What have been the recent changes?Why does it matter?Forecast toreach 7 billionin 2011
World Population=6.9 billion people Some places densely populated (lots of people)Some places are sparsely populated (not ...
This map shows the size of the country in proportion to how manypeople live there.E.g. The USA now becomes very narrow as ...
More births than deathsMore deaths than birthsPeople move from one place to anotherMore out migration = decreaseMore inwar...
FACTS…• Country: Nigeria• LEDC• 2ndhighest populated city in Africa• Fastest growing city in Africa• 7thFastest growing ci...
Problems:• Not enough housing• Not enough jobs• Poor sanitation• Crime rates increase• Shanty housing built• Congestion in...
GautengLimpopo
Gauteng South Africa’s most urbanprovince and contains threemajor cities of more than onemillion people: Johanesburg,Pret...
Economic• Low paid jobs• Limited job opportunities –rely on farming and tourism(seasonal and weatherreliant, poor machiner...
1. Read pages in you book – highlight disadvantages in redhighlight advantages in green2. Make a quick summary of these un...
Reasons: (remember push/pull)• cities are stressful places,there is lots of busy traffic, alack of open space etc.• People...
Case study: RhooseRhoose is approximately 5.6 miles from the Centre of Barry.Rhoose has the following:– Primary School– Ch...
2. Governmental policies10. Social Beliefs14. Religious Beliefs 15. Abortion Rates6. Poverty/Economic prosperity8. Literac...
Social•Social Beliefs - This is usually heavily intertwined with religiousbeliefs since the predominant religion in the re...
Economic• Poverty - The ironic thing with thisfactor is that even though those thatare more prosperous can afford tohave m...
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Population revision

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Year 10 population revision powerpoint

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Population revision

  1. 1. What have been the recent changes?Why does it matter?Forecast toreach 7 billionin 2011
  2. 2. World Population=6.9 billion people Some places densely populated (lots of people)Some places are sparsely populated (not many)Densely populated places:Good physical conditions (e.g flat land),reasonable climate, food, water,employment, leisure, housing.Densely populated places:Good physical conditions (e.g flat land),reasonable climate, food, water,employment, leisure, housing.Sparsely populated places:Poor physical conditions (e.g high steepmountains/desert), harsh climate, lack offood & water supplies, poor employment,poor leisure, poor housing.Sparsely populated places:Poor physical conditions (e.g high steepmountains/desert), harsh climate, lack offood & water supplies, poor employment,poor leisure, poor housing.
  3. 3. This map shows the size of the country in proportion to how manypeople live there.E.g. The USA now becomes very narrow as it is a very sparsely populatedcountry and the UK becomes very wide as it is very densely populated.
  4. 4. More births than deathsMore deaths than birthsPeople move from one place to anotherMore out migration = decreaseMore inward migration = increaseChoice: However, in most casespeople migrate out of choice toimprove their standard of living.A migrant who moves to find abetter job is classified as aneconomic migrant.Forced Migrants:conflicts and naturaldisasters may forcepeople to move, inwhich case themigrants may bedescribed as refugees.
  5. 5. FACTS…• Country: Nigeria• LEDC• 2ndhighest populated city in Africa• Fastest growing city in Africa• 7thFastest growing city in the WorldFACTS…• Country: Nigeria• LEDC• 2ndhighest populated city in Africa• Fastest growing city in Africa• 7thFastest growing city in the WorldTimeline1950 = 300,0002004 = 13,000,0002015 = 23,000,000= 10,000 per week!!Timeline1950 = 300,0002004 = 13,000,0002015 = 23,000,000= 10,000 per week!!Urbanisation: people moving to urban areas from rural areas.Urbanisation: people moving to urban areas from rural areas.Why?Why?This is happening at increasingly high rates in LEDC’sPush & Pull factors: standard of living,employment, education, resources.World urban population: estimated to reach 60% by 2030Problems:• Not enough housing• Not enough jobs• Poor sanitation• Crime rates increase• Shanty housing built• Congestion increases• Pollution increasesProblems:• Not enough housing• Not enough jobs• Poor sanitation• Crime rates increase• Shanty housing built• Congestion increases• Pollution increases
  6. 6. Problems:• Not enough housing• Not enough jobs• Poor sanitation• Crime rates increase• Shanty housing built• Congestion increases• Pollution increasesProblems:• Not enough housing• Not enough jobs• Poor sanitation• Crime rates increase• Shanty housing built• Congestion increases• Pollution increases
  7. 7. GautengLimpopo
  8. 8. Gauteng South Africa’s most urbanprovince and contains threemajor cities of more than onemillion people: Johanesburg,Pretoria and Soweto. 7,175 Rand a month 20% 500,000320,000Gauteng South Africa’s most urbanprovince and contains threemajor cities of more than onemillion people: Johanesburg,Pretoria and Soweto. 7,175 Rand a month 20% 500,000320,000Limpopo Has only 90,000 people andmore than 90% of thepopulation lives in rural areas. less than 1,000 Rand a month 60% 840,000 120,000Limpopo Has only 90,000 people andmore than 90% of thepopulation lives in rural areas. less than 1,000 Rand a month 60% 840,000 120,000Household earning:Population:% pop in poverty:No schooling:Complete primary:
  9. 9. Economic• Low paid jobs• Limited job opportunities –rely on farming and tourism(seasonal and weatherreliant, poor machinery)Education• poorQuality of life• poor – lack of healthcare,limited electricityEconomic• High paid jobs• Many job opportunitiesEducation• better – more studentscomplete education, lesspeople have no educationQuality of life• good – good healthcare, electricityfor home accessories• more money = more disposableincome – leisure/entertainmentWhen thinking of push and pull factors group themlike this: social/economic/environmental
  10. 10. 1. Read pages in you book – highlight disadvantages in redhighlight advantages in green2. Make a quick summary of these under the headings: Social and Economic3. Under the map in your book, define circular migration4. Compare the map to figure 8 on the previous page5. Explain why circular migration is likely to be more beneficial to ruralareas than permanent migration.1. Read pages in you book – highlight disadvantages in redhighlight advantages in green2. Make a quick summary of these under the headings: Social and Economic3. Under the map in your book, define circular migration4. Compare the map to figure 8 on the previous page5. Explain why circular migration is likely to be more beneficial to ruralareas than permanent migration.
  11. 11. Reasons: (remember push/pull)• cities are stressful places,there is lots of busy traffic, alack of open space etc.• People are drawn to thecountry side as it is safer,more peaceful, less stressfuletc.Countryside = RuralFactors encouraging it:Accessibility• 1960’s cars first became popular andmotorways have expanded• Technology advancements and rising carownership has allowed people tocommute from a home in the country to ajob in the city.Communications• Phones, Internet, Mobiles make it possibleto work from home using computers andonly commute to offices for meetings.This is known as tele-working.Urban - Rural MigrationCounter UrbanisationCounter Urbanisation
  12. 12. Case study: RhooseRhoose is approximately 5.6 miles from the Centre of Barry.Rhoose has the following:– Primary School– Church– Community Hall– Spar– Take Away– Train StationRhoose has the following:– Primary School– Church– Community Hall– Spar– Take Away– Train StationAs Rhoose is not far form the edge ofBarry, it is easy for residents tocommute to and from, and use itsfacilities. There is a large Tescos on theedge of Barry which is very accessiblefor local residents.Rhoose is very close to somelarge sources of employment.1) Cardiff Airport2) RWE Nuclear Power Station3) St Athans RAF BaseRhoose is very close to somelarge sources of employment.1) Cardiff Airport2) RWE Nuclear Power Station3) St Athans RAF BaseDiscuss what are theadvantages anddisadvantages of living atRhoose and commutingto work?Discuss what are theadvantages anddisadvantages of living atRhoose and commutingto work?
  13. 13. 2. Governmental policies10. Social Beliefs14. Religious Beliefs 15. Abortion Rates6. Poverty/Economic prosperity8. Literacy3. Infant mortality rate13. Conflict 11. Urbanization16. Age of countrys population5. Nutrition levels7. Standards of diet and housing1. Access to clean drinking water12. Hygiene levels9. Levels of infectious diseases17. levels of violent crime4. Amount and quality of health care availableWhat are the factors thatinfluence birth and death rates?Which are:social/economic/environmental?
  14. 14. Social•Social Beliefs - This is usually heavily intertwined with religiousbeliefs since the predominant religion in the region affects society.Birth statistics can become skewed where there is gender/sexpreference. For example, in certain countries female children aredeemed worthless so that killing female infants before their birthsare even declared is common enough to affect birth statistics.•Religious Beliefs - Countries wherein the predominant religiousbelief is against contraception can be expected to have higher birthrates.•Abortion Rates - Abortion rates are affected by the other factorsthat affect birth rate.•Literacy (with special emphasis on female literacy)•Infant mortality rate - Countries with higher infant mortality ratesgenerally have higher birth rates since families make it a point tohave more children since the children are more likely to die.•Age of countryspopulation•Nutrition levels•Standards of diet andhousing•Hygiene levels•Levels of infectiousdiseases•Social factors such asconflicts and levels ofviolent crime•Amount and qualityof health careavailable•Urbanization.What are the factors thatinfluence birth and death rates?
  15. 15. Economic• Poverty - The ironic thing with thisfactor is that even though those thatare more prosperous can afford tohave more children they are usuallythe ones that have less, while poorfamilies often have more children.• Country cannot afford to supplyaccess to clean drinking waterPolitical• Governmental policies(whether the government is pro-nationalist or anti- nationalist) - Countrieslike Japan and Thailand have nationalistgovernments giving their citizens specialincentives for bearing morechildren. China’s one-child only policy isthe perfect example of anti-nationalism.• ConflictWar, security, safety.What are the factors thatinfluence birth and death rates?

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