Outliers the story_of_successPresentation Transcript
Did this Outlier attend UM?
Larry Page - Google Co-founder/CEO
Northern Kentucky University
Billy Joy - Co-founder Sun Microsystems
Iggy Pop - Rockstar
How did Michael Jordan rise to the top?
Michael McCarthy, Richard Ozdowy Michael Hopps, Blair Hagerman
Why do some people succeed?
Why do some live remarkably productive and impactful lives, while so many more never reach their potential?
What are common attributes of an “Outlier”?
Many overemphasize “personal” qualities instead of focusing on timing
Sometimes better to be in the right place at the right time than
Maturity advantage due to age cutoff
“ The Matthew Effect”
Compounding effect on success
How do I become successful like these guys?
10,000 hour rule
To master a particular skill, it takes approximately 10,000 hours (or about 10 years)
Examples: Bill Joy, Bill Gates, The Beatles
Nearly all exceedingly successful individuals are the beneficiary of some kind of unusual opportunity
Einstein and who??
Lewis Terman - Stanford Psychology Researcher
250,000 elementary students
Of those, he followed on the top .1%
What happened with his experiment?
Results weren't at all what he expected
Divided adult Termites into 3 subgroups
A, B, and C
Liam Hudson – IQ is like height in NBA, only passing threshold matters
University of Michigan study on Umich Law students
Convergence vs Divergence test – creativity, being able to think outside the box
Pitirim Sorokin Sociologist that critiqued Terman
Chris Langan vs J. Robert Oppenheimer
Difference in upbringing
Innate knowledge vs. learned knowledge – social savvy
Annette Lareau - study of 3rd graders and class differences
"One child is better off than another because s/he's wealthier and because s/he goes to a better school, but also because—and perhaps this is even more critical—the sense of entitlement that s/he has been taught is an attitude perfectly suited to succeeding in the modern world."
Joe Flom - Skadden Arps - NYC Law Firm, another typical rags to riches story?
Looking for work in 50s, 60s when Litigation/"proxy fights" were seen as second class work
Parent's were entrepreneurs
Skadden Arps 2,000 Attorneys Revenue: 2.2 Billion
Cultures of honor
European herdsmen vs. farmers
Southern United States
Murder rates vs petty crimes
Southern man living by gas station
"He wouldn't of been much of a man if he hadn't shot them fellows"
University of Michigan Study
Students tested on propensity to anger
Insulted the students
Students from South more prone to anger
From 1988 to 1998, the percentage of flights lost by Korean Airlines was seventeen times higher than that of United Airlines
Black boxes revealed "mitigated speech"
Similar crash from Colombia to JFK
Pilot : "Advise him [the air-traffic controller] we don't have fuel"
First officer to ATC : "Climb and maintain three thousand and, ah, we're running out of fuel, sir"
Some cultures have high deference for authority
Korean Air changed language to English
Ch 8: Agriculture: Western vs Eastern
"Single village of 15 people can support itself with 450 acres of rice paddy land (pg 232)."
Eastern farming attitudes transfer to the classroom...
Eastern : Rice paddies required intense human labor, 360-day work years, detail-oriented techniques Western : Wheat and corn fields allowed for breaks during cold winter season, mechanically-driven
Ch 8: Learning: Western vs Eastern
Western schools took notice, established KIPP public school system in Bronx, embedded hard-working Eastern aptitude
"84% excel in math, 90% scholarships rewarded to private high schools, 80% KIPP graduates attend college" (pg. 267)
Eastern : Hard working aptitude + logical language -> better memorization -> better math skills -> love to learn -> success Western : Shorter school days, longer summers, "a mind must be cultivated, but not too much, lest it be exhausted ." (pg 254)
Michael Jordan: A True Outlier
Michael Jordan: A True Outlier
Born in Brooklyn, New York
Moved to Wilmington, North Carolina when toddler
Mom worked in banking, father GE plant supervisor
Father loved sports and pushed Michael to play
Did not make varsity team as high school sophomore due to height
To prove worth, practiced 24/7
Grew 4" the following summer and became star of varsity