9.2 revolutionary war_ii


Published on

Revolutionary War

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

9.2 revolutionary war_ii

  1. 1. Benedict Arnold <ul><li>General Benedict Arnold was an early hero of the Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>- He led a daring, but unsuccessful invasion of Canada </li></ul><ul><li>built a Navy on Lake Champlain in NY, stopping the British advance </li></ul><ul><li>was a leader at the capture of Fort Ticonderoga & at Saratoga </li></ul><ul><li>- felt unappreciated & was accused of treason because of his loyalist wife and friends </li></ul><ul><li>- Committed treason by offering to give up West Point on the Hudson River </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>The West </li></ul><ul><li>George Rogers Clark – American military leader </li></ul><ul><li>with a small army he captured several British-held towns </li></ul><ul><li>along the Ohio River during 1778-79. </li></ul><ul><li>He secured the area for the Americans and strengthened </li></ul><ul><li>America’s claim to the region after the War. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Southern Campaign Savannah, Georgia - the British occupied the city in December of 1778 - reinstated the British Royal Governor
  4. 4. CharlesTown, South Carolina - Captured by the British in May of 1780 - Over 5,000 American troops were captured - The worst defeat of the War for the Americans
  5. 5. <ul><li>Charles Cornwallis </li></ul><ul><li>Was made British military commander in the South </li></ul><ul><li>in the summer of 1780 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Battle of King’s Mountain , October 1780 - British attacked on the frontier, backcountry colonists - enraged ‘overmountain men’ raised a militia and ambushed & defeated a British cavalry unit - rural southerners began organizing Patriot militias
  7. 7. Nathaniel Greene – Washington’s best remaining general was made American commander in the South. Daniel Morgan – sent by Greene into South Carolina to wear down the British by attacking supplies & small units Francis Marion – “ The Swamp Fox” most successful leader of hit-and-run raids against the British in South Carolina
  8. 8. Battle of Cowpens (S.C.), January 1781 - A small force under Daniel Morgan defeated part of Cornwallis’ British Army Guilford Courthouse (N.C.), March 1781 - Cornwallis & the British won the battle & forced Greene to retreat, but he continued to fight: &quot;We fight, get beat, rise, and fight again.” - British casualties were so high, however, that Cornwallis retreated to the coast and then decided to invade north into Virginia - Greene moved south and began reconquest of South Carolina
  9. 9. Battle of the Capes September 1781 - French Fleet defeated the British off the American coast and the French controlled the waters off Virginia’s coast
  10. 10. Battle of Yorktown (VA), September- October 1781 - Cornwallis positioned the British Army on the York-James Peninsula, expecting British naval support - Washington moved south, blocked Cornwallis onto the peninsula and began bombarding the British Army - The French fleet blocked Cornwallis by sea and began shelling his army as well. - October 17, 1781 – The largest part of the British Army, led by Cornwallis, surrendered to Washington and the fighting of the Revolutionary War was essentially over
  11. 11. <ul><li>Treaty of Paris (1783) </li></ul><ul><li>American negotiators were John Adams, Ben Franklin, John Jay </li></ul><ul><li>Britain forced to recognize American independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America took control of all territory between Canada and Florida (which went to Spain) and the territory between the Atlantic and the Mississippi River </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Americans still had to pay their debts to British banks & businesses </li></ul>