Albums of american colonies
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  • Interesting information! And don´t forget to visit Uncle Garys site: You are very welcome! Merry Christmas by the way! And if You´re a Spanishspeaker why not visit: Feliz Navidad!
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Albums of american colonies Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Mike McCreary
    Albums of American Colonies
  • 2. Native Americans (Canada)
    The Jesuits of France settled in Canada on a mission to spread Christianity
    The Native Americans they encountered were the Algonquians, Montagnais, Hurons and the Iroquois
    These tribes were much more civilized than previously thought
    Their peaceful ways and agricultural lifestyle of the Algonquians made it easier for the Jesuits to convert them to Christianity
  • 3. Native Americans (United States)
    With the arrival of the Europeans, many tribes had to adjust to another presence in their land
    Some, such as Squanto, tried to make peaceful relations through trade
    Others, like Openchacanough, openly fought against the colonists
    Eventually treaties had to be signed to stop the exploitation of the Natives
    Red Shoes used these treaties and conflicts among the European colonies to gain power and wealth between both Indian nations and the colonies
  • 4. Native Americans (South America)
    When the Spanish came to S. America, they came looking to conquer and own whatever they found
    Many were promised better lives but were sold as slaves
    Priests of the old religion were persecuted and often killed
    They practiced their religion in secret and pretended to be Christians when accused of witchcraft and idolatry
  • 5. Africans
    The African slave trade was the greatest forced migration in history
    Their traditions and culture blended into every part of the land they were forced to move to
    Some were granted freedom and worked along side the White merchants and farmers
    During the American Revolution, slaves were offered freedom to fight on the British side
    They were allowed to marry but this was not seen as legally binding and marriages could be broken up if one was sold to another owner
  • 6. English
    The English was one of the strongest empires in the world
    “The sun never sets on the English Empire” meant that their colonies were so far ranging that it was daylight in at least one of them all the time
    Their presence in America was a tragic beginning at the colony of Jamestown
    It is still unknown the exact cause of the colony’s collapse but theories include disease, starvation, Indian resistance, and even poisoning
    Plymouth was a much more successful endeavor set up by the Puritans escaping religious persecution
  • 7. France
    France colonized much of Canada around the same time England was expanding
    This created much tension between the two countries
    The Seven Years (French and Indian) war was fought over this mounting tension between territorial boundaries
    This war ended with the French being forced out of Canada
    While still limiting freedoms of the Native Americans, France gave them more leeway into decided what type of lifestyle they wanted under French rule
  • 8. Dutch
    The Dutch gained occupancy of the territory between Virginia and New France in the 1620’s
    Colonists of New Amsterdam (New York later) were complaining that the labor on the farms was too difficult and slaves were needed to be productive
    In the 1640’s, slave trade that originally went from Angola to Curacao (another Dutch colony) was now allowed to go directly to New Amsterdam
    The Dutch colonies in Brazil also sent slaves to New Amsterdam to help ease the labor disputes
  • 9. Spanish
    The Spanish conquered all of Mexico and a vast area of S. America
    Lima is the capital of Peru and was also a Spanish colony
    An eccentric character who lived most of his life in Lima was Cristobal Bequer
    He avoided the law by joining a monastery and working his way up the channels of the church
    He was convicted of harassment but also avoided punishment by delaying the court with appeals for over a year
    This story shows the influence of church and original countries laws being difficult to enforce in a colony being established
  • 10. Portuguese
    Brazil was a major colony for the Portuguese
    It had a major sugar exportation that required a lot of workers
    Because it was such a vast diverse land, guides were often needed to find “free laborers”
    Damiana de Cunha was one guide who was a native raised by the colonial governor
    Her goal was to convince her tribe of the Amazon to move to the villages set up by the Portuguese where the food was more reliable and safer
  • 11. Sources
    American Colonies
    Jesuit Relations
    Struggle and Survival
    The Aztecs
    The Slave in Early New York -William Renwick Riddell The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Jan., 1928), pp. 53-86 Published by: Association for the Study of African-American Life and History, Inc.