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China, India & Western Hubris: Education & Economic Success A Wake-Up Call for our students?
American/Westerners’ Four “Global” Myths American students are more well-rounded than Indian or Chinese students Indian and Chinese education is mostly rote memorization Americans are inherently more creative and innovative American education is superior because we educate everyone
Global Myth # 1 American students are more well-rounded than Indian or Chinese students
Global Myth # 2 Indian and Chinese education is mostly rote memorization
Indian & Chinese Exams India Standard X & XII Proficiency Exams Math, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Geography, World History, English Grammar, English Literature, Hindi or Sanskrit Each exam is 2-3 hours –over 20 hours long Standard X –to pass 10thgrade Standard XII –to graduate China –National College Entrance Exam (9.57Million students sat the exam in 2010) 3 days, 4 hours per day
How Rote Is This?Indian CBSE 10thGrade English Proficiency Exam cbse
Chinese College Entrance ExamEssay Writing – Rote?
Global Myth # 3 Americans / Westerners are inherently more creative and innovative
Trade Comparisons USA UK China Population 300 million 65 million 1.3 billion GDP (PPP) $14.3 Trillion (#1) $2.7 Trillion $7.8 Trillion (# 3) National Debt –external $12.25 trillion$1.5 Trillion $421 Billion Federal Budget Surplus (08) ($455 Billion) $18 Billion GDP Growth 2008 1.3% -1.5%% 9.8% Reserves of foreign exchange $70 Billion $2.1 Trillion Current account balance ($568.8 billion) $368 billion Balance of Trade ($1.5 Trillion)$1.5 Trillion Export Partners Canada 21% US 19% Loans to USA NA Nil $1 Trillion Labor force 155 million 32 million 808 Million Education expenditures 5.3% of GDP 5.3% of GDP 2.0% of GDP
Global Myth # 4 American/Western education is superior because we educate everyone
Numbers of Students How many K-12 students are there in the USA? India? China? UKUSAINDIACHINA 1.9M54M212M194M How many students graduate High School in the USA? India? China? EstimatesUSAINDIACHINA 2008 High School 2.8 M 8M10M Graduates 2008 College 1.9M6M6M Freshman
My Premise Global Education Standards have passed us by India and China are setting the standards America/the West unaware of this fact We ignore Global Standards at our economic peril US/Western academic and economic leadership are not guaranteed in 21stCentury
21st Century Economy More Knowledge Intensive •More Entrepreneurial •More Competitive
The World is vastly More CompetitiveGDP – PPP by Country