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  • Eight “W”s sum up for me the global ecclesial picture at the turn of the millenium: The World: this is my Father’s world; God has a clear-cut desire/agenda for this world, even though it is also under the spell of the evil one & the kingdom of darkness God’s will (see What is God’s deepest desire slide) is that none perish in this world. If that is his will, why is it not ours? Word, Work & Wonder, borrowed from another source, is a very handy way of summarizing three prominent streams or spheres of the current Christian global church scene, in terms of theology, praxis, ecclesial structures, favorite scriptures & member of Trinity, “bottom line,” buzzwords, emphases in corporate worship, etc. We live in an age in which the lines are fuzzying between these formerly distinct groupings, thanks mostly to the information age & a vastly shrunken globe. WE are those who deal increasingly with all of the above traditions & find ourselves uncomfortable alligning ourselves strictly with any one of them, although we also increasingly appreciate each one’s contribution to an overall, “holistic” presentation of Christ & his Kingdom to the world. Our worship as a global & local expression of church is becoming more & more ‘becoming’ in light of the groundswell of synergy, unity (including repentance for past sins), (not ecumenism per se) & overlap between the traditions, takes on new dimensions while harking back to more biblical uses of the word. While we maintain a vertical corporate worship, we realize that our worship vertically is no more credible & real than its manifestation in the “nasty-now-n-now” (Rom. 12:1-2) Lastly, the wineskins of all these traditions, young & old, are being called into question line never before. Many within each one of these groupings are asking what went wrong in 300 AD when Christianity became legal & ultimately forced itself upon the host civilization. The structures which were put in place at the time have not really been called into question even through the violent rites of passage the church as endured like the Protestant reformation. The clergy-laity divide, the fixation on buildings, the bureaucratization & institutionalization of the church have weakened, not strengthened its impact on the world, & also left the vast majority of would-be members on the outside, not all that interested in getting inside. Today, everyone seems more willing than ever to review their organizational/ecclesial structures in the interests of seeing the Church become the vanguard of Christ’s Kingdom as it was originally inaugurated.
  • NOTES: W/ Slide #13 The three intersecting circles correspond directly to the previous Venn diagram, Charismatics in the “all authority” sphere Conservatives/evangelicals in the “all nations” sphere Conciliar/mainline in the “all I’ve commanded” sphere While it will be clear that these are broad generalizations & that the emphases do not necessarily even dovetail with our experience of these ecclesial spheres, I lay them out this way because I believe the primary proponents of these emphases have their roots in the best of these particular camps. So, for instance, while Mainline groups may not be known for their emphasis on “teaching them to observe all that I’ve commanded you,” their liberal tradition is indeed the fountainhead in the modern literature of the social gospel & of a persistent return to the social & this-worldly implications of the gospel while Evangelicals, Fundamentalists & most Charismatics have until recently tended to bifurcate reality into what D. Miller calls the evangelical Gnostic categories of secular/sacred…. Each group obviously has it own strengths & pitfalls. This is specifically why they are arranged as overlapping & converging circles. No “purists” remain in this climate of exchange of ideas & the age of information. And this means that we all own the entire rest of the Body. When one member suffers, yes, we all suffer. So, even at the macro-level, we are increasingly (& positively) INTER-dependent, learning from one another & acting as Christ-like correctives to each others’ shortcomings. The three “all”s of the Great Commission come from Matthew 28 Faith, Hope & Love of course relate to 1 Cor. 13 The Powers, Persecution & Poverty are the three primary things facing the church in the non-West which the church in the West has very little to say to, often neither experiencing nor knowing well how to confront. The overall diagram points to God’s “program” for his world including ultimately the “obedience of the nations” spoken of by both Paul & Christ in reference to the Great Commission. As the church becomes more bound up in a seamless whole reflecting the dynamic unity of Christ’s high priestly prayer in John 17, following more thoroughly the Lord in his mission, it will take on the complementary components described above, which until recently have tended to be the province of just one or two groups in isolation from the rest of the Body. If we achieve genuine synergy, & begin to look & act more like a true Body of Christ, (even in these areas of Word, Work & Wonder) then we can hope that the transformation we all long for within our communities & nation will actually be modeled first by our corporate balance, indeed our own internal transformation. And as we obey the Lord, coming closer together & Praying, Preaching & Proving the gospel into our own lives, churches & institutions, we will begin to see our surrounding communities touched with the amazing, unbelievable power of the Spirit, in signs & wonders, in the power of the preached message & the proofs of love in action at the most practical level of need. Our worship will then have meaning beyond the four walls of our buildings & we will see unprecedented harvest.

som-103 Kerygma presentation som-103 Kerygma presentation Presentation Transcript

  • www.facebook.com/seatsinc
  • SOM-03 Making Good NewsGoodSOM-03-02 The Good News of the Kingdom
  • • Whats the best news you could ever receive?• Whats the best news our country could ever receive?• Whats the biggest problem with the world?
  • • What does our country need? Ano ba ang pangangailangan ng ating bansa? • Our Church? Our Family?• What does our country need to know? Ano ba ang dapat malaman ng ating bansa?
  • KERYGMAkhvrugma / khruvssw Proclamation Pagpapahayag
  • Isaiah 40:21• Don’t you know?• Haven’t you heard?• Haven’t you been told from the beginning?• Don’t you understand the foundations of the earth?
  • Isaiah 40:21-31Don’t you know? Haven’t you heard? Haven’t youbeen told from the beginning? Don’t youunderstand the foundations of the earth? God isenthroned above the earth, & those who live on itare like grasshoppers. He stretches out the skylike a canopy & spreads it out like a tent to live in.He makes rulers unimportant & makes earthlyjudges worth nothing. They have hardly beenplanted. They have hardly been sown. They havehardly taken root in the ground. Then he blowson them & they wither, & a windstorm sweepsthem...
  • Isaiah 40:21-31… away like straw.“To whom, then, can you compare me? Who ismy equal?” asks the Holy One. Look at the sky &see. Who created these things? Who brings outthe stars one by one? He calls them all by name.Because of the greatness of his might & thestrength of his power, not one of them is missing.Jacob, why do you complain? Israel, why do yousay, “My way is hidden from the LORD, & myrights are ignored by my God”? Don’t youknow?...
  • Isaiah 40:21-31… Haven’t you heard? The eternal God, theLORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth,doesn’t grow tired or become weary. Hisunderstanding is beyond reach. He givesstrength to those who grow tired & increases thestrength of those who are weak. Even youngpeople grow tired & become weary, & young menwill stumble & fall. Yet, the strength of those whowait with hope in the LORD will be renewed.They will soar on wings like eagles. They will run& won’t become weary. They will walk & won’tgrow tired.
  • • Re 11:15 – When the seventh angel blew his trumpet, there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord & of his Messiah, & he will rule as king forever & ever.”• Ps 22:27-28 – All the ends of the earth will remember & return to the LORD. All the families from all the nations will worship you because the kingdom belongs to the LORD & he rules the nations.
  • Believers …• Cynical about church & • Admit to busy, fast-paced, possibility of the Christian life cluttered life & short attention actually working span• Cover their spiritual • Arrange lives around emptiness, dryness, & personal desires, pleasures, unsatisfaction & comforts• Passive & apathetic. Good • Have separate ‘worlds’ in intentions but lack of follow- their lives – church, work, thru leisure, family, atbp.• MY needs, MY rights, MY • Do what is expected, more opinions out of habit than desire• Spectator – watch, listen, but • Are spiritually sterile, barren, not participate & nonproductive in witness but aren’t troubled by it
  • Believers …• Frustrated of trying to serve • Cover up a quiet 2 masters—Jesus & someone or something else desperation inside• Proud at being independent – “There’s gotta be & self-sufficient• Keep options open & remain more to the uncommitted in order to Christian life than avoid getting tied down this powerless• Have little or no sense of overriding spiritual purpose state I’m or cause & prefer to drift experiencing!”
  • STAR CITY Nakapasok Nakasakay
  • What are we proclaiming? Anobang pinapahayag natin? Good News Mabuting Balita
  • What Jesus Called Good News What did Jesus call the Good News?How did he identify it? Please check the following verses:Mt 4:17, 23; Lu 4:43; Mt 9:35; Lu 8:1; Mt 24:14; Ac 1:3
  • What Jesus Called Good News• Mt 4:17 – Jesus began to tell people, "Turn to God & change the way you think & act, because the kingdom of heaven is near!"• Mt 4:23 – Jesus went all over Galilee. He taught in the synagogues & spread the Good News of the kingdom. He also cured every disease & sickness among the people.• Lu 4:43 – But he said to them, "I have to tell the Good News about the kingdom of God in other cities also. That’s what I was sent to do."
  • What Jesus Called Good News• Mt 9:35 – Jesus went to all the towns & villages. He taught in the synagogues & spread the Good News of the kingdom. He also cured every disease & sickness.• Lu 8:1 – After this, Jesus traveled from one city & village to another. He spread the Good News about God’s kingdom.• Mt 24:14 – "This Good News about the kingdom will be spread throughout the world as a testimony to all nations.
  • What Jesus Called Good News• Ac 1:3 – After his death Jesus showed the apostles a lot of convincing evidence that he was alive. For 40 days he appeared to them & talked with them about the kingdom of God. • What is unusual about this?
  • What Jesus Called Good NewsThe Kingdom of GodAng Kaharian ng Diyos
  • Jan D. Hettinga, Follow Me (135-6)• “Jesus did not call the cross or His death & resurrection the good news. For Jesus, the kingdom was the good news. The magnificent work of the cross is the beginning. Atonement, reconciliation, redemption, justification, & propitiation are all essential ingredients of the gospel, but the theme of the good news is the rest, freedom, peace, & high investment value of living life under the leadership of the Sovereign Lord of heaven & earth.”
  • If you were a non-Jan to impress you with Follow Christian, Hettinga, take D. what would it Me the desirability of thekingdom? What would so intrigue you that yournose print would be thereon the window beside the others who were “just looking”? -Jan D. Hettinga, Follow Me
  • Was Jesus a … Type Amount GoalRECRUITER 1,000,000,000+ Believers TRAINER 12 Disciples
  • Mt 28:18-20• When Jesus came near, he spoke to them. He said, “All authority in heaven & on earth has been given to me. So wherever you go, make disciples of all nations: Baptize them in the name of the Father, & of the Son, & of the Holy Spirit. Teach them to do everything I have commanded you. And remember that I am always with you until the end of time.”
  • What Paul called Good NewsPaul is a major New Testament writer & it is hiswritings in particular that shape our under-standing of what the Good News is. What doesPaul call the Good News? • Acts 20:21, 24, 25; 28:23, 31
  • What Paul called Good News• Ac 20:21 – I warned Jews & Greeks to change the way they think & act & to believe in our Lord Jesus.• Ac 20:24 – But I don’t place any value on my own life. I want to finish the race I’m running. I want to carry out the mission I received from the Lord Jesus––the mission of testifying to the Good News of God’s kindness.• Ac 20:25 – Now I know that none of you whom I told about the kingdom of God will see me again.
  • What Paul called Good News• Ac 28:23 – From morning until evening, Paul was explaining the kingdom of God to them. He was trying to convince them about Jesus from Moses Teachings & the Prophets.• Ac 28:31 – He spread the message about God’s kingdom & taught very boldly about the Lord Jesus Christ.
  • Jan D. Hettinga, Follow Me• If I want the benefit of salvation, it will cost me my personal sovereignty, my independent autonomy, my own agenda, my “throne.” Why? Because that is exactly what I must be saved from in the first place!
  • What is the cost of yourrepentance?
  • What is the Kingdom? What do these verses tell us about the Kingdom?Daniel 2:44-45; 7:14, 18, 22, 27
  • Development of the Kingdom in Daniel• Da 2:44-45 – At the time of those kings, the God of heaven will establish a kingdom that will never be destroyed. No other people will be permitted to rule it. It will smash all the other kingdoms & put an end to them. But it will be established forever. This is the stone that you saw cut out from a mountain, but not by humans. It smashed the iron, bronze, clay, silver, & gold. The great God has told you what will happen in the future, Your Majesty. The dream is true, & you can trust that this is its meaning."
  • Development of the Kingdom in Daniel• Da 7:14 – He was given power, honor, & a kingdom. People from every province, nation, & language were to serve him. His power is an eternal power that will not be taken away. His kingdom will never be destroyed.
  • Development of the Kingdom in Daniel• Da 7:18 – But the holy people of the Most High will take possession of the kingdom & keep it forever & ever."
  • Development of the Kingdom in Daniel• Da 7:22 – It did this until the Ancient One, who has lived for endless years, came & judged in favor of the holy people of the Most High. The time came when the holy people took possession of the kingdom.
  • Development of the Kingdom in Daniel• Da 7:27 – The kingdom, along with the power & greatness of all the kingdoms under heaven, will be given to the holy people of the Most High. Their kingdom is eternal. All other powers will serve & obey them."
  • What is the Kingdom?• Parable of the Sower – Mt 13
  • What is the Kingdom?• The disciples asked him, “Why do you use stories as illustrations when you speak to people?”• Jesus answered, “Knowledge about the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you. But it has not been given to the crowd. Those who understand these mysteries will be given more knowledge, & they will excel in understanding them.
  • What is the Kingdom?• “However, some people don’t understand these mysteries. Even what they understand will be taken away from them. This is why I speak to them this way. They see, but they’re blind. They hear, but they don’t listen. They don’t even try to understand.
  • What is the Kingdom?• “So they make Isaiah’s prophecy come true: ‘You will hear clearly but never understand. You will see clearly but never comprehend. These people have become close–minded & hard of hearing. They have shut their eyes so that their eyes never see. Their ears never hear. Their minds never understand. And they never return to me for healing!’
  • What is the Kingdom? • The more you stay out of the Kingdom of God, the less you are able to understand what the Kingdom of God is!
  • What is the Kingdom?• “Blessed are your eyes because they see & your ears because they hear. I can guarantee this truth: Many prophets & many of God’s people longed to see what you see but didn’t see it, to hear what you hear but didn’t hear it. • Because the 12 were Kingdom Thinkers, they were able to understand what others could not – the TRUTH!!
  • What is the Kingdom?• “Listen to what the story about the farmer means. Someone hears the word about the kingdom but doesn’t understand it. The evil one comes at once & snatches away what was planted in him. This is what the seed planted along the road illustrates. • What kind of heart? •Closed & hardened • What is the problem? •Self-absorbed
  • What is the Kingdom?• “The seed planted on rocky ground is the person who hears the word & accepts it at once with joy. Since he doesn’t have any root, he lasts only a little while. When suffering or persecution comes along because of the word, he immediately falls from faith. • What kind of heart? •Receptive & Enthusiastic • What is the problem? •When hardships come they get out because they will be better off
  • What is the Kingdom?• “The seed planted among thornbushes is another person who hears the word. But the worries of life & the deceitful pleasures of riches choke the word so that it can’t produce anything. • What kind of heart? •Receptive & Enthusiastic • What is the problem? •Competition for attention because they are so busy
  • What is the Kingdom?• “But the seed planted on good ground is the person who hears & understands the word. This type produces crops. They produce 100, 60, or 30 times as much as was planted. • What kind of heart? •Receptive & Enthusiastic • What is the problem? •Varying degrees of cooperation with God lead to varying degrees of fruitbearing
  • What does this look like? Anobang itsura nito?
  • God’s Right to Sovereignty Kingdom Kingdom Of Of Darkness God Where 1 Will isMike Jun Supreme Vince Adan Lucifer & AngelsFrank Michelle Adam & Eve
  • Kingdom of DarknessKingdom of Fallen Kingdoms of the Angels World •Principalities •Powers •Rulers of the Darkness •Demons
  • Kingdom of the PhilippinesProv- Sup. Cong- Senateince Court ress Gov’t Health Media AgencyOppos- Trans- Admin LGUs ition port Banco Oil Agro Hospi- Inter-Utility BIR tality net
  • Tatay Nanay Lolo Lola Ate KuyaNonoy Nene Aso Kingdom of the Home
  • Levels of Choice Kingdom Kingdom Of Of Self God1. SURRENDER 1. FOLLOWING • Control Level • Obedience Level • I need a new leader • I have a new leader2. SORRY ABOUT IT 2. ABIDING • Guilt & Grief Level • Love Relationship Level • I need forgiveness & another • I have an eternal friend chance 3. OVERCOMING3. SICK OF IT • Reliability Level • Frustration Level • My leader has a follower He • I need help can trust w/ leadership his kingdom
  • My Submission Kingdom Kingdom Of Of Self GodWhat do I need? What does God want?• A leader I can trust with • Followers he can trust my followership to remain loyal to His leadership
  • The Christian Life (Option #1) Kingdom Kingdom Of Of Self God The Old Self-in-Control Nature “The Spirit”•Unfaithfulness • Faithfulness•Fickleness • Steadfastness•Betrayal • Loyalty•Promise Breaking • Promise Keeping•Desertion • Fidelity•Total Commitment to Selfish • Total Commitment toInterests Others’ Best Interests•Unreliability • Reliability•Untrustworthiness • Trustworthiness
  • The Christian Life – A Better Option! FLESH SPIRIT HOLY SPIRIT
  • What is Evangelism?
  • The Good News is … A new way of seeing God & a new way of seeing life
  • Evangelii Nuntiandi• “to bring the Good News into all areas of humanity, & through its impact, to transform that humanity from within, making it new”
  • Mt 4:23 – he went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues & preach- ing the gospel of the kingdom & healing Is 9:7 – His government & every disease & every infirmity. peace willIs 60:5 – Then have unlimitedyou will see growth. He will establishthis & rejoice, Davids throne& your heart JESUS & kingdom. Hewill be thrilled will uphold it w/w/ joy, because CHRIST justice & right- eousness nowthe riches of & forever.the sea will bebrought to you.The wealth of Mt 4:17 – From that time Jesus beganthe nations will to preach, saying, "Repent, for thecome to you. kingdom of heaven is at hand."
  • Ingredients ng Mabuting Balita PROBLEM GOOD NEWS RECOVERY SIN IS: SALVATION IS: SANCTIFICATION IS:ALIENATION Spiritually LOVE – WALK IN LOVEDead (Away from God) ReconciliationDARKNESS Blinded LIGHT – WALK IN THE LIGHTminds IlluminationDEADNESS Inability, LIFE – WALK IN NEWNESS OFDepravity Regeneration LIFECAPTIVITY In bondage LIBERTY – WALK IN VICTORYto sin & Satan RedemptionUNRIGHTEOUSNESS LEGALITY – WALK OF FAITH..Missing the mark of God’s Justificationcharacter & revealed lawREBELLION Defiant LEADERSHIP – WALK IN OBEDIENCEegoism, Self enthrone- Transformationment, Independence
  • Salvation Kingdom Kingdom Of Of Self GodPower of Darkness Power of Almighty GodSelf-Government Christ’s GovernmentRebellion against God’s Submission to God’sAuthority AuthorityIndependence DependenceSelf in Control God’s Spirit in ControlSIN SANCTIFICATION
  • Transformation Defined• The Church “seeks to convert solely through the divine power of the Message she proclaims, both • the personal & collective consciences of people, • the activities in which they engage, • their ways of life, & • the actual milieux in which they live” Evangelii Nuntiandi
  • In a Church?
  • Transformation Kingdom Kingdom Of Of Darkness God Where 1 Will isMike Home Supreme PowersBansa Princi- palities World
  • Transformation Kingdom Kingdom Of Of Darkness God Where 1 Will isMike Home Mike Home Supreme Powers Powers Princi- Bansa Princi- palities palities World World
  • What is the key to impact?
  • Anong Impact ng …LOVE – Reconciliation LIGHT – IlluminationLIFE –Regeneration LIBERTY – RedemptionLEGALITY – Justification LEADERSHIP – Transformation
  • Luke 4:18-19• "The Spirit of the Lord is with me. He has anointed me to tell the Good News to the poor. He has sent me to announce forgiveness to the prisoners of sin & the restoring of sight to the blind, to forgive those who have been shattered by sin, to announce the year of the Lords favor." God’s Word to the World• "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives & recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord." King James Version
  • Luke 4:18-19• “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners & recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.” Today’s New International Version• pneuma kurivou ejp= ejmeV ou ei}neken e[crisevn me eujaggelivsasyai ptwcoi", ajpevstalkevn me khruvxai aijcmalwvtoi" a[fesin kaiV tufloi" ajnavbleqin, ajposteilai teyrausmevnou" ejn ajfevsei, khruvxai ejniautoVn kurivou dektovn. Westcott-Hort Greek Text
  • Luke 4:18-19• poor• prisoners of sin• the blind• those who have been shattered by sin• the year of the Lords favor
  • • Ac 8:12 – However, when Philip spread the Good News about the kingdom of God & the one named Jesus Christ, men & women believed him & were baptized.
  • • Lu 16:16 – "Moses Teachings & the Prophets were in force until the time of John. Since that time, people have been telling the Good News about the kingdom of God, & everyone is trying to force their way into it.
  • PROCLAMATION (KERYGMA)The Gospel of Jesus• The Gospel is Good News • Christ came to identify with sinners; • died for their sins; & • rose again from the grave for their justification • The cross is the exclusive ground of salvation for people & victory over Satan
  • JU N O TI ST IF IA IC PIT A TI O R OP N REDEMPTION
  • IP O SH W N W ER LO SH EL IPF STEWARDSHIP
  • PROCLAMATION (KERYGMA) TheGospel of Jesus• Essential Elements to Conversion • Intellectual – minimum theological content • Emotional – repentance, remorse • Volitional – willful response in faith
  • PROCLAMATION (KERYGMA) TheGospel of Jesus• Proclamation of the Gospel is Indispensable (Mt 24:14) • In the Church (Mt 13:25, 30, 36; 25:32) • All beyond the Church (Ac 1:8)
  • PROCLAMATION (KERYGMA) TheGospel of Jesus• The Authority of Proclamation – The Word • Evangelical Theology is responsible − (response to divine revelation) • Answerable to God
  • PROCLAMATION (KERYGMA) TheGospel of Jesus• The Result of Proclamation • Individual Salvation • Membership in the Church • Witness to the World
  • The Church for the God FatherWorld Son Spirit WORSHIP WILL WORD: cognition Evangelical: Conservative Middle-aged denominations; Buzzword: “Biblical” TRUTH: bottom line WONDER: affect WORLD Son: favorite MOT? Charismatic: Independent? WORSHIP ins Rom 12:2 Epistles (Wisdom.): camp-out Very young, post-denom. esk Preaching: central event Buzzword: “Spirit-filled”Win POWER: bottom line WE SPIRIT: favorite MOTWORK: volitionConciliar: Traditional Acts (Historical): camp-outOlder denominations; Mainline: Worship: central event Buzzword:Relevant, Incarnational LOVE: bottom line Father: favorite MOT? Gospels (Prophets): camp-out Liturgy: central event Synergy & Crisis What is the foundation of our faith? Stephen M. Spaulding, Dawn Ministries, 1998
  • A View of the Church’s GodTask Father Son Spirit GLORY OBEDIENCE PLANT: “All Nations” PREACH Quantifying the Task Calls for a Saturation OBEDIENCEProclamation, Persuasion, Presence Evangelism, Church planting SEED: “All Authority” PRAYProponents: Montgomery,Winter,Bush De-structuring the Task WORLD Expression: DAWN, JP/UPG Calls for a Revelation TRANSFORMATION HOPE in the face Preparation, Proofs of PERSECUTION Spiritual Warfare/Mapping, S&W RADICAL MIDDLE Proponents: Wagner, Otis Jr. FRUIT: “All Commanded” PROVE Expression: Harvest Evang. Qualifying the Task FAITH in the face Calls for a Reformation of the POWERS Presence, Practice, Permeation Holism, Incarnation Proponents:Darrow Miller, Tom Sine Expression: Harvest Intl. w/ FHI LOVE in the face of POVERTY Stephen M. Spaulding, Dawn Ministries, 1998
  • 341 632 1816,600 20,9005,654 7,892 12,650
  • 51-100 0-50 MembersMembers 101-500 Members 501-1000 Members
  • 3H CHURCHESInitial observation: churches that are healthy, holistic, & harvesting are in the 101-300 bracket.• Where is YOUR CHURCH right now?• Where would YOU like to be 5 years from now?
  • CAPACITY BUILDING• YOUR CHURCH needs to have a base of 300 members per celebration.• Each celebration is composed of 6 congregations.• Each congregation is composed of 50+ members• Each pastor can lead 2-3 congregations.