Information literacy tutorial design & developmentPresentation Transcript
IL Tutorial Design &Development – Part 1Michael BairdThe Art Institute of Seattlemjbaird@aii.edu
Cooperative Library Instruction Project (CLIP)• Create open IL tutorials to be used by higher ed statewide• Partnership between public university, research I, private university, community college• Address state-mandated IL competencies• Flexible, adaptable
CLIP: What went wrong• Planning tutorials before researching• Production before setting style and technology standards• Well-defined methods for continued cooperative participation• Introducing unnecessary complexity
CLIP: What worked well• Keeping the project open and portable, not tied to any particular institution• Hiring staff with extensive multimedia experience• Crowdsourcing for content ideas• Statewide promotion and outreach• Removing complexity from curation
Tutorial Creation Getting Started
Define the Project• Refer to COIL project proposal form• What IL skill/concept will this address? (are these formally articulated?)• Learning outcomes?• Design and development?
Not Enough Information? Filling in the Blanks
Meet Your Stakeholders• Interviews and meetings across disciplines• Ask what they wish librarians could teach?• What IL skills are their students lacking?• Do they need to integrate IL into curriculum? What are they struggling with?• Ask to observe a class session
ResearchFilling in the Blanks
Don’t Reinvent the Wheel• Search the web, filter to .edu websites• Search YouTube, SchoolTube, Vimeo• Use, borrow, and attribute
Review the Topic• Search the open web• Search library literature• Search education literature
Choose Your Learners Filling in the Blanks
User Personas• Create a short character sketch, or more if the tutorial concept has potential for wide use• Who will use the tutorial?• What are their learning styles?• Pre-existing skills?• Cultural awareness?• Have fun with it!
First Year / FirstGeneration StudentName: JamesMajor: MusicResearch experience: Using GoogleAdvanced web searching: noneUses library resources: Pleasure readingonlyComputer skills: Basic web browsing, e-mail, Facebook, chattingReading comprehension: highPreferred learning style: Visual withsupporting audioLikes: Short films, bright colorsDislikes: Anything boring or slow
GoalsFilling in the Blanks
Goal Statement• What can the student do that they couldn’t before? Self-check throughout the entire process to be sure you stick to this• Stay on track when distracted by shiny graphics, clever interactive elements, or fine details that do not matter
Tools to UseFilling in the Blanks
Considerations• Do you need built-in assessment?• Will there be video clips?• Will there be video recordings of your screen?• Is accessibility a priority?• Where will the output go?
Outline• Organize the tutorial topic into major areas• Break down those areas to granular concepts appropriate for audience• This is just a draft, the point is getting all ideas committed to paper
Write a Script Building
Script Writing• This will eventually be your voiceover• Use your outline to write a narrative• Keep your word choice, syntax, and tone appropriate to the audience• Refer to your prepared personas!
What Goes Where• Storyboards are a draft visual layout of the tutorial• PowerPoint is a great tool to organize this, even if the tutorial is entirely a video• Also fine to use tutorial authoring software• Gather images, decide where they go – Track attribution for images, ideas, etc.• Choose text wisely, less is more
Choosing Software Building
Full-Featured ComparisonCaptivate Camtasia• Uses slides in a familiar way, • The entire project belongs like PowerPoint to a single timeline, similar• Detail and customization to audio editing have high potential, with • Excellent quality screen high learning curve capture function with many• Poor quality screen features recording function • Lower learning curve• Output can be Flash or • Output can be Flash or YouTube-ready video YouTube-ready video
Lite SoftwareJing• It’s free• Learning curve is nearly flat• Files are hosted with TechSmith, or you can download and host on your own server• No editing available, all-or-nothing, 5 minute limit• Best use: single-purpose, tool-based, how-to screen capture videos.
Audio SoftwareAudacity LameDrop (new version is LameDropXpd, I have not used it yet)• Excellent free audio editing • Free one-step audio tool compression tool with high quality results• Moderate learning curve • Drag and drop functionality• Lots of advanced options • Reduces large, high-quality after you get your feet wet audio uncompressed files to small, high-quality compressed files
Image Editing SoftwarePaint.NET• http://www.getpaint.net• Free, very high quality image editor• All functionality you need for cropping, resizing, changing resolution• Low learning curve
IL Tutorial Design &Development – Part 2Michael BairdThe Art Institute of Seattlemjbaird@aii.edu
Tutorial Software Build Building
Keep it Simple• Combine in authoring software: – Storyboard layout – Text – Images• Don’t worry about fine-tuning and details, think big picture
Record Voiceover Building
Keep Your First Voice Simple• This is just a draft, mistakes are fine• This is to evaluate timing, get a sense of flow, transition, and pace• Use authoring software recording tool, quality is unimportant
Line ‘Em Up• Adjust your visual and audio objects to roughly line up• Again, keep it simple, it’s just a draft• Edit as you go, eliminating and adding as it makes sense – Think about flow – Think about pace – Think about timing
Working Prototype Building
You Did It!Prototype is complete
Show and Tell Editing
Find an Editor or Seven• COIL will have a peer-review process in place• Additionally, – Track down the faculty you interviewed at the beginning, non-librarians are essential – Track down students in classes you initially observed – Use bribes for students
Usability – Another Dirty Word • Keep it simple • Steve Krug – “Rocket Surgery Made Easy” – http://www.sensible.com/ rsme.html • Even 1-2 participants are very valuable
Usability – Sample Test• Have student perform a simple activity based on tutorial learning goal• Have student view the draft tutorial• Ask questions – Was the tutorial easy to understand? – Did the images make sense? Distract? – Did you feel you learned something?• Have student perform the same activity• Compare results
Now or Never Editing
Final Edits• Honest evaluation comparing with project outcomes/goal statement, does it work?• Last edits for text choice, transitions, imagery, etc.
Ins and Outs of Voice Recording Production
Voice Recording• Make the best audio possible• Invest in a good microphone – Blue Snowball works great, around $100• Likely need to record audio in separate software
Practical Tips• Use a quiet room• Reduce echo with at-hand items• Quiet computer reduces background noise• Fluorescent lights can “hum”• Do all recording in one session• Use a pop shield• Keep beverages handy• Make each slide/section a single uninterrupted clip• Captivate, specifically, has poor quality
Audio Quality ComparisonLess desirable More desirablehttps://www.wou.edu/provost http://www.youtube.com/wat/library/clip/tutorials/internet ch?v=psaOdZFPTEM_tips.htm
Final Tweaks• Fine-tune text and images to properly align with audio recordings• Only do this as the final step, it is incredibly time-intensive• Fully export the tutorial to its final format for previewing
Make it Public• YouTube works very well – Can be embedded just about anywhere – Does not use your system (storage and bandwidth) resources – Solid closed captioning features for accessibility• Flash has its plusses too – Extensive options for interactivity – SCORM-compliant quiz functionality
Collect All Assets• Zip files work great to keep everything together• What you will need to include: – Primary source file(s) (Camtasia, Captivate, etc.) – Original audio clips – Images (everything, including template images) – Outline – Script – Text file with attribution information