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Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
Ch 6 presentation 6 h
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Ch 6 presentation 6 h

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  • 1. Ch 6 presentation 6H<br />BIOLOGY 120 WW2-60375<br />Mikelle Almonte<br />
  • 2. Hodgkin’s disease (HD)<br /><ul><li>Hodgkin disease is a type of lymphoma.
  • 3. Lymphoma is cancer of lymph tissue found in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and bone marrow.
  • 4. The first sign of Hodgkin disease is often an enlarged lymph node.
  • 5. The disease can spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • 6. Later it may spread to the lungs, liver or bone marrow.
  • 7. The cause is unknown.</li></li></ul><li>Hodgkin’s disease (HD) symptoms <br /><ul><li>Hodgkin disease is rare.
  • 8. Symptoms include:
  • 9. painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • 10. fever and chills
  • 11. night sweats
  • 12. weight loss
  • 13. loss of appetite
  • 14. itchy skin</li></li></ul><li>Hodgkin’s disease (HD) diagnosis and treatment <br /><ul><li>Hodgkin’s disease can be diagnosed with a biopsy.
  • 15. This involves removing and examining a piece of tissue under a microscope.
  • 16. Treatment varies depending on how far the disease has spread and often includes radiation theraphy or chemotherapy.
  • 17. The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the more effective the treatment.
  • 18. In most cases, Hodgkin disease can be cured. </li></li></ul><li>Hodgkin’s disease (HD) image<br />
  • 19. Hodgkin’s disease (HD) image <br />
  • 20. Kaposi’s sarcoma<br /><ul><li>Kaposi&apos;s sarcoma is a disease in which cancer cells are found in the tissues under the skin or mucous membranes that line the mouth, nose, and other organs.
  • 21. KS causes red or purple patches (lesions) on the skin and/or mucous membranes and spreads to other organs in the body, such as the lungs, liver, or intestinal tract.</li></li></ul><li>Kaposi’s sarcoma tumor types <br /><ul><li>KS tumors are divided into three groups, based on appearance, with much overlap.
  • 22. Nodular lesions are of varying size and thickness. They are purple and will at times have a halo of brown or yellow pigment around them.
  • 23. Infiltrating lesions may be quite large, may be raised, or grow downward beneath the skin.
  • 24. Lymphatic lesions can mimic other causes of swollen lymph nodes and may require a biopsy to rule out infection. </li></li></ul><li>Kaposi’s sarcoma symptoms <br /><ul><li>Once the disease occurs, symptoms relate to the site of involvement.
  • 25. Early and more advanced skin lesions are usually only mildly uncomfortable, although painful ulcers may occur.
  • 26. Lesions in the gastrointestinal tract are very common but rarely cause significant symptoms.
  • 27. Early lesions in the lung have no symptoms either, but severe lung involvement produces a profound air hunger.</li></li></ul><li>Kaposi’s sarcoma treatment <br /><ul><li>KS is not considered curable.
  • 28. Long-term survival does occur both with or without treatment, however.
  • 29. Survival in classic KS is usually years and sometimes decades.
  • 30. All forms of KS are sensitive to radiation theraphy.
  • 31. Radiation is especially useful for lesions that are cosmetically disturbing, painful, involve the mouth extensively, block lymphatics, bleed, or protrude from the skin.
  • 32. Chemotherapy and biological therapy are also utilized in treatment.</li></li></ul><li>Kaposi’s sarcoma image<br />
  • 33. Kaposi’s sarcoma image<br />
  • 34. Sarcoidosis<br /><ul><li>Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease.
  • 35. It starts as tiny, grain-like lumps called granulomas, which most often appear in your lungs or lymph nodes.
  • 36. They can clump together and form larger lumps that attack other organs.
  • 37. Sarcoidosis often affects your skin, eyes or liver.</li></li></ul><li>Sarcoidosis symptoms<br /><ul><li>It does not always cause symptoms, so you can have it without knowing it.
  • 38. No one is sure what causes sarcoidosis.
  • 39. General symptoms caused by the disease include fever, tiredness or fatigue, weight loss, night sweats and an overall feeling of ill health.
  • 40. Some organs are affected more often than others.
  • 41. Sarcoidosis occurs most often in the lungs.
  • 42. It also commonly affects the skin, eyes, lymph nodes and liver.
  • 43. Less commonly, it affects the spleen, brain, nerves, heart, tear glands, salivary glands, sinuses, bones and joints.
  • 44. Rarely, it affects other organs, such as the kidneys, breasts and male and female reproductive organs.
  • 45. Sarcoidosis may be mild, or it can be severe and do lasting damage. </li></li></ul><li>Sarcoidosis treatment<br /><ul><li>The majority of people with sarcoidosis recover without any treatment.
  • 46. It is indicated to follow a treatment according to the disease and the risks incurred by the affected organ.
  • 47. The purpose of the sarcoidosis treatment is to slow or even stop the formation of granulomas and alleviate the various symptoms.
  • 48. The various drugs used for this purpose are from different classes:
  • 49. Corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory cortisone type)
  • 50. Cytotoxic agents
  • 51. Immunomodulators (treatment that stimulates or inhibits the response of the immune system)
  • 52. Some antibiotics</li></li></ul><li>Sarcoidosis image<br />
  • 53. Sarcoidosis image<br />
  • 54. Sources<br />&quot;Cutaneous Sarcoidosis: A Dermatologic Masquerader - April 15, 2002 - American Family Physician.&quot; Home Page -- American Academy of Family Physicians. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1581.html&gt;.<br />&quot;Hodgkin Disease: MedlinePlus.&quot; National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/hodgkindisease.html&gt;.<br />&quot;Hodgkin&apos;s Disease: Definition with Hodgkin&apos;s Disease Pictures and Photos.&quot; Lexicus - Word Definitions for Puzzlers and Word Lovers. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://www.lexic.us/definition-of/Hodgkin&apos;s_disease&gt;.<br />&quot;Kaposi&apos;s Sarcoma - Pictures.&quot; GoldBamboo.com - Your Integrative Health and Wellness Resource. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://www.goldbamboo.com/pictures-t1472.html&gt;.<br />&quot;Kaposi&apos;s Sarcoma - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention.&quot; Consumer Health News, Information and Resources Updated Daily. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://www.healthscout.com/ency/68/297/main.html&gt;.<br />&quot;Kaposi&apos;s Sarcoma: MedlinePlus.&quot; National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/kaposissarcoma.html#cat5&gt;.<br />&quot;Sarcoidosis : Pictures &amp; Images.&quot; AllRefer Health. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://health.allrefer.com/health/sarcoidosis-pictures-images.html&gt;.<br />&quot;Sarcoidosis: MedlinePlus.&quot; National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sarcoidosis.html&gt;.<br />Sarcoidosis. Web. 09 Oct. 2010. &lt;http://www.sarcoidosissymptoms.com/&gt;.<br />

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