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    Wwipresentation 1  1 Wwipresentation 1 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Reasons for U.S. Entrance into World War I By: Kevin Cuff, Marco Davoli, Mike Koziol, and Shane Roberto Case 1 Case 2
    • Case One: The U.S. Were Attacked Even Though They Were Still Neutral
      • Directions:
      • Read the background Information on World War One.
      • Consider the background information, including reasons and read the perspectives.
      • Think about why the U.S. entered the war and explain the reasoning.
      3. Background Info 4. Perspective One 6. Perspective Two 8. Perspective Three Home
    • Case Two: Reasons for War Being Good for Business
      • Directions:
      • Read the background Information on World War One.
      • Consider the background information, including reasons and read the perspectives.
      • Think about why the U.S. entered the war and explain the reasoning.
    • Background Info
      • WWI was sparked during the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Serbian nationalist group.
      • This introduced rising thoughts of nationalism increased hostilities.
      • The building aggression, along with new military alliances added to make things even more tense in Europe.
      • An ultimatum was set into place, and with the disobeying of this order brought the chain of many countries declaring war
      • When the war broke out there were two sides, The Central Powers, Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. Opposing them were Great Britain, Russia,and France.
      Home Case 1
    • Perspective One
      • United States Marine
      Home Case 1 6. Perspective Two 8. Perspective Three
    • United States Marine - Jimbo Jackson – Letter to Mother
      • As a captain of a United States merchant ship I have seen it all in my experiences on the high seas. Back when I started out the worst thing that could happen to your ship was a severe case of weather. Now we have to fear for the worst whenever we travel to foreign ports across the Atlantic. U-boat attacks are often barbaric and since they almost always attack unarmed ships, the battles are heavily one sided.
      • When a U-boat attacks it is without warning, and when it happens time seems to speed up. You have very little time to react and since most of the time these are merchant ships the men aboard have no idea how to deal with a maritime situation. Panic ensues and that is the worst possible thing when your boat is sinking. They can quickly surface, open fire on the ship, sink it, and submerge all within a matter of minutes. Without being able to defend ourselves it is only a matter of time before all of the peaceful trade ships are sunk and there is no way to trade goods across the Atlantic.
      • These brutal acts of disregard for human life have killed as many as 1,200 on the sinking of the British liner Lusitania. This ship carried over 120 Americans and our country wasn’t even involved at the war at this point. Further on it was a passenger liner that was simply carrying people for a transatlantic voyage, no harm intended. How the Germans can completely disregard innocent human life highly frustrates me and I believe that because of acts of violence such as this one that all our merchant ships should carry some sort of armed protection for all transatlantic voyages.
      • This added measure of safety would help all of us feel safer when we make these much needed trips to bring supplies to our allies in Europe. If we continue to be attacked unprovoked there is really no choice other than to arm ourselves in the hope of self defense. But if that measure doesn’t work then I see no other choice but for the United states to enter into the war and defend our honor, something the Germans are trying to take away with these cowardly attacks on poor, innocent civilians.
      • Sincerely,
      • Jimbo Jackson
      Case 1 Home 6. Perspective Two 8. Perspective Three Primary Source Video - 2:45 Into Movie
    • Perspective Two
      • U.S. President Wilson
      Home Case 1 4. Perspective One 8. Perspective Three
    • President Wilson -Letter to Senate
      • It has come to my attention that Germany has resumed the use of so called “U-boats” in an attempt to blockade our exchange of goods with our allies in Europe. When they announced that they would resume the use of these inhumane war machines on January 31, 1917 I was rather speechless. Since they have violated the Sussex pledge I think that it would be in our best interest to enter into the war, Germany has left us with little choice. At the very least I have decided to break off all diplomatic connections with Germany. Since most likely merchants would be afraid to take the risk and ship these goods I also recommend that we should arm our merchant ships, giving them at least a small measure of protection against these unlawful acts of unprecedented violence. If we continue to be hit by brutal uncalled for German submarine attacks then we are left with no other course of action than to take Germany to war, and enter feet first into the so called “Great War.”
      • The Germans at one point thought that they could win this war without having to go as far as theses inhumane tactics. But because of their shortcomings on land at war they have to turn to their strength, the seas. We must do our best to mobilize our army, the one thing that they feared the most. While the Germans don’t think that we can do it quickly enough I believe that we may prove them wrong and turn this war around.
      • Though the German military has reached out to such an act of desperation that they are now threatening to sink every English, Italian, French, or American ship regardless of whether or not it is a military ship we must remember that this is strictly a military decision. We hold nothing against the collective people of Germany and we should remember this when we enter this war, our problem is with the evil German government, not the innocent civilians that make up most of their country. At first we had helped for a so called peace without victory but we are far beyond this point no thanks to the despicable and monstrous acts of our now enemies the Germans. Hopefully this war can be won with as little blood shed as possible and in a most timely matter.
      • Sincerely,
      • Woodrow Wilson
      Home Case 1 4. Perspective One 8. Perspective Three
    • Perspective Three
      • German Navy Commander
      Home Case 1 4. Perspective One 6. Perspective Two
    • German Navy Commander - Ian Schweinsteiger - A memoir of WWI
      • With the war effort increasing in Germany and our increased passion to make a difference in a positive way for our country, it was time for us to declare unrestricted submarine warfare. In our minds it was a feasible idea. It was a necessity for us as an army to find a way to weaken the Allies, especially their powerful navy. At first, we would try and be effective by trying to overtake enemy boats. But, since we have cramped surroundings within our submarine we cannot handle prisoners of war and have no manpower to regulate their behavior and keep them in line. This is why it would make a lot more sense to simply sink each enemy boat, crew and all
      • We were going about our daily routine, cleaning our stations and eating our early morning meal when the announcement was made, an American steamboat was approaching.
      • The view of the beautiful vessel was magnificent. The crew of the innocent boat was scrubbing the deck, initiating that shine that every deckhand loves. In a way, there was no way I wanted to sink this gorgeous ship, gosh, she was a stunning thing. But I had to understand, war is war .
      Home Case 1 Perspective 3 Continued 4. Perspective One 6. Perspective Two
    • German Navy Commander Continued
      • I ran to my cramped quarters of the commander station and called down to the control room to prepare for the first firing of the torpedo. “FIRE”, I proclaimed and at that moment I could feel the tremor of the recoil within our ship. There was that eerie moment of silence as the rival vessel realizes and for the first time sees the path of the booming torpedo. I watched intently as arms began to flail on the other ship and the captain put his hands in his face, preparing for the devastating blow. The first torpedo hit and a great spout emerged from the water, similar to a geyser, starting to embark on the beginning of the ships demise. The second torpedo was inevitable and as I yelled “FIRE”, for the second time I could feel the desperate emotions of the merchant ship.
      • All of their men screamed, yelled and called for help, looking frantically for a means of escape. Men jumped over board on make shift life vests and found any spare small boats they could find.
      • The second torpedo hit, and that did the job. The smoke bellowed like a newly lit cigar and the boat began to sink. It is not the best feeling in the world knowing you’re most likely taking innocent lives. But it is what we must do for our country. And if we, as Germans are going to win this war, it will be through unrestricted submarine warfare.
      Home Case 1 4. Perspective One 6. Perspective Two Primary Source
    • Perspective One
      • U.S. Soldier fighting in the Great War
      • Jacob Thomas
    • United States Soldier Dear Journal,
    • Perspective Two
      • Farmer in the United States
    • Farmer in the United States Dear Journal,