Brave New World
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  • 1. Brave New World Aldous Huxley
  • 2. The title is an allusion to Shakespeare’s
    • O, wonder!
    • How many goodly creatures are there here!
    • How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world,
    • That has such people in't!
    The Tempest
  • 3. Genre: Science fiction, dystopia
    • The opposite of DYSTOPIA is UTOPIA, a perfect society.
    • Eden, Shangri-La, Eldorado are
    • utopias.
    • Nazi Germany and the USSR =
    • dystopias.
    A dystopia is a society that seeks perfection through control and conditioning.
  • 4. Satire and social commentary
    • Science fiction is set in the future, but it satirizes conditions in the present.
    A critique of the modern
  • 5. Human Nature
    • Are people just a conglameration of chemical reactions and responses to stimuli?
    • Are we more than the sum of our parts?
    What a piece of work is a man!
  • 6. Totalitarianism and communism
    • BNW is a prophetic warning against the dangers of societies that have a “one size fits all” solution for human beings.
    BNW as political literature
  • 7. Consumerism
    • BNW questions the wisdom of consumerism and the illusion of instant gratification.
    Buy, Buy, Buy!
  • 8. Progress
    • Modern thinkers have questioned the idea that the human race is progressing toward a better future.
    Getting better?
  • 9. Technology
    • Can science and technology save the human race?
    Better living through chemicals!
  • 10. Art
    • The World State has no art because it is unnecessary.
    • Is art necessary? Do people NEED art?
    What is the function of art?