
      • Litigation
        • Were Approved Protocols Followed?
          • Yes = Shared Liability By Researcher / Institution
          • No = Researcher Liability