How I Became a WordPress Hacker
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How I Became a WordPress Hacker

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A talk given at WordCamp Milwaukee on how to use WordPress Hooks called: Actions and Filters to become a WordPress Hacker.

A talk given at WordCamp Milwaukee on how to use WordPress Hooks called: Actions and Filters to become a WordPress Hacker.

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How I Became a WordPress Hacker How I Became a WordPress Hacker Presentation Transcript

  • How I Became a WordPress Hacker Mike Zielonka @mikezielonka
  • Co-Founder and Director of Web Strategy At Tuna Traffic Loves Pizza, Dogs, More Pizza and Coffee I Am Mike Zielonka
  • What We’ll Cover ● Why the struggle is part of the journey ● The basics of using Actions & Filters ● How to make a plugin for your Hooks
  • Successful WordPress Hackers Can... Customize WordPress Themes and Plugins without writing a lot of code.
  • The Struggle Is… ● PHP is scary ● Making your own plugin is scary ● PHP is very scary ● You just never have the options you need
  • My Journey 2011 Mike “The SEO” 2012 Mike “Frameworks” 2013 Mike “The Hacker” 2014 Mike “Expert Generalist”
  • Whats a Hook According to the Codex “Hooks are specified, by the developer, in Actions and Filters. “ “In technical and strict terms: a Hook is an event, i.e. event as understood by Observer pattern, invoked by the do_action() or apply_filters() call that afterwards triggers all the action or filter functions, previously hooked to that event using add_action() or add_filter(), respectively.”
  • Where do Hooks Live Generally speaking, you have 3 different places where “hooks” live. ● Core ● Themes ● Plugins
  • Allows you to “do something” to insert something at a “checkpoint”. Action Defined
  • Action Example add_action( ‘wp_head’, ‘wc_your_function_name’ ); function wc_your_function_name() { ?> <!--hi people--> <?php }
  • add_action add_action( ‘wp_head’, ‘wc_your_function_name’ ); Where You Hook In What To Add
  • Adding What You Want (Writing a Function) function wc_your_function_name() { ?> <!--hi people--> <?php } Your function name PHP On and Off Your HTML
  • Real Life Example //Adding A Credit Link to TwentyFourteen add_action( 'twentyfourteen_credits' , 'mz_site_credits' ); function mz_site_credits() { echo "<a href='http://iammike.co' title='mike zielonka'>Designed by Mike Zielonka</a>"; }
  • Allows you to “filter the result” and return something different at a “fancy checkpoint”. Filter
  • Filter Example add_filter( ‘wp_title’, ‘wc_your_function_filter_name’, 10, 2 ); function wc_your_function_filter_name($title, $sep) { $name = ‘My Site is Called ’; $title .= $sep . ' ' . $name; return $title; }
  • add_filter add_filter( ‘wp_title’,‘wc_your_function_filter_name’, 10, 2 ); Where You Hook In What To Add Priority Accepted Arguments
  • Returning What You Want (Writing a Function) function wc_your_function_filter_name($title, $sep) { $name = ‘My Site is Called ’; $title .= $sep . ' ' . $name; return $title; } Your function name Return your changes Arguments
  • Real Life Example //Adding a Phrase the Site Title add_filter( 'wp_title', 'wc_your_function_filter_name', 10, 2 ); function wc_your_function_filter_name($title, $sep) { $name = 'My Site is Called '; $title .= $sep . ' ' . $name; return $title; }
  • Where To Put Your Hooks ● Functions.php of your theme ○ Preferably in a child theme ● Plugin
  • Adding Hooks To A Plugin Add Opening PHP Tag and Add A Plugin Header <?php /* Plugin Name: Mike's Sample Plugin Plugin URI: Description: Adds some sample hooks. Author: Mike Zielonka Version: 1.0 Author URI: http://iammike.co Text Domain: mz-sample-plugin */
  • Putting It All Together
  • Basic Rookie Tips ● Namespace your functions to avoid conflicts. ie: mz_function ● Do not start functions with numbers. ● Always take back ups. ● Learn more about the PHP function function_exists() to prevent headaches when switching themes and plugins
  • Helpful Tools For Hooking Efficiently
  • Google
  • Debug Bar w/ Debug Bar Actions and Filters Addon
  • Searching for Actions in Sublime Text 3
  • Follow Me On Twitter @mikezielonka Thank You