9.2 revolutionary war_ii
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9.2 revolutionary war_ii

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Revolutionary War

Revolutionary War

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  • 1. Benedict Arnold
    • General Benedict Arnold was an early hero of the Revolution
    • - He led a daring, but unsuccessful invasion of Canada
    • built a Navy on Lake Champlain in NY, stopping the British advance
    • was a leader at the capture of Fort Ticonderoga & at Saratoga
    • - felt unappreciated & was accused of treason because of his loyalist wife and friends
    • - Committed treason by offering to give up West Point on the Hudson River
  • 2.
    • The West
    • George Rogers Clark – American military leader
    • with a small army he captured several British-held towns
    • along the Ohio River during 1778-79.
    • He secured the area for the Americans and strengthened
    • America’s claim to the region after the War.
  • 3. The Southern Campaign Savannah, Georgia - the British occupied the city in December of 1778 - reinstated the British Royal Governor
  • 4. CharlesTown, South Carolina - Captured by the British in May of 1780 - Over 5,000 American troops were captured - The worst defeat of the War for the Americans
  • 5.
    • Charles Cornwallis
    • Was made British military commander in the South
    • in the summer of 1780
  • 6. Battle of King’s Mountain , October 1780 - British attacked on the frontier, backcountry colonists - enraged ‘overmountain men’ raised a militia and ambushed & defeated a British cavalry unit - rural southerners began organizing Patriot militias
  • 7. Nathaniel Greene – Washington’s best remaining general was made American commander in the South. Daniel Morgan – sent by Greene into South Carolina to wear down the British by attacking supplies & small units Francis Marion – “ The Swamp Fox” most successful leader of hit-and-run raids against the British in South Carolina
  • 8. Battle of Cowpens (S.C.), January 1781 - A small force under Daniel Morgan defeated part of Cornwallis’ British Army Guilford Courthouse (N.C.), March 1781 - Cornwallis & the British won the battle & forced Greene to retreat, but he continued to fight: "We fight, get beat, rise, and fight again.” - British casualties were so high, however, that Cornwallis retreated to the coast and then decided to invade north into Virginia - Greene moved south and began reconquest of South Carolina
  • 9. Battle of the Capes September 1781 - French Fleet defeated the British off the American coast and the French controlled the waters off Virginia’s coast
  • 10. Battle of Yorktown (VA), September- October 1781 - Cornwallis positioned the British Army on the York-James Peninsula, expecting British naval support - Washington moved south, blocked Cornwallis onto the peninsula and began bombarding the British Army - The French fleet blocked Cornwallis by sea and began shelling his army as well. - October 17, 1781 – The largest part of the British Army, led by Cornwallis, surrendered to Washington and the fighting of the Revolutionary War was essentially over
  • 11.
    • Treaty of Paris (1783)
    • American negotiators were John Adams, Ben Franklin, John Jay
    • Britain forced to recognize American independence
      • America took control of all territory between Canada and Florida (which went to Spain) and the territory between the Atlantic and the Mississippi River
    • Americans still had to pay their debts to British banks & businesses