The Rise of England Queen Elizabeth I ruled England from 1558 until 1603 - During her reign she reorganized England’s church, improved the nation’s military position and encouraged efforts to expand her empire.
“ Sea Dogs ” were the English privateers (pirates) who operated with the approval of Queen Elizabeth. Sir Francis Drake was a leading ‘Sea Dog’. He circumnavigated the globe in 1580, was a leader in stopping the Spanish Armada, and considered a pirate by Spain, who put a price on his head.
<ul><li>Defeat of the the Spanish Armada </li></ul><ul><li>Philip II of Spain was frustrated with England’s piracy and support for Protestant rebellions </li></ul><ul><li>- In 1588 the Spanish attempted to invade England and sent a massive, expensive fleet, into the English Channel. </li></ul><ul><li>- England’s more maneuverable ships, better cannons and more experienced seamen allowed them to begin the defeat of the hulking, overloaded Spanish ships. </li></ul><ul><li>- A powerful storm, later called a “Protestant Wind”, virtually destroyed the already decimated Spanish Fleet. </li></ul><ul><li>Results: </li></ul><ul><li>1) the beginning of Spain’s decline </li></ul><ul><li>2) the beginning of England’s </li></ul><ul><li>rise to power </li></ul><ul><li>3) it allowed England to </li></ul><ul><li>colonize North America </li></ul>
Ireland - The English use harsh, violent tactics in its attempt to conquer and control the Irish people between 1564 and 1620 - This would influence the often violent and combative relationship with American Indians
<ul><li>Roanoke </li></ul><ul><li>- an unsuccessful English colony </li></ul><ul><li>- planted by Walter Raleigh on the coast of North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>- The first group failed in 1585 </li></ul><ul><li>- A second was settled there in 1587 </li></ul><ul><li>It was found deserted when supply ships finally returned in 1589. </li></ul>
- In 1603 Elizabeth I died without an heir and the English throne passed to James I of Scotland. James I would support the first successful English efforts to colonize America beginning with Jamestown in 1607.
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