ConceptAn illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way a person eats, sleeps, feels about himself or herself, and thinks about things.
Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism Feelings of worthlessness, helplessness, or excessive guilt Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex Social isolation, meaning the sufferer avoids interactions with family or friends Insomnia, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping wheight loss or weight gainFatigue, decreased energy, being "slowed down“
Fatigue, decreased energy, being "slowed down“ Crying spells Thoughts of death or suicide, suicide attempts Restlessness, irritability Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and/or chronic pain
Major depression: combination of symptoms that last for at least two weeks in a row Dysthymia: Less severe but usually more long-lasting type of depression Bipolar disorder (manic depression): cycles of mood that include at least one episode of mania or hypomania and may include episodes of depression as well.
Kids get depressed for several reasons. When they are unable to express their feelings, show sadness in behavior.Their good grades and apparently good relationships with others may make depression harder to recognize in children.
They become more irritable, lose interest in their in activities they enjoy. Start abusing substances, lose or gain weight, take more risk.
Men with depression are more likely to experience low energy, irritability, and anger, sometimes to the point of inflicting pain on others.Women tend to develop depression at an earlier age and have depressive episodes that last longer and tend to recur more often.
Retirement, the death of friends and loved ones, increased isolation, or medical problems can lead to depression.Reasons:-Part of aging-You may be isolated with few around to notice your distress.-Reluctant to talk about feelings or ask for help.
It is a weakness rather than an illness. If the sufferer just tries hard enough, it will go away. Highly intelligent or highly accomplished people do not get depressed. People with developmental disabilities do not get depressed. People with depression are "crazy." Children, teens, the elderly, or men do not get depressed. (No antidepressant ) People with depression cannot have another mental or medical condition at the same time. Psychiatric medications are all addicting. Medication is the only effective treatment for depression.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): an electric current is passed through the brain to produce controlled convulsions (seizures)Antidepressant medications: increase the amount of the neurochemical serotonin in the brain.Psychotherapies: gain insight into their problems and resolve them through verbal give-and-take with the therapist.
To help him or her get an appropriate diagnosis and treatment. To offer emotional support. To invite the person to other activities. Be insistent in case of a refuse. Do not accuse the depressed person of faking illness or of laziness.