Road to Revolution Influential Ideas Republicanism - a representative government modeled on Ancient  Greece & Rome - the  ...
‘ Country’/‘Radical’ Whig Ideology in England & America - opposed the power of the Monarchy and critical of:  - corruption...
A New King George III became King of England in 1760
Parson’s Cause (1758-1763) - British government interfered with Virginia’s limitation  of the pay for Anglican ministers -...
Writs of Assistance  (beginning in 1760) - general search warrants intended to cut down on smuggling - enabled British aut...
Aftermath of the French & Indian War - Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763-66)  - Proclamation Line of 1763  - Posting of 10,000 on ...
Paxton Boys (1763-4) - After Pontiac’s Rebellion Pennsylvania frontiersmen  attacked and massacred peaceful local American...
Sugar Act  (1764) - Reduced import taxes on foreign-made molasses, but  strengthened enforcement of the law - tried smuggl...
<ul><li>Non-importation movement </li></ul><ul><li>Many colonial merchants agreed to stop importing British goods in respo...
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8.1_Revolutionary_Movement_I

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American Revolutionary Movement Part 1

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8.1_Revolutionary_Movement_I

  1. 1. Road to Revolution Influential Ideas Republicanism - a representative government modeled on Ancient Greece & Rome - the stability & authority of government are based on the virtue of the citizens - selflessness, self-sufficiency, & courage
  2. 2. ‘ Country’/‘Radical’ Whig Ideology in England & America - opposed the power of the Monarchy and critical of: - corruption, patronage & bribes, among the King’s ministers - the dangers of a standing army - the threat a powerful state posed to personal liberty
  3. 3. A New King George III became King of England in 1760
  4. 4. Parson’s Cause (1758-1763) - British government interfered with Virginia’s limitation of the pay for Anglican ministers - Colonists, including Patrick Henry, were hostile to the minister’s claims and British interference
  5. 5. Writs of Assistance (beginning in 1760) - general search warrants intended to cut down on smuggling - enabled British authorities to search any colonist's business or home with no advance notice and no probable cause - James Otis, a prominent Boston lawyer, argued against the writs in an unsuccessful court case
  6. 6. Aftermath of the French & Indian War - Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763-66) - Proclamation Line of 1763 - Posting of 10,000 on the frontier - Increased enforcement & collection of import duties by Prime Minister George Grenville - Britain’s national debt doubled as a result of the War
  7. 7. Paxton Boys (1763-4) - After Pontiac’s Rebellion Pennsylvania frontiersmen attacked and massacred peaceful local American Indians - The colonial government did not support them and instead threatened prosecution - In response the militia marched on Philadelphia but were met by British troops & militia - The frontier militia was convinced to back down by Benjamin Franklin
  8. 8. Sugar Act (1764) - Reduced import taxes on foreign-made molasses, but strengthened enforcement of the law - tried smugglers before a Vice-Admiralty Court – a British judge, instead of a colonial jury - first British tax on the colonies designed to raise revenue instead of regulate trade - Hurt prosperous colonial merchants
  9. 9. <ul><li>Non-importation movement </li></ul><ul><li>Many colonial merchants agreed to stop importing British goods in response to the Sugar Act </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament repealed the Sugar Act at the insistence of British merchants </li></ul>

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