Protecting Worker Health
Mike Slater
BOHS President 2014/15
On Sunday 13th April 2014 there was
a two page spread in the Observer
On the next day this happened …….
• 39 fatal injuries
to workers in
Construction in
2012/13
But there’s another story – construction workers are also
exposed to dust and other agents that can affect their
health
• About 3 700 occupational cancer cases
• over 500 workers believed to die from
exposure to silica dust
• 31 000 new cases...
• About 3 700 occupational cancer cases
• over 500 workers believed to die from
exposure to silica dust
• 31 000 new cases...
There are currently
approximately 13,000 deaths
each year due to occupational
diseases
Looking at the broader picture
That equates to 36 people per day
But we don’t hear anything about it in the news
148 workers died in accidents at work
99%
health
Approx 12,000 died from work related disease
An estimated 1.1 million
people who worked in
2011/12 were suffering
from a work-related illness
Almost 5000 deaths per year are
attributable to asbestos exposure
Although it’s use is banned in Europe,
asbestos is still present in many buildings
and people can still be exposed if it i...
Silica released during stone cutting activities
Source: HSE
Here we can see a stonemason who is
exposed to dust containing...
Silica released during stone cutting activities
Source: HSE
Approx 1000 cancer deaths in Great Britain
per annum are due t...
Welding is a common process and exposure to fume
can lead to COPD, asthma and other diseases,
including cancer
Fume from processes like this one
can lead to COPD
Now you see it
Paint sprayers can be exposed to a wide range of
hazardous substances including isocyanates, a
major cause ...
Bakers are about
80 times more
likely to develop
occupational
asthma than the
average British
worker
Approx 1000 fatalities per year from cancer
due to exposure to diesel exhaust
emissions at work
Workers manufacturing pharmaceutical products can
be exposed to highly toxic dusts
Recycling
Here workers can be exposed to a wide range of hazardous
such as lead, mercury, cadmium and other toxic metals, ...
Fracking
Fracking has been in the news due to environmental
concerns, but the process can also lead to workers being
expos...
And it’s not just chemical agents
Here exposure to noise can cause deafness and
vibration from the power tool can cause ne...
Prevention or cure?
Recognise Evaluate Control
Occupational Hygiene
Recognise Evaluate Control
Occupational Hygiene
Prevention
Engineering
Work practices
PPE
Prevention
Engineering
Work practices
PPE
The use of asbestos has been banned in
Europe and many other countries
Silica sand is no longer used for blasting – it’s
been replaced by safer substitutes
Prevention
Engineering
Work practices
PPE
Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/copd/casestudies/wetcut.htm
Damping down with water
Process containment combined with local
extraction
An effective local extraction system
www.aessolutions.co.uk
Prevention
Engineering
Work practices
PPE
Prevention
Engineering
Work practices
PPE
 Reduce exposure time
 Increase distance
 Working methods
 Standard procedur...
Prevention
Engineering
Work practices
PPE
• It only protects the user
• It doesn’t address the source of the
problem
• It is usually not as effective as people
beli...
A failure of management
Prevention
Engineering
Work practices
PPE
Supervision
Maintenance
Procedures
Auditing
Testing
Health surveillance
Monitori...
In many cases solutions are readily available
If you know where to look !
Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Occupational hygienists have the skills to find
solutions to new and emerging risks
http://www.bohs.org/OHServices-directory/
Employers
Have the key role in preventing ill health
due to work
HSE
Government Employers
Professionals
But others have a role to play too
“HSE .. (should continue) .. to
seek new and innovative ideas
for interventions that maximise
its impact on the continuing...
HSE
Government Employers
Professionals
BOHS Worker Health Protection Arena
(Sponsored by Shell)
17 – 19 June
http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0pTnkODfIHad5s9dpuPrpw?feature=watch
President@bohs.org
http://www.bohs.org
Twitter: @bohsworld
http://www.slideshare.net/mikeslater
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
Protecting worker health webinar
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Protecting worker health webinar

  1. 1. Protecting Worker Health Mike Slater BOHS President 2014/15
  2. 2. On Sunday 13th April 2014 there was a two page spread in the Observer
  3. 3. On the next day this happened …….
  4. 4. • 39 fatal injuries to workers in Construction in 2012/13
  5. 5. But there’s another story – construction workers are also exposed to dust and other agents that can affect their health
  6. 6. • About 3 700 occupational cancer cases • over 500 workers believed to die from exposure to silica dust • 31 000 new cases of work-related ill health each year in the construction sector
  7. 7. • About 3 700 occupational cancer cases • over 500 workers believed to die from exposure to silica dust • 31 000 new cases of work-related ill health each year in the construction sector Unfortunately these facts and figures don’t make the headlines
  8. 8. There are currently approximately 13,000 deaths each year due to occupational diseases Looking at the broader picture
  9. 9. That equates to 36 people per day But we don’t hear anything about it in the news
  10. 10. 148 workers died in accidents at work
  11. 11. 99% health Approx 12,000 died from work related disease
  12. 12. An estimated 1.1 million people who worked in 2011/12 were suffering from a work-related illness
  13. 13. Almost 5000 deaths per year are attributable to asbestos exposure
  14. 14. Although it’s use is banned in Europe, asbestos is still present in many buildings and people can still be exposed if it is damaged or disturbed
  15. 15. Silica released during stone cutting activities Source: HSE Here we can see a stonemason who is exposed to dust containing crystalline silica
  16. 16. Silica released during stone cutting activities Source: HSE Approx 1000 cancer deaths in Great Britain per annum are due to silica exposure
  17. 17. Welding is a common process and exposure to fume can lead to COPD, asthma and other diseases, including cancer
  18. 18. Fume from processes like this one can lead to COPD
  19. 19. Now you see it Paint sprayers can be exposed to a wide range of hazardous substances including isocyanates, a major cause of occupational asthma
  20. 20. Bakers are about 80 times more likely to develop occupational asthma than the average British worker
  21. 21. Approx 1000 fatalities per year from cancer due to exposure to diesel exhaust emissions at work
  22. 22. Workers manufacturing pharmaceutical products can be exposed to highly toxic dusts
  23. 23. Recycling Here workers can be exposed to a wide range of hazardous such as lead, mercury, cadmium and other toxic metals, and biological agents
  24. 24. Fracking Fracking has been in the news due to environmental concerns, but the process can also lead to workers being exposed to silica dust and hazardous chemicals
  25. 25. And it’s not just chemical agents Here exposure to noise can cause deafness and vibration from the power tool can cause nerve and vascular damaage
  26. 26. Prevention or cure?
  27. 27. Recognise Evaluate Control Occupational Hygiene
  28. 28. Recognise Evaluate Control Occupational Hygiene
  29. 29. Prevention Engineering Work practices PPE
  30. 30. Prevention Engineering Work practices PPE
  31. 31. The use of asbestos has been banned in Europe and many other countries
  32. 32. Silica sand is no longer used for blasting – it’s been replaced by safer substitutes
  33. 33. Prevention Engineering Work practices PPE
  34. 34. Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/copd/casestudies/wetcut.htm Damping down with water
  35. 35. Process containment combined with local extraction
  36. 36. An effective local extraction system
  37. 37. www.aessolutions.co.uk
  38. 38. Prevention Engineering Work practices PPE
  39. 39. Prevention Engineering Work practices PPE  Reduce exposure time  Increase distance  Working methods  Standard procedures
  40. 40. Prevention Engineering Work practices PPE
  41. 41. • It only protects the user • It doesn’t address the source of the problem • It is usually not as effective as people believe • It’s uncomfortable and people don’t like wearing it Why is PPE the last resort?
  42. 42. A failure of management
  43. 43. Prevention Engineering Work practices PPE Supervision Maintenance Procedures Auditing Testing Health surveillance Monitoring Information Training Management of controls
  44. 44. In many cases solutions are readily available
  45. 45. If you know where to look !
  46. 46. Nanotechnology
  47. 47. Nanotechnology Occupational hygienists have the skills to find solutions to new and emerging risks
  48. 48. http://www.bohs.org/OHServices-directory/
  49. 49. Employers Have the key role in preventing ill health due to work
  50. 50. HSE Government Employers Professionals But others have a role to play too
  51. 51. “HSE .. (should continue) .. to seek new and innovative ideas for interventions that maximise its impact on the continuing high levels of work-related ill health.”
  52. 52. HSE Government Employers Professionals
  53. 53. BOHS Worker Health Protection Arena (Sponsored by Shell) 17 – 19 June
  54. 54. http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0pTnkODfIHad5s9dpuPrpw?feature=watch
  55. 55. President@bohs.org http://www.bohs.org Twitter: @bohsworld http://www.slideshare.net/mikeslater
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