4232020001INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATESUse black ink or black ball-point pen.Write your name, centre number and candidate num...
2(4232-02)ExamineronlySECTION A - PHYSICAL OPTIONSAnswer at least one question from this section, but no more than two.The...
(4232-02)(ii) Annotate the map below to suggest why the area shown has a high risk of flooding.One annotation has been don...
4(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Explain how named processes lead to the formation of one coastal landform.You must use one or mo...
(4232-02) Turn over.42320200055 Examineronly(c) Rising sea-levels pose a threat to many coastal areas.Explain how differen...
6(4232-02)ExamineronlyTheme 8 – Weather and Climate2. (a) Study the weather map below which shows a low pressure system in...
(4232-02) Turn over.42320200077 ExamineronlyStation A7°CStation B12°CWarm front(ii) Use information from the previous page...
8(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Explain how different types of technology can be used to reduce the impacts of storms.[6]© WJEC ...
(4232-02) Turn over.42320200099 Examineronly(c) Explain how long periods of high pressure over the British Isles can cause...
10(4232-02)ExamineronlyTheme 9 – Living Things3. (a) Study the map below which shows large scale global ecosystems called ...
(4232-02) Turn over.423202001111 Examineronly(b) Look again at the world map in part (a). It shows a transect line through...
(c) To what extent have people been successful in managing their use of natural ecosystems?Use one or more examples to hel...
(4232-02) Turn over.13BLANK PAGE4232020013© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
14(4232-02)ExamineronlySECTION B – HUMAN OPTIONSAnswer at least one question from this section, but no more than two.Theme...
(4232-02) Turn over.15Examineronly(ii) What are the factors that affect the nature of tourism in the place shown in thepho...
16(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Explain how tourism can have different impacts on one MEDC region you havestudied. [6]© WJEC CB...
(4232-02) Turn over.17Examineronly(c) Explain how tourism can be managed sustainably.Use one or more examples to support y...
(4232-02)Theme 11 – Retail and Urban Change5. (a) Study the table and photographs below.Percentage of different types of s...
(4232-02) Turn over.19 Examineronly(ii) Annotate the sketch map below to suggest different reasons for the location of the...
20(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Study the information below which shows how often people of different age groups usedthe intern...
(4232-02) Turn over.21 Examineronly(c)As consumers demand a greater choice when they go shopping,supermarkets are buying p...
22(4232-02)ExamineronlyTheme 12 – Economic Change and Wales6. (a) Study the graph below.Renewable Energy Use in the UK - 1...
(4232-02)(ii) The map below shows the location of Hydro Electric power stations in Wales.Annotate the map to suggest reaso...
24(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Explain why some people are concerned about the impact on the environment whendeveloping renewa...
(4232-02)25 Examineronly(c) Describe and explain how energy may be generated in Wales in the future.Use one or more exampl...
(4232-02)26 ExamineronlyFor continuation only© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
BLANK PAGE(4232-02) Turn over.27© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
(4232-02)28© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
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2012 Options Unit 2 Higher Tier

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2012 Options Unit 2 Higher Tier

  1. 1. 4232020001INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATESUse black ink or black ball-point pen.Write your name, centre number and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page.Answer one question from Section A, one from Section B and one other.Answer no more than three questions.Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATESThe number of marks is given in brackets at the end of each question or part-question.You are reminded that assessment will take into account the quality of written communicationused in your answers that involve extended writing.CJ*(S12-4232-02)SurnameOther NamesCandidateNumber0CentreNumberGCSE4232/02GEOGRAPHY(Specification A)HIGHER TIERUNIT 2 Options GeographyA.M. MONDAY, 18 June 20121 hour 15 minutesFor Examiner’s Use OnlySection ATheme 7Theme 8Theme 9Section BTheme 10Theme 11Theme 12TOTAL© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  2. 2. 2(4232-02)ExamineronlySECTION A - PHYSICAL OPTIONSAnswer at least one question from this section, but no more than two.Theme 7 – Our Changing Coastline1. (a) Study the OS map extract below. A full key appears at the back of the booklet.Source: © Crown copyright and/or database right.All rights reserved. Licence number 100020034(i) Describe the location of the dock. [2]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  3. 3. (4232-02)(ii) Annotate the map below to suggest why the area shown has a high risk of flooding.One annotation has been done for you. [4]Turn over.42320200033 Examineronly29818283848182838430 31 3229 30 31 32Spot height of6 metres shows areais close to sea level© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  4. 4. 4(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Explain how named processes lead to the formation of one coastal landform.You must use one or more labelled diagrams to support your answer. [6]Name of coastal landform: ..................................................................................................© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  5. 5. (4232-02) Turn over.42320200055 Examineronly(c) Rising sea-levels pose a threat to many coastal areas.Explain how different coastal management strategies along the coastline can be used toreduce this threat. Refer to named places. [8]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  6. 6. 6(4232-02)ExamineronlyTheme 8 – Weather and Climate2. (a) Study the weather map below which shows a low pressure system in March 2011.976980984988992100010041008127Warm frontCold front(i) Complete the weather map by1. writing the word LOW in the centre of the low pressure system2. drawing accurately the 996 millibar isobar. [2]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  7. 7. (4232-02) Turn over.42320200077 ExamineronlyStation A7°CStation B12°CWarm front(ii) Use information from the previous page to annotate the map below. Yourannotations should suggest reasons for the difference in temperature betweenweather station A and weather station B. [4]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  8. 8. 8(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Explain how different types of technology can be used to reduce the impacts of storms.[6]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  9. 9. (4232-02) Turn over.42320200099 Examineronly(c) Explain how long periods of high pressure over the British Isles can cause difficulties forpeople at different times of the year. [8]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  10. 10. 10(4232-02)ExamineronlyTheme 9 – Living Things3. (a) Study the map below which shows large scale global ecosystems called biomes.MAJOR BIOMES OF THE WORLDKeyTropical GrasslandTropic of CancerEquatorTropic ofCapricornTropical RainforestTaiga (Boreal Forest)Subtropical DesertWoodland/ShrublandTundraPolar Ice capSemi-DesertTemperate Deciduous ForestAB(i) Describe the global distribution of the tropical rainforest biome. [2](ii) How does the physical environment interact with living things in an ecosystem?Annotate the diagram below to explain some of these interactions.One annotation has been done for you. [4]SunHeat from the sunprovides naturalenergy for theecosystem© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  11. 11. (4232-02) Turn over.423202001111 Examineronly(b) Look again at the world map in part (a). It shows a transect line through NorthernAfrica. This is shown on the enlarged map below.ABTropic of CancerEquatorI C AC AA F RTropic of CapricornUse information from the map and your own knowledge to suggest how climateinfluences the type of biome from A to B in this part of Africa. [6]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  12. 12. (c) To what extent have people been successful in managing their use of natural ecosystems?Use one or more examples to help your answer. [8]12(4232-02)Examineronly© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  13. 13. (4232-02) Turn over.13BLANK PAGE4232020013© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  14. 14. 14(4232-02)ExamineronlySECTION B – HUMAN OPTIONSAnswer at least one question from this section, but no more than two.Theme 10 – Tourism4. (a) Study the map of Greece, a Mediterranean country.0 100 200ZakynthosCephaloniaIthacaLefkadaCorfuCytheraThessaloniki300KilometresAthensNC R E T EG R E E C EIONIANSEAAEGEANSEA(i) Describe the location of Athens, the capital city of Greece. [2]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  15. 15. (4232-02) Turn over.15Examineronly(ii) What are the factors that affect the nature of tourism in the place shown in thephotograph below?Annotate the photograph to show these factors.One annotation has been done for you. [4]Inaccessible locationmeans only a smallresort has beendevelopedSource: © Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  16. 16. 16(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Explain how tourism can have different impacts on one MEDC region you havestudied. [6]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  17. 17. (4232-02) Turn over.17Examineronly(c) Explain how tourism can be managed sustainably.Use one or more examples to support your answer. [8]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  18. 18. (4232-02)Theme 11 – Retail and Urban Change5. (a) Study the table and photographs below.Percentage of different types of stores of one supermarket chain in a large cityLargest ‘Extra’Stores‘Superstores’ ‘Metro’ StoresSmallest ‘Express’Stores10% 29% 11% 50%18 Examineronly0%50%60%70%10%20%30%40%80%90%Largest ‘Extra’ Stores(i) Complete the pie chart below to show the different types of stores one supermarketchain has in a city. [2]Source: ©Dead Shot Keen/Alamy Source: ©Bernd Tschakert Ltd/Alamy© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  19. 19. (4232-02) Turn over.19 Examineronly(ii) Annotate the sketch map below to suggest different reasons for the location of thelarger ‘Extra’ stores and smaller ‘Express’ stores.One annotation has been done for you. [4]XXKeyMotorway CityCity centre (CBD)Smaller ‘Express’ storesLarger ‘Extra’ storesMain roadsXExtra stores have accessto cheaper land awayfrom the CBD© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  20. 20. 20(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Study the information below which shows how often people of different age groups usedthe internet in the UK in 2009.How often people of different age groups use the Internet100908070605040302010016 - 24 25 - 44Within the last 3 monthsMore than 3 months agoNever used45 - 54Age groupKeyPercent55 - 64 65+To what extent could the increasing use of the internet be a concern for traditional retailoutlets in towns and cities?Use one or more examples to help your answer. [6]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  21. 21. (4232-02) Turn over.21 Examineronly(c)As consumers demand a greater choice when they go shopping,supermarkets are buying products from all over the world.Explain how this global trade can have advantages and disadvantages for people indeveloping countries.Use one or more examples to help your answer. [8]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  22. 22. 22(4232-02)ExamineronlyTheme 12 – Economic Change and Wales6. (a) Study the graph below.Renewable Energy Use in the UK - 1993 to 20101993RenewableEnergyUseasa%ofallEnergy00.511.522.533.544.5HydroWind, wave, solar & biofuelsAll renewablesAll renewables55.5 19941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010(i) Describe how the use of ‘all renewables’ has changed from 1993 to 2010. [2]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  23. 23. (4232-02)(ii) The map below shows the location of Hydro Electric power stations in Wales.Annotate the map to suggest reasons for their location.One annotation has been started for you. [4]Turn over.23 ExamineronlyKeyParts of Wales with highest annual rainfall totalsOver 2500mm1500mm – 2499mmhydro electricpower stationsWALESENGLANDTeifiDyfiTowyUskWyeSevernConwyALELLiUHEP stations arelocated in uplandareas because ...© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  24. 24. 24(4232-02)Examineronly(b) Explain why some people are concerned about the impact on the environment whendeveloping renewable energy in Wales. [6]© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  25. 25. (4232-02)25 Examineronly(c) Describe and explain how energy may be generated in Wales in the future.Use one or more examples to help your answer. [8]Turn over.© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  26. 26. (4232-02)26 ExamineronlyFor continuation only© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  27. 27. BLANK PAGE(4232-02) Turn over.27© WJEC CBAC Ltd.
  28. 28. (4232-02)28© WJEC CBAC Ltd.

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