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Winegrowing @ Vilafonté
November 22, 2011
@ Vilafonté
Phil Freese & Edward Pietersen
Today: “Today: “Beginning With The End In MindBeginning With The End In Mind””
• Defining ‘target’ wine characteristics an...
 Training is VSP
 Vine spacing (1.2 x 1.6 m) = (4.0 x 5.25 feet)
 5,200 vines/ha = 2,112 vines/acre
Vilafonté Vineyard:Vilafonté Vineyard:
Variety Ha Clone(s)
Rootstock Plant - Year
CF 0.68 623 & 214 101-14 1999
CS 6.08 16...
Technology @ Vilafonté: “Appropriate for theTechnology @ Vilafonté: “Appropriate for the
time”time”
500 Million years ago
...
Key Wine Growing Issues for VilafonteKey Wine Growing Issues for Vilafonte
Soils
“Old” soils – highly weathered
Sub-surfac...
Managing for wine characters and style:Managing for wine characters and style:
Training and pruning to set shoot number an...
Key Wine Growing Issues for VilafonteKey Wine Growing Issues for Vilafonte
Climate
“Mediterranean”
Winter rainfall area - ...
G. Jones (2006)
Grape Vine Phenology Dates And Data:Grape Vine Phenology Dates And Data:
Some Practical Uses Within The Growing season:Som...
Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations:
The Vineyard TeamThe Vineyard Team
Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations:
Pruning
Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations:
Pruning
Suckering
Canopy
Side shoots
Wire shifting & Shoot positioning
Dealing With The Natural Variability OfDealing With The Natural Variability Of
VineyardsVineyards
• Weak shoots
• Veraison...
Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations:
Pruning
Suckering
Canopy
Side shoots
Wire lifting & Shoot positioning
Water manag...
Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations:
Pruning
Suckering
Canopy
Side shoots
Wire lifting & Shoot positioning
Water manag...
Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations:
Pruning
Suckering
Canopy
Side shoots
Wire lifting & Shoot positioning
Water manag...
The Vine: Uneven Fruit RipeningThe Vine: Uneven Fruit Ripening
• Non-uniform ripening of fruit is probably a large positiv...
Normalized Difference Vegetation Index = NDVINormalized Difference Vegetation Index = NDVI
(Spatial Variation of Vegetativ...
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
Vilafonte viticulture technical
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Vilafonte viticulture technical

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A copy of the viticulture presentation by Dr Phil Freese at the Vilafonte 2007 vintage release in November 2010 at the Vilafonte winery

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
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  • Weak shoots and irregular ripening
    A built in survival technique for the vines, not have all fruit ripen at same time
    Seed ripeness and propagation of the vines – wide window of opportunity for birds, etc.
    Role of verasion thinning
    @ 1.5 Brix per week
    2 week wide window of flowering  to minimum of 3 Brix wide window
    To get average Brix right = field sample
    Must have some very over-ripe fruit
    Field sample is a mixture of under and over-ripe fruit
    Effects of unripe fruit in the mix of ripe fruit
    Action is to remove the unripe = green fruit in reds
    At about 85% coloring, drop out the green fruit
    If crop is large, do your crop thinning at this time
    Assumes the vine is not grossly overcropped
    All weak shoot fruit is off already – get it early when less time critical
    This work is time-critical, lot of acres to cover in few days
    Do a variability study
  • #20
  • Transcript of "Vilafonte viticulture technical"

    1. 1. Winegrowing @ Vilafonté November 22, 2011 @ Vilafonté Phil Freese & Edward Pietersen
    2. 2. Today: “Today: “Beginning With The End In MindBeginning With The End In Mind”” • Defining ‘target’ wine characteristics and attributes – “Absolute” vs. “Relative” • Know the site: Soils, Climate, Plant materials • Know the ‘tools’ available to drive the outcome for the wines • Design vineyard and wine growing to meet the wine objectives using the best ‘tools’ • Seasonal wine growing = “The Game Plan” – Management is sensitive to • “The Game Plan” & overall wine objectives  above • The season  The “Plan” becomes Reality of season
    3. 3.  Training is VSP  Vine spacing (1.2 x 1.6 m) = (4.0 x 5.25 feet)  5,200 vines/ha = 2,112 vines/acre
    4. 4. Vilafonté Vineyard:Vilafonté Vineyard: Variety Ha Clone(s) Rootstock Plant - Year CF 0.68 623 & 214 101-14 1999 CS 6.08 163, 37, 341 101-14 1998 & 1999 ME 4.86 343 & 348 101-14 1998, 1999, 2007 MA 2.83 46, 71, 1 101-14 & R99 1998, 2006 14.45
    5. 5. Technology @ Vilafonté: “Appropriate for theTechnology @ Vilafonté: “Appropriate for the time”time” 500 Million years ago  Current way to assess soil variability – pre- plant 
    6. 6. Key Wine Growing Issues for VilafonteKey Wine Growing Issues for Vilafonte Soils “Old” soils – highly weathered Sub-surface drainage installed prior to planting row orientation to facilitate drainage “Vilafontes” is one of the soil types  Vilafonté
    7. 7. Managing for wine characters and style:Managing for wine characters and style: Training and pruning to set shoot number and position – fruit display Water management – time & amount-stress – Build ‘sufficient’ canopy Leaf Water Potential (LWP) pressure bomb Drainage Crop control & Managing for uniformity of fruit ripening  Low yields per vine and good yields per hectare 7 tons/Ha = 1.4 Kg/vine (3.1 pounds per vine)  Intensity of character  Severe thinning fruit to ‘capacity’ of the shoots  Severe veraison thinning – achieve uniformly ripe fruit
    8. 8. Key Wine Growing Issues for VilafonteKey Wine Growing Issues for Vilafonte Climate “Mediterranean” Winter rainfall area - about 25 - 30 inches (April – September) Low frost potential in the spring “Mild” summers Warm days and nights Higher relative humidity vs. California – less vine stress extremes Somewhat more regular ripening weather (more shallow diurnal temperature changes) Long post-harvest time for vine-ripeness Regular phenology Approximately 105 – 110 days, bloom to harvest
    9. 9. G. Jones (2006)
    10. 10. Grape Vine Phenology Dates And Data:Grape Vine Phenology Dates And Data: Some Practical Uses Within The Growing season:Some Practical Uses Within The Growing season: • Phenology is your ‘timeline’ for the growing season – Budburst to flowering is a ‘squishy’ number (heat limiting in spring) – Other stages are very reproducible (heat saturated – in most “New World” areas) • Timing between events is very regular season-to-season for a given site, variety and vineyard block • Timing within an event is a measure of variability – Number of elapsed days from 5% to 95% • Net – you can project timing of vine events from your phenology data: – Flowering dates and fungicide sprays – Cutoff date for last sulfur application to avoid residue on fruit – Water management – choose a stress level (severity) and (time) to hit this level – When you need to do veraison thinning – Harvest timing – French plan their summer vacations!
    11. 11. Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations: The Vineyard TeamThe Vineyard Team
    12. 12. Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations: Pruning
    13. 13. Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations: Pruning Suckering Canopy Side shoots Wire shifting & Shoot positioning
    14. 14. Dealing With The Natural Variability OfDealing With The Natural Variability Of VineyardsVineyards • Weak shoots • Veraison thinning • Selective harvest of sub-areas to achieve uniform lots • Berry sorting at the winery after de-stemming
    15. 15. Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations: Pruning Suckering Canopy Side shoots Wire lifting & Shoot positioning Water management
    16. 16. Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations: Pruning Suckering Canopy Side shoots Wire lifting & Shoot positioning Water management Veraison thinning
    17. 17. Vineyard Operations:Vineyard Operations: Pruning Suckering Canopy Side shoots Wire lifting & Shoot positioning Water management Veraison thinning Harvest
    18. 18. The Vine: Uneven Fruit RipeningThe Vine: Uneven Fruit Ripening • Non-uniform ripening of fruit is probably a large positive benefit for better evolutionary competition – More chances to have animals feed on some of the berries as they come ripe: • Better chance of ripening in the migration time of birds – Better chance of surviving different climate conditions • Non-uniform ripening is not positive for winemaking objectives! – Lack of ‘focus’ of aroma and flavor – mixed berry characters • Variations within: – Vineyard – area to area – Vine – bunch to bunch – Cluster – berry to berry
    19. 19. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index = NDVINormalized Difference Vegetation Index = NDVI (Spatial Variation of Vegetative Index)(Spatial Variation of Vegetative Index)
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