Revekka Goldberg, "The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of the Oil-Refining Industry"
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Revekka Goldberg, "The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of the Oil-Refining Industry"

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    Revekka Goldberg, "The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of the Oil-Refining Industry" Revekka Goldberg, "The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of the Oil-Refining Industry" Presentation Transcript

    • The FMEA as the Risk-Management Tool for the Hazardous Wastes Control in the Context of the Oil-Refining Industry Revekka Goldberg Quality Management Department
    • Why it is needed to manage risks?
      • risk assessment and risk management – mandatory requirements of OHSAS 1800 0 & ISO 14000 ;
      • new version of ISO 9004:2009 ;
      • new series of standards ISO 31000
      • inadequacy of the dominating management tools ;
      • special significance in the period of crisis .
    • Risk and risk-management
      • Risk is:
      • the quantifiable likelihood of loss or less-than-expected returns. (The InvestorWords Glossary)
      • the probable frequency and probable magnitude of future loss. (“An Introduction to Factor Analysis of Information Risk (FAIR)”)
      • a combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure and the severity of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure. (OHSAS 18001)
      • Risk management is:
      • the identification, assessment, and prioritization of followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities. (ISO 31000)
    • Qualitative risk analysis
      • 1. Analysis of available information
        • review and analysis of accounting and management documents;
        • the analysis of periodic reports.
      • 2. Collecting new information
        • a standardized questionnaire;
        • personalized inspection of production units;
        • expert consultation (internal & external).
      • 3. Modelling the organization’s activity
        • the compilation and analysis of the organizational structure;
        • the analysis of stream-maps.
      • 4. Heuristic methods
    • Quantitative risk analysis
      • 1. Analytical methods
        • the sensitivity analysis;
        • the scenario analysis.
      • 2. Probability-theoretical methods
        • the statistical methods;
        • the simulation;
        • the fault-three analysis;
        • the logical and probabilistic methods.
      • 3. Heuristic methods of quantitative analysis
      • 4. Unconventional methods
        • the artificial intelligence (neural networks);
        • modeling based on fuzzy logic.
    • Risk-management in different sectors
      • Food industry - HACCP ( Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points );
      • Pharmaceutics – mathematical methods and the unique risk matrix ;
      • Economy - payment flows’ probability distribution analysis, certainty equivalents method, scenario methodology.
      • Automobile manufacturing – the FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis).
    • Examples of the Oil-refining hazardous wastes
      • oil-containing pulps;
      • processed pulps’ water runoff ;
      • demineralized pulps ;
      • oil desulphatisation fragments ;
      • elemental sulphur ;
      • residual asphalt ;
      • pulps containing hydrargyrum ;
      • acid tar .
    • Hazardous wastes’ life cycle
    • Adopted FMEA scales Modified Severity rating Scale (S) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Rating Description Definition (Severity of Effect) 10 Particularly large-scale damage (More than 30 000 $) The consequences are connected with the global ecological disaster and/or the loss of human lives … … … 2 Insignificant damage ( Less than 3  000 $) The consequences have insignificant impact on the environment of company’s affected zone. It is possible to eliminate the consequences. 1 Absent of damage There is no significant impact.
    • Adopted FMEA scales Modified Occurrence rating Scale (O) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Occurrence rate Description Rating Extremely high: failure is inevitable 0,1 10 … … … Relatively few failures 0,0001 2 The failure is unlikely 0,00 0 01 1
    • Adopted FMEA scales Modified Detection and Eliminating rating Scale (D) Priority risk number (PRN)=S*O*D Description Definition Rating Impossible It is impossible to detect and/or eliminate the failure 10 … … … Very good The control will detect and/or eliminate the failure almost for sure 2 Perfect Control will detect and/or eliminate the failure for sure 1
    • Activities based on the FMEA Ind. Waste Number PRN XXXX1 1000 XXXX2 100 XXXX3 1 FMEA Final process Regulatory activity Managerial decision-making