Englishes

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  • Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes.
  • Englishes

    1. 1. Masters in Teaching English as a Second Language WORLD ENGLISHES By Prof. Milagro Azofeifa Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>This is a presentation that has been created for educational purposes. It is a reaction paper from an article published by the English Teaching Forum ( 2009 number 2 ). The contents of this presentation are based on the reading titled “To Teach Standard English or World Englishes? A Balanced Approach to Instruction” by Thomas S. C. Farrell and Sonia Martin </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    3. 3. English is a global language <ul><li>It is used in business, science, and politics. </li></ul><ul><li>Most think only about British Standard English and American Standard English. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no world-recognized governing body that dictates what should and should not be included in such a standard. </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    4. 4. McArthur (2003) Standard English <ul><li>The variety most widely accepted, understood, and perhaps valued within an English speaking country. </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    5. 5. Kachru (1985) categorizes the usage of English into three concentric circles <ul><li>Inner circle: more traditional bases of English </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The United Kingdom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The United States of America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Zealand </li></ul></ul></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    6. 6. <ul><li>Outer circle: countries which have gone through extended periods of colonization </li></ul><ul><li>Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    7. 7. <ul><li>Expanding circle: English is mainly used for business and international purposes </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia </li></ul><ul><li>Israel </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    8. 8. <ul><li>Which variety of English should be taught as a second or foreign language? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the teaching context and learners´needs, countries they are more likely to visit </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    9. 9. <ul><li>Prepare learners for intercultural communication. </li></ul><ul><li>All English language learners need to be prepared for future encounters with speakers of varieties of English that differ from their own. </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    10. 10. <ul><li>Expose learners to different varieties available in internet, radio, television, newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>International Corpus of English </li></ul><ul><li>www.ucl.ac.uk/english-usage/ice </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    11. 11. <ul><li>World Newpapers </li></ul><ul><li>www.world-newpapers.com </li></ul><ul><li>New Delhi Television </li></ul><ul><li>www.ndtv.com </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>www.rte.ie/live/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>www.channelnewsasia.com </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    12. 12. <ul><li>English language teachers should consider all varieties of English, not just British Standard English or American Standard English in order to better prepare students for the global world. </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes
    13. 13. <ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul>Material created by Prof. Milagro Azofeifa for Educational Purposes

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