SOM-110 Theology of Money SOM-110 This class will examine the biblical concept of “giving” with the goal of improving our teaching & practice of giving. This class includes the Old Testament tithe system, its absence for the most part from the New Testament, & what application the tithe has for us today.It will also cover Stewardship as an Application of Hermeneutics of Money.
Please respond to the following:1. Its time for us to give the LORDs tithe & our offerings.’’2. God asks for 10% back & allows us to live on 90%’’3. Tithe = 10% of our net income4. Tithe = 10% of our gross income5. All Christians are commanded by God to tithe.6. If everyone tithed in the church, all the churchs financial needs would be met.7. The first step in discipleship is teaching people how to tithe.
Questions• Should Christians tithe money to the church? Nangangailangan bamagbigay ng ikapu ang mga Kristyano sa simbahan?• How much are Christians required to tithe? Magkanobadapat ang ikapu?• How does the tithe relate to the Christian faith? Anoba’ngpakikipagrelsyon ng ikapu sa pananampalataya ng Kristyano?• How are tithes & offerings different? Anoba’ngpagkakaiba ng ikapu at offerings?• Prove it biblically!
The Tithe.• The tithe, a 1/10 offering of the first & best of one’s income from the Promised Land, is only one part of giving in the Old Testament.• The law taught 3 tithes totaling about 23.3%of one’s income
The Tithe• In both OT & NT tithers are called beyond tithing to mercy, justice & freewill giving in response to God’s grace (2 Corinthians 9:7). Faithful tithing can even mask selfishness or legalism.• Some Christians can & should give far more than 10%, so mere tithing becomes a tool to avoid the more difficult pursuit of justice & mercy with our wealth.
The Tithe• Mt 23:23 (Lk 11:42) – "How horrible it will be for you, scribes & Pharisees! You hypocrites! You give God 1/10 of your mint, dill, & cumin. But you have neglected justice, mercy, & faithfulness. These are the most important things in Moses Teachings. You should have done these things without neglecting the others.”• “Kahabag-habag kayo, mga tagapagturo ng Kautusan at mga Pariseo! Mga mapagkunwari! Ibinibigayninyo ang ikasampungbahagi ng naaanininyongyerbabuena, ruda, linga, ngunitkinakaligtaannamanninyongisagawa ang masmahahalagangturo sa Kautusan: ang katarungan, ang pagkahabag, at ang katapatan. Huwagninyongkaligtaanggawin ang mga ito kahit na tamanggawinninyo ang pagbibigay ng ikasampungbahagi ng ani.”
God’s Standard• God’s standard for our generosity is not a percentage; it is obedience to the radical command to love others as we love ourselves, imitating the pattern of Jesus’ radical sacrifice on our behalf (2 Corinthians 8:9; John 13:34; 1 John 3:16-18).
There are 3 tithes in the OT2 every year & a 3rd every 3rd year, or an average of23.3% of one’s annual produce from the land. 1. The Lord’s Tithe 2. The Festival Tithe 3. Tithe for the poor
3 Tithes in OT: 1st Tithe – LORD’s TitheLe 27:30-33 – “1/10 of what comes from the land,whether grain or fruit, is holy & belongs to theLORD. If you buy back any part of it, you must add1/5 more to it. Every 1/10 head of cattle or sheepthat you counted is holy & belongs to the LORD.You must not look to see if it is good or bad orexchange it. But if you do exchange it, both the 1stanimal & its substitute will be holy. They cannot bebought back.”
3 Tithes in OT: 1st Tithe – LORD’s TitheNu 18:21-32 – “I am giving the Levites 1/10 of every Israelites income.This is in return for the work they do at the tent of meeting. … This is apermanent law for future generations. They will own no property as theother Israelites will. Instead, I will give the Levites what the Israelitescontribute to the LORD—1/10 of the Israelites income. This is why Isaid about them, They will own no property as the other Israelites do."The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the Levites & say to them: You willtake 1/10 of the Israelites income which Im giving you as yourproperty. When you do, you must contribute 1/10 of that income asyour contribution to the LORD. Your contribution will be considered tobe grain from the threshing floor or juice from the winepress. So you,too, will contribute 1/10of your income to the LORD out of all that youreceive from the Israelites income. You will give the LORDscontribution to the priest Aaron.”
3 Tithes in OT: 2nd Tithe – Festival TitheDe 14:22-29 – “Every year be sure to save 1/10 of the cropsharvested from whatever you plant in your fields. Eat the1/10 of your grain, new wine, & olive oil, & eat the firstbornof your cattle, sheep, & goats in the presence of the LORDyour God in the place he will choose to put his name. Thenyou will learn to fear the LORD your God as long as you live.But the place the LORD your God will choose to put his namemay be too far away. He may bless you with so much thatyou cant carry a 1/10 of your income that far. If so, exchangethe 1/10 part of your income for silver. Take the silver withyou, & go to the place the LORD your God will choose. Usethe silver to buy whatever you want: cattle, sheep, goats,wine, liquor—whatever you choose. Then you & your familywill eat & enjoy yourselves there in the presence of theLORD your God. Never forget to take care of the Levites wholive in your cities. They have no land of their own as youhave.
3 Tithes in OT: 3rd Tithe –Tithe for the PoorDe 14:28-29 –At the end of every 3rd year bring a1/10 of that years crop, & store it in your cities.Foreigners, orphans, & widows who live in yourcities may come to eat all they want. The Levitesmay also come because they have no land of theirown as you have. Then the LORD your God willbless you in whatever work you do.”
3 Tithes in OT: 3rd Tithe –Tithe for the PoorDe 26:12 – “Every 3rd year is the year when you willstore a 1/10 of that years crops in your houses.During that year distribute what you have stored tothe Levites, foreigners, orphans, & widows in yourcities, & they may eat all they want.”
Other OT Giving• There was also provision for freewill offerings & personal giving above & beyond the tithe, so that the tithe never stood alone.• De 12:6 – “Bring him your burnt offerings, your sacrifices, 1/10 of your income, your contributions, the offerings you vow to bring, your freewill offerings, & the firstborn of your cattle, sheep, & goats.”
Tithes were given by the patriarchs• Abraham (Genesis 14:17-20)• Jacob (Genesis 28:22);
Moses’ Law.• A system of tithes was instituted in the law of God given through Moses (Deuteronomy 12; 14; 26);
The Prophets.• The prophets rebuked the children of Israel for failing to give the tithe to God (Malachi 3:8).
The Tithe & the New Testament.• The idea of the tithe is still present in the New Testament (Matthew 23:23), but it is never explicitly applied to believers. Instead, almost all Christians are called to more extravagant freewill giving in response to the gospel of the Lord Jesus, based on faith in God as provider (2 Corinthians 9:6-10).
Jesus & the Tithe• Jesus commands us to love God with all we have & to love our neighbor—even our enemies—as we love ourselves, just as He did. Our giving is based upon this gift of Jesus. – Mt 22:37-40 – “Jesus answered him, "Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, & with all your mind. This is the greatest & most important commandment. The second is like it: Love your neighbor as you love yourself. All of Moses Teachings & the Prophets depend on these two commandments.” – 2Co 8:9 – “You know about the kindness of our Lord Jesus Christ. He was rich, yet for your sake he became poor in order to make you rich through his poverty.” – 1Jo 3:16-19 – “We understand what love is when we realize that Christ gave his life for us. That means we must give our lives for other believers. Now, suppose a person has enough to live on & notices another believer in need. How can Gods love be in that person if he doesnt bother to help the other believer? Dear children, we must show love through actions that are sincere, not through empty words. This is how we will know that we belong to the truth & how we will be reassured in his presence.”
Jesus & the Tithe• Jesus does refer to the tithe sometimes but never with the goal of applying it to the lives of Christians. – Mt 23:23 (Lk 11:42) – "How horrible it will be for you, scribes & Pharisees! You hypocrites! You give God 1/10 of your mint, dill, & cumin. But you have neglected justice, mercy, & faithfulness. These are the most important things in Moses Teachings. You should have done these things without neglecting the others.”
Jesus& the Tithe• In fact, Jesus, on one occasion, reprimands rich people from merely giving tithes but praises a poor woman for giving all she had. – Luke 21:1-4 – Looking up, Jesus saw people, especially the rich, dropping their gifts into the temple-offering box. He noticed a poor widow drop in two small coins. He said, "I can guarantee this truth: This poor widow has given more than all the others. All of these people have given what they could spare. But she, in her poverty, has given everything she had to live on."
• No system of tithing • Giving was more • No NT passage has• No command to than 10% tithing as its main tithe • Tithe only went to subject. .• All giving was the Levites, widows, poor, or foreigners voluntary (or was eaten) • Pastors are NOT Levites • All Christians are priests • Israel was disobedient in many ways – verses on tithing refer to this Pre-Mosaic Law Mosaic Law New Covenant
Matthew 5:17-20Dont ever think that I came to set aside MosesTeachings or the Prophets. I didnt come to set themaside but to make them come true. I can guarantee thistruth: Until the earth&the heavens disappear, neither aperiod nor a comma will disappear from MosesTeachings before everything has come true. Sowhoever sets aside any command that seemsunimportant&teaches others to do the same will beunimportant in the kingdom of heaven. But whoeverdoes&teaches what the commands say will be calledgreat in the kingdom of heaven. I can guarantee thatunless you live a life that has Gods approval&do itmore faithfully than the scribes&Pharisees, you willnever enter the kingdom of heaven.
What the New Testament says about Giving• There are 2 passages that we will look at that will help us understand what giving as Christians should look like.• But before we look there we need to realise that salvation in Jesus is not dependent upon Law but upon grace. Time & time again the Bible teaches us that Jesus is the only way to salvation, that he is the light of the world, that he is the bread of life, that he is the door, that he is the true shepherd.• The Bible also teaches us that following the law does not save us & that all of our obedience must be in response to what Jesus has done for us.
Romans 12:1• “Brothers & sisters, in view of all we have just shared about Gods compassion, I encourage you to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, dedicated to God & pleasing to him. This kind of worship is appropriate for you.”
Romans 12:1Romans starts out talking about the wrath of God beingrevealed “… against every ungodly & immoral thingpeople do as they try to suppress the truth by theirimmoral living” (Ro 1:18). But it would be a mistake tothink that the book is only about God’s wrath.In fact, when we get to Romans 12 we find that, in fact,Paul has been discussion God’s mercy as reflected in thesalvation Jesus brings to us. Chapter 12 is the beginningof what we can give back to God.Notice that we are encouraged to not give merely 10% ofour money, or a small part of our lives – we areencouraged to give our lives themselves! And, after all,what else can we do, in light of the fact that Jesus hasdone so much for us?
2 Corinthians 9:6-10 –“Remember this: The farmer who plants a few seeds will havea very small harvest. But the farmer who plants because hehas received Gods blessings will receive a harvest of Godsblessings in return. Each of you should give whatever youhave decided. You shouldnt be sorry that you gave or feelforced to give, since God loves a cheerful giver. Besides, Godwill give you his constantly overflowing kindness. Then, whenyou always have everything you need, you can do more &more good things. Scripture says, "The righteous person givesfreely to the poor. His righteousness continues forever." Godgives seed to the farmer & food to those who need to eat.God will also give you seed & multiply it. In your lives he willincrease the things you do that have his approval.”
2 Corinthians 9:6-10 –This is the verse that provides the NT’s answer tothe OT’s tithe. (It is also a verse that makes churchleaders nervous because it doesn’t specify anyamount that is required from Christians.) Note thatin these verses it is my heart that determines what Iwill give, not the law. It is truly generosity thatmotivates us.
Principle Description Location1 Systematic Give on a regular basis, that is, 1Co 16:1 weekly, bi- monthly, monthly, etc.2 Proportional Give as you have been prospered; 1Co 16:2; 2Co according to your ability 8:2–33 Sacrificial, Give generously, even sacrificially, 2Co 8:2–3; Phil Generous but not to the point of personal 4:17–18 affliction4 Intentional Give deliberately in order to meet a 2Co 8:4; Phil genuine need, not out of guilt 4:16 merely to soothe a pressing request
Principle Description Location5 Motivation Our motivation for giving should be love for others, a desire for reciprocity, and an eye to the reward from God a. Love As Jesus died for the sins of others, 2Co 8:9 believers should give of themselves out of love b. Equality Believers are to give so that all 1Co 9:14–15; needs are met 2Co 8:12–14; cf. Ga 6:6 c. Blessing Give in order to receive more from 2Co 9:6 God so that you can continue to bless others generously6 Cheerful God loves a cheerful giver 2Co 9:77 Voluntary Giving ought to be done out of 2Co 8:2–3, 8; one’s free volition 9:7; Phil 4:18
Is it “Give and God will do great things for you” or“Give because God has done great things for you?” (ie. Salvation)