4.1 Colonial Expansion 2

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4.1 Colonial Expansion 2

  1. 1. New Jersey – founded 1664 - land granted to supporters of the Duke of York and the King - A Restoration Colony & Proprietary Colony
  2. 2. <ul><li>Pennsylvania – founded 1681 </li></ul><ul><li>- by William Penn and Quakers </li></ul><ul><li>- A Restoration & Proprietary colony </li></ul><ul><li>practiced religious toleration & legal equality </li></ul><ul><li>- Allowed all free men to own property </li></ul><ul><li>formed a democratic government </li></ul><ul><li>cooperated with local Indian tribes </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>founded in 1638 Swedish settlers </li></ul><ul><li>taken by the Dutch, then the English (1664) </li></ul><ul><li>became part of Pennsylvania in the 1680’s </li></ul><ul><li>established a separate legislature in 1702 </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Dominion of New England </li></ul><ul><li>- formed by King James II in 1686 </li></ul><ul><li>- one government, one governor </li></ul><ul><li>- joined all New England colonies & added NY/NJ in 1688 </li></ul><ul><li>- very unpopular with the colonists, who lost political power </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Edmund Andros </li></ul><ul><li>- Royal governor of the Dominion </li></ul><ul><li>- promoted the Anglican Church </li></ul><ul><li>tried to stop town meetings </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Glorious Revolution (1688-89) </li></ul><ul><li>- English replaced James II as monarch with his daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange (the leader of Holland) </li></ul><ul><li>- “First American Revolution” </li></ul><ul><li>- N.E. colonists deposed Andros after the Glorious Revolution, </li></ul><ul><li>breaking up the Dominion of New England </li></ul><ul><li>- reestablished their own charters and governments </li></ul><ul><li>William & Mary accepted the change, but Massachusetts’ charter </li></ul><ul><li>was revoked, making it a royal colony, and the Puritans lost </li></ul><ul><li>control of the colony </li></ul><ul><li>- The new monarchs accepted a constitutional monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>& the English Bill of Rights </li></ul>
  6. 6. Salem Witch Trials 1692 - After Puritans lost legal authority in the colony in 1690 - teenage girls accused residents of Salem of being witches - fear of witches spread throughout the colony and hundreds of people are accused of witchcraft - 20 people were executed - Helped solidify the concepts of ‘separation of church and state in the American colonies’ and ‘innocent until proven guilty’ in America
  7. 7. The Last of the Original 13 Georgia – formed in 1732-33, by James Oglethorpe as a colony for imprisoned English debtors - Ambitious social plans (no slavery, no alcohol, etc.) that were soon ignored - Acted as a buffer between Spanish Florida and Carolina

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